REVISED Hazard Communication STANDARDIncluding GHS Revisions This training session is to provide information to employees who work with hazardous chemicals and substances. Graphics: OSHA.gov Photo courtesy of OSHA
Requirements for the Revised Hazard Communication Standard OSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard to align with the United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals. There are two significant changes a standardized format for Safety Data Sheets (SDSs), formerly known as, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and use of the new label elements and SDS requirements This will improve worker understanding of the hazards associated with the chemicals in their workplace.
Training Requirements Training on the Label Elements Product identifier: how the hazardous chemical is identified Signal word: used to indicate the relative level of severity of the hazard Pictogram: OSHA’s required pictograms Hazard statement(s): describe the nature of the hazard(s) Precautionary statement(s): phrase that describes recommended measures to minimize or prevent adverse effects of the chemical Location of: Name, address and phone number of the chemical manufacturer, distributor, or importer Training on the format of the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Standardized16-section format
Labels: Product Identifier: The product identifier , allows you to identify the chemical in the container. It will include Supplier identification -name, address, and telephone number for the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other supplier. And the chemical label will include one of two signal words that tell you the relative severity of the hazard presented. “Danger” or “Warning”
Lets take a closer look at the sample label Upper left (click1) product identifier where you will find the Code or number (418) and the product name (418 Developer) Next is the (click2) Supplier identification name, address, and telephone number for the chemical manufacturer, Upper right (click3) is the signal words “Danger” “Warning”
Labels: Signal Word These are words used to indicate the severity of the hazard “DANGER”(more severe hazard) “WARNING” (less severe hazard In the past, there have been several signal words that may have been used to indicate a hazard like caution, warning, danger. The GHS permits the use of only 2 signal words: “Danger” or “Warning”. Only 1 of the signal words is permitted to appear on the label based on the classification of the chemical. Not all labels will have a signal word. Some chemicals are not hazardous enough to require that a signal word appear on the label
Labels: Pictograms: The new labels will have pictograms There are 8 pictograms (click1) 3 for Health Hazards (click2) 4 for Physical Hazards (click3) 1 shared with both Health and Physical There are 3 pictograms specific to health hazards: Exclamation Mark , Health Hazard (silhouette of a person with starburst on the chest) and Skull & Crossbones. Lets look at the pictogram with a starburst, it could indicate the chemical is a (click4) carcinogen and the pictogram the exclamation mark could indicate a chemical that can cause (click5) irritant to skin and eyes. The pictogram that is shared by both physical and/or health hazard is that of a corrosive chemical. The chemical could be hazardous to health as well damaging to metals. There are 4 pictograms specific to physical hazards: Exploding Bomb, Flame, Flame Over Circle (oxidizer) and Gas Cylinder.
All pictograms will have red borders None will be blank pictograms The following slides will provide more detail related to the pictograms.
Pictograms for Health Hazards These 2 pictograms are specific to acute toxicity (short-term exposure). The Skull & Crossbones is for any substance that is classified as having acute toxicity in health hazard category 1-3 (the most hazardous ) and the acute toxicity health class, category 4 (least hazardous) is represented by an Exclamation Mark. If the substance is properly labeled, these 2 pictograms will never appear on the same label.
Pictograms for Health Hazards: The pictogram to the right is called the “Health Hazard” pictogram and is represented by the starburst across the chest. This is used to indicate that the substance is a chronic (over time) and could target certain organ or other hazards.
Pictograms for Health Hazards and or Physical Hazards: The corrosive pictogram used to designate corrosion to metal, it is the same pictogram used for skin corrosion/serious eye damage/eye irritation under the health hazard classification.
Pictograms for Physical Hazards: These pictograms represent physical hazards. The one on the left Exploding Bomb The one on right is a Flame one you would see on flammable chemicals
Pictograms for Physical Hazards: These pictograms represent physical hazards. The one on the left Flame Over Circle “Oxidizers” The one on right Gas Cylinder with Gases under Pressure
Labels with more than one Pictograms: Some products could have more that one pictogram for that product.. In this product the pictogram on the left (click 1) indicates that it is Corrosive and could have a Health and or Physical Hazard Not all health hazards represented by this pictogram are corrosive to metal so it is important to look for additional information on the label and in the SDS The one in the middle (click2) the Flame over circle is a chemicals that is an Oxidizers that can emit oxygen and increase the risk of fire. The one on the right (click3) is a Gas Cylinder indicates that this product is gases under pressure
Labels Hazard Statements: Hazard statement will show the hazard class (with the pictogram) the category (with the signal word) and the nature of the hazard (with the hazard statement) Lets look at some examples: The first one on the left (click1) has a “Scull &Crossbones”(Health Acute toxicity) with a signal word (click2) of “Danger”(severe hazard) and the HOW you can be harmed by (click3) -is in the Hazard Statement “Fatal if inhaled” Look at the one on the right (click4) has a “Exclamation Mark ”(Health Acute toxicity) with a signal word (click5) of “Warning”(least hazardous) and the HOW you can be harmed by (click6) - is in the Hazard Statement “Harmful if inhaled”
Label: Precautionary Statements "Precautionary statement" means a phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, It could give you information how to properly store and handle the product. For example: A precautionary statement may state “Wear respiratory protection”; to minimize or prevent exposure Example on proper storage “Store in a well ventilated place”
How do we use this information on the label: Under the Precautionary Statement (click1) Proper storage of hazardous chemical- “Keep container tightly closed” (click2) Personal Protective Equipment “Wear protective gloves” (click3) Information on First Aid “ If exposed call Poison Center” (click4) Hazard Statement Target organs “May cause liver and kidney damage”
Labels: Secondary containers Often chemicals are stored in secondary containers: You will need to use the new OSHA labeling system or The NFPA 704 rating system or the HMIS system This can be confusing lets take look at the differences
Labels: GHS Comparison At this time there is a difference between GHS classification rating and the HMIS/NFPA HMIS/NFPA rating says that 0 = Least Hazardous 4 = Most Hazardous GHS rating says that 5 = Least Hazardous 1 = Most Hazardous
Safety Data Sheets Under the new Haz Com Standard, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are now called Safety Data Sheets (SDS). Manufacturers, importers and distributers may begin using the new 16-section format SDS (follows the ANSI standard) All SDSs will have a consistent 16-section format. Employers are required to maintain copies of all SDSs for the chemicals used and/or stored within the work area. The employer are to maintain a copy of the most current SDS and archive prior MSDSs/SDSs. In the following slides we will look at each one of the sections.
Section 1, Identification includes product identifier (click1)(click2);(click3) manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone number; emergency phone number; recommended use; restrictions on use.
Section 2, Hazard(s) identification includes all hazards regarding the chemical; required label elements. The GHS Categories (click1) (note the pictogram) The HMIS and NFPA labeling Precautionary Statements: (click2) “Wear protective gloves/clothing/ eye protection” Precautionary Statements: (click3) “ Store locked up”
Section 2, Hazard(s) identification Continued The second part of Section 2 give you the Exposure Routes and Symptoms Summary: (click1) Eyes--- Causes serious eye burns (click2) Ingestion --- May be harmful if swallowed. Causes burns to the gastrointestinal tract.
Section 3,Hazard Ingredients the Composition of the chemical ingredients and trade secret claims. (click1) Sodium Hydroxide 7-11% with de-ionized water is the main component.
Section 4, First-aid measures: it includes important symptoms/ effects, acute, delayed; required treatment. (click1) If in eyes---- shows the symptoms: Immediate: Redness, pain, blurred vision, severe burns the response : Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
Section 5, Fire-fighting measures lists suitable extinguishing techniques, equipment; chemical hazards from fire. This section will tell you if it has an Auto-ignition Temperature and its Flash Point In case of fire: (click1) Response---(click2) Use dry chemical (click3) Combustion Products--- Produces sodium oxides (if it burns)
Section 6, Accidental release measures lists emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup. (click1) Containment--- Avoid release to the environment (click 2) Cleaning---- Sprinkle inert absorbent compound onto spill
Section 7, Handling and storage lists precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatibilities. (click1) Prevention –”Do not get in eye, on skin, or on clothing (click2) Handling – “Wear protective gloves/clothing/eye protection” and it also makes recommendations on the type of protective equipment (click3) Storage – “Keep container tightly closed”
Section 8, Exposure controls/personal protection lists OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs); Threshold Limit Values (TLVs); appropriate engineering controls; personal protective equipment (PPE). Routes of Entry (click1) Eyes, ingestion, inhalation, and skin Substances with Occupational Exposure Limit Values (click2) Chemical Name: sodium hydroxide (click3) Long Term Exposure Limits (PEL)2 mg/m3 Engineering Controls (click4) Ventilation Keep airborne concentrations below exposure limits. Respiratory Protection (click5) If exposed to mist, wear air-purifying respirator with a full-face mask.
Section 9, Physical and chemical properties lists the chemical's characteristics. Look like, feels like and smells like (click1) Appearance Clear (click2) Physical State Liquid (click3) Odor odorless pH 14
Section 10, Stability and reactivity lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions. Good to know information: (click1) Stabilities: Chemically stable at normal temperatures and pressures Often this will be chemicals it doesn’t work with or could produce hazards when mixed. (click2) Incompatibilities: Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, metals (zinc, aluminum, tin, and so on), ammonium salts
Section 11, Toxicological information includes routes of exposure; related symptoms, acute and chronic effects; numerical measures of toxicity. Toxi·co·logi·cal The study of the nature, effects, and detection of poisons and the treatment of poisoning.
Section 12 Ecological Information (click1) Example “Harmful to aquatic life” Section 13 Disposal Information (click2) Example: Dispose of contents in accordance with all local, regional, national, and international regulations.
Section 14 Transportation information
Section 15 EPA information and requirements
Section 16 Other Information (click1) SDS prepared by Date issued Supersedes (good place to check to see if you have the most current version)
INCLUDING GHS REVISIONS
Surry Insurance Loss Prevention Services
Requirements for the Revised Hazard
OSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard
(HCS) to align with the United Nations’ Globally
Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of
Chemicals (GHS) and published it in the Federal Register
in March 2012
Two significant changes contained in the revised standard require
the use of new labeling elements and a standardized format for
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs), formerly known as, Material Safety
Data Sheets (MSDSs).
The new label elements and SDS requirements will improve
worker understanding of the hazards associated with the
chemicals in their workplace.
• Training on the Label Elements
• Product identifier: how the hazardous chemical is identified
• Signal word: used to indicate the relative level of severity of the
• Pictogram: OSHA’s required pictograms
• Hazard statement(s): describe the nature of the hazard(s)
• Precautionary statement(s): phrase that describes recommended
measures to minimize or prevent adverse effects of the chemical
• Location of: Name, address and phone number of the chemical
manufacturer, distributor, or importer
• Training on the format of the Safety Data Sheets
Labels: Product Identifier:
• The product identifier is the name and number that allows
you to identify the chemical in the container.
Supplier identification must include the name, address,
and telephone number for the chemical manufacturer,
importer, or other supplier.
The chemical label will include one of two signal words
that tell you the relative severity of the hazard presented.
“Danger” is used for the more severe hazards.
“Warning” is used for less severe hazards and is less
serious than “Danger.”
Labels: Product Identifier:
Name and number - to
identify the chemical
Danger or Warning
Labels: Signal Word
These are words used to indicate the severity of the hazard
and alert employees to the potential hazard.
Only 2 signal words will appear:
“DANGER”(more severe hazard)
“WARNING” (less severe hazard)
Not all labels will have a signal word. Some chemicals are
not hazardous enough to require that a signal word
appear on the label.
• There are 8 pictograms
• Health Hazards
• Physical Hazards
• Red borders required.
• No blank pictograms.
Labels: Pictograms – Physical Hazards
Flame Over Circle
Gases under Pressure
Labels with more than one Pictograms
Flame Over Circle Gas Cylinder
Labels: Hazard Statements
• “Hazard statement” - a statement assigned to a hazard
class and category that describes the nature of the
hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the
degree of hazard.
• For example: Harmful if inhaled [for Category 4 Acute Toxicity -
Fatal if inhaled
Fatal if inhaled
Toxic if inhaled
Harmful if inhaled
Label: Precautionary Statements
Precautionary statements describe recommended
measures that should be taken to protect against
hazardous exposures, or improper storage or handling of a
Wear respiratory protection
Wash with soap and water
Store in a well ventilated place
How do we use this
information on the label:
Proper storage of
Information on First
Labels: Secondary containers
• Employers who only store chemicals may either
use OSHA’s new labeling system or continue using
the NFPA 704 rating system or HMIS system
• (OSHA plans to change the labeling system June 1, 2016)
Labels: GHS Comparison
GHS classification ratings order of severity differ
from NFPA and HMIS:
0 = Least Hazardous
4 = Most Hazardous
5 = Least Hazardous
1 = Most Hazardous
Safety Data Sheets
• Under the new Haz Com
Standard, Material Safety Data
Sheets (MSDS) are now called
Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
• All SDSs will have a consistent
• Employers must ensure that
SDSs are readily accessible to
Section 1, Identification includes product identifier;
manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone
number; emergency phone number; recommended
use; restrictions on use.
Randy Cranfill, MESH, CPSI, CSRM
Director of Safety and Loss Prevention
Information contained in this publication is compiled from
sources believed to be reliable. Surry Insurance
makes no guarantee as to, and assumes no responsibility
for, the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of such