Iliad book 1


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Iliad book 1

  1. 1. The Beginning of a long series
  2. 2. The story takes place almost ten years after the start of the Trojan War. The Greek army captures 2 beautiful ladies from Chryse, a city they pillaged. The two ladies, Chryseis and Briseis, are taken by the leader of the Greek army, Agamemnon, and by the strongest warrior, Achilles. Eventually one of the women must be returned because of a plague to the Greek army, and Agamemnon wants the woman Achilles has taken. Because of this conflict between the two, Achilles decides he will not fight in the war any longer. The Trojans end the stalemate with the Greek by attacking them, however this time, they have Zeus as their aide. Achilles' best friend Patroclus decide to fight in the war taking his place, but he ends up being killed, mistaken for Achilles. Out of rage Achilles joins the war and finally kills Hector, the strongest warrior of the Trojans. After he is killed, the gods feel he needs a proper burial. Achilles agrees, and the Greek army and Trojan army come to a truce once again. Sources Background information
  3. 3. Begins 9 years after Trojan war Achean- captures Chryesis and Briseis Chryseis father "Chryses" prays to Apollo to get his daughter back Apollo sends a plague on Greek army Achillies calls to Calchas to find the way to end the plague "soothsayer" Agamemnon gets mad and says he'll return Chryseis only if Achillies gives up Briseis to him for compensation Achilles being a proud warrior gets angry and threatens Agamemnon that he withdraw from battle. Agamemnon counters by saying he will go to Achilles tent and get Briseis himself Great Athena appears and calms the situation down. Agamemnon finally send back Chryesis and takes Briseis Achilles not liking this prays to Thetis to ask Zeus to punish Achaeans Chryseis returns and Chryses prays to relieve the Greek camp of the plague As expected the plague is lifted Odyseus who navigated the ship that returned Chryseis, returns to the camp Achillies refuses to battle and Zeus agrees reluctantly to help the Trojans Hera "Zeus's wife" Discovers that Zeus is helping the Trojans and is so angry that she almost starts a war among gods. However Hephaestus convinces her not to fight over mortals and disarms the situation The Basic Rundown of Book 1
  4. 4. Epithets : any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an attributed quality. Examples :"Odysseus is polutlos 'much-suffering' and polumytis 'of many devices, crafty'.. " Examples : athena , meaning grey-eyed . athena is called " thea glaukopis Athene 'goddess grey-eyed Athena " . LiteraryTerm : a literary term is are terms to describe whats going on , like setting metaphors similes and imagery etc Examples : The word Iliad means "a poem about Ilion [another name for Troy]." another literary term is that the iliad is an epic poem ,a epic poem is a long poem which tells a story involving gods, heroes and heroic exploits. Epithets and LiteraryTerms
  5. 5. 1.When the poem begins, who is singing? What is the subject of the poem of song? - The poet, who declares himself to be the medium through which one or many of the Muses speak.The narrator speaks in the third person. An omniscient narrator (he has access to every character’s mind), he frequently gives insight into the thoughts and feelings of even minor characters, gods and mortals alike. Study questions
  6. 6. 2. With whom does Achilles quarrel? What god's anger casued the situation that led to the quarrel. Why is the god angry? - Achilles quarrels with chryses by refusing the ransom for his daughter.This causes Chryses to pray to Apollo which leads to the plague. It is revealed that the plague as a vengeful and strategic move by Chryses and Apollo. Study questions
  7. 7. 3.Who are the two brothers who command te Greek army? - Achilles and Menelaus Study questions
  8. 8. 4.A plague has struck the Greek army. how is it described? - It is described as that the fatal plaguw that swept through the army caused the men to die. Study questions
  9. 9. 5. What must the greek do to placate Appolo? -Give Chryses daughter back to him. Study questions
  10. 10. 6. What compensation does agamemnon demand? - Agamemnon flies into a rage and says that he will return Chryseis only if Achilles gives him Briseis as compensation. Study questions
  11. 11. 7. Who stops Achilles from drawing his sword on Agamemnon? -goddess Athena, sent by Hera, the queen of the gods Study questions
  12. 12. 8. Where do the gods live? - Up in the skies on Mount Olympus Study questions
  13. 13. 9. What revenge does Achilles swear he will have? - Achilles swears that he Agamemnon will pay for his arrogance with life and that this will never happen and never again join the Achaeans in fighting against the Trojans. Study questions
  14. 14. 10. Who tries to make peace? Is he successful? -Nestor, the wisest Greek commanders and counselors, advises Agamemnon and Achilles to concede to each other, but both refuses. Study questions
  15. 15. 11. What does Agamemnon order the heralds to do? Are they able to do it , why? -He sends the heralds to have Briseis escorted from Achilles’ tent. Study questions
  16. 16. 12. To whom does Achilles complain? What does he say? Does it seem acceptable for a hero to weep? Why does he want the Greeks to begin losing the war? - He wants the greek to lose the war to get revenge on Argamemnon. Study questions
  17. 17. 13. Where does Thetis say that Zeus and the other gods have gone? What will she ask when they return? -Zeus was on a thirteen-day period of feasting with the Aethiopians.Thetis will ask him to punish the Achaeans and help the trojans win the war. Study questions
  18. 18. 14. How do the Achaeans worship Apollp when they take Chrysies home? - They return the maiden and makes sacrifices to Apollo. Study questions
  19. 19. 15. What happens when Thetis goes to zues? -Achilles has refused to participate in battle, and, after twelve days, Thetis makes her appeal to Zeus, as promised. Zeus is reluctant to help the Trojans, for his wife, Hera, favors the Greeks, but he finally agrees. Study questions
  20. 20. 16. Do Achilles and Agamemnon seem mature when they argue? What is the significance? -They do not seem mature at all , because they are fighting over a girl. Study questions
  21. 21. 17. What position do women and even goddesses have in the world Homer describes? -They are very important because they can affect everything the men do. They can make the slightest differences in the world of homer. Study questions
  22. 22. The glory and celebration of war The characters win eternal glory, the story contains epic war deities such as Athena Military glory over family values The characters prize marital values and honor, but not near as they respect the glory of triumph. The impermanence of human life and its creations, the gods treat the human race as lesser beings (because they are) Themes of Iliad Book 1