Greek geography
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  • 1. E. Napp
  • 2. E. Napp
  • 3. • In this lesson, students will identify characteristics of Greece’s geography and its impact on the development of ancient cultures. • Students will be able to identify and/or define the following terms and concepts: The Geography of Greece Geographic Effects on Greek cultures • Polis • • E. Napp
  • 4. Greece is mountainous. E. Napp
  • 5. Greece is a mountainous peninsula with islands. E. Napp
  • 6.  Its hilly terrain made farming difficult  Its location encouraged trade. E. Napp
  • 7. Mountains separated Greek cities. E. Napp
  • 8.  The ancient Greeks never developed a unified system of government.  The ancient Greeks developed the polis or city-state. E. Napp
  • 9. This magnificent building is the Parthenon. The Parthenon was a temple in Athens, a Greek polis. Athens E. Napp
  • 10.  Athens was an important polis in ancient Greece.  The people of Athens developed democracy.  Democracy is a system of government where citizens vote or participate in government. E. Napp
  • 11. In Athenian democracy, only free men born in Athens could vote. Women, slaves, and foreigners could not vote. E. Napp
  • 12. This is a painting of the famous Athenian philosopher, Socrates. He encouraged his followers to ask questions. E. Napp
  • 13.  Athens experienced a golden age.  A golden age is a time of peace, prosperity, and great achievements.  The Athenians produced great works of literature, philosophy, and art. E. Napp
  • 14. Sparta was another important Greek polis. E. Napp
  • 15.  Sparta was a militaristic polis.  In Sparta, all men had to serve in the military.  Weak or disabled babies were left to die. Sparta Video E. Napp
  • 16. A Spartan’s life revolved around the military. A Spartan man was a soldier for most of his life. E. Napp
  • 17. E. Napp
  • 18.  How would you feel if your entire life revolved around fighting and being a soldier? E. Napp
  • 19.  The Spartans had helots or slaves.  The helots farmed for the Spartans.  While the helots farmed, the Spartans focused on military affairs.  Life in Sparta differed greatly from life in Athens. E. Napp
  • 20. The Spartans had enslaved the helots. E. Napp
  • 21.      What was a polis and why did the Greeks develop the polis? Define a golden age and name a Greek polis that experienced a golden age. List three differences between the ancient Greek polis of Athens and Sparta. Who were the helots and how were they treated? Describe Athenian democracy. E. Napp