Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
The study of human behavior- how
people behave & why they behave in
the way they do
Concerned with
individual, personali...
Normal psychology
Abnormal psychology
Educational psychology
Social psychology
Child psychology
Applied psychology
...
Human behavior is result of physical
& mental factors
“The total reactions of an individual
accessible to external obser...
Knowledge
Beliefs
Values
Attitudes
Skills
Finance
Materials
Time
Influence of family members, friends, co-
worker...
Male/female roles
Societal norms
Ethnic discrimination
Poverty
Unemployment
Educational opportunities
Aggregate of specific
educational, scientific, &
professional contributions of the
discipline of psychology for
- Promoti...
a) Research into psychological aspects
of behavior relevant to the health
system
b) Application of psychological
concepts ...
- Studies psychological adaptive mechanisms of
the body as it responds to challenges or
hazards in the form of physical/ch...
Behavior guided by health purposes or
reinforced by health outcomes
Refers to those activities undertaken by
people to a...
Refers to how people react to
symptom
A friend / acquaintance is
approached first before seeking
formal medical advice
...
 Early marriages for girls in certain traditional
rural families
High fertility & consequences of teenage
pregnancy
 Pol...
- Classification of responses:
:
habits, skills
:
emotions, feelings, tension
perceptions, thinking, reasoning
i) Environmental stimuli:
- Environmental stimuli generate nerve
impulses, which reaching cerebral cortex & being
assemble...
May be active or passive
Loss of temper & making complaint
Self isolation/ avoidance
Making excuse
Acceptance of fail...
A. Respondent learning:
- Dependent upon the theory of respondent
conditioning by Ivan Pavlov
- Plays important role in ma...
Change in
Health Behavior
Social
Support
Goal
specification
Self-
reinforcement
Self monitoring Stimulus
control
- Fear
- Anger
- Love
- Hatred
- Jealousy
- Moodiness
- Joy
- Sorrow
- Sympathy
- Pity
- Lust
- Grief
- Most common emotion of man.
- May produce excitement,
depression, fight, flight
- Fear of dark, fear of death, fear
of d...
- Offensive reaction
- Destructive in nature
- If not controlled timely, may impel a person to
commit crimes such as murde...
 Disorders of emotion may impede human
efficiency:
- Lack of concentration
- Lack of appetite
- Increased risk of acciden...
Essential
hypertension
Peptic ulcer
Asthma
Ulcerative colitis
Disturbed
emotional
states
Cultivation of hobbies- reading &
recreation
Adopting a sane philosophy in life to
avoid emotional conflicts
Trying to ...
Inner force driving an individual to a
certain action
Determines human behavior
May be positive / negative
Motives, ne...
- Stimulate
motivation &
encourage specific
behaviors
- May be
intrinsic/extrinsic,
material/psycholo
gical, self
determin...
Legislation:
- supports, promotes
, maintains
activities at
community level
- Should be
compatible with the
political, cu...
A psychological skill
Consists of perception & attention
Requires correct use of following
senses: seeing, hearing, tou...
Perception
observation, recognition & discriminition
Visual perception
Auditory perception
Muscular perception
Disorde...
Acquired
Permanent ways of
behaving
Three components:
a) Cognitive/knowled
ge :
b) Affective/feeling:
c) Tendency to
ac...
Views held by people on a point of
dispute
Based on evidence available on time
Temporary, provisional by nature
Perman...
Most significant- self-interest:
security, pleasure, self-esteem
Group interest: primary &
secondary
- caste interest
- ...
Psychology,
Psychology,
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Psychology,

264

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
264
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Psychology,"

  1. 1. The study of human behavior- how people behave & why they behave in the way they do Concerned with individual, personality, behavior Helps to understand attitudes, beliefs, learning, memory process Helps to promote mental health in individuals & families
  2. 2. Normal psychology Abnormal psychology Educational psychology Social psychology Child psychology Applied psychology Psychoanalysis Medical psychology
  3. 3. Human behavior is result of physical & mental factors “The total reactions of an individual accessible to external observation” Thought & understanding are implicit behavior not directly observable Inferred from other observable behavior
  4. 4. Knowledge Beliefs Values Attitudes Skills Finance Materials Time Influence of family members, friends, co- workers, opinion-leaders, health-workers
  5. 5. Male/female roles Societal norms Ethnic discrimination Poverty Unemployment Educational opportunities
  6. 6. Aggregate of specific educational, scientific, & professional contributions of the discipline of psychology for - Promotion & maintenance of health - Prevention & treatment of illness - Identification of etiologic & diagnostic correlates of health, illness & related dysfunction
  7. 7. a) Research into psychological aspects of behavior relevant to the health system b) Application of psychological concepts & knowledge to problems arising in the health system c) Teaching relevant psychological material to the non-psychologists who work within the health system
  8. 8. - Studies psychological adaptive mechanisms of the body as it responds to challenges or hazards in the form of physical/chemical insults - Ways in which people respond to hazards & threats through complex, learned, socially modulated pattern of behavior - Originates from concern with interaction between biological stresses, symbolic processes & body’s reactions
  9. 9. Behavior guided by health purposes or reinforced by health outcomes Refers to those activities undertaken by people to avoid disease & to detect asymptomatic infections through appropriate screening tests Eg; - use of condoms - Keeping good health-habits (use of seat- belts, regular brushing of teeth, non- smoking)
  10. 10. Refers to how people react to symptom A friend / acquaintance is approached first before seeking formal medical advice Activities used to cure disease & restore health Cooperation of patients is important
  11. 11.  Early marriages for girls in certain traditional rural families High fertility & consequences of teenage pregnancy  Polygamy large family size  Polyandry Reduction in family sizes  Resistance of men to vasectomy  Universality of marriage in India No problem of unmarried mothers & illegitimate children
  12. 12. - Classification of responses: : habits, skills : emotions, feelings, tension perceptions, thinking, reasoning
  13. 13. i) Environmental stimuli: - Environmental stimuli generate nerve impulses, which reaching cerebral cortex & being assembled & evaluated, generates ones “conscious behavior”. - Determined by standards/expectations of society ii) Emotions & feelings: - Seat of primary emotions(anger, joy, hunger): thalamus - functions under cerebral cortex iii) Needs: - wants, desires, urges iv) Motivation: - Inner force driving individual to certain action v) Intellectual perceptions:
  14. 14. May be active or passive Loss of temper & making complaint Self isolation/ avoidance Making excuse Acceptance of failure with good spirit & making behavioral changes
  15. 15. A. Respondent learning: - Dependent upon the theory of respondent conditioning by Ivan Pavlov - Plays important role in many health problems & several therapeutic approaches are based on this principle - Peptic ulcer related to psychological stress B. Operant learning: - Behaviors are controlled by their consequences or environmental events that follow the behavior - Four techniques for modifying operant behavior - i)positive reinforcement, ii)punishment, iii)negative
  16. 16. Change in Health Behavior Social Support Goal specification Self- reinforcement Self monitoring Stimulus control
  17. 17. - Fear - Anger - Love - Hatred - Jealousy - Moodiness - Joy - Sorrow - Sympathy - Pity - Lust - Grief
  18. 18. - Most common emotion of man. - May produce excitement, depression, fight, flight - Fear of dark, fear of death, fear of dogs, fear of snakes, fear of ghosts, fear of sickness - When fear become exaggerate/ unnecessary: Phobia; common in patients with mental disorder
  19. 19. - Offensive reaction - Destructive in nature - If not controlled timely, may impel a person to commit crimes such as murder - Manifest in symptoms such as sapid pulse & breathing, flushing, tremors, sweating, dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea, raised blood pressure - Anxiety → Tension→ Pain - Doctor/ nurse has great role in relieving anxiety  Love - Feeling of attachment to some person
  20. 20.  Disorders of emotion may impede human efficiency: - Lack of concentration - Lack of appetite - Increased risk of accidents - Lack of sleep - Palpitation - Temper tantrums - Abdominal pains Emotional disorder - Spasms in children - Tics - Anti-social behavior
  21. 21. Essential hypertension Peptic ulcer Asthma Ulcerative colitis Disturbed emotional states
  22. 22. Cultivation of hobbies- reading & recreation Adopting a sane philosophy in life to avoid emotional conflicts Trying to understand one’s own limitations Development of a sense of humor - Study of psychology essential to understand the basis of emotion
  23. 23. Inner force driving an individual to a certain action Determines human behavior May be positive / negative Motives, needs, wants, urges –all interrelated a) Biological needs: - Food, sleep, rest, recreation, fresh air b) Social needs: - Need for company, love & affection; need for recognition; need for education c) Ego-integrative needs: - Desire for prestige, power & self-respect
  24. 24. - Stimulate motivation & encourage specific behaviors - May be intrinsic/extrinsic, material/psycholo gical, self determined/ selected by others
  25. 25. Legislation: - supports, promotes , maintains activities at community level - Should be compatible with the political, cultural, s ocial & economic situation of the country/ region - Should satisfy requirements
  26. 26. A psychological skill Consists of perception & attention Requires correct use of following senses: seeing, hearing, touch, smell, movements  correct observation → correct thinking, reasoning learning Correct observation promotes attention Sustained attention → concentration
  27. 27. Perception observation, recognition & discriminition Visual perception Auditory perception Muscular perception Disorders of perception i. Imperception: inability to recognize.(? Damage sensory organs) ii. Illusion: false perception. may be auditory or visual iii. Hallucinations: imaginary perception. Found in mental disorder
  28. 28. Acquired Permanent ways of behaving Three components: a) Cognitive/knowled ge : b) Affective/feeling: c) Tendency to action: - Attitudes are learnt through social interaction
  29. 29. Views held by people on a point of dispute Based on evidence available on time Temporary, provisional by nature Permanent, stable, almost unchangeable Handed down through generations Accepted without any question Difficult to change
  30. 30. Most significant- self-interest: security, pleasure, self-esteem Group interest: primary & secondary - caste interest - Language group interest - Peer group interest - Interests of religious, social, political, professional groups - Social, regional, national interests
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×