Phoenicians and Hebrews

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  • 1. In this lesson, students will identify characteristics of Phoenician civilization. Students will be able to define and/or identify the following terms: Phoenicians Alphabet Cultural Diffusion E. Napp
  • 2. Phoenicia was located in Southwest Asia. E. Napp
  • 3. The Phoenicians were a Semitic-speaking people. They settled in small city-states in present-day Lebanon. There were few natural resources in their land. So, they turned to the seas. E. Napp
  • 4. galley The Phoenicians were seafaring traders. They sailed the Mediterranean sea. E. Napp
  • 5. By 900 B.C., the Phoenicians dominated Mediterranean trade. The Phoenicians were able to build a civilization without relying on agriculture. Income generated by trade allowed the Phoenicians to build permanent settlements. E. Napp
  • 6. These are Phoenician coins. Phoenician money was minted by individual cities. E. Napp
  • 7. The Phoenicians invented the world’s first alphabet. Each of the twenty-two Phoenician alphabet symbols represented a different sound. The Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet. From the Phoenician and Greek alphabets come our alphabet. E. Napp
  • 8. An alphabet based on symbols representing sounds is easier to learn than the use of characters. E. Napp
  • 9. E. Napp
  • 10. The Phoenicians established trading colonies throughout the Mediterranean region. A colony is a region controlled by a distant country. Carthage was a famous Phoenician trading colony in North Africa. E. Napp
  • 11. Carthage was a Phoenician colony located in North Africa. E. Napp
  • 12. The Phoenicians made their own purple dye. The Phoenicians had a monopoly on the market for purple. The Phoenicians crushed shellfish to make their purple dye. E. Napp
  • 13. The Phoenicians established many colonies. E. Napp
  • 14. Travel and trade encouraged cultural diffusion. E. Napp
  • 15. Who were the Phoenicians? Why did the Phoenicians turn to the seas? What was Carthage? Name the most significant Phoenician contribution to world history. Why was Phoenicia known for its purple? How did Phoenicia’s location benefit it? Why do we remember Phoenicia? E. Napp
  • 16. Why did Abraham migrate to Palestine? How do polytheists differ from monotheists? Provide an example of how Judaism is a moral and ethical religion. Summary of what you have learned today: E. Napp
  • 17. In this lesson, students will be able to identify characteristics of Judaism. Students will be able to define and/or identify the following terms: Hebrews Monotheism Judaism Ten Commandments E. Napp
  • 18. E. Napp
  • 19. The Hebrews were originally nomadic pastoralists. The Hebrews migrated to Palestine (present-day Israel). The Hebrews believe that they are descendants of Abraham. Abraham became a monotheist. E. Napp
  • 20. Monotheism is the belief in one God. E. Napp
  • 21. The Hebrews believe that they are descendants of Abraham. The Hebrews believed that Abraham originally lived in Mesopotamia. The people of Mesopotamia believed in many gods (polytheism). However, Abraham believed in one God (monotheism). Abraham believed that God told him to leave Mesopotamia and migrate to Palestine. E. Napp
  • 22. The religion of the descendants of Abraham is called Judaism. Judaism is the first, lasting monotheistic religion. From Judaism come two other significant religions in world history: Christianity and Islam. E. Napp
  • 23. The Hebrews lived in Palestine for many years. However, after a terrible famine, The Hebrews migrated to Egypt. In Egypt, Moses was born. E. Napp
  • 24. The Hebrews migrated to Egypt during a time of famine in Palestine. Initially, the Hebrews were treated well in Egypt. However, the Hebrews were eventually enslaved by the Egyptians. Under the leadership of Moses, the Hebrews fled Egypt (the Exodus). E. Napp
  • 25. On the journey to Palestine, Moses received the Ten Commandments. E. Napp
  • 26. Judaism is the world’s first moral and ethical religion. It teaches followers to obey moral and ethical rules. The Ten Commandments provide an example of the moral and ethical nature of the Jewish religion. E. Napp
  • 27. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are called the Torah. The Torah is very important to Jews. E. Napp
  • 28. The Hebrews or Jews believe that they have a covenant with God. A covenant is an agreement. The Hebrews believe that if they obey God’s commandments, God will bless them. However, if they fail to obey God’s commandments, God will punish them. E. Napp
  • 29. A synagogue is a Jewish house of worship. E. Napp