Languageandreligionofaustralia
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  • 1. Impact of English Colonization on Australia: Language & Religion Unit 10 Notes
  • 2. Language of Australia Direct result of British colonization & expansion Australia was the final continent discovered by Europeans Aborigines had inhabited the country for centuries
  • 3. Language 1768: Captain James Cook left England and explored & mapped parts of eastern Australia – Claimed the land for England & named it New South Wales England did not immediately colonize it…
  • 4. Language 1788: England sent a crew to Australia to begin building prisons Earlier, England had been shipping prisoners to American colonies--no longer a choice after the American Revolution 1788-1823: New South Wales was a penal (prison) colony housing convicts and marines
  • 5. Language 1823: British government established Australia’s first Parliament that created criminal and civil courts By 1868: more than 170,000 convicts had arrived in Australia from England – The language of the prisoners was English…
  • 6. Language French government became interested in Australia’s west coast To keep French out, English settlers built new villages and cities as far out as possible – This spread English language to western Australia
  • 7. Language More British immigrants entered Australia during the gold rush of the mid-1800s Thousands of Chinese immigrants arrived as well – Chinese didn’t become an important language because the English-speakers were too plentiful
  • 8. Language When Australia gained its independence from Great Britain, the government wanted to make sure it wouldn’t get too many immigrants It allowed people from England & US to enter the country, but made rules to stop immigrants from Africa & Asia – Encouraged more English speakers to move to Australia
  • 9. Language Today, more than 20% of Australians were born in another country – Half of Australia came from non-English speaking countries Because of Australia’s history, English is still the official language & it’s the most common language spoken
  • 10. Religion 1788: Europeans introduced Christianity to Australia – Irish convicts were Catholic, while most others were Methodist or Anglican 1800s: European settlers brought their traditional churches to Australia--Church of England (now Anglican Church), Methodist, Catholic, Presbyterian, Congregationalist, & Baptist
  • 11. Religion Today, most Australians are Christians – Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church claim the most members Muslims, Buddhists, Jews, & Hindus combined make up less than 5% of the population