It is a procedure in which a patient receives a bloodproduct through an intravenous line. It is the introduction of blood components into thevenous circulation. Process of transferring blood-based products from oneperson into the circulatory system of another.
To replace blood lost during surgery or a serious injury. To restore oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. To provide plasma factors to prevent or treat bleeding. Done if patient’s body is not capable of making bloodproperly because of an illness.
Major injuries after an accident or disaster. Surgery on an organ such as liver and the heart. Severe Anemia Bleeding such as Haemophilia andThrombocytopenia.
Each person has one of the following bloodtypes: A, B, AB, or O. O - can be given to anyone but can only receiveO. AB – can receive any type but can only be givento AB. Every person’s blood is either Rh-positive orRh-negative.
Type O blood is called the universal donor. People with type AB blood are called universalrecipients. People with Rh-positive blood can get Rh-positive or Rh-negative blood. But peoplewith Rh-negative blood should get only Rh-negative blood.
Before a blood transfusion, a technician teststhe patient’s blood to find out what blood typethey have (A, B, AB, or O and Rh-positive orRh-negative). Some patients may have allergic reaction evenwhen the blood given does work their ownblood type.
A needle is used to insert an intravenous (IV) lineinto a blood vessel. Through this line, the blood istransfused. The procedure usually takes one to fourhours. During the BT, carefully watch the patient,especially for the first 15 minutes. This is when badreactions are most likely to occur. After a BT, vital signs are checked (temp., BP, RR, andHR). Follow-up blood tests may be necessary to show howthe body is reacting to the transfusion.
Hemolytic Reaction – incompatibility between client’sbloods and donor’s blood.Clinical signs:Chills, fever, headache, backache, dyspnea, cyanosis,chest pain, tachycardia, hypotension. Febrile Reaction – sensitivity of the client’s blood towhite blood cells, platelets, or plasma proteins.Clinical signs:Fever, chills, warm, and flushed skin, headache, anxiety,muscle pain. Allergic Reaction (mild)Clinical signs:Flushing, itching, urticaria, bronchial wheezing.