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Greek intro with notetaking strategies
 

Greek intro with notetaking strategies

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    Greek intro with notetaking strategies Greek intro with notetaking strategies Presentation Transcript

    • Greeks A Study of Classic A Civilizations
    • Hey… What’s the Big Idea?
      • How does geography play a role in the development of Greek culture?
      • Why is government important?
      • What factors led to the decline of the Greek civilization?
      • How does war affect society?
      • What is the legacy of Greek Culture?
      • What can America learn from Greece?
    • Note Taking Strategies…
      • Cornell Style..
      • 2 columns
        • Record – take notes, main ideas and facts
        • Reduce – summaries the notes you’ve taken
        • Recite – read only your summary and practice
        • Reflect – read all and find connections/relationships
        • Review – to retain… 20 minutes/week
    •  
    • More strategies..
      • Short hand – abbreviate and use symbols
        • Examples:
        • - civilization = cvzn
        • Greek = gk
        • BCE and CE = b.
      • Don’t worry about spelling or mistakes… keep writing…
    • Greek Influence
        • Theater
        • Olympic games
        • Architecture
        • Democracy
    • Architecture
        • http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/arch/greek_arch.html
    •  
    • Marathon
      • 490 B.C. - Athenian troops defeated a large Persian invasion force on the plain of Marathon, (about 25 miles from Athens)
      • Athenians sent a military courier named Phidippides to bring news of the victory at Marathon.
      • "Rejoice, we conquer”
      • Then he died.
    • Olympic Games
      • Held every four years at Olympia
      • All free Greek men were entitled to compete.
      • The first Olympic Games were held in 776 BCE and the last in 393 CE
      • Abolished by the Christian Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I. (EC… Why?)
      http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Olympics/
    • Olympics
      • Main Sports
      • Boxing
      • Discus (part of Pentathlon)
      • Equestrian Events
      • Javelin (part of Pentathlon)
      • Jumping
      • Pankration
      • Pentathlon
      • Running
      • Wrestling
    •  
    •  
    • Greek’s Geography
      • Mountains make up ¾ of mainland
      • Fertile plains lie between mts. and sea good for farming
      • many harbors suitable for trading
    • Greek Geography
      • Mountains – protection and isolation (much like Indus Valley)
        • Made attack difficult
        • Limited travel / communication
        • Never united under one government
      • The Sea
        • Way of life
        • Fishermen, traders, pirates
    • Other Greek Professions
      • Actor
      • Athlete     
      • Banker       
      • Blacksmith       
      • Craftsmen     
      • Doctor   
      • Farmer
      • Fisherman     
      • Marble Quarrying       
      • Market Trader       
      • Merchant
      • Mining     
      • Teacher
    • Greek Civilization
      • Grew from Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations.
      • Both thrived in the Aegean area for 1,400 years (2500 BCE to 1100 BCE)
      • Minoans – lived on Crete (an island)
      • Mycenaean – lived on the mainland
    • Minoans
      • From the Island of Crete
      • Sea traders
      • Easy to trade to Mesopotamia and Egypt, China
      • Fleets carried goods, and protected Crete from attack
    • Mycenaeans
      • Originally from Southeast Asia
        • Rapid population growth, migrated west.
        • Intermarried with locals (Hellenes)
      • Kingdoms
        • Centered on a hilltop (a fortress)
        • Stone walls
        • Nobles lived outside the walls
    • Mycenaean Culture
      • Palaces were administrative buildings and places of production
        • artisans insides
      • Tax collections
        • Wheat, livestock, honey
      • Great record keeping
        • Wealth of everyone in the city
        • Had banks which would exchange foreign currency
    • Mixing of Culture / Dark Ages
      • Mycenaeans adopted Minoan culture
        • Metalworking, shipbuilding, navigation
        • Worship Minoan’s Earth Mother
      • 1400s BCE - Mycenaeans conquered Minoans
        • Fighting destroyed hilltop fortresses
        • Start of the “Dark Ages”
    • Greek “Dark Ages”
      • Archaeology shows a collapse of civilization in the eastern Mediterranean
      • The great palaces and cities of the Myceneans were destroyed or abandoned.
      • Cities from Troy to Gaza were destroyed.
    • Greek “Dark Ages”
      • The Greek language largely ceased to be written.
      • Dark age pottery has simple geometric designs and lacks the figurative decoration of Mycenean ware. (compare to the pottery on page 140)
      • Greeks lived in fewer and smaller settlements, suggesting famine and depopulation
      • foreign goods have not been found at archaeological sites, suggesting minimal international trade.
      • Contact was also lost between foreign powers during this period, yielding little cultural progress or growth of any sort.
      • http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/history/darkages.htm
    • Poets and Heroes
      • Bards – singing poets who passed down stories from generation to generation
      • Homer – blind poet, composed two of the most famous Greek Epic Poems…
        • The Iliad and The Odyssey
    • The Works of Homer
      • The Iliad
      • A prince, Paris falls in love with and steals Helen, the wife of a Mycenaean King.
      • To avenge the kidnapping the Mycenaeans attempt to take Troy.
      • For 10 years they are unsuccessful until…
      • The Trojan Horse
      • The Odyssey
      • The wanderings of Odysseus, a Mycenaean King after the fall of Troy.
    • Greek Values
      • Schools used Iliad and Odyssey to teach values
        • Greek pride
        • Love of nature
        • Loyalty
        • Strive for excellence
        • Importance of marriage
    • Persian Wars
      • A series of conflicts between several Greek city-states and the Persian Empire
      • Fought from 500 BC to 448 BC
      • Allied Greeks successfully defeated the invasions.
    •  
    • The Golden Age of Greece
      • After Persian Wars Athens emerged as a powerful, confident city-state, ready for expansion
      • Athens was burned in Persian Wars
      • Led by Pericles, determined to rebuild the city
    • The Greek Mind
      • Socrates
        • Socratic Method, ask questions instead of giving answers…
      • Plato
        • Developed Political Science
      • Aristotle
        • Encouraged modest living
    • Pericles
      • Rebuilt temples and palaces better than ever
      • The Parthenon
    • Athenian Life under Pericles
      • Aspasia – woman known for intelligence
        • Prosecuted for ‘impiety’
        • Acquitted by Pericles
      • Delian League
        • Pericles alligned with other city-states (except Sparta)
        • Greece grew richer
        • Common currency
        • Greece policed all of Aegean area
        • Freed Ionia from Persian rule
      • Essentially an Athenian Empire
    • Peloponnesian War
      • Anti-Athenian Alliance (led by Sparta)
      • Greece vs. Sparta
      • Sparta had no navy
        • Struck a deal with Persians
        • Ionia for gold to build a fleet
      • The Plague
        • Kills Pericles
      • Should Athens continue?
    •  
    • The End of Greece
      • Athenian allies switch sides..
      • Athens surrenders in 404 BC
        • 27 years of battle
      • Greek city-states destroyed
        • Lost ability to govern themselves
        • Sparta tried to rule, overthrown by several city-states (Thebes)
        • Thebans overthrown by other city-states…
        • Greece was at its weakest…
        • Allowed for a Great Macedonian Leader to take over…
    • Alexander the Great
      • http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~atlas/europe/interactive/map23.html