What is a Propaganda?Propaganda is best thought of as being ‘political advertising’. It is designed to get people to think and believe what you want them to. For the Nazis, this involved: persuading Germans to believe in Nazi ideas and love their Führer convincing those hostile to the regime that the Nazis were so powerful that opposition would be futile.
Hitler’s PropagandaMethods Present simple themes in a repetitive manner Appeal to emotion rather than intellect Have broad appeal to the masses Focus mainly on one enemy - Claim that this enemy is at the root of all problems
CENSORSHIPAlongside their propaganda machine, theNazis practised strict censorship. People whodisagreed with Nazi ideas were silenced.In order to get any work published or performed inNazi Germany, you had to be a member of the ReichChamber of Culture. Writers, film makers and artistswere denied membership if their views were un-Nazi. Books which did not fit in with Nazi doctrine were publicly burnt. Essentially, the Nazis controlled everything that the German people read, heard and saw.
Who was Goebbels? German Nazi Party member Joseph Goebbels became Adolf Hitlers propaganda minister in 1933, which gave him power over all German radio, press, cinema, and theater. Goebbels was in charge of ‘enlightening’ the German public
GOEBBELS PRINCIPLES OF PROPAGANDA 1. Propagandist must have access to intelligence concerning events and public opinion. 2. Propaganda must be planned and executed by only one authority. 3. The propaganda consequences of an action must be considered in planning that action. 4. Propaganda must affect the enemys policy and action. 5. Propaganda may be facilitated by leaders with prestige. 6. Propaganda must be carefully timed.
CONCLUSIONEvidence of success:In the short term, propaganda played animportant role in getting Hitler into powerand then advertising his main ideas. Thegeneral lack of resistance to the Nazi regimeis an important indication that propagandawas effective. For young people, propaganda had a lasting effect. Despite the loss of World War II, a poll conducted by the USA in October 1945 showed that 42% of German youths believed that reconstruction would best be carried out by a ‘strong new Führer’.