3 Welcome to official booklet of EuroXpro’s 2012 study tour ,here you will be able to find out all the information concerningthe educational & entertain tour that will held before & afterEuroXpro 2012 Conference. The Study Tour will be split in 2days; the 1rst day will be the 16th of March and the 2ond the 24thof March.
5 On the 1rst day of the study tour organized under EUROXPRO ’12 the delegates will have the unique opportunity to walk where the ancient Greeks were walking and see what they were seeing, but at the same time they will have the change to get a glimpse of how modern Athens looks like. Our exploration of mystical and intriguing past and present of the city of Athens will start at 10:30 the hostel that the delegates are going to spend the night, situated in the heart of Athens. Firstly, let’s go through the agenda and afterwards we are going to present all the sights that we are going to visit. Our schedule included long strolls at the Athenian streets because we believe that the best way to see a city is by walking. So put your comfortable shoes on and let everything else to us!8:00 – 10:30 Travel To Site10:30 – 11:00 Walk to National Archeological Museum11:00 – 12:30 Visit National Archeological Museum12:30 – 13:00 Walk to Acropolis through Monastiraki, Thiseio & Plaka13:00 – 14:30 Visit Acropolis15:00 – 15:30 Walk to Acropolis Museum, Visit Odeon of Herodes Atticus15:30 – 17:00 Visit Acropolis Museum & Lunch17:00 – 18:00 Walk & Visit Hadrian’s Arc, Temple of Olympian Zeus & Kallimarmaro Stadium18:00 – 18:30 Walk to Greek Parliament & Monument of the Unknown Soldier through Zappeion Megaron & National Garden18:30 – 19:30 Greek Parliament & Suntagma Square & Dinner19:30 – 20:00 Walk & Visit Athens University historical building20:00 – 20:30 Return to the hostel 22:00 Study Tour Day 1 Party
6National Archeological Museum The National Archaeological Museum of Athens is the largest archaeological museum in Greece and one of the most important museums in the world devoted to ancient Greek art. It was founded at the end of the 19th century to house and protect antiquities from all over Greece, thus displaying their historical, cultural and artistic value. Monastiraki, Thiseio & Plaka Monastiraki, (literally little monastery) is a flea market neighborhood in the old town of Athens, Greece, and is one of the principal shopping districts in Athens. The area is home to clothing boutiques, souvenir shops, and specialty stores, and is a major tourist attraction in Athens and Attica for bargain shopping. The area is named after Monastiraki Square, which in turn is named for the Pantánassa church monastery that is located within the square. The district of Thisio can be found south- west of Monastiraki. It is a place famous for its great number of cafés and bars, with a beautiful view on the Acropolis. In addition this area took its name from the false initial assumption that the temple that even today is in great condition was once devoted to ‘Theseus’. Most of the Athenians love this area and often go for their night walk and amusements.
7 The area of Plaka is one of the most attractive districts of Athens. Under the slopes of the Acropolis Plaka attracts all the visitors of Athens with its neoclassical mansions and houses with roofs from red tiles, its small winding roads with their steps, balconies with bougainvilleas ,geraniums and jasmines. Plaka is called many times in the Greek literature as the neighbourhood of the Gods and that because over Plaka dominates the sacred rock of the Acropolis "the sacred rock of the gods" who made the modern Athenians with the same humour like their Ancient ancestors, to personalise the Olympian gods having fun like them in Plaka with lots of Retsina wine and Dance. Akropolis The Acropolis of Athens or Citadel of Athens is the best known acropolis in the world.Although there aremany other acropoleis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known asThe Acropolis without qualification. Acropolis = akros, akron, edge, extremity + polis, city.The Acropolis is a flat-topped rock that rises 150 m (490 ft) above sea level in the city of Athens, with a surfacearea of about 3 hectares. It was also known as Cecropia, after the legendary serpent-man, Cecrops, the firstAthenian king.The entrance to the Acropolis was a monumental gateway called the Propylaea. To the south of theentrance is the tiny Temple of Athena Nike. A bronze statue of Athena, sculpted by Phidias, originally stood at itscentre. At the centre of the Acropolis is the Parthenon or Temple of Athena Parthenos (Athena the Virgin). East of the entrance and north of the Parthenon is the temple known as the Erechtheum. South of the platform that forms the top of the Acropolis there are also the remains of an outdoor theatre calledTheatre of Dionysus.A few hundred metres away, there is the now partially reconstructed Theatre of HerodesAtticus. All the valuable ancient artifacts are situated in the New Acropolis Museum, which resides 300 meters on thesoutheast of the Rock of the Acropolis, on Dionysiou Areopagitou Street.
8 Odeon of Herodes Atticus The Odeon of Herodes Atticus is an impressive attraction in Athens found looming on the hill below the south western side of the Acropolis. Also called the “Herodeon”, the Athens Odeon of Herode Atticus dates back to 161 AD, when it was built by Herodes Atticus to honor his wife Regilla, who had passed away a year earlier. The structure was used as a theater in ancient Athens for various plays and music concerts, and it could seat up to 5,000 people.Hadrian’s Arc & Temple of Olympian Zeus The Arch of Hadrian was erected in honor of the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century A. The arch was built over the line of an ancient road that led from the area of the Acropolis and the Athenian Agora to the Olympieion and southeast Athens. (It was never an actual gate in a wall). An inscription on the western side of the arch states: This is Athens, the ancient city of Theseus." An inscription on the eastern side of the arch states: "This is the city of Hadrian and not of Theseus". The Temple of Olympian was an enormous structure, the largest temple in Greece, exceeding even the Parthenon in size. Work began on this vast edifice in 515 BCE during the reign of the tyrant Peisistratos, who initiated the building work that was completed in 132 CE by the Emperor Hadrian. The 104 columns, each 17 meters high, of the temple were made of Pentelic marble. Only 15 of the Corinthian columns remain standing to give a sense of the enormous size of the temple which would have been approximately 96 x 40 meters in size.
9 Panathenaic stadium: The Panathenaic stadium’s history begins in 330 B.C. when Lycurgus supervised its construction, which at the time consisted of wooden seats and was used to house the Panathenaia festival every four years. Athenian aristocrat and Roman Senator Herod Atticus who, by coincidence, was born in Marathon, Greece, built a new marble stadium in its place in 139-140. with a seating capacity of 50,000 and a track of 205 metres and width of 33.35 The modern Construction was completed in its present format in 1906 and consists of 47 rows of seats and 60, 000 seating capacity.Syntagma Square, Greek Parliament & Monument of the Unknown Soldier The name Syntagma means Constitution. When Greece was liberated from the Turks the great powers decided that they needed a king and chose Otto of Bavaria. Since he was too young to actually rule he came with a military force and three regents who ruled as dictators, imposing heavy taxes, and stealing from the country. When the king finally came of age the Greeks now fed up with the tyranny of the Bavarians, with the support of British diplomats, two Greek soldiers, Dimitrios Kallerges and Ioannes Makriyannis led their troops to the palace and demanded the king get rid of the foreigners and within thirty days produce a constitution. The building, which houses Parliament, was initially constructed as the Palace of Otto, the first king of Greece. The area where the Palace was to be constructed was carefully chosen and the works began in 1836 under the guidance of Friedrich Gaertner, Six years later, the building was completed. Ottos family lived there for twenty years and the building was then inhabited by the royal family of Gluecksburg. Nowadays, the old palace serves as the House Of Parliaments.
10 The Monument of the Unknown Soldier was designed by the architect Emmanuel Lazaridis in 1930 and unveiled on the 25 of March 1932. The main element of the monument is a large bas - relief representing a dying Greek heavily armed soldier. It is guarded 24 hours a day by two Evzoni (or Tsoliades), members of the Presidential Guard , an elite, specially chosen unit of the Greek Army.Zappeion Megaron & National Garden The Zappeion Megaron of Athens, is designed by the famous Danish architect Theophil Freiherr von Hansen in 1878, the Zappeion Megaron is named after Evangelos Zappas, a businessman from Epirus who played a major role in starting the Zappian Olympic Games, which laid the path for the modern Olympic Games The Zappeion building is a tribute to this great man who brought the Olympic Games back into the modern world. The National Garden has small ponds, narrow paths and tall trees which offer plenty of oxygen and whose shade offers a welcoming place for people to sit and relax. While walking down the many narrow paths inside the garden you have the feeling that you are in the countryside and not just a few feet away from the center of Athens. This green oasis does not only have a historically notable name, but also a complex and interesting history.
11Athens University historical building The main building of the Academy is a neoclassical building between Panepistimiou Street and Akadimias Street in the centre of Athens. The building was designed as part of an architectural "trilogy" in 1859 by the Danish architect Theophil Hansen, along with the University and the National LibraryThe sculptures were undertaken by the Greek Leonidas Drosis, while the murals and paintings by the Austrian Christian Griepenkerl. On 20 March 1887, the building was delivered by Ziller to the Greek Prime Minister, Charilaos Trikoupis. The building was used for housing the Numismatic Museum in 1890, and in 1914 the Byzantine Museum and the State Archives. Finally, in 1926, the building was handed over to the newly-established Academy of Athens.
13 On the 2nd day of the study tour organized under EUROXPRO ’12, an excursion at the beautiful area of Peloponnese will be organized; allowing the delegates to leave behind the busy big city life and what they learned at the conference, chill and hang out with the AIESEC they met there. At the same they will have the chance to visit well-known breathtaking sights such as the Corinth Canal, Mycenae, Nafplion & Epidavros. Our busses will leave the hostel at 8 o’clock (you better get to bed early) in the morning in order to ensure that we will have plenty of time to spend visiting our sublime spots. But as we use to say first of all let’s go through the agenda and more info on the sights are coming up next. Again, don’t forget to wear comfortable shoes ‘cause a bit of walking is involved here too. 8:00 – 9:00 Travel To Corinth Canal 9:00 – 9:30 Visit Corinth Canal & Breakfast9:30 – 10:15 Travel to Mycenae10:15 - 12:15 Visit Mycenae archeological site & Mycenae Museum12:15 – 12:45 Travel to Nafplio12:45 – 15:00 Visit Nafplio, the Castle of Nafplio (Palamidi) & Lunch15:00 – 15:45 Travel to Epidaurus15:45 – 16:45 Visit Epidaurus17:30 – 20:00 Return to Athens
14 Corinth Canal The Corinth Canal is a canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. It cutsthrough the narrow Isthmus of Corinth and separates the Peloponnesian peninsula from the Greek mainland, Thebuilders dug the canal through the Isthmus at sea level. The Canal is 6.4 kilometres in length and 21.3 metres. The canal was mooted in classical times and an abortive effort was made to build it in the 1st century AD. Itwas completed in 1893 and it is now used mainly for tourist traffic. Mycenae The archaeological sites of Mycenae and Tiryns are the imposing ruins of the two greatest cities of the Mycenaean civilization, which dominated the eastern Mediterranean world from the 15th to the 12th century B.C. and played a vital role in the development of classical Greek culture. These two cities are indissolubly linked to the Homeric epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey , which have influenced European art and literature for more than three millennia.
15 Nafplio In this modern town of the 10.000 population the whole beauty is seemed simple painting. Nafplio there was the first capital town of the younger Greece and of today of Nome Argolida. It is 147 Km. away from Athens. With the exit from Argos is beginning to form towards your eyes the unique in whole the world icon of the town with the castle - symbol to glass on the water of the Gulf. The most ancient town of the greek place, which according to the mythology, was founded by him, who first thought the idea of the organization of the humans to towns, Thiseas, building the prehistoric town, NafpliaEpidaurus Epidavros is the best preserved theatre ιn the whole of Greece. It was the work of the architect Polyklitos Junior (4th century B.C.), built of limestone, it can seat 12,000 spectators. Every summer it comes alive. Attending a performance of ancient drama in this theater is almost a mystical experience. Never to be forgotten. At Epidaurus the actors don’t need to shout or speak loudly because the acoustics are so good that the merest whisper can be heard in the last row.