GROUP – A group is a set of two or more individuals who are jointly characterized by a network of relevant communication , a shared set of collective identity and one or more shared dispositions with associated normative strength.
TYPES OF GROUP
WHY DO PEOPLE JOIN GROUP?
Interest and diversity
Identification with the group
And Many more
Group cohesiveness is the resultant of all the forces acting on the members to remain in the group.
What makes a Group cohesive?
Number of members in the group
Status of the group
An unfortunate situation in which the desire to agree becomes so dominant in a cohesive group that it tends to override the realistic appraisal of alternative course of actions.
SYMPTOMS OF GROUP THINK
Unflinching faith in group’s morality
Person with difference is labeled as weak, stupid and evil
Conformity pressures applied
Absence of real critics
Illusion of unanimity
Encourage doubts or criticism
Have initial impartial stand
Divide group into subgroups
Periodically invite qualified experts
Appoint devil’s advocate
Have a second chance meeting after a tentative decision.
An unwritten, often implicit rule that defines what attitudes and behaviours characterize a “good” group member versus a “bad” group member.
Established Norms – Formal level
Practised Norms - Informal level
Roles are a set of behaviours that a person expects of the occupants of a position.