100% PURE GYPSUM 100% AVAILABLE JLM Inc.  Gypsum: another tool in the toolbox.
<ul><li>FAMILY </li></ul><ul><li>Married 28 yrs to wife Kim </li></ul><ul><li>Have 3 sons: Jimmie,    Mitchell, Lance </li...
Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate (CaSO 4 2H 2 O) Sources of Gypsum: Natural Deposits Power Plants (Synthetic or FGD) Recycled Dry...
<ul><li>Low heavy metal content </li></ul><ul><li>Inexpensive </li></ul><ul><li>Purity </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform particle ...
Key Management Factors Soil Air & Water Microbial Activity   Nutrients Crop Pest Control - Diseases  - Insects  - Weeds Hy...
<ul><li>Crop production is all about managing energy relationships and taking advantage of both above and below ground opp...
 
<ul><li>From the past. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve surface runoff. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install tile. </li></ul></...
The Degradation Spiral Poor land management Soil organic matter loss Compaction and crusting Aggregate breakdown Wind and ...
<ul><li>Approximately 20% Calcium </li></ul><ul><li>Essential for cell wall health and strength </li></ul><ul><li>Approxim...
Alkaline Soils: Helps toxic salts leach out of the root zone. Acidic Soils: Provides usable Calcium to soil. Cal-SO 100 is...
Sodium (Na + ) and Magnesium (Mg 2+ ) may accumulate in soils through: <ul><li>Natural weathering processes </li></ul><ul>...
Clay suspension added to funnels.  Time = 0 minutes. Facilitates water movement through soils
Filtrates after Na + , Mg 2+ , and Ca 2+  added.  Time = 15 min Na + Mg 2+ Ca 2+ 3 drops
 
 
 
Studies at the National Soil Erosion  Laboratory,  West Lafayette, IN
Calcium and Gypsum Impact on Water Infiltration
Catlin Control Catlin Gypsum  + PAM
   No Gypsum Gypsum  
Effect of Gypsum on Cumulative Alfalfa Yields at Wooster, OH (2000 - 2002)   Different letters over each bar represent a s...
Na + Ca 2+ Clay particle Water
Na + Ca 2+
Good soil structure (aggregation) is enhanced by:  Poor Structure Good Structure <ul><li>Crop residues </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Cal-SO 100  can be  used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion.  Soil dispersion...
Crusting and surface sealing due to dispersion of cultivated surface soil
Cal-SO 100  can be  used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion.  Soil dispersion...
Seedling emergence in crusted soil.
Cal-SO 100  can be  used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion.  Soil dispersion...
Infiltration Crusting and poor infiltration results in runoff and soil erosion Runoff
Cal-SO 100  can be  used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion.  Soil dispersion...
Nu-till in Ohio on the bottom and conventional on the right. Both fields have pattern drainage tiles.
Within 2 years, water-soluble Ca from surface applied gypsum is present at 36 in depth. 0 5 0 1 0 0 1 5 0 4 0 0 4 5 0 0 1 ...
Cal-SO 100  can be  used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion.  Soil dispersion...
Van Wert Co.; June, 2003; following 2.3” rain Good Air / Water Mgt. Poor Air / Water Mgt.
The result:  Van Wert Co.; August, 2003 Good Air / Water Mgt. Poor Air / Water Mgt.
<ul><li>Water table is level in the soil below which water saturates all the pore volume. </li></ul><ul><li>The root area ...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2011 Corn on Corn
Corn on Corn Residue
2011 Non-GMO
No-Till Bean Ground
Sidedress – Foliar
Cal-SO 100  can be applied directly to the soil using conventional dry material spreaders
<ul><li>2006 Tandem Axle Pull Spreader </li></ul><ul><li>Rental Available through JLM INC </li></ul>
<ul><li>Managing Soil Air and Water: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces Risks! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases Yields and ...
 
 
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Cal so 100 jlm inc 2011

  1. 1. 100% PURE GYPSUM 100% AVAILABLE JLM Inc. Gypsum: another tool in the toolbox.
  2. 2. <ul><li>FAMILY </li></ul><ul><li>Married 28 yrs to wife Kim </li></ul><ul><li>Have 3 sons: Jimmie, Mitchell, Lance </li></ul><ul><li>COMMUNITY SERVICE </li></ul><ul><li>8 yrs on Bushnell - Prairie City School Board </li></ul><ul><li>Currently teach high school students at Bushnell Methodist Church </li></ul><ul><li>Currently on Farmers and Merchants State Bank Board </li></ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>30 years farming the family farm of over 2,000 acres </li></ul><ul><li>15 years president of JLM </li></ul>Ken Curtis
  3. 3. Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate (CaSO 4 2H 2 O) Sources of Gypsum: Natural Deposits Power Plants (Synthetic or FGD) Recycled Dry Wall
  4. 4. <ul><li>Low heavy metal content </li></ul><ul><li>Inexpensive </li></ul><ul><li>Purity </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform particle size </li></ul>Advantages of FGD gypsum: 100% Available!
  5. 5. Key Management Factors Soil Air & Water Microbial Activity Nutrients Crop Pest Control - Diseases - Insects - Weeds Hybrids Planting & Tillage
  6. 6. <ul><li>Crop production is all about managing energy relationships and taking advantage of both above and below ground opportunities to maximize the capture of solar energy and to direct this energy to desired outcomes. </li></ul>Respiration O 2 CO 2
  7. 8. <ul><li>From the past. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve surface runoff. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install tile. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsoil. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The latest from the World of Science. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase soil calcium and reduce magnesium. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply gypsum on the soil surface. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase aggregate forming soil microbes. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. The Degradation Spiral Poor land management Soil organic matter loss Compaction and crusting Aggregate breakdown Wind and water erosion Plant yield reduced Soil biological activity declines
  9. 10. <ul><li>Approximately 20% Calcium </li></ul><ul><li>Essential for cell wall health and strength </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 15% Sulfur </li></ul><ul><li>Essential for protein formation </li></ul>Cal-SO 100 is not a liming agent
  10. 11. Alkaline Soils: Helps toxic salts leach out of the root zone. Acidic Soils: Provides usable Calcium to soil. Cal-SO 100 is made from a neutral salt, however it will neutralize soil acidity caused by exchangeable Al + .
  11. 12. Sodium (Na + ) and Magnesium (Mg 2+ ) may accumulate in soils through: <ul><li>Natural weathering processes </li></ul><ul><li>Use of poor quality irrigation water </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term application of dolomitic limestone (Mg 2+ ) </li></ul>
  12. 13. Clay suspension added to funnels. Time = 0 minutes. Facilitates water movement through soils
  13. 14. Filtrates after Na + , Mg 2+ , and Ca 2+ added. Time = 15 min Na + Mg 2+ Ca 2+ 3 drops
  14. 18. Studies at the National Soil Erosion Laboratory, West Lafayette, IN
  15. 19. Calcium and Gypsum Impact on Water Infiltration
  16. 20. Catlin Control Catlin Gypsum + PAM
  17. 21.  No Gypsum Gypsum 
  18. 22. Effect of Gypsum on Cumulative Alfalfa Yields at Wooster, OH (2000 - 2002) Different letters over each bar represent a significant difference at p ≤ 0.05 . Control + Gypsum A 10 13 16 19 22 25 B t/ac
  19. 23. Na + Ca 2+ Clay particle Water
  20. 24. Na + Ca 2+
  21. 25. Good soil structure (aggregation) is enhanced by: Poor Structure Good Structure <ul><li>Crop residues </li></ul><ul><li>Active soil biology </li></ul><ul><li>Soluble calcium ions </li></ul><ul><li>Freeze-thaw </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum tillage </li></ul>
  22. 26. Cal-SO 100 can be used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion. Soil dispersion contributes to: <ul><li>Surface sealing and crusting </li></ul>
  23. 27. Crusting and surface sealing due to dispersion of cultivated surface soil
  24. 28. Cal-SO 100 can be used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion. Soil dispersion contributes to: <ul><li>Surface sealing and crusting </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with seedling emergence </li></ul>
  25. 29. Seedling emergence in crusted soil.
  26. 30. Cal-SO 100 can be used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion. Soil dispersion contributes to: <ul><li>Surface sealing and crusting </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with seedling emergence </li></ul><ul><li>Run-off/Erosion </li></ul>
  27. 31. Infiltration Crusting and poor infiltration results in runoff and soil erosion Runoff
  28. 32. Cal-SO 100 can be used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion. Soil dispersion contributes to: <ul><li>Surface sealing and crusting </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with seedling emergence </li></ul><ul><li>Run-off/Erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Subsoil swelling </li></ul>
  29. 33. Nu-till in Ohio on the bottom and conventional on the right. Both fields have pattern drainage tiles.
  30. 34. Within 2 years, water-soluble Ca from surface applied gypsum is present at 36 in depth. 0 5 0 1 0 0 1 5 0 4 0 0 4 5 0 0 1 2 2 4 3 6 4 8 Soluble Ca (mg L -1 ) Depth (in) Control 3000 lb/ac
  31. 35. Cal-SO 100 can be used to improve soil aggregation (structure) and inhibit or overcome soil dispersion. Soil dispersion contributes to: <ul><li>Surface sealing and crusting </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with seedling emergence </li></ul><ul><li>Run-off/Erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Subsoil swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Poor air exchange </li></ul>
  32. 36. Van Wert Co.; June, 2003; following 2.3” rain Good Air / Water Mgt. Poor Air / Water Mgt.
  33. 37. The result: Van Wert Co.; August, 2003 Good Air / Water Mgt. Poor Air / Water Mgt.
  34. 38. <ul><li>Water table is level in the soil below which water saturates all the pore volume. </li></ul><ul><li>The root area is the area between the soil surface and the water table where plant usable ( oxygenated ) water is found. </li></ul>
  35. 52. 2011 Corn on Corn
  36. 53. Corn on Corn Residue
  37. 54. 2011 Non-GMO
  38. 55. No-Till Bean Ground
  39. 56. Sidedress – Foliar
  40. 57. Cal-SO 100 can be applied directly to the soil using conventional dry material spreaders
  41. 58. <ul><li>2006 Tandem Axle Pull Spreader </li></ul><ul><li>Rental Available through JLM INC </li></ul>
  42. 59. <ul><li>Managing Soil Air and Water: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces Risks! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases Yields and Profits! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Science has provided more tools: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing Calcium and Reducing Magnesium and Sodium. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Salting” the Soil Surface with Gypsum Prevents Sealing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take Steps to Increase Stable Soil Aggregates. </li></ul></ul>
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