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Pattern

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. P a t t e r n Especially as found in architecture and the works of M. C. Escher
  • 3. " Art is the imposing of a pattern on experience, and our aesthetic enjoyment is recognition of the pattern." -Alfred North Whitehead, English philosopher and mathematician.
  • 4.
    • A pattern is a form, template, or motif (or more abstractly, a set of rules ) which can be used to make or to generate things or parts of a thing. This is especially true if the things that are generated have enough in common for the underlying pattern to be suggested or understood, in which case the things are said to exhibit the pattern.
    • Pattern relies on the principles of rhythm and repetition.
    • Some patterns are named; simple decorative examples are stripes, herringbone, plaids and zigzags.
  • 5. Examples in Architectural Design Lion Court at the Alhambra, Granada, Spain
  • 6. Details from the Alahmbra
  • 7. Why has pattern been applied so often to architecture? What affect does it create/how does it make occupants feel?
  • 8. The Baptistery of the cathedral in Florence, Italy
  • 9. Interior detail from the Great Mosque in Cordoba, Spain
  • 10. The Doges’ Palace, Venice Pont du Gard, Arles, France
  • 11. Examples on Planes and Surfaces Herringbone pattern
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Detail of roof vent from La Predera in Barcelona. Designed by Antonio Gaudi. Ogee pattern
  • 15.  
  • 16. Formal and informal pattern
  • 17.  
  • 18. Art Ara Pacis, from ancient Rome
  • 19. Day and Night, M. C. Escher – all following works are also by this artist
  • 20. Sky and Water
  • 21. Circle Limit I Circle Limit III
  • 22. Circle Limit IV
  • 23. Symmetry Work
  • 24. Creating a pattern
    • Determine a structure. (use of space, here a standard grid)
    • Determine an interval. ( distance, frequency)
    • Determine a motif. ( visual element, here a pentagon)
    • Consider options: rotation, integration, alternation, complex rhythms