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What are our requirements for a legitimate democratic state?
All citizens must be members of society
Membership must be attainable for all through public education
There must be freedom for individuals to join the civil discourse
Structures and outcomes must be in line with the collective ethics of the populace.
There must be real opportunity for change …
Membership must have meaning!
Membership in a Legitimate Democratic State
Importance of institutional arrangements… Lower Educational Outcomes for Urban School Districts Increased Flight of Affluent Families from Urban Areas Neighborhood (Housing) Segregation School Segregation (Economic)
“ Helps students avoid or overcome stereotypes by providing a range of experiences and viewpoints…;
Promotes cross-cultural understanding and helps students develop interpersonal skills for a multiracial world;
Prepares students for a racially diverse workplace;
Trains and educates a diverse group of leaders;
Contributes to better decision making on issues affecting our multicultural society;
Fosters diversity among civic and business leaders.”
The Benefits of Racial Diversity in Education Source: “Preserving Diversity in Higher Education: A Manual on Admissions Policies and Procedures After the University of Michigan Decisions.” Compiled by the firms of Bingham McCutcheon, Morrison & Foerster, and Heller Ehrman White & McAuliffe. Equal Justice Society, 2004. <www.equaljusticesociety.org/compliancemanual>