Australia’s Government
Australia’s Government
• Australia has a federal parliamentary
democracy.
• There are three key factors that determine
Aus...
Form of Leadership
• Queen Elizabeth II (England) is the head of state.
– She does not run the country, but she signs laws...
Type of Legislature
• An elected government operates the country.
• Every 4 years, citizens who are over 18 vote for
membe...
Type of Legislature
• House of Representatives: Australia is
divided into areas called electorates;
people living in each ...
Role of the Citizen
• democracy: voters choose the lawmakers
• Everyone who is 18 or over is required by law to
vote.
– Ci...
Role of the Citizen
• Australians enjoy many freedoms.
– freedom of religion, speech, job choice, travel,
etc.
• They can ...
Your Task:
• Create a brochure that informs others about
Australia’s government. Please include a section for
each of the ...
Your Task:
• Create a brochure that informs others about
Australia’s government. Please include a section for
each of the ...
3australiasgovernment
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3australiasgovernment

  1. 1. Australia’s Government
  2. 2. Australia’s Government • Australia has a federal parliamentary democracy. • There are three key factors that determine Australia’s government: – form of leadership – type of legislature – role of the citizen
  3. 3. Form of Leadership • Queen Elizabeth II (England) is the head of state. – She does not run the country, but she signs laws, approves elections, and is commander-in-chief of the military. • The prime minister recommends someone to represent the Queen in Australia—the governor- general. • The prime minister is the head of the government & has the most political power. – leader of the political party with the most members in the Commonwealth Parliament
  4. 4. Type of Legislature • An elected government operates the country. • Every 4 years, citizens who are over 18 vote for members of parliament. • Parliament meets several times a year and makes laws that affect how Australians live. • There are 2 houses of the Commonwealth Parliament: – House of Representatives – Senate
  5. 5. Type of Legislature • House of Representatives: Australia is divided into areas called electorates; people living in each electorate vote for a person to represent them in parliament. – elected person becomes the MP of the House of Representatives for that area • Senate: people from each state and the 2 territories elect 12 people to be their senators
  6. 6. Role of the Citizen • democracy: voters choose the lawmakers • Everyone who is 18 or over is required by law to vote. – Citizens can be fined or go to court if they don’t vote. • Citizens vote for MPs -- the leader of the party that gets the most votes becomes the prime minister. • Voters do not vote for the head of state (Queen), the governor-general, or directly for the prime minister.
  7. 7. Role of the Citizen • Australians enjoy many freedoms. – freedom of religion, speech, job choice, travel, etc. • They can vote for the leaders that make laws and lead the country. • Their level of freedom is similar to what people have in the United Kingdom & the United States.
  8. 8. Your Task: • Create a brochure that informs others about Australia’s government. Please include a section for each of the following: • 1. Leadership – Describe the 3 leaders • 2. Legislature – Describe the 2 houses of Australia’s Parliament • 3. Role of the Citizen – Who gets to vote? What freedoms do citizens have?
  9. 9. Your Task: • Create a brochure that informs others about Australia’s government. Please include a section for each of the following: • 1. Leadership – Describe the 3 leaders • 2. Legislature – Describe the 2 houses of Australia’s Parliament • 3. Role of the Citizen – Who gets to vote? What freedoms do citizens have?
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