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  • 1. ART 2 Introduction to Art ARTMAKING: some TERMINOLOGY and CONCEPTS Vasily Kandinsky
  • 2. Pastels (chalk) MEDIUMS/ MEDIA: MATERIALS and TOOLS of ART-MAKING Sculpture: Stone Carving Photography/ Camera Watercolor and Ink Pencil, Colored Pencil Ceramics Paint: Acrylic, Oil, Watercolor Digital/ Computer
  • 3. 2-Dimensional MEDIA painting, drawing, photography, digital art, printmaking… photography oil painting watercolor painting printmaking digital print photography acrylic painting chalk drawing pen and ink
  • 4. stone 3-D MEDIA: Sculptural Media clay wood metal mixed media, assemblage
  • 5. other ART MEDIA: LIGHT Video Installation Light Installation
  • 6. Installation, Environmental, Performance Judy Pfaff Richard Long Yoko Ono
  • 7. Any art-work can be looked at, and talked about, in terms of both FORM CONTENT and .
  • 8. Painting by Dana Schutz FORM refers to the purely abstract visual qualities in the work, such as particular COLORS, types of SHAPES and TEXTURES, or the quality of SPACE. CONTENT refers to what is represented and to MEANINGS that might be communicated.
  • 9. The abstract visual components of a work of art are known as Formal Elements of Art or “The Elements of Form”. The arrangement of formal elements as a unified work is known as a COMPOSITION.
  • 10. Elements of Form: LINE SPACE VALUE SHAPE TEXTURE COLOR SCALE MATERIAL TIME
  • 11. A line can be thought of as a moving point. Chloe Piene pencil drawing LI NE Christo (“Running Fence”) Picasso light drawing Franz Kline painting Louise Bourgeois sculpture
  • 12. LINE describes or outlines form… and edges of form are seen as line… Philip Guston and form may be a line. Childe Hassam Jack Thompson Donald Lipski
  • 13. Jackie Winsor sculpture Matisse paper cut-out SHAPE Shapes can be thought of as enclosed line. Monet painting Tom Friedman sculpture
  • 14. “Negative Shapes” or “Negative Spaces” are the shapes that exist between the shapes of represented forms in a composition. In a painting, negative shapes may be made up in part by edges of the canvas. Paul Gaugin Wouter Dam
  • 15. R. Devore ceramic vessel SPACE: Volume, Mass, Dimensionality Salvadore Dali painting Jiang Yangze ceramic sculpture Magdalena Jetelova installation
  • 16. Lia Cook tapestry TEXTURE Texture, the tactile quality (relating to the sense of touch) of surfaces, may be actual or purely visual. Meret Oppenheim sculpture Adrian Arleo clay sculpture Vincent Van Gogh painting
  • 17. Caravaggio painting (@1600) Edward Weston photograph Paul Klee painting VALUE the quality of darkness or lightness
  • 18. Henri Matisse painting Bruce Nauman neon sculpture Hhans Hoffmanans Hoffman painting Henri Matisse oil painting Marco Evaristti dye on ice COLOR Ron Nagle ceramic sculpture
  • 19. Japanese Netsuke (miniature) Willie Cole SCALE: Jonathan Borofsky relating to size, perceived size, relative size/ proportion. Rene Magritte painting Willie Cole sculpture (@ 3 ft.) Ron Mueck sculpture
  • 20. Wolfgang Laib (hazelnut pollen) Marilyn Levine (ceramic) Marc Quinn (frozen blood) MATERIAL Cai GuoQiang (gunpowder on paper) Anthony Gormley (toast)
  • 21. Alexander Calder mobile Kinetic, moving forms; work involving time in its creation (such as performance); ephemeral works. Janine Antoni performance Liza Lou bead environment TIME… Tony Oursler video projection on forms Andy Goldsworthy ephemeral sculpture
  • 22. Ephemeral Art: Andy Goldsworthy
  • 23. Form and Content THE FORMAL ELEMENTS (abstract and objective) ARE BUILDING BLOCKS OF (subjective) CONTENT
  • 24. CONTENT may be thought of as the ideas, meanings or aesthetic value associated with an artwork. Andy Warhol “Electric Chair” series, silk screen prints
  • 25. Meaning in an artwork is suggested by --- abstract visual qualities (such as color, shape or value) --- subject matter: what is represented --- symbolism and reference/ allusion --- text within or about the artwork
  • 26. Richard Diebenkorn Martin Puryear Abstraction (non-objective or non-realistic imagery) can allow pure form (line, shape, texture, color, etc.) to communicate directly, and in ways that allow for open-ended interpretation/ appreciation.
  • 27. Meaning (and the function of an art-work) is culturally determined. Tibetan SAND PAINTINGS Navaho
  • 28. Content may be emotional or psychological. Pavel Tchelitchew 1942
  • 29. James Turrell “Skyspaces” architectural installations 2000’s
  • 30. “Post-modern” art sometimes self-consciously reflects on the history of art, as in this re-make of Duchamp’s famous “Ready-made.” Marcel Duchamp (found urinal) “Fountain” 1917 Sherrie Levine “Fountain (after Marcel Duchamp: A.P.)” 1991 (polished bronze)
  • 31. Meaning in an artwork may also derive from cultural or historical references, or from the process of making, itself . Ai Wei Wei “Sunflower Seeds” installation https://vimeo.com/52688185