Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Neighborhood Opportunity Mapping  for Regional Equity   Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race & Ethnicity The Ohio State ...
Space and Regional Equity <ul><li>Why are maps particularly effective in dealing with issues of equity? </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Maps:  Powerful Visual Tools <ul><li>Why is a map an excellent visual tool to inform someone about an issue/problem or sol...
Neighborhoods and  Access to Opportunity <ul><li>Five decades of research indicate that your environment has a profound im...
The Cumulative Impacts of Spatial, Racial and  Opportunity Segregation Neighborhood Segregation School Segregation Racial ...
Location determines access to schools….
jobs…
neighborhood amenities…
Opportunity Mapping <ul><li>Opportunity mapping is a research tool used to understand the dynamics of “opportunity” within...
background ( contd. ) <ul><li>Resulted in a methodology that captures region wide opportunity distribution, in a comprehen...
Methodology: Indicator Categories <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student/Teacher ratio? Test scores? Student mobi...
 
 
<ul><li>Subsidized housing opportunities in Baltimore are generally clustered in the region’s lowest opportunity neighborh...
Questions or Comments?  For More Information Visit Us On-Line: www.KirwanInstitute.org
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Neighborhood Opportunity Mapping for Regional Equity

266

Published on

Published in: Technology, Real Estate
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
266
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Neighborhood Opportunity Mapping for Regional Equity"

  1. 1. Neighborhood Opportunity Mapping for Regional Equity Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race & Ethnicity The Ohio State University Presentation for: Policy Link Regional Equity Summit 2008 Workshop Series 4: Effective Strategies, Creating Tactics for Action Session: Assessing and Developing Racially Equitable Policies March 7 th 2007 Jason Reece, AICP Senior Researcher [email_address]
  2. 2. Space and Regional Equity <ul><li>Why are maps particularly effective in dealing with issues of equity? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional, racial and social inequity often manifest as spatial inequity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maps are naturally the best tools to display this spatial phenomena </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other disciplines and sectors are using mapping to problem solve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private industry </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Maps: Powerful Visual Tools <ul><li>Why is a map an excellent visual tool to inform someone about an issue/problem or solution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maps are incredibly efficient, compacting volumes of data into single pictures that can be understood at a glance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One map may contain tens of thousands of pieces of information than can be understood in seconds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A good map can enable you to tell a story or solve a problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research has shown that people can solve problems faster with map based information, than by looking at charts, tables or graphs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Neighborhoods and Access to Opportunity <ul><li>Five decades of research indicate that your environment has a profound impact on your access to opportunity and likelihood of success </li></ul><ul><li>Impoverished African Americans and Latinos are far more likely to live in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These high poverty environments create deplorable living conditions and are a manifestation of living isolated from opportunity </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Cumulative Impacts of Spatial, Racial and Opportunity Segregation Neighborhood Segregation School Segregation Racial stigma, other psychological impacts Job segregation Impacts on community power and individual assets Impacts on Educational Achievement Exposure to crime; arrest Transportation limitations and other inequitable public services Adapted from figure by Barbara Reskin at: http://faculty.washington.edu/reskin/ Neighborhood Segregation impacts a number of life-opportunities Impacts on Health
  6. 6. Location determines access to schools….
  7. 7. jobs…
  8. 8. neighborhood amenities…
  9. 9. Opportunity Mapping <ul><li>Opportunity mapping is a research tool used to understand the dynamics of “opportunity” within metropolitan areas </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of opportunity mapping is to illustrate where opportunity rich communities exist (and assess who has access to these communities) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also, to understand what needs to be remedied in opportunity poor communities </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. background ( contd. ) <ul><li>Resulted in a methodology that captures region wide opportunity distribution, in a comprehensive manner and it is reflective of today’s metropolitan characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignores Urban-Suburban dichotomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective of new trends: decline of the inner suburbs, exurbs, inner city gentrification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective of the unique nature of each community: e.g. Austin, TX vs. Cleveland, OH </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Methodology: Indicator Categories <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student/Teacher ratio? Test scores? Student mobility? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic/Employment Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment rate? Proximity to employment? Job creation? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neighborhood Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Median home values? Crime rate? Housing vacancy rate? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobility/Transportation Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mean commute time? Access to public transit? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health & Environmental Indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to health care? Exposure to toxic waste? Proximity to parks or open space? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Subsidized housing opportunities in Baltimore are generally clustered in the region’s lowest opportunity neighborhoods </li></ul>Baltimore Opportunity and Subsidized Housing
  13. 15. Questions or Comments? For More Information Visit Us On-Line: www.KirwanInstitute.org
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×