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Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
Group dynamics
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Group dynamics

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  • Interest group       Informal group Friendship group
  • Transcript

    • 1. GROUP DYNAMICS
    • 2. GROUP DYNAMICS <ul><li>GROUP – A group is a set of two or more individuals who are jointly characterized by a network of relevant communication , a shared set of collective identity and one or more shared dispositions with associated normative strength. </li></ul>
    • 3. TYPES OF GROUP <ul><li>Formal group </li></ul><ul><li>Task group </li></ul><ul><li>Command group </li></ul><ul><li>Informal group </li></ul><ul><li>Interest group </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship group   </li></ul>
    • 4. WHY DO PEOPLE JOIN GROUP? <ul><li>Companionship </li></ul><ul><li>Interest and diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Identification with the group </li></ul><ul><li>Belongingness </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Status </li></ul><ul><li>Dependence </li></ul><ul><li>Self-protection </li></ul><ul><li>And Many more </li></ul>
    • 5. GROUP COHESIVENESS <ul><li>Group cohesiveness is the resultant of all the forces acting on the members to remain in the group. </li></ul><ul><li>What makes a Group cohesive? </li></ul><ul><li>Number of members in the group </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Outside Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Status of the group </li></ul><ul><li>Compatible goals </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive leaders </li></ul>
    • 6. GROUP THINK <ul><li>An unfortunate situation in which the desire to agree becomes so dominant in a cohesive group that it tends to override the realistic appraisal of alternative course of actions. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    • 7. SYMPTOMS OF GROUP THINK <ul><li>Over optimism </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Unflinching faith in group’s morality </li></ul><ul><li>Person with difference is labeled as weak, stupid and evil </li></ul><ul><li>Conformity pressures applied </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of real critics </li></ul><ul><li>Illusion of unanimity </li></ul>
    • 8. REMEDIAL MEASURES: <ul><li>Encourage doubts or criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Have initial impartial stand </li></ul><ul><li>Divide group into subgroups </li></ul><ul><li>Periodically invite qualified experts </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint devil’s advocate </li></ul><ul><li>Have a second chance meeting after a tentative decision. </li></ul>
    • 9. GROUP NORMS <ul><li>An unwritten, often implicit rule that defines what attitudes and behaviours characterize a “good” group member versus a “bad” group member. </li></ul><ul><li>Established Norms – Formal level </li></ul><ul><li>Practised Norms - Informal level </li></ul>
    • 10. GROUP ROLES <ul><li>Roles are a set of behaviours that a person expects of the occupants of a position. </li></ul><ul><li>THREE COMPONENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Expected role </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived role </li></ul><ul><li>Enacted role </li></ul>
    • 11. GROUP BEHAVIOURS <ul><li>Task oriented behaviour : </li></ul><ul><li>Initiating, </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking or giving opinions, </li></ul><ul><li>clarifying and elaborating, </li></ul><ul><li>Summarizing, </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus testing, </li></ul><ul><li>Reality testing, </li></ul><ul><li>Orienting. </li></ul>
    • 12. GROUP BEHAVIOURS <ul><li>  Maintenance oriented behaviour: </li></ul><ul><li>Gate keeping, </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging, </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonizing and Compromising </li></ul><ul><li>Standard setting and testing, </li></ul><ul><li>Using humor </li></ul>
    • 13. GROUP BEHAVIOURS <ul><li>Self-oriented behaviour – causes: </li></ul><ul><li>The problem of identity </li></ul><ul><li>The problem of control and power </li></ul><ul><li>The problem of goals </li></ul><ul><li>The problem of acceptance and intimacy </li></ul>

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