Indices APIs - Elasticsearch Reference

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Elasticsearch 레퍼런스의 Indices API에 대한 발표 자료

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Indices APIs - Elasticsearch Reference

  1. 1. Elasticsearch Reference Indices APIs
  2. 2. Postman Shared Collection http://goo.gl/Px9jf2
  3. 3. Indices
  4. 4. Create Indices $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/twitter/ $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/twitter/ -d ' index : number_of_shards : 3 number_of_replicas : 2 ' More about Index Settings => Index Modules
  5. 5. $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/twitter/ -d ' { "settings" : { "index" : { "number_of_shards" : 3, "number_of_replicas" : 2 } } } ' or, simply $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/twitter/ -d ' { "settings" : { "number_of_shards" : 3, "number_of_replicas" : 2 } } '
  6. 6. Delete Indices $ curl -XDELETE localhost:9200/twitter/
  7. 7. Indices Exist? $ curl -XHEAD localhost:9200/twitter
  8. 8. Open/Close Indices $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter/_close $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter/_open
  9. 9. Update Index Settings $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/twitter/_settings -d ' { "index" : { "number_of_replicas" : 4 } } '
  10. 10. Get Index Settings $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/_settings Supports multiple indices. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_settings $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_all/_settings $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/2013-*/_settings
  11. 11. Filter settings with prefix and name options. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/_settings?prefix=index. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_all/_settings?prefix=index.routing.allocation. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/2013-*/_settings?name=index.merge.* $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/2013-*/_settings/index.merge.*
  12. 12. Mappings
  13. 13. Put Mappings $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/_mapping -d ' { "tweet" : { "properties" : { "message" : {"type" : "string", "store" : true } } } } ' More about Mappings => Mapping
  14. 14. Supports multi indices. $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/twitter,facebook/tweet/_mapping -d ' { "tweet" : { "properties" : { "message" : {"type" : "string", "store" : true } } } } '
  15. 15. Get Mappings $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/_mapping Also, supports multi indices and types. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter,facebook/_mapping $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_all/tweet,post/_mapping
  16. 16. Get Field Mappings $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/_mapping/field/text Of course, also supports multi indices, types and fields. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter,facebook/_mapping/field/message $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_all/tweet,post/_mapping/field/message,user.id $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_all/tw*/_mapping/field/*.id
  17. 17. Types Exist? $ curl -XHEAD localhost:9200/twitter/tweet
  18. 18. Delete Mappings $ curl -XDELETE localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/_mapping $ curl -XDELETE localhost:9200/twitter/tweet Deleting Mapping == Deleting Types
  19. 19. Aliases
  20. 20. Index Aliases Alias == View (in RDB) Add Aliases $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_aliases -d ' { "actions" : [ { "add" : { "index" : "twitter", "alias" : "alias1" } } ] } '
  21. 21. Get Aliases $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_aliases Remove Aliases $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_aliases -d ' { "actions" : [ { "remove" : { "index" : "twitter", "alias" : "alias1" } } ] } '
  22. 22. Multi Actions $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_aliases -d ' { "actions" : [ { "remove" : { "index" : "twitter", "alias" : "alias1" } }, { "add" : { "index" : "twitter", "alias" : "alias2" } } ] } ' $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_aliases -d ' { "actions" : [ { "add" : { "index" : "twitter", "alias" : "alias1" } }, { "add" : { "index" : "facebook", "alias" : "alias1" } } ] } '
  23. 23. Filtered Aliases $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_aliases -d ' { "actions" : [ { "add" : { "index" : "twitter", "alias" : "alias2", "filter" : { "term" : { "user" : "kimchy" } } } } ] } ' More about Filters => Query DSL
  24. 24. Routing Filter by routing values $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_aliases -d ' { "actions" : [ { "add" : { "index" : "twitter", "alias" : "alias1", "routing" : "1" } } ] } '
  25. 25. Different routing values for searching and indexing. $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_aliases -d ' { "actions" : [ { "add" : { "index" : "twitter", "alias" : "alias2", "search_routing" : "1,2", "index_routing" : "2" } } ] } '
  26. 26. Analyze
  27. 27. Analyze Performs the analysis process on a text and return the tokens breakdown of the text. $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_analyze?analyzer=standard -d 'this is a test' $ curl -XPOST 'localhost:9200/_analyze?tokenizer=keyword&filters=lowercase' -d 'this is a test' $ curl -XPOST 'localhost:9200/_analyze?tokenizer=keyword&token_filters=lowercase &char_filters=html_strip' -d 'this is a <b>test</b>' $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/_analyze?text=this+is+a+test
  28. 28. Templates
  29. 29. Index Templates Index templates allow to define templates that will automatically be applied to new indices created.
  30. 30. Create Templates $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/_template/template_1 -d ' { "template" : "te*", "settings" : { "number_of_shards" : 1 }, "mappings" : { "type1" : { "_source" : { "enabled" : false } } } } ' Will be applied to the indices with te* name pattern.
  31. 31. {index} placeholder $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/_template/template_1 -d ' { "template" : "te*", "settings" : { "number_of_shards" : 1 }, "aliases" : { "alias1" : {}, "alias2" : { "filter" : { "term" : {"user" : "kimchy" } }, "routing" : "kimchy" }, "{index}-alias" : {} } } '
  32. 32. Delete Templates $ curl -XDELETE localhost:9200/_template/template_1 Get Templates $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_template/template_1 $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_template/temp* $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_template/template_1,template_2 $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_template/
  33. 33. Multiple Template Matching by order $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/_template/template_1 -d ' { "template" : "*", "order" : 0, "settings" : { "number_of_shards" : 1 }, "mappings" : { "type1" : { "_source" : { "enabled" : false } } } } ' $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/_template/template_2 -d ' { "template" : "te*", "order" : 1, "settings" : { "number_of_shards" : 1 }, "mappings" : { "type1" : { "_source" : { "enabled" : true } } } } '
  34. 34. Config Index templates can also be placed within config/templates directory.
  35. 35. Warmers
  36. 36. Warmers Index warming allows to run registered search requests to warm up the index before it is available for search. Warmup searches typically include requests that require heavy loading of data, such as faceting or sorting on specific fields.
  37. 37. Index Creation with Warmers $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/test -d ' { "warmers" : { "warmer_1" : { "types" : [], "source" : { "query" : { "match_all" : {} }, "facets" : { "facet_1" : { "terms" : { "field" : "field" } } } } } } } '
  38. 38. Put Warmers $ curl -XPUT localhost:9200/test/_warmer/warmer_1 -d ' { "query" : { "match_all" : {} }, "facets" : { "facet_1" : { "terms" : { "field" : "field" } } } } '
  39. 39. Delete Warmers $ curl -XDELETE localhost:9200/test/_warmer/warmer_1 Get Warmers $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/test/_warmer/warmer_1 $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/test/_warmer/warm* $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/test/_warmer/
  40. 40. More GETs
  41. 41. Status The indices status API allows to get a comprehensive status information of one or more indices. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/_status $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_status $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_status
  42. 42. Stats Indices level stats provide statistics on different operations happening on an index. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/_stats $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_stats $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_stats
  43. 43. Segments Provides low level segments information that a Lucene index (shard level) is built with. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/_segments $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_segments $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_segments
  44. 44. Recovery The indices recovery API provides insight into on- going shard recoveries. Recovery status may be reported for specific indices, or cluster-wide. $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/_recovery $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_recovery $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/_recovery $ curl -XGET localhost:9200/twitter/_recovery?detailed=true
  45. 45. More POSTs
  46. 46. Clear Cache The clear cache API allows to clear either all caches or specific caches associated with one ore more indices. $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter/_cache/clear $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_cache/clear $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_cache/clear
  47. 47. Cache Types — filter — field_data — id_cache $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter/_cache/clear?filter=true cf. The filter cache will be cleared within 60 seconds.
  48. 48. Flush The flush process of an index basically frees memory from the index by flushing data to the index storage and clearing the internal transaction log. $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter/_flush $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_flush $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_flush
  49. 49. Refresh The refresh API allows to explicitly refresh one or more index, making all operations performed since the last refresh available for search. $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter/_refresh $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_refresh $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_refresh
  50. 50. Optimize The optimize process basically optimizes the index for faster search operations. The optimize operation allows to reduce the number of segments by merging them. $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter/_optimize $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/twitter,kimchy/_optimize $ curl -XPOST localhost:9200/_optimize
  51. 51. Thank You! by Daniel Ku (http://kjunine.net)

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