Ergonomics Presentation

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the ergonomics standard of the workplace

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Ergonomics Presentation

  1. 1. Ergonomics Presented By: Judith Duval Deserine Foster Carla Rankine Sasha-Gaye Roberts
  2. 2. What Is Ergonomics
  3. 3. <ul><li>Derived from the Greek words ergo (work) and nomos (natural laws). The name was officially proposed at a 1949 meeting of the British Admiralty (July 12), by Prof. Hugh Murrell and was officially accepted in 1950. </li></ul>Origin of the Word Ergonomics
  4. 4. Definition of Ergonomics <ul><li>The science of fitting worksites to people. It focuses on designing workstations, tools and tasks with an eye toward safety, efficiency and comfort. Effective ergonomic design promotes comfort, reduces workplace injuries and increases job satisfaction and productivity. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ergonomic Factors <ul><li>Floor Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Colour </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Acoustics </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture & Equipment </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Factor empty space in front of filing cabinets to fully extend drawers, plus at least 18 additional inches if the drawers will be accessed by a person standing in front of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow at least 36 inches for walkway </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Colours should be chosen based on lighting conditions, temperature fluctuations and working atmosphere. </li></ul>Colour <ul><li>Warm colours such as yellow, gold, peach, copper or beige assist in providing the sensation that the atmosphere is warmer. </li></ul><ul><li>Cool colour such as green, teal, blue and gray will promote a sense of coolness and freshness. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>poor lighting conditions in offices, can cause eyestrain, eye irritation, blurred vision, headaches or even stiff necks and aches in the shoulders, as workers adjust work areas to avoid glare. </li></ul><ul><li>Lamps & anti-glare screens should be used to control lighting and glare. </li></ul>Lighting
  9. 9. <ul><li>The scientific study of sound, especially of its generation, transmission, and reception which includes the qualities or properties of an enclosed space in transmitting sound. </li></ul><ul><li>Noise that is offensive to the office professional should be controlled as it diminishes efficiency and decreases productivity (Fulton-Calkins & Hanks, 2004) as it distorts communication, affects concentration, and increases irritability and fatigue. </li></ul>Acoustics
  10. 10. <ul><li>The most common sources of irritating noise within an office are conversations, telephones and other office equipment; such as computers, air-conditioned units, fax machines and lighting fixtures. </li></ul><ul><li>To control noise: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchase silent equipment or install rubber pads or isolation damping devices under noisy equipment (to reduce vibrations and transmission to furniture and floors) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place equipment in a separate room/enclosure or further away from the general area of work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install acoustical panels, carpeting, draperies and acoustical ceilings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide conference rooms for small to large group meetings. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>A comfortable environment should be provided with respect to humidity and temperature as extremes in humidification levels can influence how comfortable a worker will be . </li></ul><ul><li>High humidity makes people wet, clammy and irritable. </li></ul><ul><li>Low humidity dries out the nasal and respiratory passages. </li></ul>Ventilation
  12. 12. <ul><li>Office furnishings should have adjustable components that enable the user to modify the workstation to accommodate different physical dimensions and the requirements of the job . </li></ul><ul><li>Should eliminate static or awkward posture, repetitive motion, poor access or inadequate clearance and excessive reach, displays that are difficult to read and understand, and controls that are confusing to operate or require too much force. </li></ul>Furniture & Equipment
  13. 13. Workstation Principles 1 1 3 1 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 DISPLAY ANGLE 5°-20° VIEWING DISTANCE 13-30 inches KEYBOARD SLOPE 5°-25° The angle between your torso and legs should be greater than 90° BACK SUPPORT
  14. 14. Overview of Job Functions <ul><li>Answer general queries of the public </li></ul><ul><li>Type letters, reports, memos and other correspondences </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain filing systems </li></ul>Secretary
  15. 15. <ul><li>Receive and dispatch incoming and outgoing calls </li></ul><ul><li>Meet and greet customers </li></ul>Receptionist/Operator
  16. 16. Office Before Redesign Key: - Television - Filing Cabinet -Table - Desk - Bookcase - Desk - Chair - Water cooler
  17. 17. Snap Shots
  18. 18. Office After Redesign
  19. 19. Lobby Area
  20. 20. Reception Area
  21. 21. Secretarial Offices
  22. 22. Budget- Lobby Area 227,221.67 Total 9,320.00 9,320.00 Artificial Palm 1 4,010.40 4,010.40 13”-27” Adj. T.V. Wall Mount 1 4,500.00 4,500.00 Relocation of Water Cooler 3,634.80 3,634.80 Wall Mounted Pamphlet Holder 1 49,006.69 49,006.69 Publo 3-seater Chair 1 115,253.00 115,253.00 Publo 4-seater Chair 1 12,791.70 12,791.70 Vertical Blinds 24” (w)x42” (h) 6 28,705.08 28,705.08 Laminate Flooring 14’7⅟2”x10’ 8” 1 Ext. Price $ Unit Price $ Item Description Qty
  23. 23. Budget- Operator/ Receptionist Workstation 225,109.11 Total 3,921.40 1,960.70 JF5118 L-Type Connector 2 238.60 238.60 Door Stopper 1 2,573.89 2,573.89 Telephone Microphone Headset 1 2,744.74 1,372.37 JF6018 End Cover 2 122,185.20 20,364.20 23⅝”x69⅝” Panels (JF0068) 6 60,504.28 60,504.28 Freedom High Back Chair 1 12,903.00 12,903.00 Topline 3 Drawer Pedestal 1 20,038.00 20,038.00 Topline 1600 x 600 Desk 1 Ext. Price $ Unit Price $ Item Description Qty
  24. 24. Budget- Secretarial Offices 18,640.00 9,320.00 Artificial Plants 2 42,747.72 42,747.72 23’4”x10’8” Carpeting 8,241.24 1,373.54 JF6014 End Cover 6 76,749.71 65,879.58 Topline 3-D Lateral Cabinet 3 4,707.78 1,569.26 JF5114 L-Type Connector 3 58,820.85 19,606.95 27⅟2”x53⅞” Panels (JF0074) 3 136,472.80 17,059.10 31⅟2”x53⅞” Panels (JF0084) 8 33,480.00 11,160.00 Redix High Back Chair w. Arms 3 172,936.11 57,645.37 Puzzle Tall Units 3 118,473.51 39,491.17 Puzzle 1600 x 1200 Desk 3 Ext. Price $ Unit Price $ Item Description Qty
  25. 25. Budget- Secretarial Offices 882,308.83 Total 180,000.00 60,000.00 Computers w. flat screen monitor 3 10,450.05 3,483.35 Rolling CPU Stand 3 20,589.06 6,863.02 Keyboard Tray w. mouse surface 3 Ext. Price $ Unit Price $ Item Description Qty
  26. 26. Grand Total <ul><li>$1,334639.61 </li></ul>
  27. 27. Summary <ul><li>To ensure the continuous development and productivity of companies, employers must ensure the comfort and health of their employees by adopting an ergonomic approach to the design of workspaces. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Special Thanks <ul><li>Steve Cole </li></ul><ul><li>David Duval </li></ul><ul><li>Sherene McPherson </li></ul><ul><li>Kerri Todd- Managing Dir. S.O.S </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen Todd- Managing Dir. S.O.S </li></ul>
  29. 29. The End

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