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EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure
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EclipseCon2008: The Dod, Open Source, and OSGi as Server Infrastructure

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My slides from EclipseCon 2008. The presentation was received with mixed attention I believe. Glancing at the green and red buckets would lead me to believe that a few folks either didn't appreciate …

My slides from EclipseCon 2008. The presentation was received with mixed attention I believe. Glancing at the green and red buckets would lead me to believe that a few folks either didn't appreciate my abrupt answers, risky images, or just don't comprehend the real issues. But, it was fun nonetheless and I did receive some good comments - especially from folks already working with federal contractors.

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  • 1. The DoD, Open Source, and OSGi as a Server Infrastructure Kit Plummer Gestalt, Now Part of Accenture © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0 | Thursday, March 20, 2008
  • 2. The Story • The U.S. Department of Defense and Open Source  As a Consumer  As a Producer  Intra-Contractor • The Experiment(s)  JBI Components  rVooz  Tactical SOA The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 3. Consuming OSS in the DoD… • Reduced Federal budget(s) • Shortened to-field cycles • Contractor competition • Lines of Code paid for by the DoD?  ~ 34 Million SLOC in SOSCOE (Future Combat Systems) •  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Use_of_Free_and_Open_Source_Software_(FOSS)_in_the_U.S._Department_of _Defense • Current policy says FOSS and COTS are the same (2003) The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 4. Consuming Continued • “When we rolled into Baghdad, we did it using open source…it may come as a surprise to many of you, but the U.S. Army is “the” single largest install base for Red Hat Linux. I'm their largest customer.” [General Justice, U.S. Army] • Is this really that exciting – from an Open Source perspective? The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 5. Producing OSS for the DoD… • Ball Aerospace’s BallForge.net  Opticks • Delta3D (Naval Postgraduate School/Alion) • Foremost (USAF) • SELinux (NSA) • Hmmn. That’s it?  Yep, at least that are public about their sponsorship Take a cue from NASA: http://opensource.arc.nasa.gov/ The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 6. Who owns the software developed by U.S. dollars? The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 7. Government Purpose License Rights • http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/submitting/copyright.html 3) Is this a document produced by work done under Government contract? If yes, the contractor usually owns the copyright and the Government has certain rights to the work. Generally the Government has unlimited or Government purpose rights and may reproduce and distribute the work. The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 8. Software Reuse Inside (Company Walls) • Breaking down stovepipes  Reference architectures  Open standards • Cross-contract reuse • DYK, technologies are not encouraged to be reused once contracts are awarded? Some projects/programs must be implemented from scratch, by contract. The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 9. Why Not For … • Future Combat System (FCS)  System of Systems Common Operating Environment (SOSCOE) a modular, open-architecture approach quot;that allows us to incrementally develop, test and validate software capability as we go.” says Dennis Muilenburg, GM of FCS at Boeing. How much do you think Boeing is getting paid for those 34 millions lines? The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 10. U.S. Income Tax Payers? The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 11. Government Spending Stats (2007) Source: http://www.usaspending.gov/fpds/fpds.php? reptype=a&database=fpds&mod_agency=M97&mod_fund_agency=&PIID=&psc_cat=D&psc_ sub=All&contractor_type=&descriptionOfContractRequirement=&compete_cat=&dollar_tot=&fi scal_year=2007&first_year_range=&last_year_range=&detail=-1&datype=T&email= •  % of DoD Budget Spent on DPS 3 The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 12. 3% == $8,500,000,000 The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 13. More numbers… Source: http://www.usaspending.gov/fpds/fpds.php? reptype=p&database=fpds&mod_agency=M97&mod_fund_agency=&PIID=&psc_cat=&psc_sub=1430&contra ctor_type=&descriptionOfContractRequirement=&compete_cat=&dollar_tot=&fiscal_year=2007&first_year_ra nge=&last_year_range=&detail=-1&datype=T&email= •  55,000,000 $   n Guided Missile Remote Control Systems O Source: http://www.usaspending.gov/fpds/fpds.php? reptype=p&database=fpds&mod_agency=M97&mod_fund_agency=&PIID=&psc_cat=&psc_sub=All&contract or_type=&descriptionOfContractRequirement=Software&compete_cat=&dollar_tot=&fiscal_year=2007&first_y ear_range=&last_year_range=&detail=-1&datype=T&email= •  1,250,000,000 $ • On Software-centric contracts The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 14. Open Source and National Security? The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 15. Security? • It is true that many DoD software projects are “classified”.   Why? Is the entirety of that 34 million lines worth protecting? And, from whom are you protecting it? • Jim Stogdill asked at a DoD Open Technology Conference: “Are you prepared for the moment when open software, developed under government contract, is forked by the Chinese for their use?” • It is, without a doubt, a hard problem for anyone to understand – let alone resolve. Thanks Jim for being bold. http://www.slideshare.net/jstogdill/open-source-in-the-dod-build-it The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 16. Open Technology Development • Roadmap  http://www.acq.osd.mil/jctd/articles/OTDRoadmapFinal.pdf  Open standards  Open architecture  Open source? • U.S. Navy & SHARE “The Navy will acquire only systems based on open technologies and standards. “ Vice Adm. Mark Edwards, deputy chief of naval operations for communications stated March 6, 2008 https://acc.dau.mil/GetAttachment.aspx? id=135208&pname=file&lang=en-US&aid=26859 The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 17. Government Funded OSS / Collaboration • Literal Open Technology Development • Producing Open Source Solutions  Cross government – commercial collaboration  Learn what the affects of Patents and IP-constraints are  Community is a positive byproduct • So, we’ve received permission to experiment The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 18. A Few Experiments…at Gestalt • Objective: socialize “producing” Open Source as a standard practice for systems with common attributes (Open Technology Development) • Started Simple  JBI Components for OpenESB and ServiceMix  XMPP Binding Component  RSS Binding Component • Community Contributions  OpenESB / JCP The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 19. Results • Cultural shifts  Agile Methods (Scrum)  Blogging  Participating in Open Source projects (personal time) - Contributing • Retention tool • The Air Force is now competing with Google for hires. The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 20. From Scratch Open Source • On the U.S. Government’s Nickel • The Same Deliverables as a proprietary path • We maintain copyright (via accepted OSS licenses) • The Problem: Contextual Collaboration  A priori knowledge of those with a shared interest  How to cross system interfaces  Communication types  Manage security policies and parameters The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 21. rVooz Operational View rVooz Service JFC AOC TOC Target/Geo Location TCP/IP The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 22. Non-Defense Use Cases • Eclipse plugin  Project/file/code linking • Ridesharing  Geo linking • Consumer information collaboration  Product linking • Search engine extension  Research linking • Medical/Patient diagnosis/symptmn repository  Symptom – solution linking The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 23. rVooz is Born • A “server” platform  Modularity to support n-types of different context  Geo  String  XML • Java  Existing frameworks  Spring  ESBs (ServiceMix, OpenESB) • Name is a silly play on “rendezvous” The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 24. System Components • Clients  Apps that generate and register context • Gateway  Server-side front-end • Matching Engines  Search for matches, produce a product (Contextion) • Voozers  Apps that consume the Contextion  Can be plugins to systems  XMPP, VoIP, IRC  Or, can be the same Client that registered the context The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 25. OSGi? • Seems like the perfect opportunity • Server-side evolution • Equinox, Felix, or Knopflerfish? • Or, All the above? • Dynamic loading (hot-swap) • Extensible • Service registry The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 26. External Interfaces? • HTTP • JMS  Ultimately gave up on • Jetty  Servlet provides context registration  Servlet provides match fetch interface • XSDs for Context and Contextions  JAXB The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 27. Internal Interfaces • Bundles  Context Processor (a gateway)  Geo Matching Engine  String Matching Engine • OSGI Service Registry  Java interfaces The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 28. Reality Check • Data life • Data store • Scalability • Security (HTTP, really Jetty) • Development Process Pains  Eclipse  Maven  Bundles  Testing The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 29. Requirements and Options • Software as a Service • Internet scalability • Security • Languages • Frameworks • Architectures The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 30. Redirect • Ruby on Rails  Too much free stuff to not take • Web app -> Service  Maintain modularity with REST Interfaces  “Tierless” • Web 2.0ish  User facing services  Developer facing services (programmable web) & APIs • We’ll release a live service as soon as we deliver the “goods” to our customer. The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 31. SOA is the holy grail of buzzphrases in the DoD tech-space. The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 32. SOA penetration in the DoD • Pretty good buy-in to the hype. • Web services in Net-Centric Operations • Only in sanctuary data centers • But, If SOA is about exposing data… • Where is the data in this domain? • The “Edge”. The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 33. OSGi on the Server Side? • Obviously yes…simply based on the presentations here • What if every “device” is a server? • Even more obvious, if you ask me. This is the “Edge”. • Return to OSGi’s “embedded” roots with the Server in mind. • Might be a bit of a different direction for the mainline. The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 34. Exposing Devices • Pretty easy  Web services (SOAP)  REST  XML-RPC • Keep in mind that these devices might be resource constrained • More importantly the transport/network will be constrained The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 35. Modularity • Not just software • Component-based hardware is right there too • BUG Labs – style interfaces between the hardware and software • Have to be careful as modularity complicates accreditation and certification The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 36. What will it take? • Security, Security, Security  MILS/MLS  Auditing - Policies  DO-178B  Standard for life-critical systems • Realtime Java? • Successes – on any scale The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 37. Open Source and the DoD? Imagine a Java and OSGi-based environment, with applications development by “Us”, running on the Distributed Targeting Processor of an F18. The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0
  • 38. Questions? The DoD, Open Source… | © 2008 by Kit Plummer; made available under the EPL v1.0

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