Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

King County Opportunity Mapping: Introduction and Preliminary Results

483

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
483
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Future of Fair Housing Regional ConveningCo-Sponsored by the Northwest Justice Project & the Kirwan Institute for the Studyof Race & EthnicitySupported by PRRAC and the Casey FoundationSeattle, WAOctober 30th 2009Presented by:Jason Reece, Senior Researcher (Reece.35@osu.edu)The Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race & EthnicityThe Ohio State University
  • 2.  Background on this work What is Opportunity Mapping?  Why use data or GIS/mapping for advocacy?  How is it done? What is it used for? Early Results  Preliminary results What’s next? 2
  • 3. The King County Opportunity Mapping Initiative 3
  • 4.  Multidisciplinary applied research institute  Our mission is to expand opportunity for all, especially for our most marginalized communities Founded in 2003 by john powell  Opportunity Communities Program (1/3 of staff) ▪ Opening pathways to opportunity for marginalized communities through investments in people, places and supporting linkages ▪ Opportunity mapping 4
  • 5.  “Opportunity” is a situation or condition that places individuals in a position to be more likely to succeed or excel. Opportunity structures are critical to opening pathways to success:  High-quality education  Healthy and safe environment  Stable housing  Sustainable employment  Political empowerment  Outlets for wealth-building  Positive social networks
  • 6.  Five decades of research indicate that your environment has a profound impact on your access to opportunity and likelihood of success High poverty areas with poor employment, underperforming schools, distressed housing and public health/safety risks depress life outcomes  A system of disadvantage  Many manifestations ▪ Urban, rural, suburban People of color are far more likely to live in opportunity deprived neighborhoods and communities 6
  • 7.  Emphasis on how systems work to produce inequity  How do multiple issues interact to either depress or uplift certain populations or communities?  What can we do to “strategically intervene” and improve outcomes for marginalized communities Extensive use of mapping in our work  Inequity has a geographic footprint  Leverage points sometimes geographic in scope  Maps powerful for both research and communicating research/issues to the public and other stakeholders 7
  • 8.  The power of GIS  Overlays of data/information ▪ Depth of analysis – because of its storage and overlay capabilities, GIS allows analysis which would be difficult or impossible without GIS technology ▪ Interaction of variables: GIS allows for extensive exploration of the interaction between various factors, primarily the focusing on correlation and relationships (spatial) 8
  • 9.  Why is a map an excellent visual tool to inform someone about an issue/problem or solution?  Maps are incredibly efficient, compacting volumes of data into single pictures that can be understood at a glance ▪ One map may contain tens of thousands of pieces of information than can be understood in seconds  A good map can enable you to tell a story or solve a problem ▪ Research has shown that people can solve problems faster with map based information, than by looking at charts, tables or graphs 9
  • 10. Redlining Map of Philadelphia, PA Mapping is just another analytical & communications tool  Can produce good or bad results How can we effectively use maps for advocacy? 10
  • 11.  The King County Opportunity Mapping Initiative  Leadership ▪ The Northwest Justice Project – initiated the work  Kirwan assisting as partner to conduct mapping and analysis  Supported with small grant funding provided by PRRAC and the Casey Foundation 11
  • 12.  The use of mapping or neighborhood information for policy making/advocacy or to address poverty/equity issues is advanced  King County – national leader in using data/mapping  Other nearby activities – Portland’s equity atlas; Opportunity mapping efforts in Washington County, OR Much better data availability here than in other states/metropolitan areas 12
  • 13. What is it? How do you do it? What is it used for? 13
  • 14.  The Kirwan Institute has conducted “opportunity mapping” for states and metropolitan regions across the US  Projects in at least a dozen states Why identify the “State of Opportunity”  How are low-income groups situated in the State?  How are racial and ethnic groups situated?  What can be done to improve the opportunity landscape?
  • 15.  How do you map opportunity?  Data representing community conditions was gathered for neighborhood (census tracts) across the state or region ▪ Data for all indicators of community conditions was aggregated to the Census Tract level and analyzed to create a comprehensive opportunity index for the census tracts (neighborhoods) throughout the state or region  The opportunity index is then mapped and census tracts are broken into quintiles based on their opportunity score ▪ Very Low, Low, Moderate, High, Very High
  • 16. Example of an Opportunity Map: Detroit MI (Dark Areas = Most Opportunity Rich Communities) (Light Areas = Most Opportunity Deprived Areas) Analysis and Narrative:African American men are isolatedfrom neighborhoods of opportunity in Detroit 16
  • 17.  In the past five years our opportunity mapping has been utilized in communities across the nation to promote social justice  Expanding opportunity for marginalized groups  Recent examples: ▪ Public housing residents and fair housing in Baltimore, MD ▪ Legal services neighborhoods and racial isolation in MA ▪ Austin Opportunity Initiative
  • 18.  Director powell’s involvement in both the liability and remedy phases of the litigation, on behalf of NAACP Legal Defense Fund and the Maryland ACLU Used the opportunity community model to identify solutions for a fair housing for the Baltimore region ▪ Potential impact on 7,000 public housing families in the Baltimore region
  • 19.  Background on this project  Originated from effort to incorporated structural analysis into legal services Partners  Massachusetts Law Reform Institute, MA Legal Assistance Corp and other Legal Services Entities  Impacts ▪ National Consumer Law Center, State opportunity assessment, Planning/Advocacy on Affordable Housing, Adopt a Zip Code
  • 20.  Opportunity mapping used in Austin to assess affordable housing decisions and promote regional multi- disciplinary collaboration Next step is to explore “emerging opportunity areas” for future affordable housing investments 20
  • 21. EDUCATION HOUSING & NEIGHBORHOOD Student poverty rates HEALTH Reading/Math test scores  Home ownership rates Adult educational attainment  Crime incidence Teacher qualifications  Vacancy rates Graduation rate  Home value appreciation  Neighborhood poverty ratesECONOMIC HEALTH  Population change  Proximity to parks/open space Proximity to employment  Proximity to toxic waste release Commute times sites Job growth trends Business start trends Unemployment rate Public assistance rate 21
  • 22. Education Economic Housing & FinalOpportunity Opportunity Neighborhood Opportunity Score Score Score Score (Map) 22
  • 23. KING COUNTY OPPORTUNITY MAPPING INDICATORS DATA MATRIXEDUCATION DESCRIPTIONReading Proficiency Scores 07-08 Test scores for neighborhood schoolsMath Proficiency Scores 07-08 Test scores for neighborhood schoolsGraduation Rates 07-08 Percentage of students graduatingStudent Poverty or Economic Disadvantage 07-08 Percentage of economically disadvantaged studentsTeacher Qualifications 07-08 Percentage of Highly Qualified Teachers (HQT)Adult Educational Attainment Highest level of education attained by adultsECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY AND MOBILITYProximity to employment Number of jobs within 5 miles of censustract centroidsEconomic climate 1 Change in number of jobs within 5 miles of censustract centroidsEconomic climate 2 Business creation within 5 milesPercentage of Population on Public Assistance Percentage of people on public assistanceUnemployment Rate Percentage of workforce unemployedMean Commute Time Average work commute of census tract workersHOUSING AND NEIGHBORHOODSCrime Rates (if available) Crime index for Part 1 offensesHome Ownership Rate Percentage of residence ownership by census tractResidential Vacancy Rate Percentage of vacant houses by census tractProperty appreciation Percentage change in average home price from 2002-2007Neighborhood Poverty Rate Percentage of people below poverty for whom the poverty level has been determined by censustractsPopulation change Population change since 2000Proximity to Toxic Waste Sites and Superfund Sites Census tracts are ranked based on their distance from these facilities and the amount of toxic waste releasedProximity to park and open spaces Percentage of area in sq.mile in each census tract
  • 24. Preliminary Draft Results 24
  • 25.  Opportunity mapping allows us to look at the intersection of community conditions and a number of other factors  Demographics (Race/Ethnicity/Class)  Policy Issues ▪ Affordable Housing ▪ Subprime Lending and Foreclosure  This is only a start ▪ Other issues to examine/explore? 28
  • 26. Race AnalysisNeighborhood Type % African American % Asian % Latino % WhitesLow and Very Low Opp. 74.26% 55.11% 59.35% 36.29%Moderate Opportunity 13.21% 15.17% 16.91% 21.10%High and Very High Opp. 12.53% 29.72% 23.75% 42.61% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Low and Very Moderate High and Very Low Opp. Opportunity High Opp. % African American % Asian % Latino % Whites 29
  • 27. Subsidized Housing AnalysisNeighborhood Type # Projects # Units % Projects % UnitsLow and Very Low Opp. 286 11686 51.35% 63.67%Moderate Opportunity 137 2752 24.60% 14.99%High and Very High Opp. 134 3917 24.06% 21.34%Grand Total 557 18355 100.00% 100.00% 32
  • 28. Foreclosure AnalysisNeighborhood Type Estimated Foreclosures Estimated foreclosure RateLow and Very Low Opp. 65.28% 2.15%Moderate Opportunity 19.20% 1.10%High and Very High Opp. 15.51% 0.46%Grand Total 100.00% 1.23% 35
  • 29.  What does our analysis find and suggest?  People of color are disproportionately concentrated in opportunity deprived communities ▪ Which places them within a system of disadvantage that ultimately impacts life outcomes ▪ Creating both an individual and societal tragedy  Does subsidized housing reinforces opportunity isolation?  Will foreclosures widen the “opportunity divide”? What are the implications of this challenge and how can we formulate a response?  Opportunity based model of social justice and community development ▪ Investments people, places and linkages
  • 30. Opportunity Based Fair Housing Planning forOpportunity Neighborhood Mapping Opportunity Revitalization Communities Equitable Regional Policy
  • 31. Next Steps 43
  • 32.  Immediate plans  Revise maps  Prepare final analysis  Prepare report  Distribute Long term ideas (potential possible ideas)  Look at neighborhoods compared to nation  Move away from static maps ▪ Be more dynamic – e.g. where are emerging areas of opportunity?  Explore online platform? 44
  • 33.  We need your input & feedback  Indicators & data  The maps (any anomalies?)  Overlay analysis? ▪ What else should we look at or analyze?  How could this be useful for your work? My contact information  E-mail at: Reece.35@osu.edu 45
  • 34.  The Advancement Projects – Healthy City Mapping System  www.healthycity.org Maryland StateStat (Recovery projects)  http://mdimap.towson.edu/statestat// Solar Boston  http://gis.cityofboston.gov/SolarBoston/ 46
  • 35. 47

×