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  • 1. GenderIdentity/SexualOrientationBy:Kara Lesniak
  • 2. Sex Vs. Gender Sexis based on a person’s biological features Gender is used in different ways:  Gender roles – behavioral characteristics considered “masculine” or “feminine”  Gender identity – internal sense of ourselves as man, woman, or transgender
  • 3. Gender  Our race, class, geographical, physical, and sexual identities affect and shape our gender and may change over time.  It may not remain the same from birth to death.
  • 4. Gender Identity There are new terms that fall outside the two gender categories our society has traditionally recognized: man and woman Transgender – a person who identifies with or expresses a gender identity that differs from the one which corresponds to the persons sex at birth Transsexual - a person who strongly identifies with the opposite sex and may seek to live as a member of this sex especially by undergoing surgery and hormone therapy to obtain the necessary physical appearance
  • 5. Sexual Orientation
  • 6. Sexual Orientation Our gender is about who we are; our sexual orientation is about whom we find attractive. Howwe identify our gender influences how we name our sexuality, and whom we are attracted to may change throughout our lives.
  • 7. Types of Orientation Straight/ Heterosexual – women who are sexually attracted to men and men who are sexually attracted to women Gay/ Homosexual – women who are sexually attracted to women and men who are sexually attracted to men Lesbian – woman who is sexually attracted to women Bisexual – people who are sexually attracted to men and women Asexual – someone who is not experiencing or acting on sexual attraction at a give time Pansexual – someone who is attracted to people across the range of genders
  • 8. Don’t confusesexual orientationwith genderidentity!
  • 9. Confusion Corrected Sometimes gender identity and sexual orientation are confused and stereotypes are formed Being lesbian or bisexual does not mean our gender looks or feels a certain way
  • 10. Coming out is the process of acceptingand affirming our sexual orientation orgender identity and deciding how openwe will be about it.
  • 11. Coming Out Letting other people know that we identify as lesbian, bisexual, queer, or transgender can be one of the most challenging and life-changing decisions we face. It may cause several problems concerning losing friends, jobs, and family, but it can also be a liberating experience.
  • 12. Homophobia,Heterosexism, andTransphobia
  • 13. Homophobia  Homophobia – the fear and hatred of homosexuality or gay, lesbian, or bisexual people  It puts people at risk for discrimination, harassment, rejection, or violence in everyday interactions with others and can affect one’s own acceptance of who they are.
  • 14. Heterosexism Heterosexism – the assumption that heterosexuality is the only normal orientation Itdenies legal, religious, and social privileges to others It can occur on an interpersonal level in which family and friends may accept you but may not accept others
  • 15. Transphobia Transphobia – the fear and hatred of transgender or transsexual people. Itinvolves more than just a slanderous terms uttered. It has to do with those who do not fit the norm of man or woman having trouble going out in public.
  • 16. My Opinions! Liked Did not like That it is difficult for people to come out  I dislike the idea of to others heterosexism, Sex and gender are transphobia, and often confused…I had not known they homophobia. I were different! think that it is I found it interesting wrong to to know that there discriminate others was a difference between based on gender transgender and or sexual transsexual orientation.
  • 17. What do you think? Why does society find it difficult to accept genders other than male or female? Why do some people not accept other genders?
  • 18. The End