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Design  s.14

Design s.14






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    Design  s.14 Design s.14 Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Art “Principles of Design” organize the parts of a composition, bringing clarity, coherence and meaning.. Woodcut by Tom Killian
    • COMPOSITION “…the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art… as distinct from the subject of a work. It can be thought of as the organization of the elements of form according to the principles of design.” (derived from Wikipedia definition)
    • Effective use of design principles • holds the viewer’s attention; adds interest • directs the viewer’s eye into and around the composition • makes the composition more understandable, more “readable”
    • Some PRINCIPLES of DESIGN: Balance (Harmony, Unity) Variety (Contrast) Repetition (Rhythm, Pattern) Movement and Direction Emphasis (Focal Point[s]) Tension Complexity & Simplicity Proportion
    • Jacob Lawrence BALANCE: equilibrium achieved through placement of colors, values, shapes, masses or weight. Frank Lloyd Wright
    • Marc Quinn (marble) Gilbert and George SYMMETRICAL BALANCE Symmetrically balanced compositions, divisible into matching parts, tend to be more static and decorative.
    • Victor Vasarely RADIAL BALANCE Jay DeFeo “The Rose”
    • Zechin Japanese wood-cut print ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE Giorgio Dechirico Compositions arranged with asymmetrical balance tend to be more dynamic, formally and emotionally, and to suggest more spatial depth.
    • Pablo Picasso What qualities in a composition lead to UNITY or HARMONY? --- repetition of similar colors, shapes, lines, textures, images or materials, throughout a composition --- formal elements arranged to lead the viewer’s eye AROUND and throughout the composition
    • H Jessica Stockholder Hieronymus Bosch (15th c.) VARIETY Differences of color, shape, material, etc. add interest and move the viewer’s attention around a composition. Robert Rauschenberg
    • CONTRAST (of color, form and texture, for example) command a viewer’s attention, and may contribute to an illusion of depth.
    • Claude Monet Rembrandt VALUE CONTRAST clarifies forms and edges, makes a composition more readable, may contribute to a sense of depth (space) and may add a sense of drama. Kerry James Marshall
    • REPETITION of shapes, colors, images, etc. can unify and create a sense of rhythm in a composition. Cambodia
    • Francesco Clemente
    • Jackson Pollock Peter Paul Rubens 16th-17th c. Movement the look and feeling of action; also, form leading the viewer’s gaze in a particular direction.
    • Umberto Boccioni Marcel Duchamp
    • Jacques Louis David Movement and Direction: John Bartlett
    • Andrew Wyeth HORIZONTAL lines suggest calm, quiet, stasis.
    • Samuel Bak VERTICAL lines may evoke a sense of forcefulness, power or stability. Jan Van Eyck
    • What creates a FOCAL POINT or area of EMPHASIS, to which our attention is drawn? • directional, pointing (or “framing”) lines • areas of greater detail & complexity • contrast of colors, values, textures or shapes • central placement of imagery • recognizable imagery Diego Velasquez
    • Richard Serra TENSION “ a controlled dramatic or dynamic quality” eb.com Tension may be evoked through precarious balance, ambiguity of forms, or a “tense” quality of mark-making. Jean Michel Basquiat Alison Saar
    • Japan 18th c. Kasimir Malevich Economy / Simplicity Only what is essential to the expression is utilized. Cyclades 3300-2000 BC
    • COMPLEXITY --- abundance or even excess of visual information or detail Audrey Flack oil painting Judy Pfaff sculptural installation
    • PROPORTION --- the relation of parts to the whole and parts to each other. Parthenon, Greece Roselyn Delisle ceramic vessel
    • Max Ernst frottage drawings created using rubbings over textured surfaces.
    • Student Graphite Pencil Drawings