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Pax romana

Pax romana






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    Pax romana Pax romana Presentation Transcript

    • Pax Romana – A time of peace in ancient Rome
      • I. Roman Rule
      • A. Julius Caesar’s grandnephew (adopted son) Octavian joined forces with Marc Antony to defeat the murderers of Caesar.
      • 1. Octavian and Antony ruled the Roman world together until a disagreement over Antony’s friendship with Cleopatra of Egypt emerged.
    • Pax Romana, cont .
      • B. Octavian took control of the government and became Rome’s first emperor.
      • C. Octavian ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
      • D. The Senate gave Octavian the title of Augustus , which means ‘honored one’.
      • E. Under Octavian, the Roman empire entered a period of peace, accomplishments and security that lasted about 200 years.
    • A Golden Age
      • II. Golden Age
      • A. Following the civil wars, Rome became more prosperous (rich) through trade with other regions.
      • B. The Roman conquests of Greece and the Middle East brought the Romans into contact with the Hellenistic civilization.
    • Greco-Roman Culture
      • C. Greco-Roman Culture
      • 1. The Romans adopted Greek architecture, sculpture, drama, and literature.
      • 2. The blending of the Roman and Greek ideas produced the rich Greco-Roman culture.
      • Famous Roman Pastimes
    • Greco-Roman Culture
      • D. Roman engineers built roads, dams, drainage systems, and aqueducts.
      • E. Aqueducts
      • carried water
      • to the cities
      • through pipes.
    • Public Baths- huge buildings with steam rooms, gyms, hot and cold pools, and libraries!
      • Roman Baths
    • Colosseum – an arena where gladiators fought .
    • Circus Maximus – where chariot races were held.
    • Roman Emperors during Pax Romana
      • During Pax Romana, both good and bad emperors ruled the empire.
      • One of the worst emperors was Caligula (37-41 A.D.)
      • He was a madman who insisted he was a God.
      • After committing many murders, he was killed by a group of military officers and senators.
    • Nero (54-68 A.D.)
      • Nero was suspected of causing a great fire that destroyed ½ of Rome in 64 A.D.
      • He disliked Christians and ordered them to be burned to death or killed by wild animals.
      • He killed himself after some of his troops revolted.
    • Antonines – A line of good emperors who ruled in the 2 nd century A.D.
      • Trajan (98-117A.D.) – He expanded the borders of the empire to their greatest limits.
      • Hadrian (117-138A.D.) – He constantly traveled through the empire to supervise the strengthening of defenses and the building of public works.
      • Hadrian’s wall is located
      • in Britain. It is 73 miles long.
      • The Roman armies built
      • it in 6 years !!
    • Antonines, cont.
      • Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.) was one of the best emperors.
      • He was a soldier, writer & philosopher
      • He spent much time fighting enemies who attacked Rome’s borders.
      • With the hope of saving the lives of Roman soldiers, he allowed German tribes to settle on Roman lands.
      • He died during a plague that swept through the empire and killed ¼ of the Roman population.
    • Antonines, cont.
      • Commodus (180-192 A.D.) – He was the son of Marcus Aurelius.
      • His rule proved to be a disaster.
      • He preferred fighting as a gladiator to solving the empire’s problems.
      • His death led to the end of Pax Romana.
    • Gladiators
    • Life After Roman Peace
      • Military leaders openly took over government
      • Other people became powerful enough to challenge the Romans.
      • Economic and political problems increased and gradually weakened the empire.
    • Division of the Roman Empire
      • In an attempt to strengthen the empire, Diocletian (284-305A.D.) divided it into 2 parts, Eastern and Western .
      • Diocletian ruled from the Eastern capital in Asia Minor.
    • The end of the Roman Empire
      • In 306 A.D., Constantine was named emperor.
      • He reunited the empire and ruled until his death in 337 A.D.
      • Before his death, (about 330 A.D.), he moved the capital of the eastern empire to Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople .
    • The End
      • After 395 A.D., the empire was permanently divided.
      • The Western part became weaker and poorer.
      • The Eastern part grew stronger and wealthier.