Intro Classicism
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Intro Classicism






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Intro Classicism Intro Classicism Presentation Transcript

  • Classicism Definitions and Purposes, Relationship to Early Christianity, Classical Truth & Classical Beauty
  • How are values expressed in art and architecture?
    • Iconography?
    • Technique?
    • Other?
    • A combination of issues?
    • How?
  • Classicism is generally expressed with
    • Clearness - order
    • Symmetry - stability
    • Elegance - gracefulness
    • Repose - ease
    • Sometimes synonymous with:
            • Excellence
            • Epitome of style (the perfect representation of something)
            • Artistic quality of high distinction
  • What is expressed through the language of Classicism?
    • What ideas, assertions, identities are expressed through Classical design?
    • When does it appear? In what context? When is it needed?
  • More precisely, it refers to . . .
    • . . . an admiration and imitation of Greek and Roman ideas and principles.
    • What were those?
    • Our initial focus will be on these Antique (Greco-Roman) concepts and subsequent applications of the ideas that were derived in Antiquity.
  • Classical Truth
    • SYSTEM of thought – coherent way of making sense of the universe - governed thinking up through the Renaissance
    • Not limited to art and architecture, also philosophy, natural sciences, astronomy, language, math, politics
    • Essential for success: Two truths MUST support each other and CANNOT conflict
    • (explains seriousness of heresy as a terrible crime: Classicism explains the universe and you don’t destroy the universe)
  • Classicism and Christianity
    • Have an intertwined past….
    • Medieval and Renaissance thought saw the two issues (Classical thinking and Christian beliefs) as complementary aspects of Divine Truth ( working together )
    • Philosophical adaptation of Antique ideas of Truth, Beauty, Idealization- ideas
    • Physical and conceptual adaptation of Antique types and figures- images
    • The Break-up: In sixteenth century, The Council of Trent decided to formally distance itself from tradition of “paganism”
    • (obsolete propaganda/do not use; working separate )
  • Adaptation : Nikes of Victory become Angels of God
  • Adaptation : River Gods appear at scenes of Jesus’ baptism
  • Adaptation : Tellus, the Earth Goddess becomes the Personification of Charity
  • Insight into Classical Beauty
    • Different from personal taste, may conflict with taste actually
    • Thought that exposure to it would train us to love it, shape us
    • Images seen: will lodge into your soul to ennoble or demean you
    • Beauty manifested God
    • Three properties:
      • Geometry or proportions that can be expressed in whole numbers (2:1, 1:3 …)
      • Bright color or strong light
      • Smooth finish and/or perfect condition
  • Insight into Idealization
    • Ideal and Real are opposites
    • A product of Divine design – perfect
    • It is the best and there can be only one best; our human differences (reality) are proof of imperfect nature (humanity)
    • Signals or Visual Cues:
      • Nothing to hide : Nudity or near nudity
      • Ease: Contrapposto stance (hip-shift pose)
      • Ease: Face and body at rest
      • Clarity : Geometric qualities to face
      • Clarity: Smooth skin, without details
  • Birth of Venus, Botticelli, 1486
  • Applications of Idealization
    • Ancient Greeks
    • used idealization to communicate
    • internal (spiritual, intellectual, emotional)
    • qualities of a figure
    • That he/she was in some way ideal or perfect (heroes, victorious athletes)
    • That he/she were favored by the gods
    • That he/she was in some way divine (gods, goddesses)
    • Christianity
    • Similarly adapted it
    • That he/she was in some way ideal or perfect (Christ, V.M., saints, angels)
    • That he/she were in a state of grace (David before confronting Goliath)
    • That he/she was in some way divine (Christ)