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Morgan and King (1975) , “ Motivation refers to states within person or animal that drive behaviour toward some goal.”
A driving state within the organism
The behaviour aroused and directed by this state
The goal toward which behaviour is directed.
Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need or deficiency that activates behaviour or drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive. Thus, the key to understanding the process of motivation lies in the meaning of relationship between needs, drives and incentives. 1. Need 2. Drives 3. Incentives
MOTIVE Is an inner state that energizes, activates (or move), and directs (or channels) the behaviour of individuals toward certain goals (Berlson & Steiner, 1964). Motivation is the actual action, that is work behaviour itself. It’s a process. TYPES BIOLOGICAL SOCIAL
MASLOW HIERARCHY OF NEEDS PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS SAFETY & SECURITY NEEDS SOCIAL NEEDS ESTEEM NEEDS SELF ACTUALIZATION
People are motivated by how much they want something and how likely they think they are to get it.
EXPECTANCY MODEL A B C A = Effort - Performance Linkage B = Performance-Reward Linkage C = Attractiveness EXPECTANCY THEORY : It states that an individual tends to act in a certain way based on the expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual.