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Group dynamics

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  • Interest group       Informal group Friendship group
  • Transcript

    • 1. GROUP DYNAMICS
    • 2. GROUP DYNAMICS
      • GROUP – A group is a set of two or more individuals who are jointly characterized by a network of relevant communication , a shared set of collective identity and one or more shared dispositions with associated normative strength.
    • 3. TYPES OF GROUP
      • Formal group
      • Task group
      • Command group
      • Informal group
      • Interest group
      • Friendship group  
    • 4. WHY DO PEOPLE JOIN GROUP?
      • Companionship
      • Interest and diversity
      • Identification with the group
      • Belongingness
      • Guidance
      • Power
      • Status
      • Dependence
      • Self-protection
      • And Many more
    • 5. GROUP COHESIVENESS
      • Group cohesiveness is the resultant of all the forces acting on the members to remain in the group.
      • What makes a Group cohesive?
      • Number of members in the group
      • Location
      • Outside Pressure
      • Status of the group
      • Compatible goals
      • Attractive leaders
    • 6. GROUP THINK
      • An unfortunate situation in which the desire to agree becomes so dominant in a cohesive group that it tends to override the realistic appraisal of alternative course of actions.
      •  
    • 7. SYMPTOMS OF GROUP THINK
      • Over optimism
      • Rationalisation
      • Unflinching faith in group’s morality
      • Person with difference is labeled as weak, stupid and evil
      • Conformity pressures applied
      • Absence of real critics
      • Illusion of unanimity
    • 8. REMEDIAL MEASURES:
      • Encourage doubts or criticism
      • Have initial impartial stand
      • Divide group into subgroups
      • Periodically invite qualified experts
      • Appoint devil’s advocate
      • Have a second chance meeting after a tentative decision.
    • 9. GROUP NORMS
      • An unwritten, often implicit rule that defines what attitudes and behaviours characterize a “good” group member versus a “bad” group member.
      • Established Norms – Formal level
      • Practised Norms - Informal level
    • 10. GROUP ROLES
      • Roles are a set of behaviours that a person expects of the occupants of a position.
      • THREE COMPONENTS
      • Expected role
      • Perceived role
      • Enacted role
    • 11. GROUP BEHAVIOURS
      • Task oriented behaviour :
      • Initiating,
      • Seeking or giving opinions,
      • clarifying and elaborating,
      • Summarizing,
      • Consensus testing,
      • Reality testing,
      • Orienting.
    • 12. GROUP BEHAVIOURS
      •   Maintenance oriented behaviour:
      • Gate keeping,
      • Encouraging,
      • Harmonizing and Compromising
      • Standard setting and testing,
      • Using humor
    • 13. GROUP BEHAVIOURS
      • Self-oriented behaviour – causes:
      • The problem of identity
      • The problem of control and power
      • The problem of goals
      • The problem of acceptance and intimacy