0
Greeks and Romans A Study of Classic Civilizations
Greek Influence <ul><ul><li>Theater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Olympic games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li>...
Architecture <ul><ul><li>http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/arch/greek_arch.html </li></ul></ul>
 
Marathon <ul><li>490 B.C. - Athenian troops defeated a large Persian invasion force on the plain of Marathon, (about 25 mi...
Olympic Games <ul><li>Held every four years at Olympia </li></ul><ul><li>all free Greek men were entitled to compete.  </l...
Olympics <ul><li>Main Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing  </li></ul><ul><li>Discus (part of Pentathlon)  </li></ul><ul><li>Eq...
 
Theater <ul><li>Structure  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prologue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parodos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ep...
 
 
Greek’s Geography <ul><li>Mountains make up ¾ of mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile plains lie between mts. and sea good f...
Greek Geography <ul><li>Mountains – protection and isolation (much like Indus Valley) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made attack di...
Other Greek Professions <ul><li>Actor </li></ul><ul><li>Athlete       </li></ul><ul><li>Banker        </li></ul><ul><li>Bl...
Greek Civilization <ul><li>Grew from Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations.  </li></ul><ul><li>Both thrived in the Aegean are...
Minoans <ul><li>From the Island of Crete </li></ul><ul><li>King had a  labyrinth  in his palace </li></ul><ul><li>Sea trad...
Mycenaeans <ul><li>Originally from Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid population growth, migrated west. </li></ul>...
Mycenaean Culture <ul><li>Palaces were administrative buildings and places of production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>artisans in...
Mixing of Culture / Dark Ages <ul><li>Mycenaeans adopted Minoan culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metalworking, shipbuilding, ...
Greek “Dark Ages” <ul><li>Archaeology shows a collapse of civilization in the eastern Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
Greek “Dark Ages” <ul><li>The Greek language largely ceased to be written.  </li></ul><ul><li>Dark age pottery has simple ...
Poets and Heroes <ul><li>Bards – singing poets who passed down stories from generation to generation </li></ul><ul><li>Hom...
The Works of Homer <ul><li>The Iliad </li></ul><ul><li>A prince, Paris falls in love with and steals Helen, the wife of a ...
Greek Values <ul><li>Schools used Iliad and Odyssey to teach values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek pride </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Persian Wars <ul><li>A series of conflicts between several Greek city-states and the Persian Empire  </li></ul><ul><li>Fou...
 
The Golden Age of Greece <ul><li>After Persian Wars Athens emerged as a powerful, confident city-state, ready for expansio...
The Greek Mind <ul><li>Socrates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socratic Method, ask questions instead of giving answers… </li></ul>...
Pericles <ul><li>Rebuilt temples and palaces better than ever </li></ul><ul><li>The Parthenon </li></ul>
Athenian Life under Pericles <ul><li>Aspasia – woman known for intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prosecuted for ‘impiety’...
Peloponnesian War <ul><li>Anti-Athenian Alliance (led by Sparta) </li></ul><ul><li>Greece vs. Sparta </li></ul><ul><li>Spa...
 
The End of Greece <ul><li>Athenian allies switch sides.. </li></ul><ul><li>Athens surrenders in 404 BC  </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Alexander the Great <ul><li>http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~atlas/europe/interactive/map23.html </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Greeks And Romans

2,316

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,316
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
502
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Greeks And Romans"

  1. 1. Greeks and Romans A Study of Classic Civilizations
  2. 2. Greek Influence <ul><ul><li>Theater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Olympic games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Architecture <ul><ul><li>http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/arch/greek_arch.html </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Marathon <ul><li>490 B.C. - Athenian troops defeated a large Persian invasion force on the plain of Marathon, (about 25 miles from Athens) </li></ul><ul><li>Athenians sent a military courier named Phidippides to bring news of the victory at Marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Rejoice, we conquer” </li></ul><ul><li>Then he died. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Olympic Games <ul><li>Held every four years at Olympia </li></ul><ul><li>all free Greek men were entitled to compete. </li></ul><ul><li>The first Olympic Games were held in 776 B.C. and the last in A.D. 393 </li></ul><ul><li>Abolished by the Christian Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I. </li></ul>http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Olympics/
  6. 7. Olympics <ul><li>Main Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing </li></ul><ul><li>Discus (part of Pentathlon) </li></ul><ul><li>Equestrian Events </li></ul><ul><li>Javelin (part of Pentathlon) </li></ul><ul><li>Jumping </li></ul><ul><li>Pankration </li></ul><ul><li>Pentathlon </li></ul><ul><li>Running </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestling </li></ul>
  7. 9. Theater <ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prologue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parodos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Episodes / Stasimon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exodos </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. Greek’s Geography <ul><li>Mountains make up ¾ of mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile plains lie between mts. and sea good for farming </li></ul><ul><li>many harbors suitable for trading </li></ul>
  9. 13. Greek Geography <ul><li>Mountains – protection and isolation (much like Indus Valley) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made attack difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited travel / communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never united under one government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Sea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Way of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishermen, traders, pirates </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. Other Greek Professions <ul><li>Actor </li></ul><ul><li>Athlete      </li></ul><ul><li>Banker        </li></ul><ul><li>Blacksmith        </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmen      </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor    </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Fisherman      </li></ul><ul><li>Marble Quarrying        </li></ul><ul><li>Market Trader        </li></ul><ul><li>Merchant </li></ul><ul><li>Mining      </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher </li></ul>
  11. 15. Greek Civilization <ul><li>Grew from Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Both thrived in the Aegean area for 1,400 years (2500 BC to 1100 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Minoans – lived on Crete (an island) </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenaean – lived on the mainland </li></ul>
  12. 16. Minoans <ul><li>From the Island of Crete </li></ul><ul><li>King had a labyrinth in his palace </li></ul><ul><li>Sea traders </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to trade to Mesopotamia and Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Fleets carried goods, and protected Crete from attack </li></ul>
  13. 17. Mycenaeans <ul><li>Originally from Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid population growth, migrated west. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermarried with locals (Hellenes) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centered on a hilltop (a fortress) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stone walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles lived outside the walls </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. Mycenaean Culture <ul><li>Palaces were administrative buildings and places of production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>artisans insides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tax collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat, livestock, honey </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Great record keeping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth of everyone in the city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had banks which would exchange foreign currency </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. Mixing of Culture / Dark Ages <ul><li>Mycenaeans adopted Minoan culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metalworking, shipbuilding, navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worship Minoan’s Earth Mother </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1400s BC - Mycenaeans conquered Minoans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting destroyed hilltop fortresses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start of the “Dark Ages” </li></ul></ul>
  16. 20. Greek “Dark Ages” <ul><li>Archaeology shows a collapse of civilization in the eastern Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>The great palaces and cities of the Myceneans were destroyed or abandoned. </li></ul><ul><li>Cities from Troy to Gaza were destroyed. </li></ul>
  17. 21. Greek “Dark Ages” <ul><li>The Greek language largely ceased to be written. </li></ul><ul><li>Dark age pottery has simple geometric designs and lacks the figurative decoration of Mycenean ware. (compare to the pottery on page 140) </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks lived in fewer and smaller settlements, suggesting famine and depopulation </li></ul><ul><li>foreign goods have not been found at archaeological sites, suggesting minimal international trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact was also lost between foreign powers during this period, yielding little cultural progress or growth of any sort. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/history/darkages.htm </li></ul>
  18. 22. Poets and Heroes <ul><li>Bards – singing poets who passed down stories from generation to generation </li></ul><ul><li>Homer – blind poet, composed two of the most famous Greek Epic Poems… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Iliad and The Odyssey </li></ul></ul>
  19. 23. The Works of Homer <ul><li>The Iliad </li></ul><ul><li>A prince, Paris falls in love with and steals Helen, the wife of a Mycenaean King. </li></ul><ul><li>To avenge the kidnapping the Mycenaeans attempt to take Troy. </li></ul><ul><li>For 10 years they are unsuccessful until… </li></ul><ul><li>The Trojan Horse </li></ul><ul><li>The Odyssey </li></ul><ul><li>The wanderings of Odysseus, a Mycenaean King after the fall of Troy. </li></ul>
  20. 24. Greek Values <ul><li>Schools used Iliad and Odyssey to teach values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek pride </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Love of nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strive for excellence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of marriage </li></ul></ul>
  21. 25. Persian Wars <ul><li>A series of conflicts between several Greek city-states and the Persian Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Fought from 500 BC to 448 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Allied Greeks successfully defeated the invasions. </li></ul>
  22. 27. The Golden Age of Greece <ul><li>After Persian Wars Athens emerged as a powerful, confident city-state, ready for expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Athens was burned in Persian Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Pericles, determined to rebuild the city </li></ul>
  23. 28. The Greek Mind <ul><li>Socrates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socratic Method, ask questions instead of giving answers… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plato </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed Political Science </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aristotle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged modest living </li></ul></ul>
  24. 29. Pericles <ul><li>Rebuilt temples and palaces better than ever </li></ul><ul><li>The Parthenon </li></ul>
  25. 30. Athenian Life under Pericles <ul><li>Aspasia – woman known for intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prosecuted for ‘impiety’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquitted by Pericles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delian League </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pericles alligned with other city-states (except Sparta) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece grew richer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common currency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece policed all of Aegean area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freed Ionia from Persian rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Essentially an Athenian Empire </li></ul>
  26. 31. Peloponnesian War <ul><li>Anti-Athenian Alliance (led by Sparta) </li></ul><ul><li>Greece vs. Sparta </li></ul><ul><li>Sparta had no navy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Struck a deal with Persians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ionia for gold to build a fleet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Plague </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kills Pericles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Should Athens continue? </li></ul>
  27. 33. The End of Greece <ul><li>Athenian allies switch sides.. </li></ul><ul><li>Athens surrenders in 404 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>27 years of battle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greek city-states destroyed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost ability to govern themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta tried to rule, overthrown by several city-states (Thebes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thebans overthrown by other city-states… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece was at its weakest… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed for a Great Macedonian Leader to take over… </li></ul></ul>
  28. 34. Alexander the Great <ul><li>http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~atlas/europe/interactive/map23.html </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×