- A lateral shift causing movement of individuals from one position to another usually without involving any marked change in duties, responsibilities, Skills needed or compensation.
- May be initiated by the company or by the employee.
- May be within the same department or across the departments.
- May be temporary or permanent.
- 1. To meet organizational needs.
- Due to change in technology
- Change in volume of production
- Introduction of new lines.
- 2. To satisfy employee needs:
- satisfy their desire to work under a friendly
- work in deptt where oppoptunities for
- work near native place or place of interest
- doing a job where work itself is challenging.
- 3. To better utilize employees and their skills
- 4. To make the employee more versatile.
- 5. To adjust the work force during layoff or
- adverse business conditions or technological
- 6. To provide relief who are overburdened.
- 7. To punish employees who violate rules.
- 8. To correct interpersonal conflicts.
Types of Transfer
- Transfers are made when labour requirements in one factory or branch are declining.
- The surplus employees who are efficient or trained might be absorbed in other places to avoid layoff.
- Helps to stabilize employment.
- In such transfer, a long service employee is transferred to a similar job where he replaces an employee with shorter service.
- These transfers are made when all operations are declining but management wants to retain the long service employee as long as possible.
- Also called as Rotation transfer , this transfer is made to develop all round employees by moving them from one job to another.
- Helps to reduce boredom & monotony.
- As a followup, the wrongly placed employee is transferred to a more suitable job.
- To rectify mistakes in selection & placement.
- Employees may be shifted from one shift to another for personal reasons.
- E.g. Marriage, Infant care
- Sometimes transfer is done to punish the employees for indisciplinary action.
- Eg. Misbehavior with colleagues, creating negative environment, not following the rules of Management.etc.
- A single policy should be formulated to govern all type of employee transfers.
- It will ensure uniformity of treatment and avoid transfers for petty reasons.
- It should clearly specify the types of transfers and the circumstances under which transfers will be made.
- It should prescribe the basis for transfers.
- It should indicate the executives responsible for initiating and approving the transfers.
- It should tell whether the transfers can be made only within a department or b/w department.
- It should be put in writing.
- It should be communicated and explained to the employees.
- The transfer should as far as possible be made in consultation with the employees.
- Facilities to be extended to the transferred employee should be prescribed.
- Other facilities to be extended to the transferee like special leave during the period of transfer, special allowance during the time of transfer,packaging luggage, transportation etc.