What Is Newtactics 02 09
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What Is Newtactics 02 09 What Is Newtactics 02 09 Presentation Transcript

  • The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights Project A Project of the Center for Victims of Torture Presented by Kristin Antin , Online Community Builder
    • THE MISSION: CVT works to heal the wounds of torture on individuals, their families and their communities and to stop torture worldwide.
    New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
    • Founded in 1985
    • The first center in the U.S.A.
    • The third rehabilitation center in the world
    • Provides assistance to other centers in the U.S. and around the world
    New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
    • New Tactics promotes strategic thinking and tactical innovation within the international human rights community.
    • We also promote the use and sharing of as wide a range of tactics as possible.
    • So how do we do this…
    New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
    • Since 1999 – New Tactics has:
    • created unique resources organized around analysis of possible solutions
    • strengthened the ability of activists to clearly recognize the unique elements of their situation
    • gathered promising approaches that have worked elsewhere for potential transferability to new regions or issues
    • empowered human rights advocates to improve their ability to recognize opportunities to combine a variety of tactics into complex strategies
    • brought together human rights practitioners to inspire each other in their work
    New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
  • strategy & tactics? WHY
  • Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory. Tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat. Sun Tzu The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project More than 2,000 years ago, Sun Tzu taught: In other words, planning without action is futile, action without planning is fatal .
  • Strategy defines what is important to do…. The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Strategy defines what is important to do…. tactics embody how to do it . The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Strategy is a gathering of many decisions working toward a plan, including :
    • Selecting key objectives and appropriate targets
    • Constituencies and resources
    • Defining goals to reach the strategy
    • Deciding which tactics to use and when.
    The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • TACTICS : A “tactic” is a specific or concrete action taken to affect a given situation. A tactic is part of a larger strategy . The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Importance of tactics
    • Tactics help determine strategy.
     The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • When your only tool is a hammer, The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • every problem looks like a nail. The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Importance of tactics  Tactics help determine strategy.  Tactics bear effectively on different targets.  The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Importance of tactics  Tactics help determine strategy.  Tactics bear effectively on different targets.  Tactics appeal to different constituencies.  The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Importance of tactics  Tactics help determine strategy.  Tactics bear effectively on different targets.  Tactics appeal to different constituencies.  Tactical flexibility creates surprise.  The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Importance of tactics  Tactics help determine strategy.  Tactics bear effectively on different targets.  Tactics appeal to different constituencies.  Tactical flexibility creates surprise.  Tactics teach how to engage in the world .  The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Importance of tactics  Tactics help determine strategy.  Tactics bear effectively on different targets.  Tactics appeal to different constituencies.  Tactical flexibility creates surprise.  Tactics teach how to engage in the world.  Tactics are the training systems for new leadership.  The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • “ New” Tactics
    • In reality, “new” tactics are the endless variations that we can make out of the ideas, resources, skills and capacity that we apply to a situation.
    New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
  • There are not more than five primary colors (blue, yellow, red, white, and black), yet in combination they produce more hues than can ever be seen. In battle, there are not more than two methods of attack--the direct and the indirect; yet these two in combination give rise to an endless series of maneuvers. The direct and the indirect lead on to each other in turn. It is like moving in a circle - you never come to an end. Who can exhaust the possibilities of their combination? From Sun Tzu—The Art of War New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
  • Sun Tzu Three important rules for strategic and tactical thinking
  • Know Yourself Know the Terrain Know Your Adversary From Sun Tzu— the Art of War New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
  • What are your goals, strengths and limitations? Who are your allies? Know Yourself New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
  • Know Your Adversary Who is your adversary? What are their goals, strategy, strengths, and weaknesses? New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
  • Know the Terrain Where will the battle be fought?
    • Human relationships and institutions
    • Social / Cultural
    • Psychological / Emotional
    • Spiritual
    • Political
    • Physical (Space / Territory)
    New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
  • Tactical Map The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights Project A tool to understand the “terrain” Using the
  • An overview of the tactical map
      • What is tactical mapping?
      • Why use this tool?
      • How do I make a tactical map?
    The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • What is tactical mapping?
    • A method to:
      • visualize relationships and institutions ( the terrain ) sustaining human rights abuses and problems
      • track the nature and effectiveness of tactics
      • monitor the implementation of strategy
    The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Why use the tactical map tool? The tactical map process can expose major holes of activity where “ new tactics” could be developed to stimulate broader pressures on relationships and systems.
    • Many times, our efforts:
      • Are uncoordinated
      • Use relatively few tactics
      • Affect narrow parts of systems
    New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org
  • Tactical mapping helps you to find and explore :
    • Key relationships which need to be affected.
    • Tactics currently being used.
    • Key relationships, groups or institutions that are unaffected by current tactics .
    • What allies could be engaged for a more comprehensive and effective strategy.
    The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • How do I make a tactical map ?
  • Resources needed to create a tactical map?
    • You don't need any fancy resources to make a tactical map.
    The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Tactical map ingredients?
    • A center relationship
    • Other relationships and institutions
    • Connecting lines
    • Tactic targets
    • How do I make a tactical map?
    • Center relationship :
    • Determine the relationship you seek to change or disrupt .
    • Questions to ask yourself to help find this center relationship from an 'issue':
      • Are you trying to prevent or stop an abuse?
      • What is the barrier of the person in the center of your issue? Who is in their way?
    What is the “smallest level” of relationship you are seeking to change? The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Center relationship
    • How do I make a tactical map?
    • Relationships and institutions :
    • Brainstorm together – think of all the people that are closely connected to the two people in the center relationship.
    • These are people that have 'face-to-face time' with the two in the center. (Family, friends, boss, coworkers, classmates, etc)
    The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Professional Associations Education & Training Systems Judicial System Government Institutions, bodies available, etc. Victim-related Family, organizations, Community of faith, work, etc.
    • How do I make a tactical map?
    • Other relationships and institutions :
    • Identify people that may or may not be as closely connected to the center relationship.
    • For example - this level might include national level of actors.
    Non-Government business, media, civil society, religious bodies Center relationship The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • United Nations Committees & Monitoring Bodies International Professional Associations International NGOs, Trade Unions, Religious organizations, etc.
    • How do I make a tactical map?
    • More relationships and institutions :
    • Identify international relationships that impact the core that may or may not have direct contact.
    International Economic Bodies IMF, WB, WTO, Regional Bodies (e.g., EU, ASEAN) Private business Foundations, etc Center Relationship The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
    • How do I make a tactical map?
    • Where do YOU fit in the terrain ?
    • Put yourself – your organization – on the map.
    • Where do you fit? Who are you and your colleagues connected to?
    Center Relationship YOU! The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • How do I make a tactical map?
    • RED line Power relationship
    • BLUE line Mutual benefits
    • GREEN line Exploitive relationship
    • GREY line Potential relationship
    • Yellow line Conflict relationship
    • Light BLUE line --- Tactic target
    Center Relationship YOU!
    • Connecting lines :
    • Determine the NATURE of relationships between the different “ nodes ” by color-coding lines and arrows.
    The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • How do I make a tactical map? Center Relationship YOU! Tactic 1 Tactic 2
    • Tactic Targets :
    • Identify your targets and brainstorm appropriate tactics to each target.
    • (Looking for tactic ideas? Check out our online Tactics Database on www.newtactics.org)
    The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics Project
  • Building manager Tenant: Man Building Mgr - children Building Mgr - Wife Landlord Landlord’s Wife Boss at Work Other Tenants In the Building Wife Man’s Relatives Wife’s Relatives Children Landlord’s children Company Religious Leader Co- Workers Example: Unsafe Housing issue