Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Social problems
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Social problems

3,804

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
1 Comment
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,804
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
203
Comments
1
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. SOCIAL PROBLEMS Kingsuk Sarkar, MD Asst. Prof. Dept. of community Medicine 1
  • 2. • Individual problems • Social problems Affects large pop 2
  • 3.  Current Social Problems: - Drug addiction/ dependence - Alcoholism - Sexually Transmitted Disease - vagrancy - Juvenile Delinquency - prostitution 3
  • 4. • Social Health Problems: A disease may be termed as social problem and its social relevance become quite high when following happens: - When it has got predominant behavioral component in its causation - When its widespread over large geographic area and affects many( î incidence, î prevalence) 4
  • 5. • Social Health Prob Cont. - It is severe & mortality is very high - Leads to permanent disability & crippling - Leads to discrimination & ostracism - When it disrupts trade, affects the economy of nation - Primarily economically productive population is affected 5
  • 6. • Social Health Prob. Cont. - Growth & development of young children is affected - When treatment is out of reach for many - When the disease is incurable 6
  • 7. Social Problems & their behavioral component Social Problems Behavioral Component Population Explosion High fertility, Early marriage, Non-acceptance of contraceptive Adverse sex-ratio or falling child sex ratio Female feticide, Infanticide, Gender bias Smoking & tobacco & alcohol abuse Habit of smoking in the family or peer group, social acceptability, seen as a social status Accidents & suicides Rash driving, disobeying traffic rules, driving under influence of alcohol, drugs or stress 7
  • 8. Social Problems & their behavioral component, contd. HIV AIDS & STDs Pre & extra-marital sex, unprotected sex with multiple sexual partners Mental Disorder & Behavioral Problem in Children Broken families, Problem families, adjustment disorder, inability to cope with stress Insanitary Environment Open field defecation, non- acceptance of latrine, poor personal hygiene Leprosy & Tuberculosis Social stigma, fear of loosing job, low or non-utilization of treatment facilities, fatalistic attitudes 8
  • 9. • Prostitution: - Urban social problem - Age old social evil  Causes: - Changes in environment - Breakdown of inter family relations - Parental discord - Lack of affection 9
  • 10. - Illegitimacy - Easy access to money & wealth - Low I.Q. - Low morale - Poverty • GOI passed “The suppression of immoral traffic Act in women & girls”≠bans it in commercialized organized form • Amended & Ratified on 1986 as “Immoral Traffic (Prevention)Act” 10
  • 11. • Delinquency: - „Delinquent‟: one showing deviation from normal behavior & has committed an offence - Theft, sexual assault, murder, burglary - Great social problem 11
  • 12. • Causes of delinquency: - Social mal-adjustment - Poverty - Disturbed home - Drug addiction - Alcoholism - Adoption of modern life styles 12
  • 13. • “The children act, 1960” – prevention & control of JD - Provides specialized approach towards care, protection, maintenance, training, rehabilitation: of delinquent children - Institution: Juvenile/Children‟s court, Child Welfare Board, Remand Homes, Certified Schools, After- care facilities 13
  • 14. • Dowry System: - Innocent Custom Social Evil • Control through: “ Dowry Prohibition (Amendment) Act, 1986 - Min. Punishment for taking/ abetting dowry: 5 yrs or rigorous imprisonment & a fine of Rs.15,000/ - Well sustained effort needed to root out such evils 14
  • 15. • Drug Addiction: - State of periodic/chronic intoxication detrimental to the individual & society - produced by repeated intake of habit-forming drugs 15
  • 16. • Precipitating Factors: - Curiosity & natural tendency to experiment with drugs - Disturbed domestic environment: broken home, lack of communication between parents & children, - Escapism from tensions & frustrations - Adoption of western life styles - Punks) - Ignorance about ill effects of drugs 16
  • 17. • Drug addict: a) Psychosocial dependence: overpowering desire to take the drug & obtain it by any means b) Physical dependence: if withdrawn, patient develops withdrawal symptom: irrational & violent behavior, nausea, diarrhea, watering of eye & nose c) Development of tolerance: tendency to increase the dose 17
  • 18. • Management: a) Identification of drug addicts & their motivation for drug detoxification b) Detoxification following hospitalization c) Post-detoxification: counselling & follow-up :clinics,home visit • Simultaneous Changes in environment: home,school, college • Psychotherapy 18
  • 19. • Preventive measures: - Education of target groups through: o Television o Radio o Leaflets o Posters Creation of mass awareness “Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substance Act” 1985 19
  • 20. • Alcohol Abuse: - world-wide social& medical problem - Rapid socio-economic & cultural changes alcohol seen as symbol of prestige & social status - î in consumption & frequency 20
  • 21. • Consequences: - Crime - Murder - Prostitution - Malnutrition - Neglect of family life - Unemployment - î debt - Delinquency - RTA - Cirrhosis, alcoholic psychosis, alcohol dependency 21
  • 22. • Prevention: - Timely identification of risk factors - Wide ranging public education, dialogue & investigation of public attitude - Social welfare - Improved health services 22
  • 23. • Unmarried Mothers: - strict social custom - Unfavorable tradition - Insignificant problem in India • Special Needs: - MTP - Health risks - Medical guidance - counseling 23
  • 24. • Handicapped: - Categories :Dec. 2002, Categories Approx. No.(million) The blind 2 The hearing disabled 3 The orthopedically handicapped 10.6 The leprosy affected 0.4 The mentally retarded 0.9 The mental illness 1.1 The speech disability 2.1 24
  • 25. • State assumes the responsibility & rehabilitates • Services avauilable in India: - Medical care - Education for the deaf, blind, orthopedically challenged - Vocational training - Job placement - Workshops - allowances 25
  • 26. 26

×