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  • 1. Guiding Your Strong Willed Child0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • 2. Welcome Back!•  ABA =•  Applied Behavior Analysis•  Operational Definition =•  Objective, Clear, Complete description of behavior
  • 3. Together At Last
  • 4. Session Overview Review Make it Stick Community At-Home Extensions Content Gift from ScienceCollaboration Practical Applications
  • 5. Week 2 Review A for Antecedent Community Bye, Junk Demands! Content Special Antecedents Collaboration Commit & Stick
  • 6. ReviewAnte-cedent!•  “A stimulus or event that preceded some other event or a contingency; a discriminative stimulus in a three-term contingency is one kind of antecedent”•  In other words – “What comes BEFORE” Catania, Charles. Learning 4th Edition (1998)
  • 7. ReviewHarness Antecedents•  If we can control relevant antecedents we can decrease opportunity for challenging behavior – Bjorn can’t jump on chair to see out window to see passing dogs – Bjorn can’t reach plant to dig in plant to eat dirt
  • 8. ReviewUnset the Stage, if possible•  Use what you have learned from history to prevent challenging behavior by unsetting the stage
  • 9. ReviewAntecedents Don’t “Cause” Bx•  Be warned, if we don’t address the function of the behavior, trouble (aka Bjorn) might still get by…
  • 10. ReviewAntecedent Interventions•  Up too early? Can’t read time? – Visual alarm clock such as Ok to Wake! Alarm Clock Photo via amazon.com
  • 11. ReviewAntecedent Interventions•  Argues over who puts her to bed at night? – Post a Bedtime Schedule (& blame “The Man!”)
  • 12. ReviewAntecedent Interventions•  Fights w/ sibling during dinner prep? – Dinner Bin Time (keep it out of reach during other times!) Photo via happyhooligans.ca
  • 13. ReviewAntecedent Interventions•  “Five More Minutes” Warning is Meaningless? – Visual timer such as TimeTimer.com
  • 14. ReviewAntecedent Interventions•  Picking out outfit difficult? – Mini Dressing Rack Photos via etsy.com, designdazzle.com, & onestepahead.com
  • 15. Review A Real Life Example•  Once upon a time there was a boy who liked the milk in his cereal bowl poured to the tip top. If it wasn’t to the tip top (even though it was far too much milk for his cereal) he would scream & yell.•  What were his parents to do?
  • 16. Review A Real Life Example•  Advertise•  Allow child to pick favorite cereal bowl•  Create individually portioned cereal options•  Prepare pitcher of correctly portioned milk•  Make & read a Starring You! How To book•  Practice happy•  Make the rule come true! Photos via crateandbarrel.com, kaboodle.com, iseeme.com & bedbathandbeyond.com,
  • 17. ReviewNot-A-Test•  An antecedent, behaviorally speaking, can best be described as: (a) what happens after a behavior occurs (b) what happens before a behavior occurs (c) what causes a behavior to occur (d) how a child feels before she engages in a behavior
  • 18. ReviewNot-A-Test•  An antecedent, behaviorally speaking, can best be described as: (a) what happens after a behavior occurs (b) what happens before a behavior occurs (c) what causes a behavior to occur (d) how a child feels before she engages in a behavior ANSWER: (B) An antecedent comes before a behavior but does not cause operant behavior contrary to popular opinion
  • 19. Week 2 Review A for Antecedent Community Bye, Junk Demands! Content Special Antecedents Collaboration Commit & Stick
  • 20. Community CollaborationWhat are Junk Demands? •  Question Demands – Are you ready for bedtime? •  Unnecessary Demands – No running (when it is actually safe) •  Vague Demands – Be careful •  Unenforceable Demands – Come here (from across the room) Photos via awordywoman.com, amazon.com, mysafetysign.com, & telegraph.co.uk
  • 21. CommunityWays to Offer Choices Open Ended Questions Structured Choices Micro Choices You or Me Choices
  • 22. CommunityOffering Choices Effectively
  • 23. CommunityTime for Reflection•  What type of choice did you offer?•  Were choices offered before challenging behavior?•  Did you offer only two simple choices? – If You or Me Choice, could you “enforce” one of the options?•  Did you wait patiently for 10 seconds?•  Did you mix in any extra demands or negotiations?•  Did you honor your child’s choice if s/he chose?•  Did you calmly choose if s/he didn’t?•  Challenges? Surprises?
  • 24. Community CollaborationWhat 16 Junk Demands DidYou Live Without? Gather with people with same color name QUESTION UNENFORCEABLE tags in same spot as before. How did it go? UNNECESSARY VAGUE What did you notice?
  • 25. Week 2 Review A for Antecedent Community Bye, Junk Demands! Content Special Antecedents Collaboration Commit & Stick
  • 26. ContentNuts & Bolts of Behavior Establishing Extinction & Operational Operations & Preference DefinitionsDiscriminative Stimuli Assessments Original Behavior Antecedent Consequence Replacement Behavior
  • 27. ContentThe ABCs of Behavior Establishing Operational Operations & DefinitionsDiscriminative Stimuli Antecedent
  • 28. ContentSpecial Antecedents •  Establishing Operations – Make a reinforcer more reinforcing •  A snack-free afternoon makes food at dinner more reinforcing •  Discriminative Stimuli – Signal what behavior will be reinforced or punished •  A direction such as “please sit down” is a sign that sitting down will be reinforced Photos viajcsnotebook.org & safetysign.com
  • 29. ContentEstablishing Operations?•  These powerhouses influence the potency of the reinforcer – Trying to teach appropriate transitioning to the car? •  Keep a special box of your child’s favorite toys in your car & make them available ONLY if she transitions without protest Photo via readysetread.com
  • 30. ContentDiscriminative Stimuli?•  These superstars give us clues about which behavior will result in reinforcement – Child interrupts while you are talking on the phone? •  Consider using a Picture Rule to teach that the presence of the phone means that the child can find a book to wait & that attempts to talk will be honored when the phone call is done. Then make the rule come true! Photos via allposters.com & wellreadstudent.com
  • 31. ContentNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by changing the reinforcement properties of a reinforcer. (a) functional analysis (b) establishing operation (c) preference assessment (d) discriminative stimulus
  • 32. ContentNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by changing the reinforcement properties of a reinforcer. (a) functional analysis Establishing (b) establishing operation operations effect (c) preference assessment the reinforcer (d) discriminative stimulusANSWER: (B) An establishing operation is a special antecedent that makes a reinforcer more reinforcing!
  • 33. ContentNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by telling us what behavior will get reinforced or punished. (a) functional analysis (b) establishing operation (c) preference assessment (d) discriminative stimulus
  • 34. ContentNot-A-Test•  A (n) _____________ works by telling us what behavior will get reinforced or punished. (a) functional analysis (b) establishing operation Discriminative stimuli (c) preference assessment effect behavior (d) discriminative stimulus selectionAnswer: (D) A discriminative stimulus is a special antecedent that signals what behavior will be reinforced or punished
  • 35. Week 2 Review A for Antecedent Community Bye, Junk Demands! Content Special Antecedents Collaboration Commit & Stick
  • 36. ContentCollaboration
  • 37. CollaborationCommit & Stick!•  Choices Before – You are choice-offering professionals now•  Consistency During –  rite it down & make the rule come true! W•  Changes Later – Make changes at HAT meetings
  • 38. CollaborationIn-Workshop Extension•  Each family will consider one behavior that is causing a problem in your home & to which your response has been inconsistent•  Write down: – Operational definition of the behavior – Observable antecedents to the behavior – Your new plan – be very specific! – How long you are going to commit to try plan – A date & time to make revisions if needed
  • 39. CollaborationAt-Home Extension•  Please email me by SUNDAY night – A 30-second video of your child engaging in a challenging behavior that is plaguing your happy home life! •  Be warned this will probably be more difficult than the last video assignments because you can’t set it up in the same way… so keep your camera handy! – A Sunday night, last resort: If this assignment ends up solving all behavior issues this week, please ask your child to act it out on Sunday night for you to film. Drama welcome!