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Motivation
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Motivation

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  • 1. MOTIVATION
    • MOVERE = to move.
    • Morgan and King (1975) , “ Motivation refers to states within person or animal that drive behaviour toward some goal.”
      • A driving state within the organism
      • The behaviour aroused and directed by this state
      • The goal toward which behaviour is directed.
  • 2. Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need or deficiency that activates behaviour or drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive. Thus, the key to understanding the process of motivation lies in the meaning of relationship between needs, drives and incentives. 1. Need 2. Drives 3. Incentives
  • 3. MOTIVE Is an inner state that energizes, activates (or move), and directs (or channels) the behaviour of individuals toward certain goals (Berlson & Steiner, 1964). Motivation is the actual action, that is work behaviour itself. It’s a process. TYPES BIOLOGICAL SOCIAL
  • 4. MASLOW HIERARCHY OF NEEDS PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS SAFETY & SECURITY NEEDS SOCIAL NEEDS ESTEEM NEEDS SELF ACTUALIZATION
  • 5. Alderfer’s ERG Theory
    • E XISTENCE: Existence needs are concerned with survival.
    • R ELATEDNESS: Relatedness needs stress the importance of interpersonal social relationships.
    • G ROWTH: Growth needs are concerned with the individual’s intrinsic desire for personal development.
  • 6. THEORY X and THEORY Y - Douglas McGregor
  • 7. MOTIVATION-HYGIENE THEORY: FREDERICK HERZBERG
    • The theory explains that intrinsic factors are related to job satisfaction, while extrinsic factors are associated with dissatisfaction.
  • 8. MOTIVATION- HYGIENE THEORY: FREDERICK HERZBERG The theory explains that intrinsic factors are related to job satisfaction, while extrinsic factors are associated with dissatisfaction.
  • 9. GOAL SETTING THEORY
    • Proposed by Locke and Latham
    • Basic assumption: Goal Serves as a Motivator.
    • Assigned goals will lead to the acceptance of those goals as Personal Goals.
    • Feelings related to self-efficacy and personal goals influence performance.
  • 10. EQUITY THEORY
    • Proposed by J.Stacy Adams.
    • It included social component - Social Comparisons.
    • Type Of Inequity: Overpayment and Underpayment.
  • 11. EXPECTANCY THEORY
    • People are motivated by how much they want something and how likely they think they are to get it.
  • 12. EXPECTANCY MODEL A B C A = Effort - Performance Linkage B = Performance-Reward Linkage C = Attractiveness EXPECTANCY THEORY : It states that an individual tends to act in a certain way based on the expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual.
  • 13. VIE THEORY OF MOTIVATION
  • 14. PORTER-LAWLER MODEL
  • 15. MOTIVATION-PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIP CONTINGENCIES
  • 16. MODEL OF MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE