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Introduction systems &synergy


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  • 1. 1.1.1 Systems and Synergy ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 1
  • 2. What do these, and the previous pictures, have in common? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 2
  • 3. They are all Systems ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 3
  • 4. What is the meaning of the word system? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 4
  • 5. A system is something that: 1. Is made up of individual component parts that work together to perform a particular function 2. A bicycle is an example of a system ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 5
  • 6. But if the parts of the bicycle are piled up in the middle of the room, they cease to work together and thus stop being a system. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 6
  • 7. So a system could be...? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 7
  • 8. • • • • • • • • ESS/GURU/2013 A building a flower an atom a political party a car your body furniture an electric circuit SYSTMES & MODELS 8
  • 9. Why use Systems Concept Why do we use Systems? • Useful for understanding and explaining phenomena • A holistic approach that can lead to a deeper understanding and possibly to further discoveries ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 9
  • 10. SYNERGY • One of the most fascinating characteristics of any and all structures is the characteristic called SYNERGY ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 10
  • 11. WHAT IS SYNERGY? • A state in which two or more things work together in a particularly fruitful way that produces an effect greater the sum of their individual effects. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 11
  • 13. Another way to say this is : • Even if you know all the parts that make up a system you still cannot know or even predict how the whole system is going to behave or work. • Can you give an example of this?? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 13
  • 14. The Human Body 1. If you take all the stuff that makes up a person, you would find that we are made up of: 2. Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Carbon, Water, Calcium, Sodium, Magnesium, Sulfur, Iron and many other elements. The total cost of all of these things at the store is about……???? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 14
  • 15. $ 1.00 • That’s right. About $ 1.00. • You could never be able to explain YOUR behaviour or all the things that YOU do, or all the different aspects of you, if you looked at just the stuff that makes you up. Never in a million years. • This is what we mean by SYNERGY. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 15
  • 16. Even if you looked at the next level up…the Cell 1. Even if you knew what all the cells in your body do, you still could not describe YOU. 2. Something very unique and new and unpredictable happens when the parts of a system work together. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 16
  • 17. What is a Model? What is a model? • A representation or a simulation, could be conceptual, physical, mathematical ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 17
  • 18. Why Models Why models? • The real thing is not available or it’s impractical • Too rare, too complex, too big, too expensive ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 18
  • 19. How to evaluate a model? • Does it explain past observations • Does it agree with other models • Does it predict accurately ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 19
  • 20. Try this Puzzle. • Using 6 sticks, all the same length, make 4 triangles, each with sides the length of the stick ESS/GURU/2013 • Hint #1: Think in a new way. Synergy has new and unique ways of changing things. Making them unexpected, unpredictable SYSTMES & MODELS 20
  • 21. Hint #2 Think in 3-D ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 21
  • 22. Ready for the Answer? • The Answer is…. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 22
  • 23. The Tetrahedron ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 23
  • 24. The Tetrahedron is the Simplest Structural System in the Universe 1. The Tetrahedronmade of 6 sticks, 4 equilateral triangles, all 60 degrees, each vertex is part of 3 triangles 2. the strongest structure for its volume and Surface area. 3. Eg; diamonds ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 24
  • 25. RECAP • • • • • • What is SYSTEM? Examples of SYSTEM? Why do we use Systems? What is SYNERGY? Examples of SYNERGY? What is MODEL? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 25
  • 26. Synergy 1. Even in the simple tetrahedron we have synergy. Because until the last stick or strut or member or piece or whatever you call it is added there is no structure at all. It would collapse. Try it!!! 2. Imagine all the synergy going on in your body which is much more complex than a tetrahedron. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 26
  • 27. Another example of synergy • Ordinary Table Salt (NaCl, Sodium Chloride) • Synergy: The behaviour of whole systems that is unpredicted by knowing the behaviour of the individual parts taken separately • Na (sodium) is a metal, highly reactive in water, explosive, burns with a yellow flame. • Cl (chlorine) is a deadly greenish gas. • Both of these elements when taken separately are poisonous and deadly BUT ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 27
  • 28. SALT • When combined, we witness synergy. Two deadly substances combine to produce something that we cannot live without. • Something unique and new and unpredictable happens when two or more things come together and work together ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 28
  • 29. Atoms combine together to form structural systems 1. The behaviour of the table salt is totally unpredictable by simply knowing the behaviour of the individual parts. 2. All nature, all systems, all structures display synergy. The Universe is the Synergy of Synergies. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 29
  • 30. Another interesting aspect of Synergy • When we understand how the parts of a structure interact together to make something new and unique and unpredictable, we can also see that when we bring together ESS/GURU/2013 • Ideas from different areas, such as math, art, music, science they will have a synergetic effect. That is, they provide the potential for great new discoveries. SYSTMES & MODELS 30
  • 31. Discovery • One great truth about discovery is that, “One discovery often leads to further discoveries” ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 31
  • 32. Bring different ideas Together • One of the best places to find ideas for structural systems is in NATURE. • Nature always uses the most economical, efficient and reliable structural systems ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 32
  • 33. Ecosystems Ecological Systems • Ecological Systems follow the laws of synergy as well. • It is the interrelationships between the parts that produces the behaviour of the whole. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 33