DECISION MAKING IN ORGANIZATIONS
DECISION MAKING <ul><li>Decision Making is almost universally defined as choosing between alternatives to achieve the goal...
MODEL OF DECISION MAKING <ul><li>1. identify the problem </li></ul>2. Define objectives 3. Make a predecision 4. Generate ...
GROUP DECISION MAKING <ul><li>SHOULD GROPUS BE USED TO MAKE DECISIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES </li></u...
TYPES OF DECISIONS <ul><li>Personal vs. Organizational Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Basic vs. Routine Decisions </li></ul><...
TYPES OF DECISIONS High   Outcome uncertainty   Problem Complexity Low High   Judgmental Decisions   Adaptive Decisions   ...
Decision Making under different conditions <ul><li>1.      Decisions under certainty </li></ul><ul><li>2.      Decision un...
INDIVIDUAL DECISION MAKING   <ul><li>4 MODELS </li></ul><ul><li>      Irrational Person Model </li></ul><ul><li>Creative/ ...
GROUP DECISION MAKING TECHNIQUES <ul><li>    Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Nominal Group Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Del...
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Decision making

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Decision making

  1. 1. DECISION MAKING IN ORGANIZATIONS
  2. 2. DECISION MAKING <ul><li>Decision Making is almost universally defined as choosing between alternatives to achieve the goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Herbert A. Simon identifies three phases of Decision Making activity </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligence Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Design Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Choice Activity </li></ul>
  3. 3. MODEL OF DECISION MAKING <ul><li>1. identify the problem </li></ul>2. Define objectives 3. Make a predecision 4. Generate alternatives 5. Evaluate alternatives 6. Make a choice 7. Implement choice 8. Follow up
  4. 4. GROUP DECISION MAKING <ul><li>SHOULD GROPUS BE USED TO MAKE DECISIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>Pooling of resources Waste time </li></ul><ul><li>Specialization of labour Group conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Decision acceptance Intimidation by group leaders </li></ul><ul><li>More democratic Spreads responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>People kept better informed Requires more resources </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF DECISIONS <ul><li>Personal vs. Organizational Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Basic vs. Routine Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Another classification based on two variables </li></ul><ul><li>  Outcome Uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Complexity </li></ul>
  6. 6. TYPES OF DECISIONS High Outcome uncertainty Problem Complexity Low High Judgmental Decisions Adaptive Decisions   Mechanistic Decisions Analytical Decisions
  7. 7. Decision Making under different conditions <ul><li>1.     Decisions under certainty </li></ul><ul><li>2.     Decision under risk </li></ul><ul><li>3.     Decision under uncertainty </li></ul>
  8. 8. INDIVIDUAL DECISION MAKING   <ul><li>4 MODELS </li></ul><ul><li>    Irrational Person Model </li></ul><ul><li>Creative/ Self Actualizing Model </li></ul><ul><li>Rational/ Economic Model </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural Administrative Model </li></ul>
  9. 9. GROUP DECISION MAKING TECHNIQUES <ul><li>    Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Nominal Group Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Delphi Decision Making </li></ul>
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