Motivation

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Motivation

  1. 1. MOTIVATION <ul><li>MOVERE = to move. </li></ul><ul><li>Morgan and King (1975) , “ Motivation refers to states within person or animal that drive behaviour toward some goal.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A driving state within the organism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The behaviour aroused and directed by this state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The goal toward which behaviour is directed. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need or deficiency that activates behaviour or drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive. Thus, the key to understanding the process of motivation lies in the meaning of relationship between needs, drives and incentives. 1. Need 2. Drives 3. Incentives
  3. 3. MOTIVE Is an inner state that energizes, activates (or move), and directs (or channels) the behaviour of individuals toward certain goals (Berlson & Steiner, 1964). Motivation is the actual action, that is work behaviour itself. It’s a process. TYPES BIOLOGICAL SOCIAL
  4. 4. MASLOW HIERARCHY OF NEEDS PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS SAFETY & SECURITY NEEDS SOCIAL NEEDS ESTEEM NEEDS SELF ACTUALIZATION
  5. 5. Alderfer’s ERG Theory <ul><li>E XISTENCE: Existence needs are concerned with survival. </li></ul><ul><li>R ELATEDNESS: Relatedness needs stress the importance of interpersonal social relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>G ROWTH: Growth needs are concerned with the individual’s intrinsic desire for personal development. </li></ul>
  6. 6. THEORY X and THEORY Y - Douglas McGregor
  7. 7. MOTIVATION-HYGIENE THEORY: FREDERICK HERZBERG <ul><li>The theory explains that intrinsic factors are related to job satisfaction, while extrinsic factors are associated with dissatisfaction. </li></ul>
  8. 8. MOTIVATION- HYGIENE THEORY: FREDERICK HERZBERG The theory explains that intrinsic factors are related to job satisfaction, while extrinsic factors are associated with dissatisfaction.
  9. 9. GOAL SETTING THEORY <ul><li>Proposed by Locke and Latham </li></ul><ul><li>Basic assumption: Goal Serves as a Motivator. </li></ul><ul><li>Assigned goals will lead to the acceptance of those goals as Personal Goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings related to self-efficacy and personal goals influence performance. </li></ul>
  10. 10. EQUITY THEORY <ul><li>Proposed by J.Stacy Adams. </li></ul><ul><li>It included social component - Social Comparisons. </li></ul><ul><li>Type Of Inequity: Overpayment and Underpayment. </li></ul>
  11. 11. EXPECTANCY THEORY <ul><li>People are motivated by how much they want something and how likely they think they are to get it. </li></ul>
  12. 12. EXPECTANCY MODEL A B C A = Effort - Performance Linkage B = Performance-Reward Linkage C = Attractiveness EXPECTANCY THEORY : It states that an individual tends to act in a certain way based on the expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual.
  13. 13. VIE THEORY OF MOTIVATION
  14. 14. PORTER-LAWLER MODEL
  15. 15. MOTIVATION-PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIP CONTINGENCIES
  16. 16. MODEL OF MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE

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