Pax romana


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Pax romana

  1. 2. Pax Romana – A time of peace in ancient Rome <ul><li>I. Roman Rule </li></ul><ul><li>A. Julius Caesar’s grandnephew (adopted son) Octavian joined forces with Marc Antony to defeat the murderers of Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Octavian and Antony ruled the Roman world together until a disagreement over Antony’s friendship with Cleopatra of Egypt emerged. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Pax Romana, cont . <ul><li>B. Octavian took control of the government and became Rome’s first emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Octavian ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>D. The Senate gave Octavian the title of Augustus , which means ‘honored one’. </li></ul><ul><li>E. Under Octavian, the Roman empire entered a period of peace, accomplishments and security that lasted about 200 years. </li></ul>
  3. 4. A Golden Age <ul><li>II. Golden Age </li></ul><ul><li>A. Following the civil wars, Rome became more prosperous (rich) through trade with other regions. </li></ul><ul><li>B. The Roman conquests of Greece and the Middle East brought the Romans into contact with the Hellenistic civilization. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Greco-Roman Culture <ul><li>C. Greco-Roman Culture </li></ul><ul><li>1. The Romans adopted Greek architecture, sculpture, drama, and literature. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The blending of the Roman and Greek ideas produced the rich Greco-Roman culture. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Famous Roman Pastimes </li></ul>
  6. 7. Greco-Roman Culture <ul><li>D. Roman engineers built roads, dams, drainage systems, and aqueducts. </li></ul><ul><li>E. Aqueducts </li></ul><ul><li>carried water </li></ul><ul><li>to the cities </li></ul><ul><li>through pipes. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Public Baths- huge buildings with steam rooms, gyms, hot and cold pools, and libraries! <ul><li>Roman Baths </li></ul>
  8. 9. Colosseum – an arena where gladiators fought .
  9. 10. Circus Maximus – where chariot races were held.
  10. 11. Roman Emperors during Pax Romana <ul><li>During Pax Romana, both good and bad emperors ruled the empire. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the worst emperors was Caligula (37-41 A.D.) </li></ul><ul><li>He was a madman who insisted he was a God. </li></ul><ul><li>After committing many murders, he was killed by a group of military officers and senators. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Nero (54-68 A.D.) <ul><li>Nero was suspected of causing a great fire that destroyed ½ of Rome in 64 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>He disliked Christians and ordered them to be burned to death or killed by wild animals. </li></ul><ul><li>He killed himself after some of his troops revolted. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Antonines – A line of good emperors who ruled in the 2 nd century A.D. <ul><li>Trajan (98-117A.D.) – He expanded the borders of the empire to their greatest limits. </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian (117-138A.D.) – He constantly traveled through the empire to supervise the strengthening of defenses and the building of public works. </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian’s wall is located </li></ul><ul><li>in Britain. It is 73 miles long. </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman armies built </li></ul><ul><li>it in 6 years !! </li></ul>
  13. 14. Antonines, cont. <ul><li>Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.) was one of the best emperors. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a soldier, writer & philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>He spent much time fighting enemies who attacked Rome’s borders. </li></ul><ul><li>With the hope of saving the lives of Roman soldiers, he allowed German tribes to settle on Roman lands. </li></ul><ul><li>He died during a plague that swept through the empire and killed ¼ of the Roman population. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Antonines, cont. <ul><li>Commodus (180-192 A.D.) – He was the son of Marcus Aurelius. </li></ul><ul><li>His rule proved to be a disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>He preferred fighting as a gladiator to solving the empire’s problems. </li></ul><ul><li>His death led to the end of Pax Romana. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Gladiators
  16. 17. Life After Roman Peace <ul><li>Military leaders openly took over government </li></ul><ul><li>Other people became powerful enough to challenge the Romans. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and political problems increased and gradually weakened the empire. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Division of the Roman Empire <ul><li>In an attempt to strengthen the empire, Diocletian (284-305A.D.) divided it into 2 parts, Eastern and Western . </li></ul><ul><li>Diocletian ruled from the Eastern capital in Asia Minor. </li></ul>
  18. 20. The end of the Roman Empire <ul><li>In 306 A.D., Constantine was named emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>He reunited the empire and ruled until his death in 337 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Before his death, (about 330 A.D.), he moved the capital of the eastern empire to Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople . </li></ul>
  19. 21. The End <ul><li>After 395 A.D., the empire was permanently divided. </li></ul><ul><li>The Western part became weaker and poorer. </li></ul><ul><li>The Eastern part grew stronger and wealthier. </li></ul>