Comparison of Issues: The Classic vs. The Romantic Awareness Insight Essential values Unconscious (subconscious) Conscious Depth Surface Meaning Freedom Experimentation Meaning Control Rules Structure
Comparison of Issues: The Classic vs. The Romantic Control Aesthetics Source Passion and Emotion Objectivity “ Insights to the Mind and Heart” “ Delight and Instruct” Right Brain Left Brain
Core Concepts I
Historic Setting : Early 19th century peak, particularly strong in France but spreads quickly throughout Europe and to a lesser degree, the US.
Industrialization and urbanization forced rapid relocations in populations; displacement and painful modernizations created yearning for relief and escape. Links to revolution/change.
Core Concepts II Attitude : On one hand it is a similar idea to Neoclassicism in that it sought to create a certain atmosphere (idealism) as a remedy to modern life . Yet it was opposed to Neoclassicism in all of its manifestations (visually and philosophically).
Core Concepts III exuberant life individualized experience spirit of revolution (France, 1848) drama, exotica complexity/dualisms (Napoleon is the typical example) awe of nature the sublime
Gericault, Raft of the Medusa - considered to be first work in this direction
Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People – example of work from the greatest Romantic artist
Gros, Napoleon Visiting the Plague-stricken at Jaffra - what makes Napoleon a Romantic hero?
West, Death of General Wolfe – multiple themes: fallen spiritual leader, heaven and earth, spectrum of human condition,“noble savage”
Borrowing of theme and compostion
elevated or lofty in thought, language Paradise Lost is sublime poetry .
2. impressing the mind with a sense of grandeur or power; inspiring awe, veneration