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Renaissance 2013

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  • St. Francis of Assisi, 1235
  • Madonna Enthroned By Giovanni Cimabue 1280-90 12' x 7' Storm of emotion in scene that usually has unmoving dignity 3D throne, but that's about it Summing up Medieval Art Faces all the same Jesus looks like a little man
  • Two angels kneel in the foreground Angels in choir are placed one in front of the other to create a sense of expanding space Figure is heavier, breasts apparent Drawing simplified Child in more natural position Robe modeled in light and shadow that shows that there is a body underneath the robe Two angels kneel in the foreground Angels in choir are placed one in front of the other to create a sense of expanding space Figure is heavier, breasts apparent Drawing simplified Child in more natural position Robe modeled in light and shadow that shows that there is a body underneath the robe
  • Two angels kneel in the foreground Angels in choir are placed one in front of the other to create a sense of expanding space Figure is heavier, breasts apparent Drawing simplified Child in more natural position Robe modeled in light and shadow that shows that there is a body underneath the robe Two angels kneel in the foreground Angels in choir are placed one in front of the other to create a sense of expanding space Figure is heavier, breasts apparent Drawing simplified Child in more natural position Robe modeled in light and shadow that shows that there is a body underneath the robe
  • Andrea Mantegna Dead Christ, 1501 Tempra on Canvas Foreshortening - slightly modified, feet smaller than would if photographs Harsh sharp lines
  • -Notice the people and their faces, they look like real people with real faces. They do not look like stick figures and they all look different. -You can defiantly see depth perception in these paintings. As people and objects are closer they appear larger and as the fade to the distance they appear smaller. -As you can see there is defiantly linear perspective , vanishing or focus point . When you look at the painting your eyes are drawn to one point in the painting. -The people in the painting seem to be free to do whatever they choose. There is no reference to religion in this painting. -There is an author in the actual painting unlike Medieval works. Can you find them?
  • Plato and Aristotle on either side of center axis Plato points skyward to indicate his idealistic worldview Aristotle gestures to ground to to show his concern with the real world Metaphysical philosophers on Plato’s side Physical scientists on Aristotle’s side Raphael on extreme right Figures grouped and placed on purpose ------- From Alan Peterson's Art Site --------- Pope Julius II commissioned Raphael to decorate the pope's private library with Christian and Classical subjects It was a room where official seals and documents were kept The 4 walls have subjects depicting theology, law. literature and philosophy The School of Athens is a celebration of philosophyand, a celebration of the intellectual vitality of the Renaissance - on the opposite wall is the fresco depicting Theology - complimentary subjects - it's an ideal meeting of classical philosophers - in a massive, Roman style architectural setting - Plato and Aristotle are the focal point - it also depicts the separation of metaphysically oriented philosophy and more practical, and scientific philosophy - Plato (may be a portrait of Leonardo) points up to the sky - Aristotle, a scientific phosphor, interested in empirical observation points out , to the earth around him Statues in niches - Right - Apollo, the patron of poetry, and divine inspiration -> Plato - Left - Athena, goddess of Wisdom, and Reason -> Aristotle Right Side Euclid w/bald head - mathematical theorems - portrait of Bramante Ptolemy w/globe- Alexandrian philosopher/astronomer Diogenes on steps - a cynic, carried a lantern through Athens looking for an honest man Self portrait of Raphael Left Side Pythagoras (mathematician) writing - Socrates top level counting his fingers Heraclitus leaning on block - believed that no permanent reality existed and that all things embody their opposite - he wears the costume of a 16th c. stonecutter and may be a portrait of Michelangelo - Raphael would have seen Mike working on the Sistine ceiling - he might have been allowed a sneak preview by Julius
  • Artist looking at us.
  • 1452-1519 He was aloof, mysterious, a perfectionist A "universal" or "renaissance man"
  • “ I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me” - Trying to capture that moment when Christ speaks those words. Compositionally amazing - everything has its purpose Each showing emotion Judas only one not involved in discussions Huddle at table with hand on money bag All lines merge to Jesus’ head Curved pediment above his head served as a halo Formally and emotionally, his most impressive work Because of the unusual combination of materials it was decaying within 15 years of it's completion - he used the tempera and oil paint to give longer working time The gestures of the disciples are dramatic and believable it's a very theatrical scene - they are grouped into 4 groups of 3, echo wall hangings - the space between the groups is bridged by their outstretched hands - space is dramatic and deep orthagonals converge on Christ's head - 3 windows (tri-partite) Father, Son, Holy Spirit - the middle window has a "halo" and it's larger - Christ is very different than the Father and the Holy Spirit - Christ remains very calm amidst all of the agitation
  • World's most famous portrait One of his favorite pictures Mona Lisa = Lisa di Antonio Maria Gherandini "Mona" - Italian version of madonna or my lady Complete very few painting, due to his perfectionism, restless experimentalism, and far-ranging curiousity.
  • Tormented, intractable, jealous of Raphael, dislike Leonardo, had continuous difficulties with patrons. "inspired genious"
  • Transcript

    • 1. Tell me about these paintings. Can you find similarities and/or differences?
    • 2. Medieval Art
    • 3. Characteristics of Medieval Art• Disproportionate figures• Little or no perspective• All faces the same, unrealistic• 2D, flat, and dull• Religious themes
    • 4. Madonna EnthronedGiovanni Cimabue 1280-90
    • 5. Transition
    • 6. Giotto• First since the Greeks to understand the concept of space - 3D on a 2D surface• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giotto_di_Bondone
    • 7. Saint Francisand Saint Claire
    • 8. ThePresentationof the Virgin,1305
    • 9. Madonna EnthronedGiotto, 1311
    • 10. Madonna EnthronedGiotto, 1311
    • 11. Art of the Renaissance
    • 12. The Italian Renaissance• Revival of Greek/Roman styles• Humanism – faith in the nobility of man • More common themes – not religion• Linear perspective• Realism of its faces and figures• New paints / techniques
    • 13. New Focus of Art
    • 14. Dead ChristAndrea Mantegna, 1501
    • 15. Medieval Art (things to notice) • Look at the people, they all look the same. Close to stick figures. • Their faces are all the same. • The depth perception, there is none. Some of the people and objects look like the are floating. • Linear Perspective, Focus point or vanishing point, there is none. It looks like a bunch of randomly placed objects. • Religion, most medieval art has some sort of religious aspect to it. • The artists normally sign their work to know who’s work it is. In this painting we do not find this.
    • 16. Renaissance Art (things to notice)
    • 17. How easy is perspective?• Now it’s your turn…• In your notebooks… Draw something in this room using the idea of perspective…
    • 18. Raphael
    • 19. School of Athens
    • 20. Leonardo da Vinci
    • 21. The Last Supper
    • 22. Mona Lisa
    • 23. Michelangelo