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Islamic Calligraphy


Islamic Calligraphy as an art

Islamic Calligraphy as an art

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  • 1. The Art of Arabic Calligraphy
  • 2.
    • How Writing Became an Art Form:
    • The Revelation of the Qur’an as an inspiration
    • To glorify the words of God – visually as in recitation
    • The discouragement of representing human figures
  • 3.
    • Development of Arabic Script:
    • As a writing system, Arabic appeared in early 5 th Century.
    • The revelation of Islam had a major impact on the development
    • of Arabic language &
    • Script.
  • 4. Al-Hambra Palace Candlestick
  • 5. Calligraphy Applications:
    • To Glorify & Beautify God’s words
    • As a form of worship
    • As a spiritual activity
    • Artistic
    • Decoration
    • Identity
  • 6. Tughra’ was used by the Ottoman sultans as their signature. It was supposed to be impossible to imitate. Basmallah in Tughra’ style Signature of an Ottoman Sultan
  • 7. See a tughra (tugra) in action
  • 8. Pictorial Calligraphy: words are manipulated and structured into the shape of a human figure, a bird, an animal or an object. Prayer in a form of a human figure “ I testify that there is no god, but God and Muhammad is a messenger of God" Prayer in a form of a Lion “ Ali bin abi Talib, the victorious lion of God, may God be pleased with him"
  • 9. Calligraphy in the shape of a mosque
  • 10. Love & Peace by Fayeq Oweis, 2003
  • 11. Arabic Calligraphy in Mosques Minbar & Mihrab - Mosque of University of Jordan The Dome of the Rock
  • 12. Dome of the Rock
  • 13.  
  • 14. Now you get to try your hand at calligraphy…