In relief printing, areas
NOT to be printed
are carved away from the
surface of the plate
(block), so that the
areas to be printed are
Chinese (@ 220 AD)
and German (1423 AD)
wood engraving, 16th c.
Wood engravings are carved from the
fine end-grain of wood .
For a multicolor block print
the printmaker usually carves
a different block for each
Printmakers may also apply
gradations or “fades” of
color to the block when
Katsushika Hokusai Japan (1760-1849)
Sophisticated techniques in the art of woodcut printing were developed in Japan from the 17th to 19th centuries.
Brian Nash Gill
In screen printing a stencil is attached to a piece of finely woven fabric which has been stretched tightly over a frame.
Ink is then squeezed through the open areas of the stencil and on to the surface (paper, fabric, etc.) below.
Serigraphy has been
a popular medium for
posters and political art.
drawing on the stone
In traditional lithography, the artist
draws with a greasy pencil on a
polished stone slab, then wets
the slab with water.
Oily ink is rolled on to the slab
where it adheres only to the
greasy pencil marks; a print is
then taken from the slab.
may involve a metal or paper
matrix (in place of stone slab.)
Lithography: inking the stone
Wayne White acrylic paint on (commercial, mass produced) offset lithograph
In intaglio printing, lines are incised in a metal plate.
Ink is forced into the lines; then the surface of the
plate is wiped clean, leaving ink only in the below-
surface lines. Paper is laid across the plate and
when it is run through a press the below-surface ink
is forced on to the paper.
Intaglio Etching: incising
through asphaltum to zinc plate
Giovanni Piranesi 1720-1778
Francisco Goya from “Disasters of War” series, 1810-20
Paul Cadmus Louise Bourgeois
photo-etching, silk-screen and woodcut techniques