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Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
Diversity at IMSA:  Opportunities and Challenges around Race
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Diversity at IMSA: Opportunities and Challenges around Race

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  • Contested findings: studies are poorly done, intuitions differ, interpretations of findings differ Union soldiers: more diversity  less loyalty Communities: more diversity  less trust, voting, volunteerism, charity, school funding, census response rates
  • How do we achieve cognitive diversity? Does it correspond to identity diversity? How do we make it function well?
  • WHO ARE YOU… REALLY? Another important dimension of this: develop, educate, train… but 1) you’re not working w/clean slates in re racial attitudes and predispositions; 2) we have multiple selves, some better and some worse. Challenge is to develop and invoke that better self, those better selves.
  • Race, ethnicity, gender. age, weight…
  • Non-precocity as self-fulfilling prophecy Different opportunity costs of non-recognition as precocious for differently situated children Precocious children have greater long-term potential than ordinary children Brilliant mathematicians and scientists are “born,” rather than “made” The benefits of rewarding precocity far outweigh its (opportunity) costs “ Merit” is a function of what children have done
  • Transcript

    • 1. Diversity at IMSA: Opportunities and Challenges around Race Andrew Grant-Thomas, Deputy Director Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy February 13, 2009
    • 2. Diversity at IMSA: Five Challenges and Opportunities <ul><li>Assembling a multicultural community </li></ul><ul><li>Educating members about the value of multicultural education </li></ul><ul><li>Realizing the benefits of cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating lessons and insights across diverse disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Developing and invoking the best of our (diverse) possible selves </li></ul>
    • 3. Diversity at IMSA: Five Challenges and Opportunities <ul><li>Assembling a multicultural community </li></ul><ul><li>Educating members about the value of multicultural education </li></ul><ul><li>Realizing the benefits of cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating lessons and insights across diverse disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Developing and invoking the best of our (diverse) possible selves </li></ul>
    • 4. I. Realizing the Benefits of Cultural Diversity
    • 5. In Your Words… <ul><ul><li>“ Appreciation, affirmation, inclusion” – so all can contribute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Appreciation, affirmation, inclusion” – so all can enjoy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Diversity in community inspires discovery and creativity” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Diverse perspectives enrich understanding” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Build the capacity of IMSA faculty and staff to meet the needs…” </li></ul></ul>
    • 6. Benefits of Racial Diversity in Education: All Students <ul><li>More tolerant and inclusive viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced intergroup prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>Improved intercultural competence </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced critical thinking and integrative complexity </li></ul><ul><li>More creativity and intellectual confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of parental involvement </li></ul><ul><li>More productive workplace relationships with other-race people </li></ul><ul><li>Less residential segregation </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Brief of 553 Social Scientists, Parents Involved </li></ul>
    • 7. Benefits of Racial Diversity in Education: Nonwhite Students <ul><li>Modest positive achievement gains for black and Latino students (no negative impact on test scores of white students) </li></ul><ul><li>Higher-quality resources (funding, class size, rigorous coursework, teachers) </li></ul><ul><li>More qualified teachers and less teacher turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Higher HS graduation rates </li></ul><ul><li>Richer social and professional networks </li></ul><ul><li>Higher income for African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Brief of 553 Social Scientists, Parents Involved </li></ul>
    • 8. The Logic of Diversity Diversity of Identity, Beliefs, Experiences Diverse Perspectives Better Outcomes Source: Scott Page, “A Logic of Diversity II” (available online)
    • 9. Diversity or Ability: A Test <ul><li>Group 1: Best 20 individual problem-solvers </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2: Random 20 problem-solvers </li></ul><ul><li>Have each group work collectively - when one person gets stuck, another group member tries to find a further improvement. Group stops when no one can find a better solution. </li></ul>
    • 10. Toolbox View ABD EZ AHK FD Alpha Group Diverse Group ADE BCD ABC BCD ACD BCD AEG IL
    • 11. Multidisciplinary View Econ Soc Math Hist Alpha Group Diverse Group Econ Econ Econ Econ Econ Econ Polisci Bio
    • 12. View Five Jim Phelps vs. MI Task Force
    • 13. DIVERSITY TRUMPS ABILITY <ul><li>“ Most of the time” the diverse group outperforms the group of the “most talented” individuals by a substantial margin. </li></ul><ul><li>See Lu Hong and Scott Page, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2002) </li></ul>
    • 14. Our World Grows Increasingly Complex
    • 15. Subprime Mortgage Securitization
    • 16. II. Our Best Selves: Insights from Cognitive Science
    • 17. <ul><ul><li>“ No one’s path in life is predetermined” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Each person has the potential to change and to bring about change” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Liberate the genius and goodness of all children” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to assume, and examine world from, multiple perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Dimensions of being: individuals, learners, community members, citizens, leaders” </li></ul></ul>In Your Words…
    • 18. Our Minds Work in Curious Ways The Kanizsa Triangle
    • 19. SPINNING GIRL
    • 20. <ul><li>What colors are the following lines of text? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vqeb peow ytro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cvur zxyq brrm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vhrn wwte zytn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xoc jbni oew mne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zre ytu vee mkp </li></ul></ul>
    • 21. <ul><li>What colors are the following lines of text? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brown </li></ul></ul>
    • 22. <ul><li>What colors are the following lines of text? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dirt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop sign </li></ul></ul>
    • 23. <ul><li>What colors are the following lines of text? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dirt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunshine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop sign </li></ul></ul>
    • 24. <ul><li>What colors are the following lines of text? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black </li></ul></ul>
    • 25.  
    • 26. Implicit Association Test http://thesituationist.wordpress.com/2007/08/19/
    • 27. What Would You Do?
    • 28. Implicit Racial Bias: Behaviors <ul><li>Split-second police decisions about when and what to shoot </li></ul><ul><li>Sentencing decisions for defendants convicted of felonies </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort level and body language in interracial interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Use of stereotypes to interpret ambiguous behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Dasgupta 2008 </li></ul>
    • 29. Racial Identity  Social Status
    • 30. Racial Identity  Social Status
    • 31. Reducing Implicit Bias <ul><li>Increasing exposure to positive models </li></ul><ul><li>Working together in a structured environment to solve shared problems </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching explicitly egalitarian views </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing unbiased behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Learning to differentiate other-race faces (facial recognition training) </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Dasgupta 2008 </li></ul>
    • 32. <ul><li>III. Assembling a </li></ul><ul><li>Multicultural Community </li></ul>
    • 33. <ul><ul><li>“ race, ethnicity, geographic origins, gender, social class, religion, age, sexual orientation… regional cultures, beliefs, ideas, and visions…” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Every student in the State of Illinois… highly talented and interested in mathematics and science, should have an opportunity to benefit from IMSA’s programs and services” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Historically underrepresented populations in math, science, and technology” (elementary and middle school, high school students, faculty and staff); gifted… talented…high ability/high potential </li></ul></ul>In Your Words…
    • 34.  
    • 35. Black and Latino Children are Greatly Overrepresented in the Poorest School Districts
    • 36. Black and Latino Students in Chicago Public High Schools Less often Use Computers at Home (2005)
    • 37. Mapping Black Male “Opportunity” in Metro Chicago <ul><li>Opportunity Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>crime rates </li></ul><ul><li>property values </li></ul><ul><li>homeownership rates </li></ul><ul><li>vacant properties </li></ul><ul><li>adult poverty rates </li></ul><ul><li>child poverty rates </li></ul><ul><li>population change </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity Indicators (cont) </li></ul><ul><li>unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>median household income </li></ul><ul><li>public assistance </li></ul><ul><li>reading and math scores </li></ul><ul><li>% low income students </li></ul><ul><li>high school graduation rates </li></ul><ul><li>high school dropout rates </li></ul>
    • 38.  
    • 39. Young white males (0-14) are 7 times more likely than young black males to live in high-opportunity areas
    • 40. IMSA Admissions Criteria <ul><li>Illinois students enrolled in the equivalent of a 9th-grade program </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated interest and talent in mathematics and science </li></ul><ul><li>Grades </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>SAT Reasoning test score </li></ul><ul><li>Personal essays </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership and co-curricular activities </li></ul>
    • 41. SAT Math Scores Rise Incrementally with Family Income Source: http://www.fairtest.org/fairtests-reaction-release-2007-sat-scores
    • 42. Rethinking Admissions? Four Possible Considerations <ul><li>Strivers </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty School or Military? </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic Merit </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding Opportunity for All </li></ul>
    • 43. IMSA Beliefs <ul><li>Everyone is a mystery with unknown and unknowable limits. </li></ul><ul><li>All people have equal intrinsic worth. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal success is internally defined. </li></ul><ul><li>A person’s potential is most fully actualized through physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>No one’s path in life is predetermined. </li></ul><ul><li>All people have choices and are responsible for their actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Human progress depends on personal growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone can lead. </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning is constructed by the learner. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning never ends. </li></ul><ul><li>The ability to discern and create connections is the essence of knowing. </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging to a community requires commitment to the common good. </li></ul><ul><li>Indifference diminishes individuals and communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Trust and respect are vital for any relationship to thrive. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity in community inspires discovery and creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse perspectives enrich understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>We are all stewards of our planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Great leaps forward require bold ideas and actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Change is natural and necessary for greatness. </li></ul>
    • 44. www.KirwanInstitute.org

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