P a t t e r n Especially as found in architecture and the works of M. C. Escher
" Art is the imposing of a pattern on experience, and our aesthetic enjoyment is recognition of the pattern." -Alfred North Whitehead, English philosopher and mathematician.
A pattern is a form, template, or motif (or more abstractly, a set of rules ) which can be used to make or to generate things or parts of a thing. This is especially true if the things that are generated have enough in common for the underlying pattern to be suggested or understood, in which case the things are said to exhibit the pattern.
Pattern relies on the principles of rhythm and repetition.
Some patterns are named; simple decorative examples are stripes, herringbone, plaids and zigzags.
Examples in Architectural Design Lion Court at the Alhambra, Granada, Spain
Details from the Alahmbra
Why has pattern been applied so often to architecture? What affect does it create/how does it make occupants feel?
The Baptistery of the cathedral in Florence, Italy
Interior detail from the Great Mosque in Cordoba, Spain
The Doges’ Palace, Venice Pont du Gard, Arles, France
Examples on Planes and Surfaces Herringbone pattern
Detail of roof vent from La Predera in Barcelona. Designed by Antonio Gaudi. Ogee pattern
Formal and informal pattern
Art Ara Pacis, from ancient Rome
Day and Night, M. C. Escher – all following works are also by this artist
Sky and Water
Circle Limit I Circle Limit III
Circle Limit IV
Creating a pattern
Determine a structure. (use of space, here a standard grid)
Determine an interval. ( distance, frequency)
Determine a motif. ( visual element, here a pentagon)