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Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
Static Routing
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Static Routing

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This study guide is intended to provide those pursuing the CCNA certification with a framework of what concepts need to be studied. This is not a comprehensive document containing all the secrets of …

This study guide is intended to provide those pursuing the CCNA certification with a framework of what concepts need to be studied. This is not a comprehensive document containing all the secrets of the CCNP nor is it a “braindump” of questions and answers.

I sincerely hope that this document provides some assistance and clarity in your studies.

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  • 1. 1
  • 2. Routing Network Diagram Head Office 10.0.0.1/8 S0 HYD E0 192.168.1.150/24 LAN - 192.168.1.0/24 Branch Office S1 10.0.0.2/8 CHE E0 192.168.2.150/24 LAN - 192.168.2.0/24 2
  • 3. Rules of Routing • Head Office Ethernet interface should be in the same network as your Head office LAN and similarly on Branch Office side. Show Diagram • Head Office S0 and Branch Office S1 should be in same network. Show Diagram • Head Office LAN and Branch Office LAN should be in different Network. Show Diagram • All interfaces of Router should be in different network. Show Diagram 3
  • 4. Types of Routing • Static Routing • Default Routing • Dynamic Routing 4
  • 5. Static Routing • It is configured by Administrator manually. • Mandatory need of Destination Network ID • It is Secure & fast • Used for Small organizations with a network of 10-15 Routers. • Administrative distance for Static Route is 0 and 1. It is the “trustworthiness” of the routing information. Lesser the Administrative distance, higher the preference. 5
  • 6. Static Routing Network Diagram 10.0.0.1/8 S0 HYD E0 192.168.1.150/24 LAN - 192.168.1.0/24 S1 10.0.0.2/8 CHE E0 192.168.2.150/24 LAN - 192.168.2.0/24 6
  • 7. 7
  • 8. Routing Network Diagram Head Office 10.0.0.1/8 S0 HYD E0 192.168.1.150/24 LAN - 192.168.1.0/24 Branch Office S1 10.0.0.2/8 CHE E0 192.168.2.150/24 LAN - 192.168.2.0/24 8
  • 9. Routing Network Diagram Head Office 10.0.0.1/8 S0 HYD E0 192.168.1.150/24 LAN - 192.168.1.0/24 Branch Office S1 10.0.0.2/8 CHE E0 192.168.2.150/24 LAN - 192.168.2.0/24 9
  • 10. Routing Network Diagram Head Office 10.0.0.1/8 S0 HYD E0 192.168.1.150/24 LAN - 192.168.1.0/24 Branch Office S1 10.0.0.2/8 CHE E0 192.168.2.150/24 LAN - 192.168.2.0/24 10
  • 11. Routing Network Diagram Head Office 10.0.0.1/8 S0 HYD E0 192.168.1.150/24 LAN - 192.168.1.0/24 Branch Office 11.0.0.1/8 S0 S1 10.0.0.2/8 CHE E0 192.168.2.150/24 LAN - 192.168.2.0/24 11
  • 12. Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195] (C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp. C:> telnet 192.168.1.150 Connecting ..... ================================ Welcome to Hyderabad Router ================================ User Access Verification password : **** Hyderabad> enable password : **** Hyderabad# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Hyderabad(config)# interface serial 0 Hyderabad(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.1 255.0.0.0 Hyderabad(config-if)# no shut Hyderabad(config-if)# clockrate 64000 Hyderabad(config-if)# encapsulation hdlc Hyderabad(config-if)# exit Hyderabad(config)# exit Hyderabad# Diagram 12
  • 13. Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195] (C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp. C:> telnet 192.168.1.150 Connecting ..... ================================ Welcome to Hyderabad Router ================================ User Access Verification password : **** Hyderabad> enable password : **** Hyderabad# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Hyderabad(config)# interface serial 0 Hyderabad(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.1 255.0.0.0 Hyderabad(config-if)# no shut Hyderabad(config-if)# clockrate 64000 Hyderabad(config-if)# encapsulation hdlc Hyderabad(config-if)# exit Hyderabad(config)# exit Hyderabad# Diagram 13
  • 14. Hyderabad# show ip route Default gateway is not set Host Gateway Last Use Total Uses Interface ICMP redirect cache is empty Hyderabad# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Hyderabad(config)# ip routing Hyderabad(config)# ^Z Hyderabad# show ip route Enabling Routing Enabling Routing Router(config)#ip routing Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP Router(config)#ip routing D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i- IS-IS, L1-IS-IS level-1, L2-IS-IS level-2,*- candidate default U - per-user static route, o - ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 C 10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial0 Hyderabad# 14 Diagram
  • 15. Hyderabad# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Hyderabad(config)# ip route 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 10.0.0.2 Hyderabad(config)# ^Z Hyderabad# show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP Configuring Static Route D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRPConfiguring Static Route OSPF inter area external, O - OSPF, IA N1 Router(config)# ip route 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 - OSPF NSSA external type <Destination Network ID> Router(config)# ip route<Destination Network ID> E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP <Destination Subnet Mask> <Destination Subnet Mask> i- IS-IS, L1-IS-IS level-1, L2-IS-IS level-2,*- candidate default <Next-hop IP address > <Next-hop IP U - per-user static route, o - ODR address > Or Or Gateway of last resort is not set Router(config)# ip route <Destination Network ID> Router(config)# ip route <Destination Network ID> <Destination Subnet Mask> <Destination Subnet Mask> C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 <Exit interface type><interface number> <Exit 10.0.0.2 S 192.168.2.0/24 [1/0] via interface type><interface number> C 10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial0 Hyderabad# 1 is nothing but 1 is nothing but S – for Static Routing S – for Static Routing Administrative Distance Administrative Distance 15 Diagram
  • 16. Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195] (C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp. C:> telnet 192.168.2.150 Connecting ..... ================================ Welcome to Chennai Router ================================ User Access Verification password : **** Chennai> enable password : **** Chennai# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Chennai(config)# interface serial 1 Chennai(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.2 255.0.0.0 Chennai(config-if)# no shut Chennai(config-if)# encapsulation hdlc Chennai(config-if)# exit Chennai(config)# exit Chennai# Chennai# Diagram 16
  • 17. Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195] (C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp. C:> telnet 192.168.2.150 Connecting ..... ================================ Welcome to Chennai Router ================================ User Access Verification password : **** Chennai> enable password : **** Chennai# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Chennai(config)# interface serial 1 Chennai(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.2 255.0.0.0 Chennai(config-if)# no shut Chennai(config-if)# encapsulation hdlc Chennai(config-if)# exit Chennai(config)# exit Chennai# Chennai# Diagram 17
  • 18. Chennai# show ip route Default gateway is not set Host Gateway Last Use Total Uses Interface ICMP redirect cache is empty Chennai# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Chennai(config)# ip routing Chennai(config)# ^Z Chennai# show ip route Enabling Routing Enabling Routing Router(config)#ip routing Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP Router(config)#ip routing D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i- IS-IS, L1-IS-IS level-1, L2-IS-IS level-2,*- candidate default U - per-user static route, o - ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C 192.168.2.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 C 10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial1 Chennai# 18 Diagram
  • 19. Chennai# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Chennai(config)# ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 S1 Chennai(config)# ^Z Chennai# show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP Configuring Static Route D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRPConfiguring Static Route OSPF inter area external, O - OSPF, IA N1 Router(config)# ip route 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 - OSPF NSSA external type <Destination Network ID> Router(config)# ip route<Destination Network ID> E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP <Destination Subnet Mask> <Destination Subnet Mask> i- IS-IS, L1-IS-IS level-1, L2-IS-IS level-2,*- candidate default <Next-hop IP address > <Next-hop IP U - per-user static route, o - ODR address > Or Or Gateway of last resort is not set Router(config)# ip route <Destination Network ID> Router(config)# ip route <Destination Network ID> <Destination Subnet Mask> <Destination Subnet Mask> C 192.168.2.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 <Exit interface type><interface number> <Exit interface Serial1 S 192.168.1.0 is directly connected,type><interface number> C 10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial1 Chennai# If is directly connected If is directly connected S – for Static RoutingAdministrative Distance S – for Static RoutingAdministrative Distance is 0 is 0 19 Diagram
  • 20. Hyderabad# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Hyderabad(config)# ip route 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 10.0.0.2 Hyderabad(config)# ^Z Hyderabad# show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i- IS-IS, L1-IS-IS level-1, L2-IS-IS level-2,*- candidate default U - per-user static route, o - ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 S 192.168.2.0/24 [1/0] via 10.0.0.2 C 10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial0 Hyderabad# ping 192.168.2.1 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.2.1, timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 40/43/44 ms Hyderabad# 20 Diagram
  • 21. Chennai# configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Chennai(config)# ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 S1 Chennai(config)# ^Z Chennai# show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i- IS-IS, L1-IS-IS level-1, L2-IS-IS level-2,*- candidate default U - per-user static route, o - ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C 192.168.2.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 S 192.168.1.0 is directly connected, Serial1 C 10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial1 Chennai# ping 192.168.1.1 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.1, timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 40/43/44 ms Chennai# 21 Diagram

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