Research+In+ Social+ Science
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Research+In+ Social+ Science






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Research+In+ Social+ Science Research+In+ Social+ Science Presentation Transcript

  • Research in Social Science
  • Research in Social Science Two types of research Empirical Laws Philosophy of Science (3 views) Research Wheel Stages in Research Ethics in research
  • Research in Social Science Two Types of Research 1. Quantitative Research 2. Qualitative Research
  • Research in Social Science
    • Qualities of Empirical (Scientific) Laws:
    • Universal
    • Based on Observation
    • Causal Explanations
  • Research in Social Science However there is a difference: Social Science cannot state causes with certainty, only with probability.
  • Logical Positivism Founded by the Vienna Circle
  • Logical Positivism Positivism: Positive (not speculative) knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties verified by empirical science Logical Positivism: a 20 th Century philosophical movement that holds that meaningful statements about the natural world are true only if verified by observation and experiment
  • Operationalism Founded by Percy Bridgeman 1882-1961
  • Pragmatism Founded by William James 1842-1910
  • Research Wheel Deduction Induction Theory Experiment Data Hypothesis
  • Steps in Research
    • Choose a Topic
    • Define Important Terms
    • Research Background of Topic
    • Generate Hypotheses
    • Choose the Research Design
    • Analyze the Data
    • Report Results and Conclusion
  • Research Methods Descriptive Relational/Correlational Experimental
  • Research Methods Survey Observational Study Case Study Experiment Secondary data analysis
  • Research Methods Ethics in Research Institutional Review Board Major Ethical Rules
  • Ethical Rules Origins
  • Ethical Rules Voluntary Participation
  • Ethical Rules Informed Consent
  • Ethical Rules Anonymity
  • Ethical Rules No Harm
  • Ethical Rules Debriefing
  • Classic Study: Solomon Asch Conformity Experiment
  • Another Conformity Experiment
  • Classic Study 1962 – Yale Univ Stanley Milgram Obedience to Authority Study Origination of idea Goal Ethical Problems
  • Stanley Milgram 1933-1984
  • Experiment Layout
  • Classic Study 1970 – Southern Illinois Univ Laud Humphreys Tearoom Trade Origination of idea Goal Ethical Problems
  • Classic Study Laud Humphreys 1930-1988
  • Classic Study 1971 – Stanford Univ Philip Zimbardo Prison Study Origination of idea Goal Ethical Problems
  • Classic Study Stanford Prison Experiment Philip Zimbardo b 1933
  • Classic Study Stanford Prison Experiment
  • Classic Studies Film
  • 1995 UCI Fertility Scandal
    • egg & embryo misuse
    • harvested eggs from women and transferred
    • embryos without consent
    • illegally billed insurance companies
    • cheated UCI out of money owed the university
    • at least 65 women were unknowingly involved
    • in illicit egg or embryo transfers
    • The doctors forged consent forms, stole human eggs from patients and gave them to other clinic patients without consent, then deliberately lied about the number of eggs they had harvested from each woman.