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Pax romana


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  • 1.  
  • 2. Pax Romana – A time of peace in ancient Rome
    • I. Roman Rule
    • A. Julius Caesar’s grandnephew (adopted son) Octavian joined forces with Marc Antony to defeat the murderers of Caesar.
    • 1. Octavian and Antony ruled the Roman world together until a disagreement over Antony’s friendship with Cleopatra of Egypt emerged.
  • 3. Pax Romana, cont .
    • B. Octavian took control of the government and became Rome’s first emperor.
    • C. Octavian ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
    • D. The Senate gave Octavian the title of Augustus , which means ‘honored one’.
    • E. Under Octavian, the Roman empire entered a period of peace, accomplishments and security that lasted about 200 years.
  • 4. A Golden Age
    • II. Golden Age
    • A. Following the civil wars, Rome became more prosperous (rich) through trade with other regions.
    • B. The Roman conquests of Greece and the Middle East brought the Romans into contact with the Hellenistic civilization.
  • 5. Greco-Roman Culture
    • C. Greco-Roman Culture
    • 1. The Romans adopted Greek architecture, sculpture, drama, and literature.
    • 2. The blending of the Roman and Greek ideas produced the rich Greco-Roman culture.
  • 6.
    • Famous Roman Pastimes
  • 7. Greco-Roman Culture
    • D. Roman engineers built roads, dams, drainage systems, and aqueducts.
    • E. Aqueducts
    • carried water
    • to the cities
    • through pipes.
  • 8. Public Baths- huge buildings with steam rooms, gyms, hot and cold pools, and libraries!
    • Roman Baths
  • 9. Colosseum – an arena where gladiators fought .
  • 10. Circus Maximus – where chariot races were held.
  • 11. Roman Emperors during Pax Romana
    • During Pax Romana, both good and bad emperors ruled the empire.
    • One of the worst emperors was Caligula (37-41 A.D.)
    • He was a madman who insisted he was a God.
    • After committing many murders, he was killed by a group of military officers and senators.
  • 12. Nero (54-68 A.D.)
    • Nero was suspected of causing a great fire that destroyed ½ of Rome in 64 A.D.
    • He disliked Christians and ordered them to be burned to death or killed by wild animals.
    • He killed himself after some of his troops revolted.
  • 13. Antonines – A line of good emperors who ruled in the 2 nd century A.D.
    • Trajan (98-117A.D.) – He expanded the borders of the empire to their greatest limits.
    • Hadrian (117-138A.D.) – He constantly traveled through the empire to supervise the strengthening of defenses and the building of public works.
    • Hadrian’s wall is located
    • in Britain. It is 73 miles long.
    • The Roman armies built
    • it in 6 years !!
  • 14. Antonines, cont.
    • Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.) was one of the best emperors.
    • He was a soldier, writer & philosopher
    • He spent much time fighting enemies who attacked Rome’s borders.
    • With the hope of saving the lives of Roman soldiers, he allowed German tribes to settle on Roman lands.
    • He died during a plague that swept through the empire and killed ¼ of the Roman population.
  • 15. Antonines, cont.
    • Commodus (180-192 A.D.) – He was the son of Marcus Aurelius.
    • His rule proved to be a disaster.
    • He preferred fighting as a gladiator to solving the empire’s problems.
    • His death led to the end of Pax Romana.
  • 16. Gladiators
  • 17. Life After Roman Peace
    • Military leaders openly took over government
    • Other people became powerful enough to challenge the Romans.
    • Economic and political problems increased and gradually weakened the empire.
  • 18. Division of the Roman Empire
    • In an attempt to strengthen the empire, Diocletian (284-305A.D.) divided it into 2 parts, Eastern and Western .
    • Diocletian ruled from the Eastern capital in Asia Minor.
  • 19.  
  • 20. The end of the Roman Empire
    • In 306 A.D., Constantine was named emperor.
    • He reunited the empire and ruled until his death in 337 A.D.
    • Before his death, (about 330 A.D.), he moved the capital of the eastern empire to Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople .
  • 21. The End
    • After 395 A.D., the empire was permanently divided.
    • The Western part became weaker and poorer.
    • The Eastern part grew stronger and wealthier.
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
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  • 25.