Hugh Griffiths: Improving health outcomes for people with long-term conditions


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Dr Hugh Griffiths, Acting National Clinical Director for Mental Health, Department of Health, outlines the key themes of the government’s mental health strategy for England and looks at how outcomes for people with physical and mental health conditions can be improved.

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  • Hugh Griffiths: Improving health outcomes for people with long-term conditions

    1. 1. The Mental Health and Physical Health Interface Dr Hugh Griffiths National Clinical Director for Mental Health
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The scale </li></ul><ul><li>The mental health strategy for England </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>themes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>headlines </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mental health and QIPP </li></ul><ul><li>The interface </li></ul><ul><li>Future developments </li></ul>
    3. 3. The scale <ul><li>1 in 4 people </li></ul><ul><li>Cost to English economy £77 billion pa. </li></ul><ul><li>More likely £105 billion pa. </li></ul><ul><li>A million people on IB </li></ul><ul><li>A third of GP consultations </li></ul><ul><li>Largest proportion of disease burden </li></ul><ul><li>Premature mortality </li></ul>
    4. 4. Mental Health Strategy A strategy to continue to transform the mental health and well-being of the nation An ambition to mainstream mental health and achieve ‘parity of esteem’ with physical health The aim for mental health to be ‘everyone’s business’ – all of Government, employers, education, third sector
    5. 5. Mental Health Strategy - Themes <ul><li>Services and public mental health </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes and quality </li></ul><ul><li>A life-course approach </li></ul><ul><li>Early intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Patient choice and control (personalisation) </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing inequality and tackling stigma </li></ul><ul><li>Improving efficiency (QIPP) in the context of a challenging financial climate </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>More people with mental health problems will recover </li></ul>Objectives <ul><li>More people will have good mental health </li></ul><ul><li>More people with mental health problems will have good physical health </li></ul><ul><li>More people will have a positive experience of care and support </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer people will suffer avoidable harm </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer people will experience stigma and discrimination </li></ul>Mental Health Strategy
    7. 7. A Cross-Government Mental Health Strategy <ul><li>Good mental health is essential for everyone </li></ul><ul><li>Improving public mental health and well-being, with prevention and early intervention, can cut the £105bn annual cost of mental ill health </li></ul><ul><li>People with mental ill-health are likely to have better outcomes if they have real, well-informed choices over their care </li></ul><ul><li>A twin-track approach will improve outcomes for people with mental ill-health and build resilience and well-being to prevent mental ill-health in the whole community </li></ul><ul><li>How public service reforms will work for mental health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A “Call to Action” with key stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key messages for a cross government mental health strategy </li></ul>
    8. 8. A Call to Action
    9. 9. Quality, Innovation, Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) <ul><li>Three mental health elements: </li></ul><ul><li>The acute care pathway </li></ul><ul><li>Local variations </li></ul><ul><li>Out of area treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Allocative efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and mental health </li></ul><ul><li>Medically Unexplained Symptoms, </li></ul><ul><li>co-morbidities </li></ul>
    10. 10. The interface <ul><li>Severe mental illness </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high rate of co-morbidities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>premature mortality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>smoking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Medically unexplained symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high rate of psychological disorder </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high rate of co-morbidities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>diabetes and heart disease </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>affect outcomes </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. The interface <ul><li>Having a mental health problem increases the risk associated with physical ill health. Co-morbid depression with coronary heart disease in adults increases the risk of mortality by 50%. </li></ul><ul><li>People with mental health problems such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder die on average 16–25 years younger than the general population and are also less likely to benefit from mainstream screening and public health programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Mental health problems such as depression are also much more common in people with physical illness. Having co-morbid physical and mental health problems delays recovery from both. </li></ul>
    12. 12. The interface <ul><li>People with one long-term conditions are two to three times more likely to develop depression than the rest of the population. People with three or more conditions are seven times more likely to have depression . </li></ul><ul><li>Adults with both physical and mental health problems are much less likely to be in employment. (Department of Health, 2011a) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-morbidities are increasing </li></ul>
    13. 13. Potential problems <ul><li>Stigma </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Service design </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioning </li></ul>
    14. 14. Integrated care pathway
    15. 15. (Dis)integrated care pathway
    16. 17. The interface <ul><li>Medically unexplained symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IAPT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specific interventions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IAPT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specific models such as RAID </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compendium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Quality and cost </li></ul>
    17. 18. The interface <ul><li>Outcomes framework </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mortality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>quality of life (employment) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>strategies (eg COPD) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>guidelines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>quality standards </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Implementation <ul><li>Embedded in reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Social movement </li></ul><ul><li>Coherent narrative </li></ul><ul><li>The Joint Commissioning Panel </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RCPsych and RCGP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The NHS Commissioning Board </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Position mental health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Managed Networks </li></ul>
    19. 20. Where to find strategy documents <ul><li>Strategy and companion document – “Delivering better mental health outcomes for people of all ages” available at : </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Also, “Talking Therapies: a four-year plan of action” and: </li></ul><ul><li>Impact Assessment and Analysis of Impact on Equality </li></ul>