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Intro Classicism
 

Intro Classicism

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    Intro Classicism Intro Classicism Presentation Transcript

    • Classicism Definitions and Purposes, Relationship to Early Christianity, Classical Truth & Classical Beauty
    • How are values expressed in art and architecture?
      • Iconography?
      • Technique?
      • Other?
      • A combination of issues?
      • How?
    • Classicism is generally expressed with
      • Clearness - order
      • Symmetry - stability
      • Elegance - gracefulness
      • Repose - ease
      • Sometimes synonymous with:
              • Excellence
              • Epitome of style (the perfect representation of something)
              • Artistic quality of high distinction
    • What is expressed through the language of Classicism?
      • What ideas, assertions, identities are expressed through Classical design?
      • When does it appear? In what context? When is it needed?
    •  
    • More precisely, it refers to . . .
      • . . . an admiration and imitation of Greek and Roman ideas and principles.
      • What were those?
      • Our initial focus will be on these Antique (Greco-Roman) concepts and subsequent applications of the ideas that were derived in Antiquity.
    • Classical Truth
      • SYSTEM of thought – coherent way of making sense of the universe - governed thinking up through the Renaissance
      • Not limited to art and architecture, also philosophy, natural sciences, astronomy, language, math, politics
      • Essential for success: Two truths MUST support each other and CANNOT conflict
      • (explains seriousness of heresy as a terrible crime: Classicism explains the universe and you don’t destroy the universe)
    • Classicism and Christianity
      • Have an intertwined past….
      • Medieval and Renaissance thought saw the two issues (Classical thinking and Christian beliefs) as complementary aspects of Divine Truth ( working together )
      • Philosophical adaptation of Antique ideas of Truth, Beauty, Idealization- ideas
      • Physical and conceptual adaptation of Antique types and figures- images
      • The Break-up: In sixteenth century, The Council of Trent decided to formally distance itself from tradition of “paganism”
      • (obsolete propaganda/do not use; working separate )
    • Adaptation : Nikes of Victory become Angels of God
    • Adaptation : River Gods appear at scenes of Jesus’ baptism
    • Adaptation : Tellus, the Earth Goddess becomes the Personification of Charity
    • Insight into Classical Beauty
      • Different from personal taste, may conflict with taste actually
      • Thought that exposure to it would train us to love it, shape us
      • Images seen: will lodge into your soul to ennoble or demean you
      • Beauty manifested God
      • Three properties:
        • Geometry or proportions that can be expressed in whole numbers (2:1, 1:3 …)
        • Bright color or strong light
        • Smooth finish and/or perfect condition
    • Insight into Idealization
      • Ideal and Real are opposites
      • A product of Divine design – perfect
      • It is the best and there can be only one best; our human differences (reality) are proof of imperfect nature (humanity)
      • Signals or Visual Cues:
        • Nothing to hide : Nudity or near nudity
        • Ease: Contrapposto stance (hip-shift pose)
        • Ease: Face and body at rest
        • Clarity : Geometric qualities to face
        • Clarity: Smooth skin, without details
    • Birth of Venus, Botticelli, 1486
    • Applications of Idealization
      • Ancient Greeks
      • used idealization to communicate
      • internal (spiritual, intellectual, emotional)
      • qualities of a figure
      • That he/she was in some way ideal or perfect (heroes, victorious athletes)
      • That he/she were favored by the gods
      • That he/she was in some way divine (gods, goddesses)
      • Christianity
      • Similarly adapted it
      • That he/she was in some way ideal or perfect (Christ, V.M., saints, angels)
      • That he/she were in a state of grace (David before confronting Goliath)
      • That he/she was in some way divine (Christ)