Visualizing Opportunity: Using Opportunity Mapping to Promote Equity, Engagement and Community Development
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Visualizing Opportunity: Using Opportunity Mapping to Promote Equity, Engagement and Community Development

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    Visualizing Opportunity: Using Opportunity Mapping to Promote Equity, Engagement and Community Development Visualizing Opportunity: Using Opportunity Mapping to Promote Equity, Engagement and Community Development Presentation Transcript

    • Revive. RenewSoutheastern Council of Foundations 41st Annual MeetingMobile, ALNovember 10th 2010Presented by:Jason ReeceSenior ResearcherReece.35@osu.eduThe Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race & EthnicityThe Ohio State Universitywww.kirwaninstitute.org 1
    • Opportunity Matters: Space, Place, and LifeOutcomes “Opportunity” is a situation or condition that places individuals in a position to be more likely to succeed or excel. Opportunity structures are critical to opening pathways to success:  High-quality education  Healthy and safe environment  Stable housing  Sustainable employment  Political empowerment  Outlets for wealth-building  Positive social networks 2
    • Mapping Opportunity: A diagnostic tool to understanding our relationship to opportunity The Kirwan Institute has conducted “opportunity mapping” for states and metropolitan regions across the US  Projects in at least a dozen states ○ Full State Analysis: MA, CT, OH ○ Regions: Seattle, San Francisco, Chicago, Atlanta, Baltimore, Washington D.C., Detroit, Austin, Sacramento, Los Angeles, New York, Houston, New Orleans, Jacksonville, Portland OR Why identify the State of Opportunity? 3
    • Why Use Mapping? Why are maps so effective?  3 Strong points ○ Communications ○ Analysis ○ Engagement  Potential Uses ○ Looking at Intersections, Needs or Gaps in Services, Targeting Resources, Communicating, Engaging Other disciplines and sectors are using multivariate mapping to problem solve  Private industry  NGO’s (Non Profit Sector) ○ Long history in the environmental field  Public sector ○ Local Government ○ Federal Government 4
    • Example: Mapping Communities of Opportunity& Affordable Housing (Post Katrina) Indicators to build an opportunity map were identified in consultation with local groups close to the ground Indicators selected represented five areas of opportunity  See indicators to right
    • Section 8 housing analysis New Orleans Section 8 Housing Unit Distribution by Neighborhood Type (Number of Units) Number of Units Efficiency 1-Bdrm 2-Bdrm 3-Bdrm 4-Bdrm 5-Bdrm 6-BdrmLow and Very Low 1 84 309 405 55 10 1Moderate 2 24 111 95 12 5 0High and Very High 2 26 78 55 9 1 1 Unit Type New Orleans Section 8 Housing Unit Distribution by Neighborhood Type (Percentage) Percentage of Units Efficiency 1-Bdrm 2-Bdrm 3-Bdrm 4-Bdrm 5-Bdrm 6-Bdrm Low and Very Low 20.00% 62.69% 62.05% 72.97% 72.37% 62.50% 50.00% Moderate 40.00% 17.91% 22.29% 17.12% 15.79% 31.25% 0.00% High and Very High 40.00% 19.40% 15.66% 9.91% 11.84% 6.25% 50.00% Unit Type
    • Analysis and Communications
    • Want to Learn More?Resources & Reference Materials Mapping for Social Justice  The Kirwan Institute Study: ○ Utilizing GIS to Support Advocacy and Social Justice More on Opportunity Mapping  The Kirwan Institute Reports ○ Communities of Opportunity: A Framework for an Equitable & Sustainable Future ○ The Geography of Opportunity: A Review of Opportunity Mapping Research Initiatives  All Available on-line at: kirwaninstitute.org 11
    • Want to Learn More?Resources & Reference Materials Mapping & Advocacy – Two recent articles from Clearinghouse Review  Jason Reece and Eric Schultheis. Poverty’s Place: The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Poverty Advocacy. Clearinghouse Review Journal of Poverty Law and Policy. January-February 2009.  Maya Roy and Jason Reece. Poverty’s Place Revisited: Mapping for Justice & Democratizing Data to Combat Poverty. Clearinghouse Review Journal of Poverty Law and Policy. July/August 2010. To access, visit Clearinghouse Review at:  www.povertylaw.org/clearinghouse-review 12