NURS 2103:01            Audrey Walsh        November 8th 2012Presented by: Nikki McNeil
ADHD – Attention Deficit     Hyperactivity Disorder-   Common behavioral disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of...
ADHD- Boys are about three times more likely than girls to be    diagnosed with ADHD, it is not yet understood why.-   Gir...
Three Categories of ADHD:   Predominantly Inattentive Type- Person finds it very difficult to organize or finish a task.-...
Signs of ADHD in Preschool Aged Children                   Signs of ADHD are noticeable as early as 2 or 3 years of age.  ...
Signs/Symptoms of Hyperactivity Include:   Fidgets or squirms frequently   Often leaves his or her seat in the classroom...
Treatment of ADHD- Currently there is no cure for ADHD, but there are treatment  options available to help reduce the symp...
Medications used to treat ADHD include: Dexamfetamine Atomoxetine   MethylphenidateMedications help someone who has ADH...
Alternative Treatment Options:Behavior Therapy for ADHDBehavior therapy can include:- behavioral interventions,- social sk...
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Adhd in preschool aged children

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Adhd in preschool aged children

  1. 1. NURS 2103:01 Audrey Walsh November 8th 2012Presented by: Nikki McNeil
  2. 2. ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- Common behavioral disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity.- Estimated that 8% to 10% of children are affected by this disorder.
  3. 3. ADHD- Boys are about three times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with ADHD, it is not yet understood why.- Girls with ADHD may be more likely to be inattentive than hyperactive or impulsive. That may mean they are more likely to be under diagnosed with the disorder.- If you suspect that a child may have ADHD, its important to understand the different forms it may take.
  4. 4. Three Categories of ADHD: Predominantly Inattentive Type- Person finds it very difficult to organize or finish a task.- They find it hard to pay attention to details,- Find it difficult to follow instructions or conversations. Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type- Person finds it hard to keep still.- They fidget and talk a lot.- A smaller child may be continually jumping, running or climbing.- They are restless and impulsive - interrupting others, grabbing things and speaking at inappropriate times.- They have difficulty waiting their turn and find it hard to listen to directions.- A person with this type of ADHD will have more injuries and/or accidents than others. Combined Type- A person whose symptoms include all those of the first two types,
  5. 5. Signs of ADHD in Preschool Aged Children Signs of ADHD are noticeable as early as 2 or 3 years of age. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GIx- JYdLZs&feature=related Signs/Symptoms of Inattention Include: Often fails to pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork or other activities Often has trouble sustaining attention during tasks or play Seems not to listen even when spoken to directly Has difficulty following through on instructions and often fails to finish schoolwork, chores or other tasks Often has problems organizing tasks or activities Avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as schoolwork or homework Frequently loses needed items, such as books, pencils, toys or tools Can be easily distracted Often forgetful
  6. 6. Signs/Symptoms of Hyperactivity Include: Fidgets or squirms frequently Often leaves his or her seat in the classroom or in other situations when remaining seated is expected Often runs or climbs excessively when its not appropriate or, if an adolescent, might constantly feel restless Frequently has difficulty playing quietly Always seems on the go Talks excessively Blurts out the answers before questions have been completely asked Frequently has difficulty waiting for his or her turn Often interrupts or intrudes on others conversations or gamesIf you identify any signs or symptoms of ADHD in a child make sure to bring them to a pediatrician so they can rule out any other causes before diagnosing the child with ADHD.
  7. 7. Treatment of ADHD- Currently there is no cure for ADHD, but there are treatment options available to help reduce the symptoms caused by ADHD.- ADHD can be treated using medication or therapy, but it is widely agreed a combination of both is the best way to treat it.
  8. 8. Medications used to treat ADHD include: Dexamfetamine Atomoxetine MethylphenidateMedications help someone who has ADHD to: Concentrate better Be less impulsive Feel calmer Learn and practise new skills
  9. 9. Alternative Treatment Options:Behavior Therapy for ADHDBehavior therapy can include:- behavioral interventions,- social skills training,- and parenting skills training.In addition you can help improve your childs behavior by:- setting and enforcing rules,- maintaining a consistent schedule- organizing everyday items such as clothing and school supplies.Physical exercise can significantly improve ADHD symptoms 20-minute exercise sessions can significantly improve focus in children with ADHD, according to researchers from Michigan State University reported in the Journal of Pediatrics, October 2012 issue.
  10. 10. The End
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