1.1.1 Systems and Synergy

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

1
What do these, and the previous pictures, have in
common?

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

2
They are all Systems

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

3
What is the meaning of the word
system?

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

4
A system is something that:
1. Is made up of
individual
component parts that
work together to
perform a particular
functio...
But if the parts of the bicycle are piled up in
the middle of the room, they cease to work
together and thus stop being a ...
So a system could be...?

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

7
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ESS/GURU/2013

A building
a flower
an atom
a political party
a car
your body
furniture
an electric circuit...
Why use Systems Concept
Why do we use Systems?
• Useful for understanding and explaining
phenomena
• A holistic approach t...
SYNERGY
• One of the most fascinating

characteristics of any and all structures
is the characteristic called SYNERGY

ESS...
WHAT IS SYNERGY?

• A state in which two or
more things work together
in a particularly fruitful
way that produces an effe...
EXAMPLE OF SYNERGY

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

12
Another way to say this is :
• Even if you know all
the parts that make up
a system you still
cannot know or even
predict ...
The Human Body
1. If you take all the stuff that
makes up a person, you would
find that we are made up of:
2. Hydrogen, Ni...
$ 1.00
• That’s right. About $ 1.00.
• You could never be able to explain YOUR
behaviour or all the things that YOU do, or...
Even if you looked at the next
level up…the Cell
1. Even if you knew what
all the cells in your
body do, you still could
n...
What is a Model?
What is a model?
• A representation or a simulation, could be
conceptual, physical, mathematical

ESS/GUR...
Why Models
Why models?
• The real thing is not available or it’s
impractical
• Too rare, too complex, too big, too
expensi...
How to evaluate a model?
• Does it explain past observations
• Does it agree with other models
• Does it predict accuratel...
Try this Puzzle.
• Using 6 sticks, all
the same length,
make 4 triangles,
each with sides
the length of the
stick

ESS/GUR...
Hint #2
Think in 3-D

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

21
Ready for the Answer?
• The Answer is….

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

22
The Tetrahedron

ESS/GURU/2013

SYSTMES & MODELS

23
The Tetrahedron is the Simplest
Structural System in the Universe
1. The Tetrahedronmade of 6 sticks, 4
equilateral triang...
RECAP
•
•
•
•
•
•

What is SYSTEM?
Examples of SYSTEM?
Why do we use Systems?
What is SYNERGY?
Examples of SYNERGY?
What i...
Synergy
1. Even in the simple tetrahedron
we have synergy. Because until
the last stick or strut or member
or piece or wha...
Another example of synergy
• Ordinary Table Salt (NaCl, Sodium Chloride)

• Synergy: The behaviour of whole systems that i...
SALT
• When combined, we witness synergy.
Two deadly substances combine to
produce something that we cannot live
without.
...
Atoms combine together to form
structural systems
1. The behaviour of the
table salt is totally
unpredictable by
simply kn...
Another interesting aspect of
Synergy
• When we understand
how the parts of a
structure interact
together to make
somethin...
Discovery
• One great truth about
discovery is that,

“One discovery
often leads to
further
discoveries”

ESS/GURU/2013

S...
Bring different ideas Together
• One of the best places
to find ideas for
structural systems is in
NATURE.
• Nature always...
Ecosystems
Ecological Systems
• Ecological Systems follow the laws of
synergy as well.
• It is the interrelationships betw...
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Introduction systems &synergy

  1. 1. 1.1.1 Systems and Synergy ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 1
  2. 2. What do these, and the previous pictures, have in common? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 2
  3. 3. They are all Systems ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 3
  4. 4. What is the meaning of the word system? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 4
  5. 5. A system is something that: 1. Is made up of individual component parts that work together to perform a particular function 2. A bicycle is an example of a system ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 5
  6. 6. But if the parts of the bicycle are piled up in the middle of the room, they cease to work together and thus stop being a system. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 6
  7. 7. So a system could be...? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 7
  8. 8. • • • • • • • • ESS/GURU/2013 A building a flower an atom a political party a car your body furniture an electric circuit SYSTMES & MODELS 8
  9. 9. Why use Systems Concept Why do we use Systems? • Useful for understanding and explaining phenomena • A holistic approach that can lead to a deeper understanding and possibly to further discoveries ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 9
  10. 10. SYNERGY • One of the most fascinating characteristics of any and all structures is the characteristic called SYNERGY ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 10
  11. 11. WHAT IS SYNERGY? • A state in which two or more things work together in a particularly fruitful way that produces an effect greater the sum of their individual effects. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 11
  12. 12. EXAMPLE OF SYNERGY ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 12
  13. 13. Another way to say this is : • Even if you know all the parts that make up a system you still cannot know or even predict how the whole system is going to behave or work. • Can you give an example of this?? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 13
  14. 14. The Human Body 1. If you take all the stuff that makes up a person, you would find that we are made up of: 2. Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Carbon, Water, Calcium, Sodium, Magnesium, Sulfur, Iron and many other elements. The total cost of all of these things at the store is about……???? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 14
  15. 15. $ 1.00 • That’s right. About $ 1.00. • You could never be able to explain YOUR behaviour or all the things that YOU do, or all the different aspects of you, if you looked at just the stuff that makes you up. Never in a million years. • This is what we mean by SYNERGY. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 15
  16. 16. Even if you looked at the next level up…the Cell 1. Even if you knew what all the cells in your body do, you still could not describe YOU. 2. Something very unique and new and unpredictable happens when the parts of a system work together. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 16
  17. 17. What is a Model? What is a model? • A representation or a simulation, could be conceptual, physical, mathematical ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 17
  18. 18. Why Models Why models? • The real thing is not available or it’s impractical • Too rare, too complex, too big, too expensive ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 18
  19. 19. How to evaluate a model? • Does it explain past observations • Does it agree with other models • Does it predict accurately ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 19
  20. 20. Try this Puzzle. • Using 6 sticks, all the same length, make 4 triangles, each with sides the length of the stick ESS/GURU/2013 • Hint #1: Think in a new way. Synergy has new and unique ways of changing things. Making them unexpected, unpredictable SYSTMES & MODELS 20
  21. 21. Hint #2 Think in 3-D ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 21
  22. 22. Ready for the Answer? • The Answer is…. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 22
  23. 23. The Tetrahedron ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 23
  24. 24. The Tetrahedron is the Simplest Structural System in the Universe 1. The Tetrahedronmade of 6 sticks, 4 equilateral triangles, all 60 degrees, each vertex is part of 3 triangles 2. the strongest structure for its volume and Surface area. 3. Eg; diamonds ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 24
  25. 25. RECAP • • • • • • What is SYSTEM? Examples of SYSTEM? Why do we use Systems? What is SYNERGY? Examples of SYNERGY? What is MODEL? ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 25
  26. 26. Synergy 1. Even in the simple tetrahedron we have synergy. Because until the last stick or strut or member or piece or whatever you call it is added there is no structure at all. It would collapse. Try it!!! 2. Imagine all the synergy going on in your body which is much more complex than a tetrahedron. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 26
  27. 27. Another example of synergy • Ordinary Table Salt (NaCl, Sodium Chloride) • Synergy: The behaviour of whole systems that is unpredicted by knowing the behaviour of the individual parts taken separately • Na (sodium) is a metal, highly reactive in water, explosive, burns with a yellow flame. • Cl (chlorine) is a deadly greenish gas. • Both of these elements when taken separately are poisonous and deadly BUT ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 27
  28. 28. SALT • When combined, we witness synergy. Two deadly substances combine to produce something that we cannot live without. • Something unique and new and unpredictable happens when two or more things come together and work together ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 28
  29. 29. Atoms combine together to form structural systems 1. The behaviour of the table salt is totally unpredictable by simply knowing the behaviour of the individual parts. 2. All nature, all systems, all structures display synergy. The Universe is the Synergy of Synergies. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 29
  30. 30. Another interesting aspect of Synergy • When we understand how the parts of a structure interact together to make something new and unique and unpredictable, we can also see that when we bring together ESS/GURU/2013 • Ideas from different areas, such as math, art, music, science they will have a synergetic effect. That is, they provide the potential for great new discoveries. SYSTMES & MODELS 30
  31. 31. Discovery • One great truth about discovery is that, “One discovery often leads to further discoveries” ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 31
  32. 32. Bring different ideas Together • One of the best places to find ideas for structural systems is in NATURE. • Nature always uses the most economical, efficient and reliable structural systems ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 32
  33. 33. Ecosystems Ecological Systems • Ecological Systems follow the laws of synergy as well. • It is the interrelationships between the parts that produces the behaviour of the whole. ESS/GURU/2013 SYSTMES & MODELS 33

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