Facing Race, Facing Our Humanity

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Facing Race, Facing Our Humanity

  1. 1. Facing Race, Facing Our HumanityAndrew Grant-ThomasDeputy Director, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and EthnicityOhio Council of Churches2011 Ohio Ministries Convocation - “Faith and Race: New Opportunities”January 24-25, 2011Crowne Plaza, Columbus North Hotel
  2. 2. The Dancing Girl Illusionhttp://www.moillusions.com/2007/06/spinning-sihouette-optical-illusion.html 2
  3. 3. Awareness Test http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yrqrkihlw-s 3
  4. 4. Our Unconscious Networks• What colors are the following lines of text? 4
  5. 5. Our Unconscious Networks• What colors are the following lines of text? 5
  6. 6. Our Unconscious Networks• What colors are the following lines of text? 6
  7. 7. Our Unconscious Networks• What colors are the following lines of text? 7
  8. 8. Our Unconscious Networks• What colors are the following lines of text? 8
  9. 9. Whoa!
  10. 10. 10Implicit Association Test – Part 1 (abbreviated) European African American American Say “Left” Say “Right”
  11. 11. 11Implicit Association Test – Part 2 (abbreviated) Bad Good words words Say “Left” Say “Right”
  12. 12. 12Implicit Association Test – Part 3 (abbreviated) European African American or American or Bad words Good words Say “Left” Say “Right”
  13. 13. African American - European American IAT Strong preference for Blacks 2% Moderate preference for Blacks 4% Slight preference for Blacks 6% Little to no preference 17% Slight preference for Whites 16% Moderate preference for Whites 27% Strong preference for Whites 27% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30%N = 732,881 13
  14. 14. Light Skin – Dark Skin IAT Strong preference for dark skin 2% Moderate preference for dark skin 4% Slight preference for dark skin 6% Little to no preference 17% Slight preference for light skin 16% Moderate preference for light skin 27% Strong preference for light skin 27% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30%N = 122,988 14
  15. 15. Fat – Thin IAT Strong preference for fat people 1% Moderate preference for fat people 4% Slight preference for fat people 7% Little to no preference 19% Slight preference for thin people 18% Moderate preference for thin people 27% Strong preference for thin people 25% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30%N = 199,329 http://implicit.harvard.edu 15
  16. 16. “Maleness” – Career IAT Strong association of Male with Family 0% Moderate association of Male with Family 2% Slight association of Male with Family 4% Little to no preference 17% Slight association of Male with Career 20% Moderate association of Male with Career 32% Strong association of Male with Career 24% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35%N = 83,084 http://implicit.harvard.edu 16
  17. 17. What Would You Do? 17
  18. 18. Some behavioral implications • In “shooter game,” mistakes follow clear pattern: people shoot more unarmed blacks and fail to shoot armed whites • Doctors’ implicit racial attitudes  unequal treatment for Latinos and Blacks compared to Whites • Resumes with “white-sounding” names (Emily, Greg, Jill, Todd) receive 50% more call-backs than those with “black- sounding” (Jamaal, Latoya, Tyrone, Lakesha) names. • Neighborhoods with White-only residents evaluated much more favorably than same neighborhoods with black residents or racially mixed residents • More or less implicit bias corresponds to comfort level and body language in interracial interactions“Emergency Treatment May Only Be Skin Deep.” Science Daily 11 Aug. 2007 18
  19. 19. Possible interventions • Talk about race  When we don’t talk about race, our unconscious/ hidden ways of thinking can operate without the “discipline” of our fairer explicit frames.  Give your “better angels” a chance!The Art of Happiness in a Troubled World. By the Dalai Lama and Howard Cutler. (2009). p. 70 19
  20. 20. % Hispanic in Ohio 1990 2007http://www.socialexplorer.com/pub/maps/map3.aspx?g=0 20
  21. 21. % Foreign born in Ohio 1990 2007http://www.socialexplorer.com/pub/maps/map3.aspx?g=0 21
  22. 22. Concluding Thoughts• We unconsciously think about race even when we do not explicitly discuss it.• We probably hold racial/ethnic biases even when our explicit attitudes are sincerely egalitarian• You can’t avoid bias by avoiding race; it does not work• Conversations about race are not easy, but they are vital. Source: Lester, Julius. Let’s Talk About Race 22
  23. 23. www.race-talk.orgKirwanInstitute on: 23

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