2. Incorporating Sources— <br />The ways we incorporate sources will be different at this level<br />Simplistic patterns—introduce, quote, comment—we learned in earlier stages of writing don’t quite cut it anymore<br />Engage, engage, engage<br />
2. Incorporating Sources— <br />With every quotation or paraphrase or piece of data you include, ask yourself this question—What do I wish to prove here? <br />And how will I position my commentary to help my reader follow my lead?<br />
2. Incorporating Sources— <br />Your paper is not a collection of quotations and paraphrases that support your ideas<br />Rather, your paper is in dialogue with other sources and with your reader<br />
What makes my paper an argument rather than a research report?<br />--Clear purpose <br />--Clearly differentiated from ideas that came before <br />--Emphasis on plan for change <br />--Strong Voice <br />
Incorporate these pieces <br />Strong, persuasive thesis<br />Call to action (clear, detailed plan)<br />Topic sentences that give readers a guide rail—that is, they continue the argument<br />Concession—Acknowledge & Respond to counter-arguments<br />Convincing Evidence<br />Very strong commentary <br />
Making an Argument <br />Suggestion 1—Give your paper some respect<br />Your paper should be making an important contribution to public discourse, so allow it to do so<br />Your paper should not simply parrot what the experts say<br />
Making an Argument <br />Suggestion 2—Give your paper a voice<br />Your paper will argue what you believe in a manner that you consider ethical and appropriate<br />Your paper won’t allow experts to shout you down—it will showcase your argument and use experts<br />
Making an Argument <br />Suggestion 3—Be Yourself<br />Your paper will argue what you believe in a manner that you consider ethical and appropriate<br />Your phrasing and approach will be unique to you, not dictated by the imaginary five paragraph essay form<br />
Making an Argument <br />Suggestion 4—Respect Your Audience<br />They may disagree with you but be receptive to your ideas—let them in<br />Give them good evidence, solid reasoning, and detailed explanations so they can make up their own minds<br />Guide them instead of railing at them or your opposition<br />
Making an Argument <br />Suggestion 5—Give your audience something to chew on<br />I love papers that make me think about a problem in a new way<br />Avoiding same-old arguments requires branching out from your sources a bit and thinking for yourself<br />Don’t be afraid to do so!<br />
Making an Argument <br />Suggestion 6—Think like everybody else, and then rethink the whole thing<br />To make your work stand out, take a look at the conventional wisdom and then depart from it<br />Anticipate objections to your argument<br />Include a concession & response (counter arg.)<br />I know, I know—carbon gasses cause global warming and I should drive less…. Give me a new way to view this, even if you must give me the same old statistics. <br />
Test your argument out. <br />Find someone whose ideology or worldview is different from yours.<br />Ask someone to play devil’s advocate as you lay out your plan. <br />Imagine the mortal enemy of your plan in supervillain garb—How would he or she take your plan/reasoning apart?<br />
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