Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Anth 4400
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Anth 4400


Published on

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. The Life and Culture of Ecotopia E.N. Anderson
  • 2.
    • Everyone is an advocate or student of man’s relationship with nature, however the state of the environment does not reflect this.
    • The increase of population and resources put more pressure on the food base every year.
    • Few have paid attention to the food crisis.
    • Anthropologists are unique and shuttle between two different worlds.
    • Anthropologists are also noted for bridging the gap between biological and social sciences. Anthropologists must take responsibility for their actions.
    • Research needs to be oriented toward genuine solutions of the problem
  • 3.
    • Ecological crisis is due to exploitation
    • Ecological costs will show up in economic costs and someone will pay.
    • Real costs are always passed onto general public
    • Peru overfishing their anchovy stocks.
    • Concerns:
    • Extraction is cheaper than recycling
    • Single use is more economical than multiple use
    • Population explosion occurs.
  • 4. 3
    • Ecological crisis is the result of the political and economic structure
    • Disagrees with Lynn White
    • Difference between demand and effective demand
    • - Example: Americans demand wilderness conservation, but do not pay for it in the marketplace
  • 5. 4
    • Constructing and ecotopia is a final goal for anthropologists
    • Groundwork in the form of research is needed
    • Planning is necessary as well
    • Population and consumption will stop because they must- energy consumption must level itself
  • 6. 5
    • Anthropologists should allocate their efforts in seven ways:
    • When research is conducted, make it relevant to some aspect of planning
    • In studies, the relationship between community and world market should be determined
    • How to maximize the local relationship should also be determined
    • Look at designing a new culture on a worldwide scale
    • New priorities must be established
    • Organizational changes must be made
    • Anthropologists must learn and cooperate from other disciplines.
  • 7. Question:
    • In your opinion, what is the most effective way anthropologists can allocate their efforts?
  • 8. Ecotopian Possibilities and the Sustainable Future James Veteto and Joshua Lockyer
  • 9. Earthaven Ecovillage
  • 10. Earthaven Ecovillage
    • Located in western North Carolina
    • Founded in 1994 on 320 acres
    • Currently has 60 members
  • 11. ‘‘ Ecovillages are human-scale, fullfeatured settlements in which human activities are harmlessly integrated into the natural world in a way that is supportive of healthy human development, and which can be successfully continued into the indefinite future’’ (Dawson 2006:13).
  • 12.
    • To achieve sustainability, actions grounded in knowledge of “local ecological, political–economic, and socio-cultural systems combined with a global awareness and scientific acumen”
    • Permaculture is an ethical philosophy
    • Earthaven followed this philosophy
    • Permaculture is a combination of permanent, culture, and agriculture.
    • Views humans and their activities and creations as part of the natural world
  • 13. History of Permaculture
    • Created by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren
    • Negative response among academics
    • Positive response among the public
  • 14. Three Ethical Principles of Permaculture
    • Care for the earth
    • Care for people
    • Set limits to consumption and reproduction and redistribute surplus
    • Question:
    • Do you live by any of the principles above? How?
  • 15. 12 Design Principles of Permaculture
    • Observe and interact
    • Catch and store energy
    • Obtain a yield
    • Apply self regulation and feedback
    • Use and value renewable resources and services
    • Produce no waste
    • 7) Design from patterns to details
    • 8) Integrate rather than segregate
    • 9) Small and slow solutions
    • 10) Use and value diversity
    • 11) Use edges and value the marginal
    • 12) Creatively use and respond to change
  • 16. Engaging Permaculture: Areas of Theoretical and Applied Compatibility
    • Cultural Ecology
    • Agricultural Anthropology
    • Historical Ecology
    • Ethnoecology
    • Political Ecology
    • Question:
    • Given the two scenarios, which one best fits you?
  • 17. “ Permaculture: A Designers Manual ” Bill Mollison
  • 18. Permaculture Design Philosophy
    • Action is pertinent and necessary
    • Life is a cooperative force
    • Adoption of aboriginal belief systems will be of great benefit to us
    • Question:
    • Do you use a spiritual belief system in your interactions with the environment?
  • 19. Ethics
    • Ethical basis of permaculture as described by Anderson
    • Philosophy of working with, not against the earth
    • Questions can be asked in two ways
    • Rules of use:
    • Necessitous use
    • Conservative use
  • 20.
    • Multiple ways to achieve permanence and stability
      • Peasant approach
      • Permanent approach
      • Communal approach
    • The move from permanent productive systems to annual, commercial systems has created a shift from low to high energy
    • No such thing as “free energy ”
  • 21. Permaculture in Landscape and Society
    • Basis of permaculture is beneficial design
    • Difference between cultivated ecosystem and natural one
    • Home and garden is important
    • Two Responsibilities:
    • Get your home and garden to support you
    • Limit population growth