Impact of English Colonization
on Australia:
Language & Religion
Unit 10 Notes
Language of Australia
Direct result of British colonization &
expansion
Australia was the final continent
discovered by Eu...
Language
1768: Captain James Cook left England
and explored & mapped parts of
eastern Australia
– Claimed the land for Eng...
Language
1788: England sent a crew to Australia to
begin building prisons
Earlier, England had been shipping prisoners
to ...
Language
1823: British government established
Australia’s first Parliament that created
criminal and civil courts
By 1868:...
Language
French government became interested
in Australia’s west coast
To keep French out, English settlers
built new vill...
Language
More British immigrants entered
Australia during the gold rush of the
mid-1800s
Thousands of Chinese immigrants
a...
Language
When Australia gained its independence from
Great Britain, the government wanted to
make sure it wouldn’t get too...
Language
Today, more than 20% of Australians
were born in another country
– Half of Australia came from non-English
speaki...
Religion
1788: Europeans introduced Christianity to
Australia
– Irish convicts were Catholic, while most others
were Metho...
Religion
Today, most Australians are Christians
– Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican
Church claim the most members
Mus...
Languageandreligionofaustralia
Languageandreligionofaustralia
Languageandreligionofaustralia
Languageandreligionofaustralia
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Languageandreligionofaustralia

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Languageandreligionofaustralia

  1. 1. Impact of English Colonization on Australia: Language & Religion Unit 10 Notes
  2. 2. Language of Australia Direct result of British colonization & expansion Australia was the final continent discovered by Europeans Aborigines had inhabited the country for centuries
  3. 3. Language 1768: Captain James Cook left England and explored & mapped parts of eastern Australia – Claimed the land for England & named it New South Wales England did not immediately colonize it…
  4. 4. Language 1788: England sent a crew to Australia to begin building prisons Earlier, England had been shipping prisoners to American colonies--no longer a choice after the American Revolution 1788-1823: New South Wales was a penal (prison) colony housing convicts and marines
  5. 5. Language 1823: British government established Australia’s first Parliament that created criminal and civil courts By 1868: more than 170,000 convicts had arrived in Australia from England – The language of the prisoners was English…
  6. 6. Language French government became interested in Australia’s west coast To keep French out, English settlers built new villages and cities as far out as possible – This spread English language to western Australia
  7. 7. Language More British immigrants entered Australia during the gold rush of the mid-1800s Thousands of Chinese immigrants arrived as well – Chinese didn’t become an important language because the English-speakers were too plentiful
  8. 8. Language When Australia gained its independence from Great Britain, the government wanted to make sure it wouldn’t get too many immigrants It allowed people from England & US to enter the country, but made rules to stop immigrants from Africa & Asia – Encouraged more English speakers to move to Australia
  9. 9. Language Today, more than 20% of Australians were born in another country – Half of Australia came from non-English speaking countries Because of Australia’s history, English is still the official language & it’s the most common language spoken
  10. 10. Religion 1788: Europeans introduced Christianity to Australia – Irish convicts were Catholic, while most others were Methodist or Anglican 1800s: European settlers brought their traditional churches to Australia--Church of England (now Anglican Church), Methodist, Catholic, Presbyterian, Congregationalist, & Baptist
  11. 11. Religion Today, most Australians are Christians – Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church claim the most members Muslims, Buddhists, Jews, & Hindus combined make up less than 5% of the population
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