shared innovation™




Open World Thinking


         Nadeem Shabir
              Technical Lead
     nadeem.shabir@talis....
shared innovation™




Some questions for you




                                  before we go any further,
            ...
shared innovation™




       Some questions for you
What is the most referred to text in first year
undergraduate compute...
shared innovation™




       Some questions for you
What is the most referred to text in first year
undergraduate compute...
shared innovation™




Why can’t we answer these questions?




                              http://www.flickr.com/photos...
shared innovation™




Why can’t we answer these questions?




     is it because the the
       data doesn’t exist?




...
shared innovation™



if the data exists then its within individual institutions

                                      da...
shared innovation™



if the data exists then its within individual institutions

                                      da...
shared innovation™




... silos   ... and as long as institutions remain
            silo’s we won’t ever be able to answ...
shared innovation™




... silos   ... and as long as institutions remain
            silo’s we won’t ever be able to answ...
shared innovation™




... silos                      ... and as long as institutions remain
                             ...
shared innovation™



Why have we ended up with silos?
                           product of close world thinking

       ...
shared innovation™



    Why have we ended up with silos?
                                                    product of ...
shared innovation™



    Why have we ended up with silos?
                                                               ...
shared innovation™




                                 what is open world thinking ...

                                 ...
shared innovation™


open world thinking is
not about technology its
about a paradigm shift
in our understanding of
how we...
shared innovation™


                   open world thinking is
                   not about technology its
               ...
shared innovation™


                   open world thinking is
                   not about technology its
               ...
shared innovation™




                                                   linked data movement is
                        ...
shared innovation™




                               Openness of Description
                                            ...
shared innovation™




                               Openness of Description
                                            ...
shared innovation™




                               Openness of Description
                                            ...
shared innovation™




                               Openness of Description
                                            ...
shared innovation™




                               Openness of Description
                                            ...
shared innovation™




                               Openness of Description
                                            ...
shared innovation™




                        Ontologies
“a formal representation of a set of concepts within a domain an...
shared innovation™



                        picture of Alan Massen’s cards, and
Hybrid Learning Model   explain that wha...
shared innovation™



                        picture of Alan Massen’s cards, and
Hybrid Learning Model   explain that wha...
shared innovation™



                                                      picture of Alan Massen’s cards, and
     Hybri...
shared innovation™




Ontologies published by Talis




                                   Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




     Ontologies published by Talis

Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology




        ...
shared innovation™




     Ontologies published by Talis

Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology

      Gener...
shared innovation™




     Ontologies published by Talis

Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology

      Gener...
shared innovation™




     Ontologies published by Talis

Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology

      Gener...
shared innovation™




     Ontologies published by Talis

Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology

      Gener...
shared innovation™



Openness of Access
             Openness of description homogenises
             how we agree to rep...
shared innovation™



 Openness of Access
                   Openness of description homogenises
                   how we...
shared innovation™



 Openness of Access
                   Openness of description homogenises
                   how we...
shared innovation™



 Openness of Access
                   Openness of description homogenises
                   how we...
shared innovation™



 Openness of Access
                   Openness of description homogenises
                   how we...
shared innovation™



Contextualised Perspectives
                              Web of Scholarly Data
                    ...
shared innovation™



Contextualised Perspectives
                              Web of Scholarly Data
                    ...
shared innovation™



Contextualised Perspectives
                              Web of Scholarly Data
                    ...
shared innovation™



Contextualised Perspectives
                              Web of Scholarly Data
                    ...
shared innovation™



Contextualised Perspectives
                              Web of Scholarly Data
                    ...
shared innovation™



Contextualised Perspectives
                              Web of Scholarly Data
                    ...
shared innovation™




Summary




             Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




                         Summary
It’s only by being more open that we can answer
the kinds of quest...
shared innovation™




                          Summary
It’s only by being more open that we can answer
the kinds of ques...
shared innovation™




                           Summary
 It’s only by being more open that we can answer
 the kinds of q...
shared innovation™




http://www.talis.com/nodalities
shared innovation
                    TM
Open World Thinking
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Open World Thinking

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A presentation I gave at the Talis Research Day held on 10th June 2008. This talk focussed on Open World Thinking in Higher Education

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Open World Thinking

  1. 1. shared innovation™ Open World Thinking Nadeem Shabir Technical Lead nadeem.shabir@talis.com http://www.flickr.com/photos/98281207@N00/483983192
  2. 2. shared innovation™ Some questions for you before we go any further, I want to ask you guys a few questions ... that might help illustrate some of the things im going to talk about ... http://www.flickr.com/photos/takomabibelot/2206414180/
  3. 3. shared innovation™ Some questions for you What is the most referred to text in first year undergraduate computer science courses in the UK? before we go any further, I want to ask you guys a few questions ... that might help illustrate some of the things im going to talk about ... http://www.flickr.com/photos/takomabibelot/2206414180/
  4. 4. shared innovation™ Some questions for you What is the most referred to text in first year undergraduate computer science courses in the UK? Based on pedagogical approaches, what are the recommended resources required to teach an emerging subject in a new department a University somewhere? before we go any further, I want to ask you guys a few questions ... that might help illustrate some of the things im going to talk about ... http://www.flickr.com/photos/takomabibelot/2206414180/
  5. 5. shared innovation™ Why can’t we answer these questions? http://www.flickr.com/photos/bobloo17/188697388/
  6. 6. shared innovation™ Why can’t we answer these questions? is it because the the data doesn’t exist? http://www.flickr.com/photos/bobloo17/188697388/
  7. 7. shared innovation™ if the data exists then its within individual institutions data exists within institutions across a myriad of internal systems sometimes even across departments http://www.flickr.com/photos/97534175@N00/2460602770/
  8. 8. shared innovation™ if the data exists then its within individual institutions data exists within institutions across a myriad of internal systems sometimes even across departments Higher Education Institutes are .... http://www.flickr.com/photos/97534175@N00/2460602770/
  9. 9. shared innovation™ ... silos ... and as long as institutions remain silo’s we won’t ever be able to answer the kinds of questions I presented earlier. There’s a real need to start to find ways of linking data together across these silo’s Silos within silos .. departments within institutions ... http://www.flickr.com/photos/eirikref/727551264/
  10. 10. shared innovation™ ... silos ... and as long as institutions remain silo’s we won’t ever be able to answer the kinds of questions I presented earlier. There’s a real need to start to find ways of linking data together across these silo’s Silos within silos .. departments within institutions ... http://www.flickr.com/photos/eirikref/727551264/
  11. 11. shared innovation™ ... silos ... and as long as institutions remain silo’s we won’t ever be able to answer the kinds of questions I presented earlier. There’s a real need to start to find ways of linking data together across these silo’s Silos within silos .. departments within institutions ... ... silos within silos http://www.flickr.com/photos/eirikref/727551264/
  12. 12. shared innovation™ Why have we ended up with silos? product of close world thinking closed world decisions, solve the immediate problem for ourselves. only interested in the data that we have and control. in a way we didn’t have any choice ... it was a product of the problems we were trying to solve at the time structure on the fly vs structure up front the world has changed and so too has the problem... Image Credit goes here
  13. 13. shared innovation™ Why have we ended up with silos? product of close world thinking closed world decisions, solve the immediate problem for ourselves. only interested in the data that we have and control. the problems we were trying to solve then are different to now in a way we didn’t have any choice ... it was a product of the problems we were trying to solve at the time structure on the fly vs structure up front the world has changed and so too has the problem... Image Credit goes here
  14. 14. shared innovation™ Why have we ended up with silos? product of close world thinking closed world decisions, solve the immediate problem for ourselves. only interested in the data that we have and control. the problems we were trying to solve then are different to now in a way we didn’t have any choice ... it was a product of the problems we were trying to solve at the time structure on the fly vs structure up front only really interested in the data that we have controlworld has changed and so too the over has the problem... Image Credit goes here
  15. 15. shared innovation™ what is open world thinking ... we’ve seen historically that there is this ‘inexorable movement’ away from change the way you think about building systems ... win is that when you want to integrate with them its so much easier. “Openness tends to be an inexorable movement through time” http://www.flickr.com/photos/mmmmmrob/496694726/
  16. 16. shared innovation™ open world thinking is not about technology its about a paradigm shift in our understanding of how we need to solve. problems and mitigate the ‘political’ risk within institutions. thinking about how to ensure that the data we design is valuable to someone other than us http://www.flickr.com/photos/65193799@N00/515399703/ and
  17. 17. shared innovation™ open world thinking is not about technology its about a paradigm shift in our understanding of how we need to solve. problems and mitigate the ‘political’ risk within institutions. thinking about how to ensure that the data we design is valuable to someone other than us it’s not about a technology change . . . http://www.flickr.com/photos/65193799@N00/515399703/ and
  18. 18. shared innovation™ open world thinking is not about technology its about a paradigm shift in our understanding of it’s about a paradigm how we need to solve. shift problems and mitigate the ‘political’ risk within institutions. thinking about how to ensure that the data we design is valuable to someone other than us it’s not about a technology change . . . http://www.flickr.com/photos/65193799@N00/515399703/ and
  19. 19. shared innovation™ linked data movement is publishing data in a agreed form and through openness others can now come along and build new services and applications on that use this data. design for appropriation ( architecture of assembly ), structure up front vs structure on the fly so design data at the right level of granularity for reuse - too complex and no one will understand, too vague and you can’t extract meaning from it. “Linked Data is the Semantic Web done right and the Web done right.” Sir Tim Berners-Lee
  20. 20. shared innovation™ Openness of Description critical mass ... usage stats across the nation in a subject ... you wouldn't have to do any extra when you zoom out of Having an agreed way of the institute to a consortia describing certain kinds of or to national level ... data is important. It’s makes it easier to indeed as my friend Rob relate things together pointed out so succinctly ... with Open Descriptions and Makes it easier to Deferencible URI’s you get integrate interoperability for free It makes it easier to share It’s the only way to realise the dream of the semantic web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/11581801@N00/475843606/
  21. 21. shared innovation™ Openness of Description critical mass ... usage stats across the nation in a subject ... you wouldn't have to do any agree on shared ways of describing things extra when you zoom out of Having an agreed way of the institute to a consortia describing certain kinds of or to national level ... data is important. It’s makes it easier to indeed as my friend Rob relate things together pointed out so succinctly ... with Open Descriptions and Makes it easier to Deferencible URI’s you get integrate interoperability for free It makes it easier to share It’s the only way to realise the dream of the semantic web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/11581801@N00/475843606/
  22. 22. shared innovation™ Openness of Description critical mass ... usage stats across the nation in a subject ... you wouldn't have to do any agree on shared ways of describing things extra when you zoom out of Having an agreed way of the institute to a consortia describing certain kinds of or to national level ... data is important. It’s makes it easier to indeed as my friend Rob relate things together pointed out so succinctly ... with Open Descriptions and Makes it easier to Deferencible URI’s you get integrate Share interoperability for free It makes it easier to share It’s the only way to realise the dream of the semantic web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/11581801@N00/475843606/
  23. 23. shared innovation™ Openness of Description critical mass ... usage stats across the nation in a subject ... you wouldn't have to do any agree on shared ways of describing things extra when you zoom out of Having an agreed way of the institute to a consortia describing certain kinds of or to national level ... data is important. It’s makes it easier to indeed as my friend Rob relate things together pointed out so succinctly ... with Open Descriptions and Makes it easier to Deferencible URI’s you get integrate Share interoperability for free It makes it easier to share It’s the only way to realise the dream of the semantic web. Relate http://www.flickr.com/photos/11581801@N00/475843606/
  24. 24. shared innovation™ Openness of Description critical mass ... usage stats across the nation in a subject ... you wouldn't have to do any agree on shared ways of describing things extra when you zoom out of Having an agreed way of the institute to a consortia describing certain kinds of or to national level ... data is important. It’s makes it easier to indeed as my friend Rob relate things together pointed out so succinctly ... with Open Descriptions and Makes it easier to Deferencible URI’s you get integrate Share interoperability for free It makes it easier to share It’s the only way to realise the dream of the semantic web. Integrate Relate http://www.flickr.com/photos/11581801@N00/475843606/
  25. 25. shared innovation™ Openness of Description critical mass ... usage stats across the nation in a subject ... you wouldn't have to do any agree on shared ways of describing things extra when you zoom out of Having an agreed way of the institute to a consortia describing certain kinds of or to national level ... data is important. It’s makes it easier to indeed as my friend Rob relate things together pointed out so succinctly ... with Open Descriptions and Makes it easier to Deferencible URI’s you get integrate Share interoperability for free It makes it easier to share It’s the only way to realise the dream of the semantic web. Integrate Relate with Open Descriptions and Dereferencible URI’s you get interoperability for free http://www.flickr.com/photos/11581801@N00/475843606/
  26. 26. shared innovation™ Ontologies “a formal representation of a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts.” FOAF SKOS SIOC Image Credit goes here
  27. 27. shared innovation™ picture of Alan Massen’s cards, and Hybrid Learning Model explain that whats he’s really doing is going around using an ontology to capture information about pedagogical approaches across institutions. If you knew what the learning requirements for each course where and the teaching styles that information could be presented to students through applications like Zephyr. You could also build up a lot of information about the different styles of teaching within an institute, across departments. Or further afield ... you could contrast the different teaching styles for Programming Courses across the UK. Image Credit goes here
  28. 28. shared innovation™ picture of Alan Massen’s cards, and Hybrid Learning Model explain that whats he’s really doing is going around using an ontology to capture information about pedagogical approaches across institutions. If you knew what the learning requirements for each course where and the teaching styles that information could be presented to students through applications like Zephyr. You could also build up a lot of ... is an Ontology information about the different styles of teaching within an institute, across departments. Or further afield ... you could contrast the different teaching styles for Programming Courses across the UK. Image Credit goes here
  29. 29. shared innovation™ picture of Alan Massen’s cards, and Hybrid Learning Model explain that whats he’s really doing is going around using an ontology to capture information about pedagogical approaches across institutions. If you knew what the learning requirements for each course where and the teaching styles that information could be presented to students through applications like Zephyr. You could also build up a lot of ... is an Ontology information about the different styles of teaching within an institute, across departments. Or further afield ... you could contrast the different teaching styles for Programming Courses across the UK. would it be useful if we could use an ontology like this to capture teaching styles and learning goals for every course in the Uk? Image Credit goes here
  30. 30. shared innovation™ Ontologies published by Talis Image Credit goes here
  31. 31. shared innovation™ Ontologies published by Talis Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology Image Credit goes here
  32. 32. shared innovation™ Ontologies published by Talis Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology Generic Lifecycle (workflow) Ontology Image Credit goes here
  33. 33. shared innovation™ Ontologies published by Talis Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology Generic Lifecycle (workflow) Ontology Resource List Ontology ( sioc, bibo, foaf ) Image Credit goes here
  34. 34. shared innovation™ Ontologies published by Talis Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology Generic Lifecycle (workflow) Ontology Resource List Ontology ( sioc, bibo, foaf ) www.vocab.org Image Credit goes here
  35. 35. shared innovation™ Ontologies published by Talis Academic Institutions Internal Structures Ontology Generic Lifecycle (workflow) Ontology Resource List Ontology ( sioc, bibo, foaf ) www.vocab.org ... all of which are used to underpin Xiphos Image Credit goes here
  36. 36. shared innovation™ Openness of Access Openness of description homogenises how we agree to represent certain concepts. It’s becoming increasingly important to be able to allow users to consume content in ways and at times that suit them. This is necessary to create more personalised learning experiences. http://www.flickr.com/photos/38795936@N00/140517332/
  37. 37. shared innovation™ Openness of Access Openness of description homogenises how we agree to represent certain concepts. anywhere It’s becoming increasingly important to be able to allow users to consume content in ways and at times that suit them. This is necessary to create more personalised learning experiences. http://www.flickr.com/photos/38795936@N00/140517332/
  38. 38. shared innovation™ Openness of Access Openness of description homogenises how we agree to represent certain concepts. anywhere It’s becoming increasingly important to be able to allow users to consume content in ways and at times that suit them. This is necessary to create more personalised learning experiences. anytime http://www.flickr.com/photos/38795936@N00/140517332/
  39. 39. shared innovation™ Openness of Access Openness of description homogenises how we agree to represent certain concepts. anywhere It’s becoming increasingly important to be able to allow users to consume content in ways and at times that suit them. This is necessary to create more personalised learning experiences. anytime anyhow http://www.flickr.com/photos/38795936@N00/140517332/
  40. 40. shared innovation™ Openness of Access Openness of description homogenises how we agree to represent certain concepts. anywhere It’s becoming increasingly important to be able to allow users to consume content in ways and at times that suit them. This is necessary to create more personalised learning experiences. anytime anyhow key to personalised learning http://www.flickr.com/photos/38795936@N00/140517332/
  41. 41. shared innovation™ Contextualised Perspectives Web of Scholarly Data allows us to create contexts on the fly that are relevant for a the task your doing at the time your doing it ... thats the grand vision. multiple views multiple contexts context is closure structure on the fly vs structure up front Image Credit goes here
  42. 42. shared innovation™ Contextualised Perspectives Web of Scholarly Data allows us to create contexts on the fly that are relevant for a the task your doing at the time your doing it ... thats the grand vision. multiple views multiple contexts context is closure structure on the fly vs structure up front Image Credit goes here
  43. 43. shared innovation™ Contextualised Perspectives Web of Scholarly Data allows us to create contexts on the fly that are relevant for a the task your doing at the time your doing it ... thats the grand vision. multiple views multiple contexts context is closure structure on the fly vs structure up front Image Credit goes here
  44. 44. shared innovation™ Contextualised Perspectives Web of Scholarly Data allows us to create contexts on the fly that are relevant for a the task your doing at the time your doing it ... thats the grand vision. multiple views multiple contexts context is closure structure on the fly vs structure up front Image Credit goes here
  45. 45. shared innovation™ Contextualised Perspectives Web of Scholarly Data allows us to create contexts on the fly that are relevant for a the task your doing at the time your doing it ... thats the grand vision. multiple views multiple contexts context is closure structure on the fly vs structure up front Image Credit goes here
  46. 46. shared innovation™ Contextualised Perspectives Web of Scholarly Data allows us to create contexts on the fly that are relevant for a the task your doing at the time your doing it ... thats the grand vision. multiple views multiple contexts context is closure structure on the fly vs structure up front Image Credit goes here
  47. 47. shared innovation™ Summary Image Credit goes here
  48. 48. shared innovation™ Summary It’s only by being more open that we can answer the kinds of questions I posed earlier. Image Credit goes here
  49. 49. shared innovation™ Summary It’s only by being more open that we can answer the kinds of questions I posed earlier. Openness is key to being able to rip, mix and burn across institutional and national boundaries Image Credit goes here
  50. 50. shared innovation™ Summary It’s only by being more open that we can answer the kinds of questions I posed earlier. Openness is key to being able to rip, mix and burn across institutional and national boundaries Project Xiphos is being engineered from the outset to embrace this ethos . . . to enrich the Web of Scholarly Data Image Credit goes here
  51. 51. shared innovation™ http://www.talis.com/nodalities
  52. 52. shared innovation TM
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