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French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
French revolution
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French revolution

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  1. The French Revolution <ul><li>Watch this short video and record the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes of the French Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros and Cons of King Louis XIV </li></ul></ul>
  2. French Revolution <ul><li>What were some of the causes of the French Revolution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lavish lifestyle </li></ul></ul>
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  4. Setting the Stage <ul><li>1700s – France is most advanced country in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of Enlightenment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prosperous trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often imitated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Success was deceiving… </li></ul>
  5. Setting the Stage… contd. <ul><li>France’s Deception </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad harvests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High prices and taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locke, Rousseau, Voltaire raising questions </li></ul></ul>
  6. Estates <ul><li>France was divided into large social classes. </li></ul>
  7. The Privileged Estates <ul><ul><li>The First Estate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roman Catholic Clergy – owned 10% of land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contributed 2% of income to government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Second Estate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rich Nobles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paid almost no taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only 2% of population – owned 20% of the land </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. The Third Estate <ul><li>97% of population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bourgeoisie / middle class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bankers, factory owners, merchants, professionals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Well educated, supported Enlightenment Ideas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some were rich, like Nobles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers of France’s cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trades people, apprentices, laborers, servants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extremely poor, often went hungry and jobless </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>80% of population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paid ½ their income to King, Nobles and Church </li></ul></ul></ul>
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  11. Forces of Change <ul><li>Enlightenment Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Troubles </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Leader </li></ul>
  12. Enlightenment Ideas <ul><li>Who’s ideas may have helped to influence and move the French people towards revolution? </li></ul>
  13. The American Revolution inspired the Third Estate to take action…
  14. Critical Thinking Questions <ul><li>Did France’s system of estates violate the principle of equality? </li></ul><ul><li>Which group within the Third Estate would suffer most from the increase in the price of bread? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think Louis chose to raise taxes on the nobility? </li></ul>

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