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The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
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The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
The Universal Mercy of the Prophet  Muhammad’s Mission
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The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission

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The Universal Mercy of the Prophet …

The Universal Mercy of the Prophet
Muhammad’s Mission

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  • 1. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission (may the salutations of Allah’s praise, prayers, peace andblessings be upon him and his family and those who faithfully follow after them)Allah the Almighty and Exalted Lord of the Universe said in the Majestic Qur`an: ﴾ ‫ﻠﻌﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﺭﺳﻠﻨﺎﻙ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻟ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬    ‫ ﹰ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬  “And We have not sent you except as a mercy for the universe” The Messenger of Allah peace and blessings be upon him, said: ?KKK? “… and verily I was only sent as a mercy.” Preparation and Presentation by Abu Salman Deya ud-Deen Eberle ‫ﺟﻤﻊ وﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ‬ ‫أﺑﻮ ﺳـــﻠﻤﺎن ﺿﻴﺎء اﻟﺪﻳﻦ اﺑﺮﻟﻲ‬
  • 2. 2 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission Table of Contents Introduction.................................................................................................. 4   Importance of basic terminology and authentication of sources ............. 7   Allah, The One God, ( ‫ 7 ........................................................................ )اﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﱠﻪ‬ ُ Islam, Submission, ( ‫ 41 .................................................................... )اﻹﺳﻼ‬ ‫ِ ْ َم‬ ِ Ibadah, Worship ( ) .......................................................................... 24  ‫ﻋﺒﺎدة‬ Quran, Recitation ( ‫ 92 ....................................................................... )اﻟﻘﺮﺁن‬ The Sunnah ( ) ................................................................................. 30  ‫اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ Importance of Reference to the Quran and the Sunnah ..................... 36   On the Sahaabah (companions) and Khulafa`a (Caliphs), and others ................................................................................................................. 43   Note on Knowledge and Action ............................................................ 48   Note on Deviancy and Sectarianism..................................................... 64   Nature of Mercy ......................................................................................... 73   ‫ﻟﻤﺎ ﻧﻔﺦ ﻓﻲ ﺁدم اﻟﺮوح ﻣﺎرت و ﻃﺎرت ﻓﺼﺎرت ﻓﻲ رأﺳﻪ ﻓﻌﻄﺲ ﻓﻘﺎل : اﻟﺤﻤﺪ ﷲ رب اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﻦ ﻓﻘﺎل‬‫47 ................................................................................................. اﷲ : ﻳﺮﺣﻤﻚ اﷲ‬   Allah the Most Compassionate and Merciful, sends His Prophet of Mercy, with the Message of Mercy ........................................................... 78   Allah the Most Merciful in all senses.................................................... 78   ‫58 .......................... اﻟﻜﺒﺎﺋﺮ : اﻟﺸﺮك ﺑﺎﷲ و اﻹﻳﺎس ﻣﻦ روح اﷲ و اﻟﻘﻨﻮط ﻣﻦ رﺣﻤﺔ اﷲ‬   Revelation as Mercy from Allah ............................................................ 87   Does Allah’s punishment contradict Mercy? ....................................... 90   Nabi ar-Rahmah, Prophet of Mercy ....................................................... 103   Prophet of Mercy in the Majestic Quran ............................................ 105   ‫أﻧﺎ أوﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ أﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﻓﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺘﺮك دﻳﻨﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﻗﻀﺎؤﻩ و ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮك‬ ‫901 ........................................................................................ ﻣﺎﻻ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻟﻮرﺛﺘﻪ‬   Prophet of Mercy in the Sunnah and the historical biography (Seerah) ............................................................................................................... 115  ‫611 ........................... أﻧﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ و أﺣﻤﺪ و اﻟﻤﻘﻔﻲ و اﻟﺤﺎﺷﺮ و ﻧﺒﻲ اﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ و ﻧﺒﻲ اﻟﺮﺣﻤﺔ‬   Mercy in the Prophet’s character, peace and blessings be upon him: his mercy and his command to have mercy ....................................... 117   ‫721 ..... أﻓﻼ ﺗﺘﻘﻲ اﷲ ﻓﻲ هﺬﻩ اﻟﺒﻬﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻣﻠﻜﻚ اﷲ إﻳﺎهﺎ ؟ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﺷﻜﺎ إﻟﻲ أﻧﻚ ﺗﺠﻴﻌﻪ وﺗﺪﺋﺒﻪ‬   Universality and Finality of the Message ............................................... 139   Centrality and Institutionalization of the Concept of Mercy ................ 149   ‫ 941 ﺳﺌﻞ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ أي اﻷدﻳﺎن أﺣﺐ إﻟﻰ اﷲ ﻋﺰ وﺟﻞ ﻗﺎل اﻟﺤﻨﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺴﻤﺤﺔ‬ "‫941 ........................................................................ " ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻨﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺴﻤﺤﺔ‬   ".‫941 .............................. " ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻳﻬﻮد أن ﻓﻲ دﻳﻨﻨﺎ ﻓﺴﺤﺔ إﻧﻲ أرﺳﻠﺖ ﺑﺤﻨﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺳﻤﺤﺔ‬  
  • 3. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 3 Muhammad’s Mission " ...‫941 ........... " إﻧﻲ ﻟﻢ أﺑﻌﺚ ﺑﺎﻟﻴﻬﻮدﻳﺔ وﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺼﺮاﻧﻴﺔ وﻟﻜﻨﻲ ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻨﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺴﻤﺤﺔ‬   ‫ 151 .......................................... رﺣﻢ اﷲ رﺟﻼ ﺳﻤﺤﺎ إذا ﺑﺎع وإذا اﺷﺘﺮى وإذا اﻗﺘﻀﻰ‬Mercy in Faith and Worship.................................................................... 151  Mercy in the Entire Social System of Islam ........................................... 169   Mercy of Relations of the Womb......................................................... 171   Mercy of Family life and the rights of parents ................................... 176   Mercy in love relationships.................................................................. 180  Mercy in the Economic System, and the concern for sensible, sustainable development of the environment ........................................ 200  Mercy in the Islamic Political System .................................................... 216   Mercy in the First Islamic State and the Conquests.......................... 216   Issue of Evil and Injustice ................................................................... 234   Mercy Even in the Enforcement of the Prescribed Punishments which Cleanse and Purify ............................................................................... 236  Conclusion : Achieving mercy through repentance .............................. 261  
  • 4. 4 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent in Mercy, the Most Merciful All praise is for Allah the Exalted and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and his family and companions and all those who follow them (and their way) until the Day of Resurrection IntroductionThe Prophet Muhammad was sent by Allah as a mercy for all theworlds, and this is one of the many reasons for which Muslimsinvoke the salutation upon him with the words “may thesalutations, praises, prayers, peace and blessings of Allah be uponhim” or as we say in the Arabic language, (‫,)ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳـﻠﻢ‬SALL ALLAHU ALAIHI WA SALLAM (often shortened to:peace and blessings be upon him)The scriptural basis for the belief that the Prophet Muhammad wassent as a mercy, peace and blessings be upon him, is in the revealedBook of Allah, the Holy Qur`an, when the Almighty and Exaltedsaid in Surat al-Anbiya`a (Chapter of the Prophets: 21):‫ﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﹶﻟﺒﻠﺎﻏﹰﺎ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﴿﴾ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺮﹸﻬ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺰ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺒ‬‫﴿ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﹶﺘ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ ﺼ‬   ‫ ﹺﺛ‬  ‫ ﱢ ﹾ ﹺ ﱠ ﹶ‬    ‫ﺑ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺪ‬   ‫ ﻧ ﻬﻜ‬ ‫ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﻭﺍﺣ‬‫ ﹸﻢ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻰ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻲ ﹶﺃ‬‫ﻮﺣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ ﴿﴾ ﻗﻞ ﹺﺇ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹶﺃﺭﺳﻠﹾﻨﺎﻙ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬‫ﺎﹺﺑﺪ‬‫ﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋ‬ ‫ﹸﹾ ﻧ ﻳ‬    ‫ ﹰ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹺﻟ‬     ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﹶ‬
  • 5. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 5 Muhammad’s Mission‫ﻮﻋﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ ﹶﺃﻡ ﺑ‬ ‫ﺭﹺﻱ ﺃﹶﻗﺮﹺﻳ‬‫ﺍﺀ ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ﺃﹶﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺳ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ ﹸﻢ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ ﻓﹶﻘﻞ ﺁﺫ‬‫ﻮﱠﻮ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﴿﴾ ﻓﺈﹺﻥ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻢ‬‫ﻓﻬﻞ ﹶﺃ‬‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﺪ ﺗ‬ ‫ﹶ ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬ ٍ ‫ﻟ ﹸ ﹾ َ ﹶ ﺘﻜ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ ﻣ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ‬﴾﴿‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻨ ﹲ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻭﻣﺘ‬‫ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺭﹺﻱ ﹶﻟﻌﻠ‬‫ﻤﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ﺃﹶﺩ‬‫ﺗﻜ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻬﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﻮﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻠ‬  ‫﴿﴾ ﹺﻧ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ ﻉ‬   ‫ﺔ ﹸ‬ ‫ ﱠﻪ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾﺘ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬      ‫ ﹶﻢ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺇ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺼ ﹸﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‬‫ﻌﺎﻥ ﻋ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤ‬‫ﺑﻨ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﺏ ﺍﺣﻜﻢ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬   ‫ﻦ‬    ‫ﹸ‬   ‫ﹶ‬“And We have written in the Psalms after the remembrance thatthe land is inherited by My righteous servants. * Verily in this(Quran) is a notification for a people that worship (Allah). And Wehave not sent you except as a mercy to the universe. * Say ‘Indeed itis revealed to me that your god is only one God, so will you beMuslims in submission to Him?’* But if they turn away then say, ‘Ihave announced to all equally, and I do not know whether what youare promised is near or far away. * Indeed, He knows what isopenly declared and He knows what you conceal. * I do not knowbut perhaps this a trial for you, and a mere (respite of) enjoymentfor a time.’ * He (the Prophet) said, O My Lord judge in truth, andour Lord is the Most Beneficent in Mercy, and He is the Onewhose aid is sought against that which you describe (inblasphemy).”The crucial verse for our subject is the saying of Allah, ‘And Wehave not sent you except as a mercy to the universe.’ This qualifiesthe entire mission as a mercy intended to all people. The context isalso important since this declaration came to us in the generalcontext of calling to Islam, to wholehearted submission to Allah, topure monotheism, and to righteous acts of sincere worship beforethe coming of the promised Day of Resurrection. Thus we havethree aspects of this mercy: the sender of mercy, the messenger ofmercy, and the message of mercy. The mercy can only be fullyactivated by our full acceptance of the God of Mercy and hisProphet of Mercy, and by our being truly merciful to others and toourselves by following the teachings of the message of mercy.This book before you will explain the concept of mercy, that Allahis the Most Merciful in the general sense and in the special sense,
  • 6. 6 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionthat mercy permeates the teachings and message of Islam, and thatmercy is the dominant characteristic of the Prophet’s personalityand his mission as the Messenger of Allah to the various worlds ofthe universe. This thread of inquiry will carry us through our entireinvestigation. We will direct the line of search and present ourunderstanding and our elucidation, but will let the presentation ofmany clear scriptures of revelation in Islam from the Qur`an andthe Sunnah speak directly to prove these points with minimalexplanation, by the will and aid of Allah Almighty.Before we initiate this journey we must give some terminology andthe authenticated sources of reliable knowledge about Islam in apreliminary manner to keep the investigation on proper coursesince misconceptions are often derived from misconceptions aboutdefinitions and misinformation from unreliable sources. The author, (a humble slave who continually seeks the mercy of his Lord, Allah, the Most Great and Majestic) Abu Salman Deya ud-Deen Eberle ‫أﺑﻮ ﺳﻠﻤﺎن ﺿﻴﺎء اﻟﺪﻳﻦ أﺑﺮﻟﻲ‬ abusalman102@yahoo.com abusalman102@gmail.com
  • 7. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 7 Muhammad’s MissionImportance of basic terminology and authentication ofsourcesWithout verification of terminology and rigorous crosschecking ofsource information, a researcher always confronts the possibility offalling into grave misconceptions. Faulty information leads to falsepremises and consequent wrong inferences, and subsequently theentire edifice will fall because it is based on weak structures that donot stand up to scrutiny. It is necessary therefore to mention heresome of the most basic terminologies for any discussion aboutIslamic concepts and the authentic sources of knowledge in Islam.In the polemical atmosphere of today’s confrontational mood andmanners between Muslims and those of other faiths and ideologies,we do not wish to add to the preconceived misunderstandings byadditional misconceptions, rather correct them by presenting whatis the best and most authentic.Allah, The One God, (‫)اﻟﻠﻪ‬ ُ‫ﱠ‬The very first term we must discuss for the reader is the word forthe Majestic and Exalted God, “Allah.” Unfortunately there aresome antagonists that wish to propagate that this word means otherthan the One God of the Prophets, as if the word refers to someidol or moon god.1 In Arabic the generic word for deity and god is“ilah” (‫ )ﺇﻟﻪ‬with the dual as Ilahain (‫ )ﺇﳍﲔ‬and the plural as Aalihah(‫ .)ﺁﳍﺔ‬The word Ilah in Arabic means “that which is worshiped”whether rightfully or in folly, thus meaning respectively the OneTrue God, or god as in false gods. In the plural of Arabic Aalihah(‫ )ﺁﳍﺔ‬is always for the false gods and idols. To give some examplesof usage we can say, for instance for the One True God, in1 This outrageous claim is prevalent nowadays on the internet especially among Christian evangelicals who wish to malign Islam falsely. One African friend informed me that as a child the Christian missionaries in his land of Zimbabwe (called Rhodesia at the time) told him that Muslims worship the moon and that is why the crescent is a symbol of Islam on flags and so forth.
  • 8. 8 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionconstructions with pronouns like my God “Ilahi,” and your God“Ilahukum,” and with proper nouns like the God of Abraham“Ilahi Ibraheem.” In the following verse we find “God of yourfathers” as Ilaha aba`ika and “One God” as “Ilahan Wahidan” ( ‫ﺇﳍﺎ‬‫)ﻭﺍﺣﺪا‬‫ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻬﻚ ﻭﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻌ‬ ‫ﻱ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﹺﻴﻪ ﻣ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻌﻘﻮﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻟ‬‫ﺍﺀ ﹺﺇﺫ ﺣﻀﺮ ﻳ‬‫﴿ﹶﺃﻡ ﹸﻨﺘﻢ ﺷﻬﺪ‬    ‫ﺒ ﺪ‬ ‫ﻟ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺒ‬  ‫ ﹾ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹸ‬    ‫ َ ﹾ‬     ‫ ﻛ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺴ‬  ‫ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻧﺤ‬‫ﺍ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺣﺪ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻭﹺﺇﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﻭﺇﹺﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻬ‬‫ﺋﻚ ﹺﺇ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺁﺑ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻪ ﻣ‬       ‫ ﹶ‬       َ “Were you witnesses when death approached Jacob and he said tohis sons, ‘What will you worship after me?’ They said, ‘We willworship your God and the God of your fathers, Abraham andIshmael and Isaac, one God. And we are Muslims (in submission)to Him.” [2:133]Allah relates the amazement of the Arab polytheists at the claim ofmonotheism by the Messenger Muhammad, and what they said tohim: ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﺍﺣ‬‫ﻟﻬﺔ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻬ‬‫ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﺂ‬ ‫ ﻛﹶﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺬﹶﺍ ﺳﺎﺣ‬‫ﻢ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻭﻥ ﻫ‬ ‫ ﻣﻨ‬ ‫ﺬ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺟﺎﺀﻫﻢ ﻣﻨ‬‫﴿ ﻭﻋﺠﺒ‬  ‫ﹶ‬ َ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺮ ﱠ ﺏ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬  ‫ﻬ‬  ‫ﺭ‬    َ  ‫ ﹺ ﹾ‬  ﴾  ‫ﺬﹶﺍ ﹶﻟﺸﻲﺀ ﻋﺠﺎ‬‫ﹺﺇﻥ ﻫ‬ ‫ ﺏ‬  ٌ  ‫ﱠ‬“And they are amazed that there has come to one to warn fromamong themselves, and the disbelievers say, ‘This is a sorcerer, aliar.’ * Has he made the gods one God? Indeed, this is an incrediblething.”[38: 4-5]The word “Allah” is the proper name of The One God. Literally itis made up of the letters “al” which is the definite article “the,” and“ilah” the word for god or God (according to context as above).Thus the word “Allah” is “al-ilah” and literally “The God,” as inthe Arabic phonetic construction ( ‫ .)ﺍﻟﻠﻪ = ﺇﻟﻪ + ﺍﻝ‬Of course the ‫ﱠ‬meaning is the One and Only God and the One Lord and Creatorand Sovereign of the creation.
  • 9. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 9 Muhammad’s MissionIn the other Semitic languages the word for God is closely relatedto what we have mentioned about Arabic. The Aramaic word forGod is “alah.” In Hebrew the word for God or god is (‫( )אל‬el) and“Elah,” (or Eloh) and the plural form is (‫( )אלוהים‬elohím). InSemitic languages there is a plural of number, and a plural ofmajesty and royalty to show honor and respect. The root is “alef­lamed-heh” and is related to the older root, “el” which means God,deity, power, strength, etc. The word “el” in Hebrew is attached assuffix to many names like Gabriel, (Strong God), Ishmael (the onewho hears God), and Israel (the one who wrestles with God, or onewho struggles with God). It may be a prefix in names like in Elihu(My God is He), Elisha (God is Salvation), and Eleazar (God hashelped), etc. El is mentioned in the New Testament when Jesus,peace be upon him and may he be cleansed of all falsehoodsattributed to him, cried out as in the Gospel: “And about the ninthhour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lamasabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thouforsaken me?” [Matthew 27:٤٦ ] 1YHWH is a tetragrammaton (four vowels for four words), which inHebrew uses the letters ‫( י‬yodh) ‫( ה‬heh) ‫( ו‬vav) ‫( ה‬heh) or ‫יהוה‬(reading right to left = YHVH, or with the Biblical Hebrewpronunciation, YHWH) called Yahweh (and written and read fromright to left as in other Semitic languages Arabic and Aramaic). Thisunique word is a specific way used by the Jews of expressing thesacred personal name of God without writing or uttering the actualword which may debase it by too frequent or improper usage, infear being a form of blasphemy, for as it is written, “7Thou shaltnot take the name of the LORD (YHWH) thy God in vain; for theLORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.”KJV: Exodus 20:7] The meaning of the word is according to somescholars in the third person “He Is” or “He Exists” (the first1 See “alef-lamed-heh” (ALH) in the “Milon Ben-Yhudaah, Ivri-Angli” (Ben Yehudas Hebrew-English Dictionary), and various reputable online dictionary and encyclopedias
  • 10. 10 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionperson would be “I Am’) and said to mean “He who causes to be”and describes the being who is the self-existing one giving othersexistence. To avoid mentioning YHWH in respect they substitutedsaying Adonai or Adonay translated as “the Lord.” Some Christianscholars introduced the name Jehovah for YHWH.In a very important passage we find: “1And God spake unto Moses,and said unto him, I am the LORD: 3And I appeared untoAbraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty,but by my name Jehovah was I not known to them…. 13And Mosessaid unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, andshall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me untoyou; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I sayunto them? 14And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: andhe said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hathsent me unto you. 15And God said moreover unto Moses, Thusshalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of yourfathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God ofJacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this ismy memorial unto all generations. [KJV: Exodus 6:2-3,13-15]This passage is reminiscent of the Qur`anic passages that mentionAllah’s Names “al-Hayy al-Qayyum” (‫ )ﺍﳊﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻮﻡ‬The Ever-Living,and the Self Existing who gives others their existence. Another ofthe Sacred Names of Allah is “as-Samad” (‫ )ﺍﻟﺼﻤﺪ‬which has manymeanings including the Absolute, the Eternal, the EternallyExistent who gives others existence, the one to whom all seek andall supplicate and upon whom all depend. These names indicate bytheir inherent comprehensive meaning and absoluteness all theother Names and Attributes of Allah the Exalted, and they are1 See “alef-lamed-heh” (ALH) in the “Milon Ben-Yhudaah, Ivri-Angli” (Ben Yehudas Hebrew-English Dictionary), and various reputable online dictionary and encyclopedias.
  • 11. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 11 Muhammad’s Missionmentioned as the “Greatest Name” (‫ )ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ﺍﻷﻋﻈﻢ‬for Allah in someverified narrations. 1Of course Allah has many Beautiful Names and Exalted Attributes,for as He says:﴾‫ﻳﻌﻤ ﹸﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻛ‬‫ﺰﻭﻥ ﻣ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺋﻪ ﺳﻴ‬‫ﻲ ﹶﺃﺳﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﻥ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻠﹾﺤ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻭﺫ‬‫ ﺑﹺﻬ‬ ‫ﻰ ﻓﺎﺩﻋﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺳﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶﺎﻧ‬      ‫ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹶﺭ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﻩ‬  ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ُ ﹾﺤ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬“And to Allah belong the Best (Most Beautiful) Names, sosupplicate Him by them. And leave those who deviate concerningHis Names (by blasphemy or denial). They will be recompensedfor what they used to do.” (7:180) And Allah the Exalted said: ﴾‫ﻰ‬‫ﺎ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﺳ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﻓﻠ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﺃ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺍﺩ‬ ‫﴿ ﹸﻞ ﺍﺩ‬  ‫ﺀ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹶ ﹶﻪ‬ ‫ ﹶﻳ‬    ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻋ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻗ ﹺ‬“Say, ‘Call upon Allah or call upon the Most Beneficent in Mercy(ar-Rahman): whichever you call, to Him belong the BestNames…” (17:110)Abdullah ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, known for hisvast knowledge in language and the Quran, and an eminentcompanion of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing be uponhim, defined the word Allah saying: ‫ﺍﷲ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﻫﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﺍﲨﻌﲔ‬“Allah is the one of supreme Divinity and of worship incumbentupon the entire creation.” 2English belongs to the family of languages that has been designatedas “Indo-European” because the Indian dialects and the Europeandialects descend from the prehistoric proto-Indo-Europeanlanguage of pastoral Aryans of Central Asia about 4500 B.C.Concerning the word -G O D- the Catholic Encyclopedia mentionsthat the English word god and God is the “(Anglo-Saxon God;1 In narrations reported in the Sunan literature and verified by Sheikh al-Albani as in his Sahih al-Jame’as-Sagheer # 979, 980, 982, and as-Silsalah as-Sahihah # 746 and other books, and Sheikh al-Arna`ut in his verification of Musnad Ahmad # 12226 and Hussein Asad in his verification of Sunan ad-Darami #3389.2 Reported by Ibn Jareer at-Tabari and Ibn Abi Haatim, and mentioned by many with confirmation.
  • 12. 12 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionGerman Gott; akin to Persian khoda; Hindu khooda). The root-meaning of the name (from Gothic root gheu; Sanskrit hub or emu,"to invoke or to sacrifice to") is either "the one invoked" or "theone sacrificed to." 1 The Oxford English Dictionary gives a detailedetymology and says: “The word God is derived from the oldTeutonic form gudo which means that which is invoked (orworshipped) by sacrifice … The ulterior etymology is disputed.…There are two Aryan roots of the required form … one meaning‘to invoke’ (Skr. hū), the other ‘to pour, to offer sacrifice’ … Eitherof these conjectures is fairly plausible, as they both yield a sensepractically coincident with the most obvious definition deduciblefrom the actual use of the word, ‘an object of worship.’” 2 Thus thegeneric word “god” in English and “ilah” in Arabic both basicallydenote an object of worship, and God with the capital “G’ andAllah are for the One Who is worshipped rightfully since He is theGod, the One and only Creator.It is instructive to note that the Arab Christians say as theirTrinitarian creed dictates that their savior Jesus is “Ibn Allah” andthis is how their scholars have translated the Bible into Arabic. Thisliterally means the “son of Allah,” with Allah being God the“Father” of the trinity. Of course Muslims and Jews consider thisstatement and the Trinitarian creed erroneous and blasphemy. Evensome Christians reject trinity. This is not our line of investigationsince the point here is only to show that the word “Allah” means“The God” and not some idol or pagan deity as some haveabsurdly tried to propagate maliciously. The Arabic translation ofBible uses the name “Allah” to refer to God in Genesis 1:1: “Feeal-badi khalaqa Allahu as-Samaawaat wa al-Ard…” In the Hebrewthe word in Genesis 1:1 is “elohim.”Of course we Muslims along with the Jews and Christians whoclaim to be monotheists say that all these false gods and idols of thepolytheists are mere figments of imagination. All creatures are1 http://www.catholicity.com/encyclopedia/g/god,etymology_of_word.html2 Oxford English Universal Dictionary, article on “God.”
  • 13. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 13 Muhammad’s Missionexactly as Allah created them and thus are not worthy of worship asGod. Allah said informing us about the words of the ProphetYusuf (Josef), son of Yaqub (Jacob), may peace be upon them, tosome polytheists:‫ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﺇﱠﺎ‬‫ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹺﺑﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﹶﺃ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺑﺎﺅﻛﻢ‬‫ﻧﺘﻢ ﻭﺁ‬‫ﻮﻫﺎ ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺀ ﺳﻤﻴ‬‫ﺗﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﹺﻧﻪ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺃﹶﺳ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫﴿ ﻣ‬ ‫ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹾ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬ َ     ‫ ﺘﻤ‬  ً  ‫ ﹺﻟ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬  ﴾ ‫ﻮﻥﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﹶﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﹶﺎ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻴ‬‫ﻳﺎﻩ ﺫ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﺇﱠﺎ ﹺﺇ‬ ‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺃﱠﺎ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﹶﻤ‬  ‫ ﹾﹶ‬   ‫ﻢ‬‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺒﺪ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ‬   ‫ﱠ‬ “You do not worship besides Him (God, Allah) anything exceptmere names that you have designated, you and your fathers, forwhich Allah has not sent down any authority. The legislation andrule is only for Allah. He has commanded that you worship no oneexcept Him. That is the correct religion, but most of the people donot know.” And Allah said addressing the pagan Arabs and their idols: ‫ﻮﻥ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻟﻈﻦ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻳ‬‫ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﹺﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﹶﺃ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺑﺎﺅﻛﻢ‬‫ﻢ ﻭﺁ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ ﹶﺃ‬‫ﻮﻫ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫﴿ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻫﻲ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺃﹶﺳﻤﺎ ٌ ﺳ‬  ‫ﺘﹺﻌ ﹶ ﹺﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹾ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬ َ  ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ ﺀ‬  ‫ ﹺﻟ‬  ‫ﹾ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻯ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬ‬‫ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺭ‬ ‫ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺟﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹸ‬‫ﻯ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬  ‫ ﹺﻢ‬    ‫ َﻫ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻔﺲ‬“They are not anything except mere names that you have nameddesignated, you and your forefathers, for which Allah has sentdown no authority. They do not follow anything exceptassumption and what their souls desire, and there has already cometo them from their Lord guidance.” (53:23) This verse identifiesfalse assumptions and wicked desires as the basis of all sins and evilactions.When we translate the creed of Islam, the testimony of faith, whichsays, LA ILAHA ILL-A-LLAH, (or la ilaaha illallah) we usuallytranslate it as, “There is no god except Allah” or with the moreexplanatory phrase considering the intended meaning, “there isnothing worthy of worship except Allah.” All monotheists nomatter what language they speak say, there is only One God andthat all so called gods with a small ‘g’ and other deities don’t exist,and, therefore, all worship rendered to these gods is false anduseless idol worship. We find numerous statements in the Biblesimilar to the creed of Islam, for instance, the saying of Moses,peace be upon him, “The Lord our God is one Lord; and you shall
  • 14. 14 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionlove the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul,and with all your might.” (Deuteronomy 6:4), and the saying ofJesus peace be upon him, “The Lord our God, the Lord is one; andyou shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with allyour soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength,”(Mark 12:28-30 and Matthew 22:37), and the statement, “There isno God but One.” [1 Corinthians 8:4].Islam, Submission, (‫)اﻹﺳﻼم‬ َِ ْ ِThe second word that needs definition before we proceed is theword Islam,(‫ )ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬since it is in the real sense the religion of all the Prophets of ‫ ﹶﹺ‬ ِGod, and it is not, as many believe, merely the religion invented andinitiated by the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be uponhim. The Arabic root "s-l-m" from which the word “Islam” isderived implies peace, safety, salutation, protection, blamelessness,wholesomeness, submission, acceptance, surrender, and salvation.Therefore Islam specifically means being in the state of submissionto Allah, worshipping Him alone, and reverently accepting andobeying His Law, and consequently it implies the peace (Salaam),security, and wholesome well-being and salvation which followupon continually practicing and dying in the state of Islam.Islam has a general universal meaning, submission to Allah at alltimes and a more specific meaning, submission to Allah by therevelation and law of the Quran (revealed recitation) and theSunnah (revealed way) of the Messenger of Allah, peace andblessings be upon him. The universal general Islam is the name ofthe religion and ‘way of life’ which Allah has revealed and whichwas practiced by all of the Prophets and Messengers of Allah whomHe sent to mankind. The same essential and eternal message wassent saying, O mankind, submit whole-heartedly to the commandand law of Allah, the one and only God and your only Creator andSovereign and Sustainer, and worship Him and Him alone by themanner of the Prophets and Messengers I sent to you. For this
  • 15. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 15 Muhammad’s Missionreason, we state that Islam is not a new religion, but is the samedivinely revealed Ultimate Truth that Allah has revealed to allProphets and Messengers of Allah, including Noah, Abraham,Moses and Jesus and the Messenger Muhammad, peace be upon allof them. Note that this meaning of ‘Islam’ stands out uniqueamong religions in that it means a state of being, which any humancan achieve by choice, and does not refer to any particular personlike Christianity, Buddhism or Zoroastrianism, or tribe like Judaism,or group like Hinduism.Islam in its more specific sense stands for the religion and ‘way oflife’ that the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad, peace be upon him,brought for this era of humanity in all the details of the forms ofworship and the teachings and laws. It includes revelations of theQuran and Sunnah and the five pillars of Islam upon which Islamwas built as in the famous narration on the Prophet, peace andblessing of Allah be upon him, when he said:،‫ﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﹺﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺧﻤﺲ: ﺷﻬﺎﺩ ﹸ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻻ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪﹰﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲِ، ﻭ‬‫ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻼ‬‫ﻨﻲ ﺍﻹﺳ‬ ‫ﹺ ﺼ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ﺓ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹴ‬  ‫ﻡ‬  ‫ﺑﹺ‬ ‫ﻡ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ‬‫، ﻭﺻﻮ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻴ‬‫، ﻭﺣﺞ ﺍﻟﹾﺒ‬‫ﻭﺇﹺﻳﺘﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺰﻛﹶﺎﺓ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬    ِ “Islam is built on five (pillars): the Shahadah (testimony) that LAILAAHA ILL-ALLAH (there is no god except Allah, or, none hasthe right to be worshipped except Allah) and that MUHAMMADRASULALLAH (Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah); toestablish Salat (the obligatory prayers); to pay the Zakat (obligatorycharity); and to perform the Saum (fast) of Ramadan; and toperform the Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah).” 1This Islam also encompasses the articles of Iman (faith) andAqeedah (creed) and all that is in the complete code of Sharee’ah(law) derived from the revealed scripture of the Quran (recitationand book that was revealed to the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad,peace be upon him) and the Sunnah (the teachings in word anddeed of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad, peace be upon him).1 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
  • 16. 16 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionA Muslim or Muslimah (male or female) is the person in the stateof Islam whether completely or with some of his or herimperfections and shortcomings which do not nullify being called a“Muslim” and identifying with Islam. Sins, ignorance, and wrong­doings all weaken someones Islam and Iman proportionally,whereas the greater Shirk (idolatry) and the greater Kufr (disbelief)and outright Ilhad (blasphemy) nullify and destroy Islamcompletely.Islam as the religion of Allah for all men and the entire universe, isin the verse when He the Majestic said: ﴾  ‫﴿ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻹﺳﻼ‬ ‫ ﹶﻡ‬ ِ  ‫ ﹼ‬    ‫ﱠ‬“Truly the religion before Allah is ‘al-Islam.’” [3:19] And He theAlmighty and Majestic said: ﴾ ‫ﻲ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺎﺳﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻮ ﻓ‬ ‫ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻘﺒﻞ ﻣﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻓﹶﻠﹶﻦ‬‫ﻳﻨ‬‫ﻳﺒﺘﻎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺩ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿ﻭ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬       ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ ﻪ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ﻳ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬ ِ   ‫ ﹺ ﹶ‬“And Whoever seeks a religion other than ‘al-Islam’ it will never beaccepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.”[3:85] And as He said to His Messenger and his followers: ﴾ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳﻨ‬‫ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸ‬‫ﻲ ﻭﺭﺿ‬‫ ﻋﻠﻴ ﹸﻢ ﹺﻧﻌﻤﺘ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻤﻤ‬‫﴿ﺍﹾﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﹶﺃﻛﻤﻠﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻢ ﺩﻳﻨ ﹸﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺗ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ِ ‫ ﻜ ﻢ‬      ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ﻜ‬   ‫ ﻜ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬  “This day I have perfected your religion for you, and completed myfavor upon you, and have chosen for you ‘al-Islam’ as yourreligion.” [5:30] And about the people of the Book, the Jews andChristians, Allah the Most Exalted said: ‫ﻠﺼﲔ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ ﺇﱠﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹸﻣ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺒﻴﻨ ﹸ)( ﻭ‬  ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺘﺎﺏ ﺇﱠﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ‬‫ﺗﻔﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﹸﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿ﻭ‬     ‫ ﺒﺪ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ ﻬﻢ‬   ‫ ﹺﻟ‬  ‫ ﺃ ﺗ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻟﻚ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺰﻛﺎﺓ ﻭﺫ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺎﺓ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻨﻔﺎﺀ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻳ ﻤ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ ﺣ‬  ‫ﻪ‬“And the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) did notdiffer until after there came to them clear evidence. And they werenot commanded except that they should worship Allah makingtheir religion sincere for Him and worshiping none except HimAlone, and establish regular prayer and give charity and that is theright (straight and best) religion.” [98:5] As above, these are of theforemost fundamentals of both the general and the specific Islam.
  • 17. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 17 Muhammad’s MissionIslam is the religion of all the prophets and means submission toAllah alone. Whoever submits to Allah alone and worships andobeys him sincerely is a Muslim. Whoever submits to Allah and toothers is a polytheist. Whoever refuses to submit to Allah isarrogant. Both the polytheist and arrogant are infidel disbelievers.The religion of all the prophets in the general sense is one in thatthey all worship Allah sincerely and in basic creed and faith anduniversal maxims. Yet there is some diversity in the specificrevealed forms of worship and laws since Allah in His Wisdomlegislated some things to suit an era and people and then someother things for another era and people, and then finalized HisRevelation and Universal Law to man with the message of theProphet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him.All of the Prophets in the general sense were Muslims and theirreligion from God was Islam. Allah the Exalted said about Noah,peace be upon him: ﴾ ‫ﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬‫ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺃﹶ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹸﻣﺮ‬‫ﺮﻱ ﺇﱠﺎ ﻋ‬‫ﻦ ﹶﺃﺟﺮ ﹺﺇﻥ ﹶﺃﺟ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ ﹸﻢ‬‫ﺎ ﺳﺄﹾﻟ‬‫ﻢ ﻓﹶﻤ‬‫ﺗﻮﱠﻟﻴ‬ ‫﴿ ﻓﺈﻥﹾ‬       ‫ﺕ ﹾ ﻛ ﹶ‬  ‫ﺃ‬  ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ ﹴ ﹾ ﹺ‬  ‫ﹶ ﺘﻜ‬  ‫ﺘ‬  ‫ﹶ ﹺ‬“ And if you turn away I have not asked you from you any reward,for my reward is only with Allah, and I am commanded to be ofthose who are Muslims (submit to Allah).” (10:72) And Allah saidabout Abraham and those after him, may the peace of Allah beupon them: ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﻢ ﴿﴾ ﺭ‬‫ﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠ‬‫ﺎ ﺇﹺﻧﻚ ﹶﺃ‬‫ﺗﻘﺒﻞ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑﻨ‬‫ﻴﻞﹸ ﺭ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻭﹺﺇﺳﻤﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴ‬‫ ﹺﺇ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻓ‬ ‫﴿ ﻭﹺﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﺑ‬         ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬‫ ﹶ‬            ‫ ﻢ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶﻊ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬  ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺎ ﺇﹺﻧﻚ ﹶﺃ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ﺗﺐ ﻋ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﻜﹶﻨ‬‫ﺎﺳ‬‫ﺎ ﻣﻨ‬‫ﺃﹶﺭﹺﻧ‬‫ﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻣﺔ ﻣ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻦ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻭﻣﻦ ﹸﺭ‬‫ﺴﻠﻤﻴ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﻠﹾﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺍﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻮ ﺏ‬        ‫ ﹰ‬   ‫ ﹰ‬ ‫ﻳ ﺃ‬ ‫ ﺫ‬    ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ﺰﻛﻴﻬﻢ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻭ‬   ‫ﻌﻠ‬‫ﺗﻚ ﻭ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﺘ ﹸﻮ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺁ‬‫ﻮﻟﹰﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺚ ﻓﻴﻬﹺﻢ ﺭ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ ﴿﴾ ﺭ‬ ‫ ﱢ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬    ‫ ﱢﻤﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳ‬  َ  ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ‬     ‫ﺳ‬   ‫ ﹾ‬  ‫ﺑ‬   ‫ﻲ‬‫ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻄﹶﻔﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﺻ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻔﻪ‬‫ﻦ ﻣﻠﺔ ﹺﺇ‬‫ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻏ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜﻴﻢ ﴿﴾ ﻭﻣﻦ‬‫ﺇﹺﻧﻚ ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﻩ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬     ‫ ﻟ‬    ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﹶﺐ‬        ‫ﹺ‬    ﴾﴿ ‫ﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ‬‫ﻟﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺳﻠﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ ﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﲔ ﴿﴾ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻗﺎﻝ ﹶﻟ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﹶﻟﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺎ‬‫ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻭﹺﻧ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬       ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻪ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﻪ‬        َ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻢ‬‫ﻦ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﹶﺃ‬‫ﻮ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﹶﻠﹶﺎ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻄﹶﻔﹶﻰ ﹶﻟ ﹸ‬‫ﺑﻨﻲ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﺻ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻨﹺﻴﻪ ﻭ‬‫ ﺑ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴ‬‫ﺎ ﹺﺇ‬‫ﻰ ﺑﹺﻬ‬ ‫ﻭﻭ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻣ‬   ‫ ﻟ‬ ‫ﻤ ﺗ‬   ‫ﻜﻢ‬  ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻘ ﺏ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﻢ‬  ‫ﺻ‬  ‫ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻬﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﻌ‬ ‫ﻱ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﻨﹺﻴﻪ ﻣ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻮﺕ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟ‬‫ﻌ ﹸﻮﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‬‫ﻢ ﺷﻬﺪﺍﺀ ﹺﺇﺫ ﺣﻀﺮ ﻳ‬‫﴿﴾ ﺃﹶﻡ ﹸﻨ‬   ‫ﺒ ﺪ‬ ‫ﻟ‬   ‫ﺪ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬   ‫ﻘ‬    ‫ َ ﹾ‬    ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ ﻛ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻮﻥﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ ﻣﺴ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻧﺤ‬‫ﺍ ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍﺣ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻭﹺﺇﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﻭﺇﹺﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻬ‬‫ﺋﻚ ﹺﺇ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﺁﺑ‬ ‫ﻤ‬  ‫ﻦ ﻪ‬      ‫ ﹶ‬       َ  
  • 18. 18 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission“And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the foundations ofthe House, (they said) ‘Our Lord, accept (this deed) from us.Indeed You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. * Our Lord, andmake us Muslims in submission to You, and from our descendantsa Muslim nation in submission to You. And (O Lord) show us ourways of worship and accept our repentance. Indeed You are theAcceptor of Repentance, the Most Merciful. * Our Lord, and sendamong them a Messenger from among themselves who will reciteto them Your revealed verses and teach them the Book and theWisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Almighty, the All-Wise.’ * And who would forsake the religion of Abraham exceptthe person who debases himself with stupidity. We chose him inthis world and he is indeed among the righteous in the Hereafter, *When his Lord said to him, ‘Submit’ (Aslam: “be a Muslim”) hesaid, ‘I submit entirely to the Lord of the worlds.” * Abrahaminstructed his sons with this, and Jacob (also saying), ‘O my sons,indeed Allah has chosen for you this religion (Islam) so do not dieexcept while you are in submission (Muslims).’ * Were youwitnesses when death approached Jacob and he said to his sons,‘What will you worship after me?’ They said, ‘We will worship yourGod and the God of your fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac,one God. And we are Muslims (in submission) to Him.” (2: 127­133) And Allah said about Moses: ﴾ ‫ﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬‫ﺗﻮﻛ ﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﺇﻥ ﹸﻨﺘﻢ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ ﹺﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﻮﻡ ﹺﺇﻥ ﹸﻨﺘﻢ ﺁﻣ‬‫ﻰ ﻳ‬‫ﻮﺳ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬        ‫ ﱠﻠ ﹾ ﻛ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﺘ‬ َ    ‫ ﹺ ﹾ ﻛ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﻣ‬“And Moses said, ‘O my people, if you have believed in Allah, thenrely upon Him, if you are those that submit (Muslims).” (10:84)And Allah said about Jesus’ disciples: ﴾ ‫ﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﺍﺷﻬﺪ ﺑﹺﺄ‬‫ﻲ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺁَﻣ‬‫ﻮﻟ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﻲ ﻭﹺﺑﺮﺳ‬‫ﻳﲔ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺁﻣ‬‫ﻴﺖ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‬‫﴿ ﻭﹺﺇﺫ ﹶﺃﻭﺣ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶﻧ ﻣ‬    ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻟ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ َ ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬     ‫ﹾ‬ “And (remember) when I inspired to the disciples, ‘Believe in Meand in My Messenger (here meaning Jesus). They said, We havebelieved, so bear witness that indeed we submit (are Muslims.’”(5:111) And Allah the Exalted said in a general verse about theprophets and followers:
  • 19. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 19 Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻦ ﺣﺮﺝ ﻣﻠﺔ ﹶﺃﹺﺑﻴ ﹸﻢ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺎ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻓ‬‫ ﻭﻣ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻢ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻮ ﺍﺟ‬ ‫ﻖ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺣ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎﻫ‬‫ﺟ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬  ‫ﱠ ﹶ ﻜ‬ ‫ ﹴ‬   ‫ﺪ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹸ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﻛ‬  ‫ ﻫ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ‬‫ﺍﺀ ﻋ‬‫ﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺗ ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻮﻝ ﺷﻬﻴﺪﺍ ﻋﻠﹶﻴ ﹸﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺮ‬‫ﺬﹶﺍ ﻟ‬‫ﻲ ﻫ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻠﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒ ﹸ ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﻮ ﺳ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬‫ﹺﺇ‬ َ  ‫ﻜ ﻧ ﺷ‬  ‫ﻜ‬   ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹸ‬ ‫ﻜ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬      ‫ﻤ ﹸ‬  ‫ ﻫ‬   ﴾  ‫ﻟﹶﻰ ﻭﹺﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺼ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻢ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ﻮ ﻣﻮﻟﹶﺎﻛﻢ ﻓﻨﻌ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺼ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺰﻛﺎﺓ ﻭ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺎﺓ ﻭﺁ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻓﹶﺄﹶﻗ‬ ‫ﲑ‬      ‫ ﹶﹺ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬   ‫ ﻫ‬ ‫ﻤ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ َﺗ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﻤ‬And strive for Allah with earnest endeavor that is His right. He haschosen you and He has not placed upon you in the religion anydifficulty: (it is) the religion of your father, Abraham. He (Allah)named you “Muslims” before (in the former scriptures) and in this(revelation of the Qur`an) so that the Messenger may be a witnessover you and you may be witnesses over the people. So establishobligatory prayer and give obligatory charity and hold fast to Allah.He is your Ally and Protector, and He is an excellent Protector, andHe is an excellent Helper.” [Surat-al-Hajj 22:78] And Islam is thereligion of all creation as Allah the Almighty said: ﴾ ‫ﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺮﺟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻛﹶﺮ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻃﹶﻮ‬‫ﺍﺕ ﻭ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭ‬‫ﻦ ﻓ‬‫ ﹶﺃﺳﻠﻢ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮﻥ ﻭﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫﴿ ﹶﺃﻓﻐﻴﺮ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻪ‬ ‫ﻐ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬    ‫ﹶ‬“Do they desire other than the religion of Allah they desire while toHim have submitted (Aslam, from Islam) all those within theheavens and earth, willingly or by obligation, and to Him they willbe returned?” (3:83) And as some of the jinn 1 said to the Prophetpeace and blessings be upon him, ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺎﺳﻄﻮﻥ ﻓﹶﻜﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﺍ ﴿﴾ ﻭﺃﹶ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺍ ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺤ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺎﺳﻄﻮﻥ ﻓﻤﻦ ﹶﺃﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﺄﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﺗ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﺃ‬‫﴿ﻭ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ﻧ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺮ‬   ‫ ﹶﹸ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻧ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻄﹶﺒ‬‫ﻟﺠﻬﻨﻢ ﺣ‬   “And among us are Muslims (in submission to Allah) and among usare some who are the unjust. And whoever has become Muslim,indeed those have sought to find out the right course. But as for theunjust, they will be (fuel like) firewood for Hellfire.” (72: 14-15)1 Jinn are creatures of Allah just as the angels and the animals are creatures of Allah, yet they have a different constitution and abilities than that of man, as the Prophet said, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him: ‫ﺧﻠﻘﺖ اﻟﻤﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮر و ﺧﻠﻖ اﻟﺠﺎن ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎرج ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎر و ﺧﻠﻖ ﺁدم ﻣﻤﺎ و ﺻﻒ ﻟﻜﻢ‬“The angels were created from light and the jinn created from fire and Adam was created from what has been described to you.” Meaning clay. Reported by Imam Muslim and Imam Ahmad and others. There are believers and disbeliveers among the jinn just as among men, and like man they have limited free will to choose to obey or disobey Allah.
  • 20. 20 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionDeen, Religion (‫)ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬This leads us the to the necessity of explaining the meaning of theword “religion” since in our day wherein secularism has come todominate many nations and modern lifestyles, often perceptionsabout religion and that which is “religious” action are extremelybias or limited. The Arabic word “Deen” (‫ )اﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬means religion andway of life and significantly it is derived from the root word whichindicates mastery, controlling, obedience and debt. An in-depthstudy would take us some distance so we will quote from theeminent Dr. Abdullah Darraz who studied this word linguistically indepth and then said: ‫ﻭﲨﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺗﺸﲑ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ‬،‫ﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺧﻀﻮﻋﺎﹰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻓﲔ ﻳﻌﻈﻢ ﺃﺣﺪﳘﺎ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ، ﻭﳜﻀﻊ ﻟﻪ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻭﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻭﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﺎ ﻭﺣﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﺇﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﹰ، ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻧﻘﻴﺎﺩﺍﹰ،ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻁ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻓﲔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ ﻟﺘﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ، ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﱪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ. ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﺗﺪﻭﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﲎ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻴﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﻓﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻠﺪﻳﻦ ﺇﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻴﺎﺩ، ﻭﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﺍﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ، ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻠﺘﺰﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻴﺎﺩ ﻟﻪ‬“In summary we can say from these lingual meanings that the wordad-Deen for the Arabs indicates two parts or parties, one partygives greatness and reverence to the other party and submits to it. Ifyou speak about the description from the angle of first party it issubmission and being guided. If you describe the other party it iscommandment, control, mastery and rule and obligation. If youlook at the relationship and attachment between the two it is a legalconstitution that regulates and organizes the relationship or theexpression of the relationship. Thus we can say that this meaningrevolves around obligation and allowing oneself to be guided. Thefirst usage of ad-Deen is for making obligation to be lead by theguidance, and the second usage is submitting to this obligation to
  • 21. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 21 Muhammad’s Missionfollow the guidance, and the third usage is the legal ideology whichone obligates upon oneself to follow and by which he is guided.” 1Upon this basis we can say that, for better comprehension, areligion can be classified into three major sectors or sections 1)That which is revered, worshiped and obeyed in his commands; 2)The worshippers who worship and obey the commands; 3) thecode of worship and commandments which the worshipedcommands and the worshippers obey. In other words:(1) Ad-Deen al-Fitri bil-Ibaadah - religion as the natural disposition of man to worship something. He may worship the One true God, or multiple gods or himself, but he must worship something since worship is innate.(2) Ad-Deen al-Milli - religion as identification and allegiance to the community and nation. This means affiliation with the community religion and ideology, and consequently, the political organizations as tribe, nation and/or state, protecting the individuals, community, and its religion.(3). Ad-Deen ash-Shar’e - religion as legislation of codes of conduct and laws about worships and all other affairs including political, economic and social interactions, punishments for crime, business transactions, marriage, etc. The lawgiver is invariably seen as wise and compassionate. There are abundant proofs for this classification but I will justmention one that is apparent for its eloquent clarity and brevity,when the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said in hissupplication asking Allah: "...‫"..ﻭﺃﺳﺄﻟﻚ ﺣﺒﻚ ﻭﺣﺐ ﻣﻦ ﳛﺒﻚ ﻭﺣﺐ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺒﻚ‬“…and I ask You (O Allah) love of You, and love of those thatlove You, and love of that which brings me closer to Your love…”11 Ad-Deen, p.3. For its importance we provided original Arabic text also.
  • 22. 22 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionLove of Allah is the basis of religion in worshipping Him, the MostGlorious and Majestic. The love of those that love Allah is love ofthe community of worshippers. The love of that which brings onecloser to the love of Allah includes all the forms of worship and thelaws and teachings which one obeys reverently to please Allah.What a concise summary in a prayer to the Lord of all men, theMost Gracious and Merciful!In other words, religion consists of the worshiped, the worshippers,and the form of worship. It necessitates also a messenger andpropagator who brings and propagates the message and thecommands of the worshipped and is the first among theworshippers. A person’s religion is answered upon the questionslike, whom (or what) do you worship? How do you worship? Withwhom do you worship?This is all clear in the religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam,for God is the worshiped who commands, the One and Only Godof all who alone deserves worship and all other false gods are void.The prophets are foremost worshippers of God and the messengersof God, and all false prophets are void. God revealed His booksand the prophet gives the explanation in word and deed and thesecomprise the details on how to worship, and all other falserevelations and codes are void. Of course, men are the recipients ofthe message and are the community of worshipers who follows theexample of the messengers who are the leading and foremostworshippers of God. In Islam the sender of the message is Allahthe Exalted, the Almighty, the Most Merciful. The Message isIslam. Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, sent by Allahto convey that Message is the Prophet (Nabi) and Messenger(Rasul), who has been sent to all people of the world from his erauntil the coming of the Day of Judgment.1 Reported by at-Tirmidthi and verified as authentic by al-Albani in Sahih at-Tirmidthi # 2582.
  • 23. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 23 Muhammad’s MissionSince man cannot live without these three aspects of life, all menhave some kind of “religion” even if they deny it. The ProphetMuhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, was commanded tosay to the polytheists and disbelievers:‫ﺎ‬‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻋﺎﺑﹺ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‬‫ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋ‬‫ﻧﺘﻢ ﻋﺎﺑﹺﺪﻭﻥ ﻣ‬‫ﺪﻭﻥ ﴿﴾ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻭﻥ ﴿﴾ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻋ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﻳﻬ‬‫﴿﴾ﻗﻞ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺒﺪ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺪ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻟﻲ ﺩﻳﻦ‬‫ﻳﻨﻜﻢ ﻭ‬‫ ﴿﴾ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻢ ﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋ‬‫ﻢ ﻋﺎﺑﹺﺪﻭﻥ ﻣ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺗﻢ ﴿﴾ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋﺒ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬   ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺒﺪ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﺘ‬    “Say, ‘O disbelievers, * I do not worship what you worship. * Norare you worshippers of what I worship. * I will never be aworshipper of what you worshiped. * Nor are you worshippers ofwhat I worship. * For you is your religion, and for me is myreligion.” (109:1-6)They have their false religions or false worship and idolatry to afalse deity, whereas the Prophet and all prophets of God worshipthe One God and follow the religion of Islam. Allah the Exaltedsaid:‫ﻮﺳﻰ ﻭﻋﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﹺﺑﻪ ﹺﺇ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻚ ﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻱ ﺃﹶﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ ﱠﺬ‬‫ﻮﺣ‬ ‫ﻰ ﹺﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫﴿ﺷﺮﻉ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣ‬     ‫ﻣ‬     ‫ﺻ‬  ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ ﻧ‬ ‫ﺻ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ ﻜ‬   ‫ﻳﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﹺﻲ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻢ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻋ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﻣ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ﺮ ﻋ‬‫ﺗﺘﻔﺮﻗﹸﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶﺃﻥ ﺃﹶﻗ‬ ُ      ‫ ﱠ‬   ‫ﻮﻫ‬   ‫ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹶﺒ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﹾ ﻤ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻱ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ ﻳﹺﻴﺐ‬   “He has legislated of the religion that which He bequeathed toNoah, and that which We have revealed to you and bequeathed toAbraham and Moses and Jesus, to establish the religion and do notdiffer into sects about it. What you call them unto is difficult for thepolytheists. Allah chooses those whom He will and guides thosewho return (to Him in repentance).” (42:13)Al-Bukhari and Muslim report the crucial narration that explainsthat the fundamental religion of all the prophets is exactly the same,when the Prophet of Allah, may peace and blessing be upon him,said: ‫" ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻭﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﻌﻴﺴﻰ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﱘ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﺇﺧﻮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻼﺕ‬ "‫ﻢ ﺷﱴ ﻭﺩﻳﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﻧﱯ‬‫ﻭﺃﻣﻬﺎ‬
  • 24. 24 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission“Of all the people I am the closest to Jesus son of Mary. TheProphets are like brothers, they have different mothers but theirreligion is one. There is no propehet between him (Jesus) and me ”Ibadah, Worship (‫)ﻋﺒﺎدة‬The concept of religious worship is very comprehensive in Islamand gives a Muslim a complete code of meaningful and purposefulliving in all affairs. For the modern and secularized many of theacts are considered mundane, but for a Muslim any action done toplease Allah according to the Islamic principles is worship, evencleaning oneself, working honestly for livelihood and judging justly.Thus it includes much more than actions that are traditionallyassociated with religion and worship like prayer, charity, fasting, andpilgrimage. Even charity (Sadaqah) has a much greater scope thanwhat many understand, for voluntary charity are of many types.Abu Dharr, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Prophet,peace and blessings be upon him, said:( ‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺫﺭ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻳﻀ: ﺃﻥ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ)ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻠﻨﱯ)ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ( : ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺫﻫﺐ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺛﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﻮﺭ، ﻳﺼ ﹼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺼﻠﻲ، ﻭﻳﺼﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺼﻮﻡ، ﻭﻳﺘﺼﺪﻗﻮﻥ ﺑﻔﻀﻮﻝ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ، ﻗﺎﻝ: "ﺃﻭ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻗﺪ‬‫ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺼﺪﻗﻮﻥ؛ ﺇﻥ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺤﺔ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ، ﻭﻛﻞ ﺗﻜﺒﲑﺓ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ، ﻭﻛﻞ ﲢﻤﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻲ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﺮ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ، ﻭﰲ ﺑﻀﻊ‬‫ﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ، ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ، ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻗﺔ، ﻭﻛﻞ‬ :‫ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ، ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ! ﺃﻳﺄﰐ ﺃﺣﺪﻧﺎ ﺷﻬﻮﺗﻪ ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺟﺮ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺃﻳﺘﻢ ﻟﻮ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺣﺮﺍﻡ ﺃﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺯﺭ؟ ﻓﻜﺬﻟﻚ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻼﻝ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ‬ ."‫ﺃﺟﺮ‬“Some of the companions of the Messenger of Allah said: "OMessenger of Allah, the affluent have gone ahead of us with therewards: they pray as we pray they fast as we fast, and they giveaway in charity the surplus of their wealth." He said:" Has not Allahmade things for you to give away in charity? Every Tasbihah (to say
  • 25. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 25 Muhammad’s Mission“Subhan-Allah” – Glory be to Allah, or Allah is free fromimperfection) is a charity, every Takbirah (to say “Allahu Akbar” –Allah is Great) is a charity, every Tahmidah (to say “Al-Hamdu­lillahi” – All praise is for Allah) is a charity, and every Tahlilah (tosay “LA ILAAHA ILL-ALLAH” – there is no god except Allah) isa charity, to enjoin a good action is a charity, to forbid an evilaction is a charity, and in the sexual act of each of you there is acharity." They said: "O Messenger of Allah, when one of us fulfillshis sexual desire, will he have some reward for that?" He said: "Doyou not think that were he to act upon it unlawfully, he would besinning? Likewise, if he has acted upon it lawfully, he will have areward.”1Significantly these recitations of the remembrance of Allah andpraises sung to Allah are called “mercy” as the Prophet, peace andblessing be upon him, said: ‫ﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﻄﻘﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺴﺒﻴﺢ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﻠﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺲ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻘﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﺈ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻻ ﺗﻐﻔﻠﻦ ﻓﺘﻨﺴﲔ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‬“Pronounce often the Tasbeeh and the Tahleel (to say “LAILAAHA ILL-ALLAH” there is no god except Allah) and theTaqdees (to glorify Allah as Holy) and use your fingers forcounting, for they will be asked to speak (on your behalf on theDay of Judgment), and do not be neglectful and forget the mercy.”2Even stopping oneself from evil action is a kind of “Sadaqah” asexplained in the following tradition: ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ : " ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ " ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ : ﻳﺎ ﻧﱯ ﺍﷲ‬: ‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﱂ ﳚﺪ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ : " ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﻓﻴﻨﻔﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ، ﻭﻳﺘﺼﺪﻕ " . ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ : ﻓﺈﻥ ﱂ ﳚﺪ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‬1 Reported by Muslim2 Reported by at-Tirmidthi and al-Hakim and declared good by al-Albnai in Sahih al-Jame’e #٤٠٨٧.
  • 26. 26 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫" ﻳﻌﲔ ﺫﺍ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻬﻮﻑ " . ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ : ﻓﺈﻥ ﱂ ﺟﻴﺪ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻓﻠﻴﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﻟﻴﻤﺴﻚ‬ "‫ﺎ ﻟﻪ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ، ﻓﺈ‬The Prophet said, peace and blessing be upon him: “Every Muslimmust give Sadaqah.” They said: O Prophet of Allah, and if hedoesn’t find. He said: He should work and benefit himself and giveSadaqah. They said: And if he doesn’t find.” He said: Then youhelp a person in need. They said: And if he doesn’t find. He said:then you do good and hold back from doing anything bad and thatis your charity.” 1The concept of worship in Islam revolves around the idea that manshould be a humble and obedient servant of Allah, the AlmightyMaster and Owner who is All-Wise, Beneficent and Loving. Theword for worship in Arabic is, “Ibaadah,” (‫ )ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬and verysignificantly can indicate both the slave-master relationship and theworshiper-God relationship since the root word revolves aroundhumbleness obedience and submission. The word “Abd” (‫ )ﻋﺒﺪ‬isslave (thus “Abdullah” is the slave of Allah, or the servant of Allah)and the word “Abid” (‫ )ﻋﺎﺑﺪ‬is a worshiper and adorer. The idea thatman is a slave and worshiper is crucial to understand man’s role inrespect to his Lord and God, and it distinguishes Islam from themisleading expressions used by the Jews and Christians when theymade the father-son relationship the major expression of therelationship. In the Torah we find: “Ye are the children of theLORD your God.” [Deuteronomy 14:1] And in the story of theescape from Egypt we find: “And thou [Moses] shalt say untoPharaoh, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my first born.”[Exodus 4:22] We also find that: “He [Solomon] shall build a housefor my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father and he shall be my son." [II Samuel 7:13­14] And also “Now there was a day when the sons of God came to1 Reported by Bukhari.
  • 27. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 27 Muhammad’s Missionpresent themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came amongthem.” [Job 1:6] This and many other examples confirm that thisexpression was common among the Jews. Of course for the Jewsthis was an idiomatic and metaphorical expression of the love andrespect and special bond but they did not mean it literally, but forthe writers of the New Testament in Greek the Hebrew and Semiticlanguages meanings were transformed into a very real but specialfather son relationship. The New Testament quotes Jesus, peace beupon him, as saying: “Blessed are the peacemakers for they shall becalled sons of God." [Mathew 5:9] And also: "Jesus saith unto her,...I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, andyour God." [John 20:17] Both of these statements can beunderstood in the Hebrew sense. In the letters also we find: “Thosewho are led by God’s spirit are God’s sons." [Romans 8:14] And:"The Spirit beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the childrenof God" (Rom. 8:16). And “.... now are we the sons of God.” [1John 3:1-2]This became official Christian doctrine in the First Council ofNicaea in 325 CE when the church elders made it their creedsaying: “We believe in one God the Father all powerful, maker ofall things both seen and unseen. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, theSon of God, the only-begotten begotten from the Father, that isfrom the substance of the Father, God from God, light from light,true God from true God, begotten….” And in the Council ofChalcedon in 451 we find the canonical statement saying: “Weconfess one and the same our Lord Jesus Christ … the sameperfect in Godhead, the same in perfect manhood, truly God andtruly man … acknowledged in two natures without confusion,without change, without division, without separation - thedifference of natures being by no means taken away because of theunion, but rather the distinctive character of each nature beingpreserved, and combining into one person and hypostasis - notdivided or separated into two persons, but one and the same Sonand only begotten God, Word, Lord Jesus Christ.” Of course we
  • 28. 28 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionMuslims find these statements about father and son being one andthe same self-contradictory, incoherent, absurd, not to mentionbeing extremely blasphemous. Allah rebukes them succinctly: ‫ﺑﺸﺮ ﻣﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻞ ﹶﺃ‬‫ﻮﺑﹺﻜﻢ ﺑ‬‫ ﹸﻢ ﺑﹺﺬ‬‫ﻌﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﺣﺒﺎﺅﻩ ﻗﻞ ﻓﻠﻢ‬‫ ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﻧﺤ‬ ‫ﻯ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼ‬‫ﻬﻮﺩ ﻭ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻭﻗﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻴ‬       ‫ ﹾ ﺘ‬ ‫ ﹸﻧ ﹸ‬ ‫ ﱢﺑﻜ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ‬     ‫ ُ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻦ‬     ‫ﹶ‬﴾﴿  ‫ﺎ ﻭﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﺑ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭ‬‫ﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭ‬‫ﻳﺸﺎﺀ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻌﺬ‬‫ﻳﺸﺎﺀ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻦ‬  ‫ﻳﻐﻔ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﲑ‬     ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹾ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬ ُ    ‫ ﱢﺏ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ُ    ‫ﺮ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ “The Jews and the Christians say, ‘We are the children of Allah andHis beloved.’ Say, ‘Then why does He punish you for your sins?’Rather (the truth is that) you are human beings from among thoseHe has created. He forgives whom He wills and He punisheswhom He wills, and to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavensand the earth and whatever is between them, and to Him is the finaldestination.” (5:18)And Allah says:‫ﺎﻫﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﻢ ﹺﺑﺄﻓﻮﺍﻫﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻚ ﻗﻮﹸ‬‫ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺫ‬‫ﻯ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻴﺢ ﺍ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺼ‬‫ ﺍ‬ ‫﴿﴾ ﻭﻗﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻋﺰﻳ‬‫ﺌ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫ﻟﻬ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬  ِ      ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﺮ‬      ‫ﹶ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻓ ﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﺆ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺃ‬  ‫ﺗﻠ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒ ﹸ ﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ‬‫ﻗﻮﻝ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ ﹶﻧ ﻳ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻞ ﹶ ﹶﻬﻢ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬“And the Jews say: ‘Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and theChristians say the Messiah is the son of Allah. That is their sayingwith their mouths resembling the saying of those who disbelievedbefore. Allah’s curse be on them how they are deluded away fromthe truth!”(9:30) They only copy what many polytheists say abouttheir gods and goddesses having sons and daughters and so forth,and this is the greatest travesty against the way of Adam and Noahand Abraham and those after them worshipping only One God.In the very next verse Allah explains the reason for going astray inmanifest deviancy when He the Almighty says: ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ ﺇﱠﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹸﻣ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻳﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‬‫ﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻴﺢ ﺍ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ ﹶﺃﺭ‬‫ﻬﻢ‬‫ﺎﻧ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ ﹸﻭﺍ ﹶﺃﺣﺒ‬‫ﺗﺨ‬‫﴿٠٣﴾ ﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺪ‬  ‫ﺮ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ ﺃ‬     ِ    ‫ ﱠ‬     ‫ﺭ‬    ‫ﺬ‬ ﴾٣١﴿ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒﺤ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺍ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﺇﱠﺎ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍﺣ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻬ‬ ‫ﻤ ﻳ ﹺﻛ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻪ‬ ‫ ﺳ‬ ‫ ﹺﻟ ﻫ‬ “They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allahand the Messiah, the son of Mary, yet they were not commanded toworship any except One God LA ILAHA ILLA HUA (there is nogod except Him). Exalted is He high above whatever they associatewith Him.” (9:31).
  • 29. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 29 Muhammad’s MissionEvery act of the Muslim the obedient slave and worshipper of Allahcan be an act of worship when done with sincerity and conformingto Islamic principles as we will explain further in the note onknowledge and action.Quran, Recitation (‫)اﻟﻘﺮﺁن‬Now we will turn our attention to the meanings of al-Quran (‫)ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬and as-Sunnah (‫ ,)ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬the revealed scriptures of Islam. Theundisputed sources of Islam are the revelations from Allah to HisProphet and Messenger Muhammad, peace and blessings be uponhim, in the Qur`an and in the authenticated, reliably reportedSunnah. These are absolutely truthful for the many internal andexternal proofs that prove that we can trust the integrity of theirtruthfulness. Anyone who speaks about Islam and Islamicprinciples without reference to these two sources is spreadingignorance and misinforming his or her audience about Islam,regardless of the claims of expertise and study. And yet howprevalent is this phenomenon in our day of electronic media, masscommunication, and ideological confrontation.The word Qur`an (or Quran for expediency in English) means thesacred Book of revelation of Allah the Exalted. The words of eachverse (Ayah) and chapter (Surah) are the exact blessed words ofAllah the Exalted transmitted by the Archangel Gabriel (Jibreel) tothe Prophet and Messenger of Allah to mankind, Muhammad, maythe salutations, praises, prayers, peace and blessing of Allah beupon him. Its explanation and exegesis is a special science calledTafseer. The Quran is a unique book in so many ways - its artisticeloquence, its harmonious sounds, its organization, its information,its prophecies, its inspirations, its legal maxims, its soul touchingand heart softening spiritual messages, its healings - that I will notbe able to mention them in detail here. Nevertheless we cannothelp but note that it is untranslatable and immutable, and therefore,our attempts at translation are mere superficial efforts that do not
  • 30. 30 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missiondo justice to the miraculous words and profound meanings of theoriginal. Any westerner who reads the Quran should remember thatit is a book to be recited as formal worship with specific frame ofmind and heart, etiquettes and mannerisms and contemplated forits many messages to gain benefit. Therefore one must preparehimself for aspects that may confuse the novice. One of the aspectsthat confound the uninitiated is that the organization and structureof its sentences, passages and chapters is not like other books withneatly arranged information and subject packages and under selfcontained chapter titles of common material. Rather it may jumpfrom one subject to another for the sake of presenting a thread ofan argument or is constructed in a manner that produces multiplemeanings under the literal, or the deepest emotional feelings, all ofwhich is not readily apparent to the casual reader.The Sunnah (‫)اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬The word Sunnah (‫ )ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬has various meanings depending on thecontext. Sometimes it has a more general meaning of all that whichwas brought by Muhammad the Prophet of Allah, peace andblessing of Allah be upon him, of his words, deeds, practices andacknowledgements. The study of all available historical material todifferentiate between the reliable and authentic as opposed to theunreliable and spurious is called the science of Hadeeth. Sometimesin discussions of Islamic law and jurisprudence the word Sunnah isused to mean the practices of the Prophet that are supererogatoryand voluntary and not Rukn (essential pillar) nor Wajib (obligatory)and in this meaning of the word Sunnah becomes similar to otherwords to note this lesser degree of rewarded action, like Mustahab(beloved and desired), and Nafilah (voluntary, supererogatory).The science of Prophetic narrations is a comprehensive system ofinterrelated sciences to determine the reliability and authenticity ofvarious narrations and historical reports referring back toMessenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.
  • 31. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 31 Muhammad’s MissionAlthough the books are numerous, for our purposes, there are sixmajor collections reporting these traditions, collectively called the“six books,” which are as follows: 1. Sahih al-Bukhari (authentic) [sometimes shortened to Imam Bukhari, b.194- d.256 Hijri corresponding to 809-869 CE]. 2. Sahih Muslim (authentic) by Imam Muslim b. 204 - d. 261 Hijri corresponding to 819-874 CE. 3. Sunan Abu Da`ud (mixture of authentic, acceptable, and weak traditions) by Imam Abu Da`ud b.202 – d. 275 Hijri corresponding to 817-888 CE. 4. Sunan at-Tirmidthi (mixture) Imam at-Tirmidthi b. 210 – d. 279 Hijri corresponding to 825-892 CE. 5. Sunan an-Nasa`e (mixture) by Imam an-Nasa`e b. 215 – d.303 Hijri corresponding to 830-915 CE. 6. Sunan Ibn-Majah (mixture) by Imam Ibn-Majah b. 209 – d. 273 Hijri corresponding to 824-886 CE.The first two are called the “Sahihain” the two books of reliable,sound and authentic narrations. If the narration is in both of thesetwo books, it is “agreed upon”, meaning reported by both thesetwo scholars in their respective books of authentic traditions. Thefour that follow after them are the four “Sunan” (plural of Sunnah),sometimes referred to by saying reported by “the four.” Althoughthey contain many authentic and good traditions, they also maycontain narrations that are weak and unreliable, which the collectorsthemselves are aware of and often note in their commentary aboutthese narrations. Thus any narrations from these books need to bestudied to verify and confirm their reliability. Added to these fourabove, is the book called the Musnad (reports attached to theirnarrators) by Imam Ahmad (b.164 – d. 241 H corresponding to780-855 CE), which has numerous authentic traditions and a specialstatus. When the scholars say reported by “the five” they mean thefour plus this book. Some other books often referred to indiscussions about Sunnah, Hadith, and Fiqh, include the Muwata’aof Imam Malik (b. 93 – d. 179 Hijri corresponding to 711-795 CE,the “Sahih” of Imam Ibn Habban b.270 – d.354 Hijri
  • 32. 32 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missioncorresponding to 883-965 CE., the “Sahih” of Ibn Khuzaimah, the"Sunan” of ad-Darami, the "Mustadrak” of al-Hakim, the "Sunan”al-Darqutni, the "Sunan of al-Baihaqi, the “Ma’ajam” at-Tabarani,and many others, that may be referred to in their respective places.Historical reports and narrations (sometimes called “traditions”) are“Hadith” and are classified as either (1) Sahih (2) Hasan (3) Da’eef,or (4) Maudu’u. The first two categories are acceptable and last tworejected, and the meanings are as follows: 1. Sahih (authentic, sound,) 2. Hasan (good, acceptable)A narration is classified as Sahih when it conforms to the highestdegree of reliability and accuracy in both the Sanad (chain ofnarrators) and all the “links” in the chain which are the narratorsthemselves. The narration must meet five criterion for soundnessand authenticity and undergo intense scrutiny in these criteria,namely: an unbroken chain of narrators; each narrator in the linkedchain must be of the highest degree of integrity andtrustworthiness; each narrator in the chain must be of firmremembrance and retention of what he narrates; there are nodiscrepancies between this narration and other versions that mayrender it of less historical value; there is no anomaly in thenarration. A narration is Hasan (good) when it is determined to bereliable and confirmed as acceptable although it does not reach upto the same epitome of authenticity and accuracy as the Sahih.These two are within the range to be used as acceptable proofs by aMuhaddith (Scholar of Prophetic traditions or “Hadith”) or a Faqih(Scholar of Islamic Law and Jurisprudence) in scholarly discussionand Islamic legal research and examination. Two classifications ofnarrations are rejected and unacceptable. They are: 3. Da’eef (weak, non-acceptable) 4. Maudu’u (fabricated, a lie and a falsehood)The weak Hadith is problematic and rejected since there is a breakor defect in the chain of narrators, and/or one or more of thenarrators are untrustworthy either in their exactness, their memory
  • 33. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 33 Muhammad’s Missionor their trustworthiness. A fabricated tradition is often proven to beby a narrator or narrators who are extremely untrustworthy andwho lie and fabricate narrations and chains of narrators topropagate their lies.Our purpose in this book is to mention only those narrations thatare Sahih or Hasan, meaning that they are generally confirmed orverified as reliable, since to mention the weak or fabricatednarrations would amount to trusting upon the untrustworthy, andderiving results from unsubstantiated information. We will mentionour sources and some clarifications and other additionalinformation in the footnotes, often referring to Sheikh al-Arna`ut’sverification of Musnad Imam Ahmad, and his verification of IbnHabban, Sheikh Mutsafa Azthami’s verification of Ibn Khuzaimah,Sheikh Hussain Saleem Asad’s verification of ad-Darami and AbuYa’la, and especially Sheikh al-Albani’s widely circulated verificationof the four Sunan and his other books of Hadeeth literature like hisverification of Sahih al-Jame’as-Sagheer (sometimes abbreviated toSJ) and his extensive book as-Silsilah as-Sahihah (SS), andverification of Sahih at-Taghreeb wal-Tarheeb (ST) and otherbooks of verification and authentication of the narrations of“Hadith.” For some this may seem painstakingly tedious butcertification and verification is of supreme importance since asMuhammad ibn Sireen one of the most noteworthy scholars of theTaba’een (followers), may Allah have mercy upon him, said in afamous statement reported by Imam Muslim in his introduction inthe chapter about Isnad (chain of narrators) and taking only thenarrations that are trustworthy: ‫ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺩﻳﻦ ﻓﺎﻧﻈﺮﻭﺍ ﻋﻤﻦ ﺗﺄﺧﺬﻭﻥ ﺩﻳﻨﻜﻢ‬“This knowledge is religion so see to from whom you take yourreligion.” And he said as Muslim also reports: ‫ﱂ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﺴﺄﻟﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻨﺎﺩ. ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻭﻗﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ، ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﲰﻮﺍ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺭﺟﺎﻟﻜﻢ. ﻓﻴﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ. ﻓﻴﺆﺧﺬ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ ﻓﻼ ﻳﺆﺧﺬ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻬﻢ‬
  • 34. 34 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission“They were not accustomed to ask about the Isnad (chain ofnarrators) but when civil strife took place they then said: “Name forus your men (from which you took this knowledge)”, and then theyscrutinized, if they were from the people of Sunnah they took it andif they were of the people of innovation (Bid’ah) they did not takeit.”The eminent early scholar Abdullah ibn Mubarik, may Allah havemercy upon him, also said as Muslim reports: ‫.ﺍﻹﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ. ﻭﻟﻮﻻ ﺍﻹﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻟﻘﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺎﺀ ﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﺀ‬“The chain of narration (Isnad) is of the Religion (Deen), and if itwasn’t for the Isnad anyone could say (in religion) as they wished.”The eagerness of many early Muslims to hear reliable first handinformation directly about the Prophet, peace and blessing be uponhim, is illustrated by what the Taba’ee (follower) Shu’ba said to thecompanion Fatimah bint Qais, may Allah be pleased with her: ‫ﻋﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳﺄﻝ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻗﻴﺲ ﺃﺧﺖ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﺎﻙ ﺑﻦ ﻗﻴﺲ. ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﺛﻴﲏ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎ ﲰﻌﺘﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ. ﻻ ﺗﺴﻨﺪﻳﻪ ﺇﱃ‬ ..‫ﺃﺣﺪ ﻏﲑﻩ. ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺖ ﻟﺌﻦ ﺷﺌﺖ ﻷﻓﻌﻠﻦ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﳍﺎ : ﺃﺟﻞ. ﺣﺪﺛﻴﲏ. ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺖ‬Amru ibn Sharahil Shubi narrated that he asked about Fatimah bint(daughter of) Qais, the sister of ad-Dahhak ibn Qais, and she wasthe first amongst the emigrant women: ‘Tell me a narration youheard from the Messenger of Allah, may peace and blessing ofAllah be upon him, and do not link any chain of narrators toanyone else (but narrate the words directly as you heard it by him).She said: If you want, I will. He said: Yes certainly! She said… andthen she mentioned her lengthy story… “ 1The essential point is that we must always be vigilant and beware ofliars and tricksters or the misinformed and those who pass on1 Reported by Muslim no. 2942.
  • 35. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 35 Muhammad’s Missionfalsehood even if it is done unintentionally, for the narration ofAbu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, explains that theMessenger, peace and blessing be upon him, said: ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺟﺎﻟﻮﻥ ﻛﺬﺍﺑﻮﻥ، ﻳﺄﺗﻮﻧﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﲟﺎ ﱂ ﺗﺴﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﺃﻧﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ ﺁﺑﺎﺅﻛﻢ ﻓﺈﻳﺎﻛﻢ ﻭﺇﻳﺎﻫﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻀﻠﻮﻧﻜﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﻨﻮﻧﻜﻢ‬“At the end of times there will be great tricksters and falsifiers.They will bring to you narrations that you nor your fathers haveever heard, so beware of them so that they do not misguide youand tempt you.” 1The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, warned againstattributing lies and falsehood to him, and notified us that whoeverdid this crime will meet a dreadful punishment, when he said: ”‫“ﻣﻦ ﺗﻌﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻛﺬﺑﺎ ﻓﻠﻴﺘﺒﻮﺃ ﻣﻘﻌﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬“Whoever intentionally fabricates a lie upon me: then verily let himtake his seat in the Hellfire.” 2Even those who relate the falsehood knowingly without exposing itas falsehood are warned about the punishment, as the Prophet said,peace and blessings be upon him: ‫ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﺙ ﻋﲎ ﲝﺪﻳﺚ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺮﻯ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺬﺏ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺑﲔ‬“Whoever transmits a saying ascribing it to me and he knows that itis a lie, then he is one of the liars.” 3 All of these narrations support the idea that the highest standard for the criterion of truth and that narration of truth must be maintained to keep oneself upon the correct path of knowledge. For reason of maintaining this standard I have not included manynarrations that would have supported my contentions because they are unreliable and weak, for instance, a narration that said that1 Reported by Muslim 1/12 no.6, 7 and others. 2 Reported by al-Bukhari 1/4 , no.108 and Muslim 1/7, no. 2. 3 Reported by Imam Muslim, Ahmad, Ibn Majah and others.
  • 36. 36 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionwhen the angels came to cleanse the chest of Muhammad as a child,peace and blessings be upon him, they removed jealousy and rancor and filled it with kindness and mercy (‫ .)ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‬This would have been very forceful and useful for our purposes, yet it is a weak narration and is in discrepancy of the authentic narrations that mention that the angels filled his chest with wisdom and faith,(‫ ,)ﺣﻜﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺇﳝﺎﻧﺎ‬and therefore, this narration and many unreliablenarrations like it were not included in our presentation. 1Importance of Reference to the Quran and the SunnahThe Quran and authentic Sunnah are the first two principles andagreed upon fundamental basis of Islamic law, known as Share’ah.The third basis is Ijma`a, the consensus of the scholars of Islamabout a particular issue. Qayas is the fourth basis and indicateslogical analogy from a root source to an analytical branch. TheQuran, Sunnah, Ijma`a, and Qayas, are the fundamental sources ofIslamic jurisprudence, the science of understanding and derivingthe exact interpretation of the laws from these four bases. TheQuran and the Sunnah are the revelation from Allah whereas theIjma`a and Qayas help us understand the laws derived from therevelation for application in legal rulings and maxims.A crux Islamic maxim is that if any differences occur in anyparticular issue about Islam, then this issue must be referred backfirst to the Quran and Sunnah for an answer and solution, for Allahthe Almighty and Majestic said: ‫ﻴﻌﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل ﻭُﻭِﻲ ﺍﻷﻤ ﹺ ﻤﻨﻜﻡ ﻓِﻥ ﺘﻨﺎﺯﻋﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ ﺁﻤﻨﻭﺍ ﺃﻁﻴﻌﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺍﱠ‬  ‫ﺎ ﺃ‬ ﴾﴿  ‫ ﹸ‬  ‫ ﹶﺈ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ َ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ َ   ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﻭَﻁ‬ ‫ ﹾ ﱠ‬  َ ‫ ﹸ ﹾ‬  ‫ﻴ َﻴﻬ ﻟﺫ‬ ‫ ﺨﻴﺭ‬ ِ‫ ﻓﺭﺩﻭﻩ ِﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل ِﻥ ﹸﻨﺘﻡ ﺘﺅﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻵﺨﺭ ﺫ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺸﻲ‬   ‫ ﹺ ﹶﻟﻙ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬ ْ ‫ ﹸ‬ ‫ ِ ﺇ ﻜ ﹸ‬    ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ ﺇ‬   ‫ﺀ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻓ ﹶ‬ ﴾﴿‫ ﺘﺄﻭﻴﻼ‬  ‫ﺃﺤ‬ ‫ﻭ َ ﺴﻥ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﹰ‬1 The weak narration is reported by Imam Ahmad # 21296 and verified as weak byShu`iab al-Arna`ut and the reliable nation is reported by al-Bukhari, Muslim andmany others.
  • 37. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 37 Muhammad’s Mission“O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and thosein authority among you, and if you disagree over anything, refer itto Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the LastDay. That is the best way and the best in result.” (4:59) And Hesaid: ﴾﴿‫﴿﴾ﻭﻤﺎ ﺍﺨﺘﻠﻔﺘﻡ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺸﻲﺀ ﻓﺤﻜﻤﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﷲ‬“And in anything over which you disagree, it’s ruling is (referred) toAllah.” (42:10)When we refer this issue back to Allah and His Prophet, there is nodoubt that we will find the answer and solution, and we find thatAllah commanded us to follow the Prophet specifically and takefrom him, as He the Most Majestic said: ﴾﴿‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ ﹶﺎﻨﺘ‬ ‫ﺎﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺁﺘﺎ ﹸﻡ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل ﻓﺨﺫﻭﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫﴿﴾ﻭ‬ ‫ ﻓ ﹶﻬ‬ ‫ ﻋ ﹾ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶﻬ ﹸ‬  ‫ ُ ﹶ ﹸ ﹸ‬   ‫ﻤ ﹶ ﻜ‬“And whatever the Messenger has given you, take it, and whateverhe has forbidden you, cease (from taking or doing it).” (59:7)In the narration of Zaid ibn Arqam, may Allah be pleased with him,the Messenger, peace and blessing be upon him, said in a sermon:‫“ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻻ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻳﻮﺷﻚ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺄﰐ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺭﰊ ﻓﺄﺟﻴﺐ، ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﺗﺎﺭﻙ ﻓﻴﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺛﻘﻠﲔ: ﺃﻭﳍﻤﺎ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ، ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﳍﺪﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ،]ﻫﻮ ﺣﺒﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺘﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺗﺒﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ”‫[ ﻓﺨﺬﻭﺍ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﺴﻜﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﺪﻯ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻀﻼﻟﺔ‬ “Proceeding. O people, I am only a human being who may receivea messenger (the angel of death) from my Lord to whom I mustrespond. I am leaving among you two monumental things: the firstis the Book of Allah, in it there is the right guidance and the light,[It is the strong rope of Allah, whoever holds it receives theguidance and whoever leaves it becomes misguided] hold firmly to
  • 38. 38 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionthe Book of Allah and adhere to it. He then exhorted us about theBook of Allah and encouraged us about remaining fast to it…” 1And the Prophet said, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him: ‫ﻤﺎ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺳﻨﺔ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻦ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻀﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﲤﺴﻜﺘﻢ‬“I have left two things among you, which if you adhere to, you willnot go astray: the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet.” 2In the famous narration some of the companions of the Prophet,peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, asked one of the wives ofthe Prophet about his deeds in private (i.e. his private worships),and when they heard about it, they considered their own deeds tobe insignificant. One said, ‘I will not marry women,’ and anothersaid, ‘I will not sleep on a bed,’ and a third one said ‘I will fast andnot break fast.’ When this was related to the Prophet, peace andblessing of Allah be upon him, he said: ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻝ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻛﺬﺍ ﻭﻛﺬﺍ ؟ ﻟﻜﲏ ﺃﺻﻠﻲ ﻭﺃﻧﺎﻡ ﻭﺃﺻﻮﻡ ﻭﺃﻓﻄﺮ ﻭﺃﺗﺰﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻓﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻨﱵ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﻣﲏ‬“What is the matter with some people who say such and such?Because I make prayer and sleep. I fast and break the fast. And Imarry women. Whoever is displeased with my Sunnah (way) is notof me.” 3It is also reported that Uthman ibn Ma’thun, may Allah be pleasedwith him, desired to castrate and seclude himself for the purpose ofworship, but the Prophet, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him,forbade him and said:1 Reported by Muslim 4/1873, no.2408. This is a long narration, and the second thing to adhere to is the members of his family household wherein he reminded them of their responsibilities to them.2 Reported by Imam Malik, and this is his wording, al-Baihaqi, and al-Hakim, and al-Albani verified it as authentic in Sahih at-Targheeb #40.3 Reported by al-Bukhari, Muslim, an-Nasa`e, Ahmad and others.
  • 39. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 39 Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻳﺎ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ! ﺇﱐ ﱂ ﺃﻭﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻫﺒﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺃﺭﻏﺒﺖ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻨﱵ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻻ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ! ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺳﻨﱵ ﺃﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻭﺃﻧﺎﻡ ﻭﺃﺻﻮﻡ ﻭﺃﻃﻌﻢ ﻭﺍﻧﻜﺢ ﻭﺍﻃﻠﻖ ؛ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺭﻏﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻨﱵ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﲏ . ﻳﺎ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺇﻥ ﻷﻫﻠﻚ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺣﻘﺎ ﻭﻟﻨﻔﺴﻚ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺣﻘﺎ‬“O Uthman I have not been commanded with to be a celibatemonk. Are you displeased with my Sunnah?” He said No! He said:“From my Sunnah is to pray and sleep, to fast and eat, to marry anddivorce, and whoever is displeased with my Sunnah is not of me. OUthman, your family has a right over you, and your self has a rightover you.” 1Since the Sunnah is the detailed explanation of the Quran and itspractical application, it is essential to refer to it in any matter toproperly understand any particular Islamic principle and law. If aperson only relied on the Quran and his personal generalunderstanding of Arabic lingual meanings of the Quran, he wouldonly have a superficial and incomplete understanding and would goastray in many matters of creed and law. For this reason it isincumbent on any seeker of truth to ask the true scholars, for Allahthe Exalted said: ﴾﴿ ‫ﻮﻥﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ ﻻ ﺗ‬‫ﺄﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺇﹺﻥ ﹸﻨﺘﻢ‬‫ﻲ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﺎﺳ‬‫ﻮﺣ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻚ ﹺﺇﻻ ﺭﺟﺎﻻ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﻠﻨ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﺭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿﴾ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﻤ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﱢ ﹾ ﹺ ﻛ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹰ ﻧ‬ ‫ ﱠ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ‬“And We sent not before you (as Our Messengers) except menwhom We inspired, (with revelation), So ask those who know if youdo not know.” (16:43) Those who know literally means those whoremember, meaning those who study and retain the texts of theScriptures of the Quran and the Sunnah, and consequently knowtheir correct meanings and interpretations and the verdicts ofjurisprudence derived from them.The Almighty and Majestic also said: ﴾﴿ ‫ﻟﻤﻮﻥ‬‫ﺎ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻟﻈﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎﺗ‬‫ ﺑﹺﺂﻳ‬ ‫ﺤ‬‫ﻳﺠ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻭﺭ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺻ‬‫ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻮ ﺁﻳ‬ ‫ﺑﻞ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹺﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺪ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﺃ ﺗ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹺ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻴ ﺕ‬ ‫ ﺕ‬ ‫ﹾ ﻫ‬1 Reported by ad-Darami, and see Sheikh al-Albani’s Silsalah as-Sahihah # 394.
  • 40. 40 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission“Nay, but it (the Quran) is a clear revelation in the hearts of thosewho are endowed with knowledge, and none deny Our revelationssave the wrongdoers (and unjust).” 29:49And the Messenger of Allah, may the peace and blessing of Allahbe upon him, said:". ‫" ﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ، ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﳊﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﻠﻢ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﺘﺤﺮ ﺍﳋﲑ ﻳﻌﻄﻪ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﺘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻮﻗﻪ‬ “Knowledge is only by learning, and patience in clemency is onlyby exerting oneself to be patient in clemency, and whoever strivesearnestly to find the good, will be given it, and whoever strivesearnestly to avoid evil, will be protected from it.” And in anothersimilar narration: ‫ﻳﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﻘﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﺮﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﺧﲑﺍ ﻳﻔﻘﻬﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ " ‫ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﳜﺸﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬“O people, verily knowledge is only by learning, and (having)religious understanding is only by learning jurisprudence, and ifAllah wants good from a person He will make him gain religiousunderstanding (of jurisprudence), and ﴾﴿‫ﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺎ ﻳ‬‫ﻤ‬‫﴿﴾ﺇﹺ‬  ‫ ﻌ ﹶ‬      ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ “Those who have the fear of Allah, from among His slaves, areonly those who have knowledge.” [35/28] Or possibly translated as:“Only the knowledgeable fear Allah from among His slaves.” 1Both the Quran and the authenticated Sunnah are revelation fromAllah ‫ﻰ ﴿﴾ ﻋﻠﻤ‬‫ﻮﺣ‬  ‫ﻮ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﺣ‬ ‫ﻯ ﴿﴾ ﹺﺇﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻬ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﻄ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻯ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﻏﹶﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ ﹸﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺎﺣ‬‫ﺎ ﺿﻞ ﺻ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻣ‬‫ﻪ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻲ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﻟ‬ ‫ﹾ ﻫ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻖ‬   ‫ﺒﻜ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻯ‬‫ﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﹾﻘﻮ‬‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬ “Your companion (Muhammad) has not strayed, nor has he erred,* Nor does he speak from mere desire. * It is not but a revelation1 Reported by al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi and declared good by al-Albani in his Silsalah as-Sahihah # ٣٣٢ and see also his Sahih at-Targheeb
  • 41. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 41 Muhammad’s Missionrevealed, * Taught to him by one mighty in strength (the arch-angelGabriel sent by Allah).” (53-2-6)The Prophet, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, explainedthat his Sunnah is similar to the revelation like the Quran when hesaid: ‫"ﺃﻻ ﺇﱐ ﺃﻭﺗﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺃﻻ ﻳﻮﺷﻚ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺷﺒﻌﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺭﻳﻜﺘﻪ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬‫ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻭﺟﺪﰎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻼﻝ ﻓﺄﺣﻠﻮﻩ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻭﺟﺪﰎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺮﺍﻡ ﻓﺤﺮﻣﻮﻩ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻣﺎ‬ "... ‫ﺣﺮﻡ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ‬“Verily I have been given the Qur`an and that which is similar to italong with it. Verily it may be that a man will be full and resting onhis side and say: This Qur`an is for you what you find in it lawfultake as lawful and what you find in it unlawful take as unlawful.What the Messenger makes unlawful is like what Allah makesunlawful…” And then he mentioned some specific prohibitionsthat are not mentioned in the Quran. 1The issue of the Sunnah being the necessary explanation of theQuran, and the fact that if it is neglected, one will most definitelystray from the correct pathway, will be elucidated here further bythe oft misunderstood issue of intercession. The companion Imranibn al-Husayyin, may Allah be pleased with him, replied when aman said: Oh Aba Najeed (Imran), You relate to us narrations andwe do not find its source and origins in the Quran.” At this Imrangot angry and said to the man: “Did you read the Quran? He saidyes. He said: ‘Do you find that the sunset prayer is three bows(Raka’at), and that the night prayer is four, the dawn prayer is two,and the midday and afternoon prayer are four? He said: No. Hesaid: ‘From where did you get this affair? Didn’t you take this fromus? And we took it from the Prophet of Allah, peace and blessingbe upon him. And did you find (in the Quran) that for every forty1 Reported by Ahmad # 17213 and Abu Da`ud, and verified by al-Arna`ut and al- Albani in his verification of Mishkat # 163.
  • 42. 42 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionDinars you should (pay in Zakat) one Dinar? And did you find thatfor so many sheep and camels you should pay such and such? Didyou find that in the Quran?’ The man said: No. He said: “Fromwhere did you get this affair? We took it from the Prophet of Allah,peace and blessing be upon him. Did you find in the Quran“…And circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka’ba in Mecca”(Surat-al-Hajj 29], and did you find that you should go around (theKa’ba) seven times, and then pray two bowings at the station ofAbraham? Did you find that in the Quran? And on whom did youtake this? Didn’t you take it from us, and we took it from theProphet of Allah, peace and blessing be upon him? He said: ‘Yescertainly (we did)! ‘….And did you hear that Allah said to peopleabout the Quran;() ‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻜﲔ‬ ‫ﻄﻌ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﲔ )(ﻭﹶﻟﻢ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺳﻘﺮ )( ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻟﹶﻢ‬‫ﺎ ﺳﻠﻜﻜﹸﻢ ﻓ‬‫ﺮﻣﲔ )( ﻣ‬‫ﺠ‬‫﴿ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬     ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ ﻚ ﻧ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﱢ‬ ‫ ﻤ‬  ‫ ﻚ‬ ‫ ﻟ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬  ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻢ ﺷﻔﺎﻋ ﹸ‬  ‫ﺗﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ )( ﻓﹶﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻴﻘ‬‫ﺗﺎﻧ‬‫ﻰ ﹶﺃ‬‫ ﹺﺑﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ )(ﺣ‬ ‫ﻜﺬ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺋﻀﲔ )(ﻭ ﹸ‬‫ﻮﺽ ﻣﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻧ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ﹶﻌﻬ‬ ‫ﲔ‬  ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ﻛﻨ ﻧ ﹶ ﱢﺏ‬       ‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﹸﻨ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﲔ‬    ((“About the criminal evildoers (it will say to them): ‘What hascaused you to enter Hell?’ They will say: ‘We were not of those whoused to offer their prayers; nor we used to feed the poor; and weused to talk falsehood with vain talkers; and we used to belie theDay of Recompense. Until there came to us (the death) that iscertain.’ So no intercession of intercessors will be of any use tothem.”) [74:42-48] Habeeb said: ‘I heard Imran, may Allah bepleased with him, say: ‘The intercession is beneficial for everythingexcept for what you hear here (in these verses).’” 1 Thecompanion Imran, may Allah be pleased with him, clarifies herethat the Quran cannot be understood or its commands practicedcorrectly without the explanation and example of the Messenger,may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him. Since only the1 Reported by Abu Da`ud and al-Marwazi in “Tatheem Qadr-as-Salat” [The Aggrandizement of the Status of Prayer, p.1007 no. 1081 gives another, longer version on Habeeb ibn Abi al Malak. This is also reported by Tabarani, and al-Ajuri in his Saharee’ah, and by the combination of its many pathways, it is a good narration.
  • 43. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 43 Muhammad’s Missioncompanions can report the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet,his words and actions, to those who come afterwards, it is essentialfor us to receive knowledge from them, and so on in thegenerations of followers afterwards. The Quran gives generalcommands but it is the Sunnah that crucially fills in the details andthe exact meanings of the commands and shows us how theProphet, peace and blessing be upon him, executed them in actualpractice. All the “Fiqh” (proper understanding and jurisprudence)is only the intelligent and correct extraction of laws and principlesfrom the combinations of the scriptures of the Quran and Sunnah,to derive from them the correct rules and regulations of Islamic lawand jurisprudence.On the Sahaabah (companions) and Khulafa`a (Caliphs), andothersThe Sahaabah (companions of the Prophet) have a special status inthat they were chosen for companionship and they personally knewand interacted and communicated with the Prophet, peace andblessings be upon him. Thus their sayings and actions have twopossibilities: sometimes their words are derived from him and nottheir own opinions but those from revelation from Allah’sMessenger; sometimes their sayings constitute their own opinionsand constitute their legal viewpoints on various issues. On bothaccounts they are rich source of authentic information about therulings of Islam. Their great knowledge, noble characters, andexemplary manner of following Islam, all is an inspiration for thosegenerations of Muslims after them. The saying of the Sahaabah andthen the Taba’een (followers after them) and then the followinggenerations of Ulama`a (scholars) and Fuqaha`a (jurist and scholarsof jurisprudence) are not sources of law in and of themselves, butmay help explain and elucidate the teachings and laws.Allah Most Exalted said:
  • 44. 44 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻮﹾﺍ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻢ ﺑﹺﺈﹺﺣ‬ ‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻭ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﺎﺑ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻷَﻭﹸﻮﻥﹶ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺿ‬      ‫ ﹼ‬    ‫ﻮﻫ‬ ‫ ﺍﺗ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ َ   ‫ ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﻤ‬  ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺴ ﹺﻘ ﹶ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍ ﺫ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﺑ‬‫ﻴﻬ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺎﻟ‬‫ﺎﺭ ﺧ‬‫ﻧﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺮﹺﻱ ﺗ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ ﻭﹶﺃﻋﺪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺟﻨﺎﺕ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻋﻨ‬     ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬  َ        ‫ﻪ‬ ‘And the forerunners to embrace Islam of the Emigrants and theHelpers, and also those who followed them in good faith. Allah iswell pleased with them, as they are well pleased with Him. He hasprepared for them Gardens (in Paradise) under which rivers flow todwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.” (9:100)And He Most Exalted said: ‫ ﻓﺄﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ ﻓﻌﻠﻢ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻧﻚ‬‫ﺒﺎﹺﻳﻌﻮ‬‫ﻣﻨﲔ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻳ‬‫ﺆ‬‫﴿ ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ﹺ ﹶﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬         ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬    ‫ﹶ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺎ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻢ ﻓﹶﺘ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺃﹶﺛﹶﺎ‬‫ﻬﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﹶﹺ‬  ‫ ﻬ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹺ‬“Indeed, Allah was pleased with the believers when they gave theirpledge to you (O Muhammad) under the tree, He knew what was intheir hearts, and He sent down calmness and tranquility upon them,and He rewarded them with a near victory.” (48:18)The companion Ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him, saidthat the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said: ‫ﻮﻥ ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ، ﻳﺄﺧﺬﻭﻥ‬ ‫“ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻧﱯ ﺑﻌﺜﻪ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺃﻣﺔ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ ﺇﻻ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺘﻪ ﺣﻮﺭﺍﻳ‬ ‫ﺎ ﲣﻠﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ ﺧﻠﻮﻑ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻮﻥ، ﻭﻳﻔﻌﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﺑﺴﻨﺘﻪ ﻭﻳﻘﺘﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﺄﻣﺮﻩ، ﰒ ﺇ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺆﻣﺮﻭﻥ، ﻓﻤﻦ ﺟﺎﻫﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﺆﻣﻦ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻫﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﻠﺴﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﺆﻣﻦ، ﻭﻣﻦ‬ ” ‫ﺟﺎﻫﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﻘﻠﺒﻬﻢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﺆﻣﻦ، ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺣﺒﺔ ﺧﺮﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﹸ‬“Allah did not send a Prophet to a nation (Ummah) before meexcept that there were disciples and companions from among hispeople who followed his ways (Sunnah) and obeyed his commands.Then there came (some) successors after them who said what theydid not practice and practiced that which they were notcommanded. So he who strives and fights against them with hishand is a believer and he who strives and fights against them withhis tongue is a believer and he who strives and fights against them
  • 45. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 45 Muhammad’s Missionwith his heart is a believer, and beyond that there is no faith even tothe extent of a mustard seed.” 1The rightly guided Khulafa (Caliphs, leaders and followers of theProphet) have a singular status since we are commanded to followand obey them specifically, as in the famous narration of Irbaad ibnSariyah, may Allah be pleased with him, when he said that theMessenger, peace and blessing be upon him, gave an eloquentsermon by which our hearts fluttered and tears flowed from oureyes, so we said to him, ‘O Messenger of Allah as if this is the finalsermon so give us a final instruction.’ He said, peace and blessingbe upon him:‫ﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻋﺒﺪ، ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻌﺶ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺻﻴﻜﻢ ﺑﺘﻘﻮﻯ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻣ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﲑﻯ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﹰﺍ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺑﺴﻨﱵ ﻭﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﳋﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻬﺪﻳﲔ ﻋﻀﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻮﺍﺟﺬ ﻭﺇﻳﺎﻛﻢ ﻭﳏﺪﺛﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ، ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺑﺪﻋﺔ ﺿﻼﻟﺔ‬“I instruct you to fear Allah, and hear and obey even if anEthiopian slave becomes your leader, for indeed whoever amongyou lives will see much disagreement so adhere to my Sunnah andthe Sunnah of the rightly guided, correctly directed Caliphs,adhering to it with the firm bite of your molar teeth, and beware ofthe invented things since every Bid’ah (innovation) is misguidance.”2 And in another narration he said as al-Urbad ibn Sariyahreported: ‫" ﻋﻈﻨﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﻮﻋﻈﺔ ﺫﺭﻓﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻮﻥ ﻭﻭﺟﻠﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﻓﻘﻠﻨﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﳌﻮﻋﻈﺔ ﻣﻮﺩﻉ ﻓﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﺘﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ ﻟﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻛﻨﻬﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺰﻳﻎ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﺇﻻ ﻫﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﻌﺶ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓﺴﲑﻯ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎ‬1 Reported by Muslim 1/70, no 50.2 Reported by Abu Da`ud, 4/201, no. 4707, at-Tirmidthi 5/44, no.2676 who said it is a good hadith, Ibn Majah1/15-16, no. 42- 4 and Ahmad 4/46-47, and verified as authentic by al-Albani in Sahih al-Jame’as-Sagheer # 7819.
  • 46. 46 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission‫ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﲟﺎ ﻋﺮﻓﺘﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻨﱵ ﻭﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﳋﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻬﺪﻳﲔ ﻋﻀﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻮﺍﺟﺬ‬ ".‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻋﺒﺪﺍ ﺣﺒﺸﻴﺎ ﻓﺈﳕﺎ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﳉﻤﻞ ﺍﻷﻧﻒ ﺣﻴﺜﻤﺎ ﻗﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﻘﺎﺩ‬“The Messenger of Allah, may Allahs peace and blessing be uponhim, gave us an admonition which caused the eyes to shed tears andthe hearts to tremble in fear, so we said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, asif this is a farewell sermon, so with what do you counsel us?’ Hesaid: ‘I have left you upon clear proof: its night is like its day, noone deviates from it except one who is destroyed. Whoever liveslong from among you will see great controversy. So adhere to whatyou know from my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guidedCaliphs and cling to that with your molar teeth, and adhere toobedience even if it is to (obey) an Abyssinian slave. Since verilythe believer is like a submissive camel: wherever it is led, itfollows.” 1The Ulama`a (men of knowledge, scholars) in Islam have a specialstatus, and of course the Caliphs and many of the Sahaabah were inthe highest ranks of scholars, for the Prophet, may the peace andblessing of Allah be upon him, said about their legacy: ‫" ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻚ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﺎ ﺳﻠﻚ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻀﻊ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺘﻬﺎ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻟﻴﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﻣﻦ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﳊﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺟﻮﻑ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺪ ﻛﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺍﻛﺐ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺭﺛﺔ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﱂ ﻳﻮﺭﺛﻮﺍ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﺭﺍ ﻭﻻ ﺩﺭﳘﺎ‬ ". ‫ﻭﺭﺛﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺃﺧﺬﻩ ﺃﺧﺬ ﲝﻆ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻓﺮ‬“He who treads a path in search of knowledge, Allah will direct himto tread a path from the paths of Paradise, and the angels wouldwelcome the seekers of knowledge. And all that is found in theheavens and the earth, even the fish in the depths of the waterseek forgiveness for the scholar. The superiority of the scholar over1 Reported by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, al-Hakim and verified by al-Albani in as- Silsalah as-Sahihah # 937, and as-Sahih al-Jame’e # 4369.
  • 47. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 47 Muhammad’s Missionthe worshipper is like that of the full moon at night over the rest ofthe stars. Verily the scholars are heirs of the Prophets who leavebehind neither Dinar nor Dirham, they only leave knowledge astheir heritage (legacy and inheritance), so whoever acquires it hasacquired a huge fortune.”1Seeking knowledge is always incumbent upon all Muslims for theirentire lives as he said, peace and blessing be upon him: " ‫" ﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬“Seeking knowledge is obligatory on every Muslim (i.e. both maleand female).” 2And he also said, peace and blessing be upon him: ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺟﺤﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﱴ ﺍﳊﻮﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﻟﻴﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﳋﲑ‬“Verily Allah, the angels, the ants and even the fish in the sea givesalutations to the person who teaches the people goodness.” 3And Amr ibn al-‘Aas, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated thatthe Messenger, peace and blessing be upon him, said: ‫ﺒﻘﻲ‬ ،‫ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺘﺰﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻧﺘﺰﺍﻋﺎﹰ، ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﻘﺒﺾ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻓﲑﻓ‬ ‫ﻭﻳ‬ ‫ﹶﻊ‬ ‫ﱡﻮﻥ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺭﺅﻭﺳﺎ ﺟﻬﺎﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻐﲑ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻓﻴﻀﻠﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﱡ ﻳ ﻠ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹰ‬ ‫ ﹰ‬“Allah does not take away the knowledge by taking it away from thepeople. He takes the religiously learned men in death and by thistakes the knowledge that is with them, until there remains as theleaders of the people ignorant ones who, when consulted, give1 Reported by Abu Da`ood, at-Tirmidthi, Ibn Majah and others and verified by al- Albani in his confirmation of Mishkat #218.2 Reported by Ibn Majah and al-Baihaqi and verified by al-Albani in his Sahih-al- Jami # 6297.3 Reported by at-Tabarani and Deya al-Maqdasi, and verified as authentic by al- Albani in Sahih al-Jame’e as-Sagheer #1838, and see #5883. At-Tirmidthi reported similarly.
  • 48. 48 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionverdicts without knowledge, going astray themselves and leadingthe people astray.” 1We know that the general way of the Caliphs, companions andrighteous believers after them is correct, for Allah praises them,saying: ‫ﺼﻠﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﱠﻰ ﻭﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻮﱢﻟﻪ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺆﻣﻨﲔ‬‫ﻳﺘﺒﹺﻊ ﻏﹶﻴﺮ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ﻯ ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻴﻦ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺎﻗﻖ ﺍﻟﺮ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫﴿ﻭﻣ‬     ‫ﻟ‬   ‫ ﻧ‬ ‫ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬      ‫ ﻪ ﹾﻬ‬      ‫ﺳ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬    ﴾ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻨﻢ ﻭﺳﺎﺀﺕ ﻣ‬‫ﺟﻬ‬  َ     “And whoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has becomeclear to him and follows other than the way of the believers, Wewill give him accordingly and burn him in Hellfire, and it is an evildestination.” (٤: 115)This leads us by necessity to another vital subject before we initiatethe investigation of mercy.Note on Knowledge and ActionThe basis of all life revolves around knowledge and action. Byinstinctual and innate inclination and yearning, all living beingsfrom birth seek the truth about the reality around them, and thenaffirm it one way or another and act towards that which benefitsand brings pleasure and happiness. This is the positive impulsionfor action and for love. The natural corollary to protect themselvesis to negate falsehood and abstain, repel and hate that which isharmful and brings misery and pain. This affirmation and negation,symbolized by plus and minus, is the basic binary code of all life.They are the positive and negative impulses and charges of allknowledge and action: receiving perceptions and then reacting tovarious stimuli seeking to attain pleasure and avoid pain. As thehighest form of life on earth, man by instinctual desire will searchwith his faculties to find the truth, the beneficial and what pleaseshim. Love instinctually is for the truth and the beneficial, whereas1 Reported by al-Bukhari 8/187, #7307, and Muslim, 4/2058, #3673.
  • 49. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 49 Muhammad’s Missionhatred is instinctually for the falsehood and harmful, unless ofcourse, he is corrupted by compound ignorance, and false anddestructive desires. Thus correct knowledge and voluntary action isnecessary to receive the truth and then to act accordingly to thedesired beneficial goal. Ignorance, misinformation, and false anddestructive desires only lead to misery and pain. The existencearound us has material and spiritual realities, which can only beunderstood through attaining the knowledge about these realities,and then either to accept or reject them.Knowledge is naturally developed stage by stage, as Allah theExalted said: ‫ﺍﻷَﻓﺌﺪﺓ‬‫ﺑﺼﺎﺭ ﻭ‬َ‫ﻊ ﻭﺍﻷ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺴﻤ‬ ‫ﺌﹰﺎ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺷ‬ ‫ﻜﻢ ﻻ‬‫ ﹸﺃﻣﻬﺎﺗ‬‫ﻦ ﺑ ﹸﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟ ﹸﻢ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﹼﻪ ﺃﹶﺧ‬‫﴿﴾ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬     ‫ ﹶ ﻜﻢ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬  ‫ﻄ‬ ‫ﻜ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ﴾﴿ َ‫ﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺸ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻌﻠ ﹸﻢ‬ ‫ﻜﺮ‬  ‫ ﱠﻜ‬ “Allah brings you forth from the wombs of your mothers knowingnothing, and gives you hearing and sight and hearts that you mightgive thanks.” (16:78)Knowledge has four degrees or levels as mentioned by the scholars.The beginning of knowledge is doubt (Shakk) since one is stillascertaining the truth or falsehood of something and is yetundecided until receiving the decisive evidences. Then it becomesa bit stronger as a conjecture and idea (Thann) which one takes tobe correct even though it remains under scrutiny if new evidenceappears (and accordingly, the assumption is divided into theoverwhelmingly stronger assumption and the weaker assumption –respectively the Thann ar-Rajih or called Ghalabat ath-Thann andthe Thann al- Marjuh). It then becomes firm knowledge (Ilm),meaning the recognition of a truth and a fact of reality. The highestdegree of knowledge is an exact and unwavering certitude (Yaqeen). We find these four degrees all in one verse of the Qur`an, whereinAllah tells us what the Jews said about Messiah Jesus, peace beupon him:
  • 50. 50 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission﴾﴿ ‫ﺒﻪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻮﻩ ﻭﻟﹶﻜ‬‫ﺎ ﺻﻠ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﺘ ﹸﻮﻩ ﻭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻮﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻢ ﺭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺑﻦ ﻣ‬‫ﻰ ﺍ‬‫ﻴﺴ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻴﺢ ﻋ‬‫ﻠﹾﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﹶﺘ‬‫ﻟﻬﹺﻢ ﺇﹺ‬‫﴿﴾ﻭﻗﹶﻮ‬    ‫ ﺷ‬  ‫ ﹶﺒ‬  ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳ‬     ِ ‫ ﻧ‬   ﴾﴿‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻨ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻗﺘﻠ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻠﻢ ﹺﺇﻻ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻈﻦ ﻭ‬‫ﻢ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻟ‬‫ﻲ ﺷﻚ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣ‬‫ﻠﹶ ﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻟﹶﻔ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺘ‬‫ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﱠﻟﺬ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ ﹸﻮﻩ‬‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﹾ ﹴ ﱠ‬   ‫ ﹶﻬ‬      ‫ ﻔ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬“That they said (boastfully), ‘We killed Jesus Christ the son of Mary,the Messenger of Allah’ but they killed him not, nor crucified him,but it was made to appear to them so. Those who differ therein arefull of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but they only followconjecture, for of a surety they killed him not.” (4:157).Sometimes these terms are used loosely and interchangeably in theirwider linguistic meanings like when the Prophet, may the peace andblessing of Allah be upon him, mentioned about the story ofAbraham, peace be upon him, referring to the verse:‫ﻠﹶﻰ‬‫ﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺗﺆ‬ ‫ﻰ ﻗﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﻭﹶﻟﻢ‬‫ﺤﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻤﻮﺗ‬ ‫ ﺃﺣﻖ ﹺﺎﻟﺸﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﹺﺫ ﻗﺎﻝ]ﺭﺏ ﺃﹶﺭﹺﻧﹺﻰ ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫" ﻧﺤ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺗ‬ ‫ﹶ‬   ‫ ﺇ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ ﺑ‬  ‫ﻦ ﹶ‬  "[‫ﻦ ﻗﻠﺒﹺﻰ‬‫ﻄﻤﺌ‬‫ﻭﹶﻟـﻜﻦ ﱢﻟﻴ‬ ‫ ﹶﹾ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬ "We are more liable to be in doubt than Ibrahim (Abraham) whenhe said, "My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead. Allahsaid, ‘Dont you believe Ibrahim said, "Yes (I believe), but (I ask)in order to be stronger in faith.’” 1 This is the story when Abrahamasked to see how Allah resurrects the dead back to life, and as thescholars explain, the Prophets statement means here, ‘we are moreliable to seek to attain to certainty’ and it is not a doubt of Allah’sOmnipotence and ability to bring back to life. Abraham wanted togain more knowledge and a higher degree, as the Messenger ofAllah peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, said: ‫ﻳﻨﺔ‬‫ ﻛﹶﺎﹾﻟﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻴﺲ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒ‬     ‫ﺮ‬   “The (one who hears) news and information, is not like the onewho sees (the actual reality for himself).” 2The Prophet himself, peace and blessings be upon him, only knewwhat he knew about the matters of the unseen and the hereafter byrevelation from Allah as he was taught in incremental stages. If he1 Reported by Bukhari and Muslim.2 Reported by Ahmad, and verified by al-Arna`ut and al-Albani in SJ #٥٣٧٣.
  • 51. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 51 Muhammad’s Missiondid not know, he was commanded to say ‘I do not know.” It is saidproverbially that to say, “I don’t know” is one half of knowledgesince one may know that he knows, or know that he does notknow, and even that is knowledge. The truly ignorant are those whodo not know that they do not know and compound ignorance is tobelieve that you know when actually you do not.For instance, the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing of Allahbe upon him, said ‫ﻣﺎ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ ﺗﺒﻊ ﺃﻟﻌﻴﻨﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻡ ﻻ ؟ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ ﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻧﲔ ﺃﻧﺒﻴﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻡ ﻻ ؟ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺪﻭﺩ ﻛﻔﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﻡ ﻻ ؟‬ “I do not know whether ‘Tuba’a was accursed or not, and I do notknow whether Dhul-Qarnain was a prophet or not, and I do notknow whether the legal punishments are expiation of the sins ornot.” 1 The Prophet’s statement, peace and blessing be upon him,means here that he was not sure at that time about these things andexpressed this uncertainty. Later he received the revelation andgave further information, for in a narration he said: ‫ﻻ ﺗﺴﺒﻮﺍ ﺗﺒﻌﺎ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺳﻠﻢ‬“Do not curse Tuba’a, for indeed he accepted Islam.” 2And another narration explains that eventually it became known tohim that punishment is expiation, for Ubadah ibn Samit, may Allahbe pleased with him, said that the Prophet said, peace and blessingsbe upon him: ‫ﺑﺎﻳﻌﻮﱐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺗﺸﺮﻛﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺴﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺰﻧﻮﺍ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻛﻢ ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺗﺄﺗﻮﺍ ﺑﺒﻬﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻔﺘﺮﻭﻧﻪ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻜﻢ ﻭﺃﺭﺟﻠﻜﻢ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻌﺼﻮﺍ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻭﰱ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓﺄﺟﺮﻩ‬1 Reported by Ibn Asakir verified as good by Sheikh al-Albani in his as-Silsalah as- Sahihah #22172 Reported by Ahmad # 22931and at-Tabarani and and verified it as authentic verified by al-Arna`ut and by al-Albani in as-Silsalah as-Sahihah #٢٤٢٣.
  • 52. 52 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻓﻌﻮﻗﺐ ﺑﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻛﻔﺎﺭﺓ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﰒ ﺳﺘﺮﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ: ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﻋﻔﺎ ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﻋﺎﻗﺒﻪ " ﻓﺒﺎﻳﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ‬“Pledge to me that you will not associate partners with Allah inidolatry, neither steal, nor fornicate or kill your children, and willnot bring a fabricated lie from between your hands or legs, and thatyou will not disobey in any commonly known good thing. Andwhoever fulfills this among you then his rewards is with Allah; andwhoever commits one of these sins and he is punished in the life ofthis world then it absolves him in his sin, and whoever commitsone of these sins and Allah keeps it hidden by covering its exposurein the life of this world, then Allah may, if He wills, punish him (inthe hereafter) or if He wills, pardon him. ” Ubadah ibn Samit, mayAllah be pleased with him, said: We pledged our commitment tothis. 1The affair of Dhul-Qarnain, whether he was a prophet or not,remains in the realm of that which we do not have definite proof ofone way or another. It is an example of a piece of news that is notnecessary for us to know about and so if we did receive knowledge,then fine, and if we did not, then this doesn’t harm us since it is alesser affair and detail and it is not concerned with the commandsof actual practice which are of the utmost importance.Man cannot know about the nature of some things except throughdirect observation and intuition or by being informed by a moreknowledgeable authority. Knowledge of the unseen necessitates therevelation of God, the Creator, because the unseen realm isunfathomable to man, beyond his senses and ability to dissectempirically and to test by trial and experiment. He can only knowabout this realm by revelation and the Word of Allah through theProphets and Messengers. As Allah says1 Reported by al-Bukhari, Muslim, and others.
  • 53. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 53 Muhammad’s Mission ﴾ ‫ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺇﱠﺎ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺎ‬‫ﻴﺘﻢ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻭﺗ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻲ ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺡ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺡ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻚ ﻋﻦ‬‫ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻟﻮ‬‫﴿ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹰ‬ ‫ ﹾ ﹺ ﹺﻟ ﹶ‬    ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ ﹺ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹺ ﻗ ﹺ ﺍﻟﺮ‬  ‫ﹶ‬“And they ask you about the soul. Say, ‘The soul is of the affair ofmy Lord. And you have not been given of knowledge except alittle.” (17:85)Certainty (yaqeen) itself has three degrees as subdivisions, sinceAllah has mentioned in His Scripture: ilm-al-yaqeen (certainty ofknowledge); ain al-yaqeen (certainty of seeing); and haqq-al-yaqeen(certainty of the actual truth and experiencing the reality). Thescholars give an example of a traveler in the desert who knows thatbehind this particular stretch of sand dunes is an oasis with agushing spring of water. The knowledge of this oasis is the firststage of certainty and is ‘ilm-al-yaqeen.’ When he surpasses thestretch of sand dunes and he sees the oasis and the water he hasachieved ‘ain al-yaqeen.’ When he goes to drink and wash and swimin the water he actualizes its truth and reality: this is the ultimate‘haqq-al-yaqeen.’ Another example is the knowledge of the fire,seeing of the fire, and experiencing its heat and burning in the fire -may Allah the Most Forgiving and Merciful save us frompunishment.Knowledge must be built on solid proofs and evidence, called“Burhan” in Arabic, whether physical and material or intellectualand rational, and not mere whims and unsubstantiated claims, forAllah the Sublime said: ‫ﻧ ﹸﻢ ﹺﺇﻥ ﹸﻨﺘﻢ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻠﻚ ﺃﹶﻣﺎﹺﻧﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﻞ ﻫ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍ ﺃﹶﻭ‬‫ﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻦ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻭ‬   ‫ ﹾ ﻛ‬ ‫ ﹸ ﹾ ﺗ ﺑ ﻜ‬     ‫ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﹶ ﻫ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﻟ‬ ‫ﺧ ﹶ‬  ‫ﻟ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻗﲔ‬   “And they say, ‘None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or aChristian.’ These are merely their hopeful desires. Say: ‘Produceyour proof if you are truthful.” (2:111) And Allah the Exalted said:‫ ﹸﻢ ﹺﺇﻥ‬‫ﺎﻧ‬‫ﺮﻫ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍ‬‫ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﻞ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺋﻠ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﹶﺃ‬‫ ﹸ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻴﺪﻩ ﻭﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﺪﹸ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻠﻖ ﹸﺛﻢ‬ ‫﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻣﻦ‬‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﻜ‬ ‫ ﺑ‬ ‫ ﹸ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﹶﻪ‬ ‫ ِ ﹶ‬     ‫ﺯﻗﻜ‬         ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ﺃ‬    ﴾﴿ ‫ﹸﻨﺘﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﲔ‬       ‫ﻛ‬“Who is it that originates creation and then recreates it (forresurrection), and Who is it that provides for you (sustenance) from
  • 54. 54 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionheaven and earth? Is there any god with Allah? Say, ‘Bring forthyour proofs, if you are truthful.’” (27:64) And Allah the Glorifiedsaid: ‫ﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ‬  ‫ﻞ ﹶﺃﻛﺜ‬‫ﻲ ﺑ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ ﻣﻦ ﻗﹶﺒ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻲ ﻭﺫﻛﹾ‬ ‫ﺬﹶﺍ ﺫﻛ‬‫ﻜﻢ ﻫ‬‫ﺎﻧ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻟﻬﺔ ﻗﻞ ﻫ‬‫ﺗﺨ ﹸﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﹺﻧﻪ ﺁ‬‫﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ ﺍ‬  ‫ﹾ ﹾ ﹶﺮ ﻫ‬   ‫ ﺮ‬       ‫ ﹾﺮ‬  ‫ ﹰ ﹸ ﹾ ﺗ ﺑ ﹸ‬ َ     ‫ﺬ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻓﹶﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ ﻣ ﹺﺿ ﹶ‬    ‫ﹶﻤ‬“Or have they taken other gods for worship besides Him? Say:“Bring your proof! This (the Quran) is the Reminder for those withme, and the Reminder for those before me, but most of them knownot the Truth, so they turn away.” (21: 24)And yet Allah has made all of the major articles of faith dependentupon faith in the things that are unseen, like belief in Allah and theangels and the revealed books and Day of Resurrection andJudgment and the Paradise and Hellfire, so what are the proofs ofthese “other worldly” things that cannot be materially seen, heard,and touched in the life of this world? How can we believe in thatwhich we cannot put under physical observation andexperimentation? Here man must use his natural intelligence todiscern the truth and falsehood of these men who call themselvesProphets of God and bring revelations from Allah. Can these reallybe from Allah or are they fabrications of wicked liars and tricksters?Here we look what are the evidences. If we live in their times wesee their miracles, or hear of them from many reliable sources, butwhat when we come later and do not witness ourselves.One example of the Quran guiding to the use of our innateintelligence as a proof may suffice here. By simple reason we mayconclude in our belief in Allah, for example, by looking into theproofs in the creation. Allah the Exalted said:‫ﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺎﺩﻗﲔ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺻ‬‫ﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻛﹶﺎ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﺤ‬‫ﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﻓﹶﻠﻴﺄ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬ ‫ﻞ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ ﺑ‬‫ﺗﻘﻮﹶﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻟﻮﻥ‬ ‫﴿ ﹶﺃﻡ‬‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ ﺧ‬   ‫ ﹾ ﻧ‬ ‫ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹾﺗ‬‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹾ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﻘ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺑﻚ‬‫ ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺋ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﺧ‬‫ﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ ﻋ‬‫ﻮﻗ‬ ‫ﻞ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﺑ‬‫ﻘﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ ﺧﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭ‬‫ﺷﻲﺀ ﹶﺃﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺎﻟ‬  ‫ﻦ‬      ‫ﻳ ﻨ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶﻘ‬  ‫ ﹸ ﹶ‬    ٍ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﲔ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻠﻄﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻢ ﹺﺑ‬  ‫ﺴﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﻠﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻭﻥ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻄ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ ﻪ‬ ‫ ﻣﹺ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﺴ ﹾ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻌﻬ‬  ‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬‫ ﹶ ﹾ‬  ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﺳ ﱠﻢ‬   ‫ﺮ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﻤ‬  
  • 55. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 55 Muhammad’s Mission‫ﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ‬‫ﻳﻜ‬ ‫ﻴﺐ ﻓﹶﻬﻢ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‬  ‫ﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺜﻘ ﹸﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﺃﹶﻡ‬ ‫ﻐﺮﻡ‬‫ﺍ ﻓﹶﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‬‫ﻢ ﺃﹶﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺄﹸ‬‫ﺗﺴ‬ ‫ﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﺃﹶﻡ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﹶﻟ ﹸ‬ ‫ ﹾ ﺘ ﺒ ﹶ‬    ‫ﻫ ﻢ‬  ‫ ﻋ‬ ‫ ﹴ ﻣ ﹾ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬        ‫ ﹶﻟﻬ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻜﻢ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺸﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺳﺒﺤ‬ ‫ﻢ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﻏﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻜﻴﺪﻭﻥ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ‬‫ﺍ ﻓﹶﺎﱠﺬ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﻛﹶﻴ‬ ‫ ﹺﻛ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻤ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﱠ‬   ‫ﺮ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻬ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻳﹺ‬“Or do they say, ‘He has made it up in fabrication?’ But they do notbelieve. * Then let them produce a statement like it, if they shouldbe truthful. * Or were they created by nothing, or were they thecreators (of themselves)? * Or did they create the heavens and theearth? But they are not certain. * Or do they have possession ofthe (bountiful) depositories (of provisions) of your Lord? And arethey the controllers (and distributors of them)? * Or do they have astairway (leading up into the heaven) by which they listen (to therevelation)? Then let their listener produce a clear authority(proving their truth). * Or does He have daughters while you havesons? * Or do you (O Muhammad) ask payments from them sothey are burdened by debt? * Or do they have (knowledge of) theunseen, so that they can write it down? * Or do they intend astrategic plan (against us)? But those who disbelieve, they are theobject of a plan (of ours against them). * Or do they have a deity(worthy of worship) other than Allah? Exalted is Allah abovewhatever they associate with Him.” (at-Tur, 52:)Look at the intensive succession of arguments posed as a series ofquestions. Reflect and answer each of these questions honestly andtruthfully. If you say that Muhammad, peace and blessings be uponhim fabricated the Quran, then simply produce a similar book, orsome verses like it, but can you? If you say that you do not have anycreator then were you created without some basic physical matter,or did you create yourselves in all these minute biological details, ordid you create the awesome heavens and earth in theirexpansiveness? Do you not have certainty and a sense about theCreator? Do you provide for yourselves, or does your Lord Creatorprovide for you? Do you have a pathway to receive specialknowledge of the unseen, or some partners who listen for you?What is your proof for us to see of this? Does the Messenger askyou for money for receiving the guidance from Allah so that youare burdened? Do you possess the unseen and can you write its
  • 56. 56 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionsecrets? Can you oppose Allah in Allah’s plan? Is there any god ordeity that you can truly say with reason and intelligence is rightfullyworthy of worship except Allah the Exalted? Just some few versesof the thousands of Allah’s verses and signs, yet with profoundquestions for man to ponder.As Jubair ibn Muta’am mentioned from his father, may Allah bepleased with him, when he was still a polytheist and was taken as acaptive: ‫: ﻳﻘﺮﺃ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻮﺭ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺑﻠﻎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳـﻠﻢ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻮﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻞ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﺑ‬‫ﺍﺕ ﻭ‬‫ﻟﻘﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻡ ﺧﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭ‬‫ﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺷﻲﺀ ﹶﺃﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺎ‬ ‫﴿ ﺃﹶﻡ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ﻳ ﻗ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶﻘ‬  ‫ ﹸ ﹶ‬    ٍ   ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ ﺧ‬ ‫آﺎن ﻳﻄﻴﺮ ﻗﻠﺒﻲ وﻗﺎل وذﻟﻚ أول ﻣﺎ وﻗﺮ اﻹﻳﻤﺎن ﻓﻲ ﻗﻠﺒﻲ‬“I heard the Messenger of Allah recite in the sunset recital of prayerthe chapter of at-Tur (the Mountain) and when he reached thisverse ‘Or were they created by nothing, or were they the creators(of themselves)? * Or did they create the heavens and the earth?But they are not certain,’ my heart was fluttering.” And he said:“That was the first time that faith settled into my heart.” 1Certainty about any truth is ultimately a gift from Allah. It is saidthat ex USA President Ronald Reagan, a committed Christianevangelical believer, used to joke that he would like to have asplendid gourmet meal with an atheist and then say, ‘Do you thinkthis was made without a cook?’ This is one form of a famouspractical argument about God’s existence, attuned to Americanfixation and infatuation for good food. They know intuitively thatthere cannot be a creation without a Creator.Belief in the unseen is a test from Allah the All-Wise. Will manaffirm or belie the truth of the Prophets and the Books of divinerevelation that they bring as a message to man from God, theirCreator? The companion Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased withhim, said that the Prophet said, peace and blessings be upon him:1 Reported by al-Bukhari # ٤٨٥٤ and #٤٠٢٣
  • 57. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 57 Muhammad’s Mission‫» ﺇﻥ ﷲ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻳﻄﻮﻓﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﻳﻠﺘﻤﺴﻮﻥ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻭﺟﺪﻭﺍ ﻗﻮﻣﺎ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻢ ﺑﺄﺟﻨﺤﺘﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﺴﺄﳍﻢ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﺗﻨﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﻫﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺎﺟﺘﻜﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﺤﻔﻮ‬‫ﻢ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ـ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ : ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻳﺴﺒﺤﻮﻧﻚ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭﻳﻜﱪﻭﻧﻚ ﻭﳛﻤﺪﻭﻧﻚ ﻭﳝﺠﺪﻭﻧﻚ . ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ : ﻫﻞ ﺭﺃﻭﱐ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻦ ﻻ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺭﺃﻭﻙ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ : ﻛﻴﻒ ﻟﻮ ﺭﺃﻭﱐ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ : ﻟﻮ ﺭﺃﻭﻙ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺃﺷﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭﺃﺷﺪ ﻟﻚ ﲤﺠﻴﺪﹰﺍ ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻟﻚ ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺤﺎ : ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ : ﻓﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﺄﻟﻮﱐ ؟ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﺴﺄﻟﻮﻧﻚ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻭﻫﻞ ﺭﺃﻭﻫﺎ: ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻻ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺏ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺃﻭﻫﺎ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻓﻜﻴﻒ ﻟﻮ‬. ‫ﻢ ﺭﺃﻭﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﻮ ﺃﺷﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﺮﺻﺎ .ﻭﺃﺷﺪ ﳍﺎ ﻃﻠﺒﺎ‬‫ﻢ ﺭﺃﻭﻫﺎ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ : ﻟﻮ ﺃ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻭﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺭﻏﺒﺔ .ﻗﺎﻝ .ﻓﻤﻢ ﻳﺘﻌﻮﺫﻭﻥ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ : ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ . ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ : ﻭﻫﻞ‬‫ﺭﺃﻭﻫﺎ . ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ : ﻻ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺏ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺃﻭﻫﺎ : ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ : ﻓﻜﻴﻒ ﻟﻮ ﺭﺃﻭﻫﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ : ﻟﻮ ﺭﺃﻭﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺃﺷﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﺍﹰ،ﻭﺃﺷﺪ ﳍﺎ ﳐﺎﻓﺔ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻓﺄﺷﻬﺪﻛﻢ ﺇﱐ ﻗﺪ‬‫ﻏﻔﺮﺕ ﳍﻢ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ: ﻓﻼﻥ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ، ﺇﳕﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﳊﺎﺟﺔ، ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫: ﻫﻢ ﺍﳉﻠﺴﺎﺀ ﻻ ﻳﺸﻘﻰ ﺟﻠﻴﺴﻬﻢ‬“Allah has (among His angels) those angels who circulate aroundand have no other task (to attend to but) to be present at theassemblies of “Dthikr” (Remembrance of Allah). When they findsuch assemblies of Dthikr they sit in them and some of themsurround the others with their wings till the space between themand the sky of this world is fully covered. When they disperse theygo upward to the heaven and Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, asksthem - although He is best informed about them – saying, wherehave you come from? They say, We come from Your servants uponthe earth who had been glorifying You (saying Subhan-Allah),repeating praises of Your Greatness (saying Allahu-Akbar) anduttering the statement of Your Oneness (Saying LA ILAAHAILLALLAH) and praising You (Saying al-Hamdu Lillah), andsupplicating You. He says: What do they ask of Me? They say:They supplicate You asking Your Paradise. He (God) says: Have
  • 58. 58 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionthey seen My Paradise? They say: No, our Lord. He says: (What itwould be then) if they were to see My Paradise? They (the angels)say: They also seek Your protection and refuge in You. He (theLord) says: Against what do they seek protection of Me? They (theangels) say: Our Lord, from the Hell-Fire. He (the Lord) says: Havethey seen My Fire? They say: No. He (the Lord) says: What it wouldbe if they were to see My Fire? They say: They ask of Yourforgiveness. He says: I grant pardon to them, and confer uponthem what they ask for, and I grant them protection against whichthey seek protection. They (the angels) say again: Our Lord, there isone among them, so and so, a simple servant who happened to passby (that assembly) and sat along with them, but is not of them. He(the Lord) says: I also grant him pardon, for they are a peoplewhose companions sitting with them are not unfortunate.” 1This narration emphasizes some of the wisdom of keeping theunseen realm hidden from man. Another narration also emphasizesthis wisdom in another way as the Prophet said, peace and blessingsbe upon him: ‫ﺇﱐ ﺃﺭﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻭ ﺃﲰﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﺗﺴﻤﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﻃﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭ ﺣﻖ ﳍﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺌﻂ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﻊ ﺇﻻ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻭﺍﺿﻊ ﺟﺒﻬﺘﻪ ﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺳﺎﺟﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻮ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻀﺤﻜﺘﻢ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﻭ ﻟﺒﻜﻴﺘﻢ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻠﺬﺫﰎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺵ ﻭ ﳋﺮﺟﺘﻢ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﲡﺄﺭﻭﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ‬“I see what you do not see, and I hear what you do not hear. Thesky creaks (with the heavy weight), and it is right that it creaks sincethere is not a little handbreadth of space but an angel is prostratingthere with his forehead. If you knew what I know you would laughbut a little and cry profusely and you would not be able to takepleasure with women on the beds, rather you would go out to theopen places crying loudly (in pain) to Allah.” 2 Glory be to Allah,Lord of the Hosts.1 Reported by Muslim and others. 2 Reported by Ahmad, at-Trimidthi, Ibn Majah and al-Hakim, and verified as good by al-Albani in SJ #٢٤٤٩.
  • 59. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 59 Muhammad’s MissionEvery being and even the masses of matter, pray in praise,glorification and salutation to Allah, their Creator and Lord, all theangels, animals and birds, each according to their unique makeup asAllah said: ‫ﺇﹺﻥ‬‫ﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﻦ ﻭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻊ ﻭﺍﻷﺭ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺴﺒ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ()‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍ ﻛﹶﺒﹺﲑ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻟﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻋ‬‫ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫﴿ﺳﺒﺤ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺽ‬ َ    ‫ ﺕ‬   ‫ﺒﺢ ﻪ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻤ ﻘ ﹶ ﻋ ﹸﻮ‬   ‫ ﻪ‬  ﴾ ‫ﺍ‬‫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﻠﻴﻤﺎ ﻏ ﹸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺤﻬﻢ ﺇ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻮﻥ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻔﹾﻘ‬‫ﻦ ﻻ ﺗ‬‫ ﹺﺑﺤﻤﺪﻩ ﻭﹶﻟﻜ‬ ‫ﺴﺒ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺷﻲﺀ ﹺﺇﻻ‬ ‫ ﹶﻔ‬   ‫ ﹺﻧﻪ ﹶ ﹶ‬   ‫ﱠ ﹶﻬ ﹶ ﹺ‬      ‫ﺢ‬ ‫ ٍ ﱠ ﻳ‬  ‫ﻣ‬“Glorified, High and Exalted is He from (the great falsehood) thatthey say! The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein,glorify Him. There is not a thing but glorifies His Praise, but youunderstand not their glorification. Truly, He is Ever Forbearing,Oft-Forgiving.” (17:42-44)And Allah the Exalted and Majestic said of the animals: ‫ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺤ‬‫ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺮ ﺻﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻛﻞ ﻗﹶﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺻﻠﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻴ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭ‬‫ﻦ ﻓ‬‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺴﺒ‬ ‫ﺗﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬ ‫﴿ ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻢ‬‫ﻪ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﻪ‬     ‫ ﹸ ﱞ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ﺢ ﻪ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬  ﴾ ‫ﻔﹾﻌ ﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﺎ ﻳ‬‫ ﺑﹺﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻢ‬  ‫ﱠ‬“Do you not see that it is Allah whom they glorify, whosoever is inthe heavens and the earth, and the birds with wings out-spread (intheir flight). Each one of them knows indeed his Salat (prayer) andhis glorification, and Allah is All-Aware of what they do.” (24:41)Even the masses of matter praise and glorify Allah, for the Exaltedand Majestic said of the inanimate objects of creation: ‫ﻳﺸﺎﺀ ﻭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ ﺑﹺﻬ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺮﺳ ﹸ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺍﻋﻖ ﻓ‬‫ﺋﻜﺔﹸ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻴﻔﺘﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﺪ ﹺﺑﺤﻤﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﹾﻤﻼ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺮﻋ‬ ‫ﺴﺒ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬   ُ  ‫ ﹶﻴ ﺐ‬    ‫ﻞ‬  ‫ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬        ‫ﺢ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻭﹺﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﻳ‬‫ ﺩﻋﻮ ﹸ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﻳﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺤﺎﻝ )( ﹶﻟ‬‫ﻮ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﹸﻟﻮﻥ ﻓ‬‫ﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﹺﻴﺒ ﹶ ﻬ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻋ‬  ‫ﺍﻟ‬   ‫ﺓ‬   ‫ ﹺ ﻪ‬     ‫ﻫ‬  ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﻲ ﺿﻼﻝ)( ﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﹺﺇﻻ ﻓ‬‫ﻟﻐﻪ ﻭﻣ‬‫ﻮ ﺑﹺﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻠﹸﻎ ﻓﺎﻩ ﻭ‬‫ﻟﻴﺒ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﹺﺑﺸﻲﺀ ﹺﺇﻻ ﻛﺒﺎﺳﻂ ﻛﻔﻴﻪ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ ﹼ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ُ ﹶ‬      ‫ ﻫ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﱠ‬  ‫ ٍ ﱠ ﹶ‬  ﴾ ‫ﺎ ﻭﻇﻼﹸﻬﻢ ﹺﺑﺎﹾﻟﻐﺪﻭ ﻭﺍﻵﺻﺎﻝ‬‫ﻛﹶﺮﻫ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻃﹶﻮ‬‫ﻦ ﻓ‬‫ ﻣ‬  ‫ﻳﺴ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ ﻟ‬   ‫ ﹺ‬َ     ‫ﺠ ﺪ‬“And the thunder glorifies and praises Him, and so do the angelsbecause of His Awe, He sends the thunderbolts, and therewith Hestrikes whom He wills, yet they dispute about Allah. And He isMighty in strength and Severe in punishment. For Him (Alone) isthe Word of Truth. And those whom they invoke, answer them no
  • 60. 60 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionmore than one who stretches forth his hand with open palms for water to reach his mouth, but (after spilling out) it reaches him not,and the supplication of the disbelievers is nothing but an error. Unto Allah falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons.” (13:13-15) And the Exalted said: ﴾ ‫ﻳﺴﺠﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻢ ﻭ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬      ‫ ﺸ‬  “And stars and the trees both prostrate (to Allah).” (55:6) And theExalted said: ‫ﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺠﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻘﻤ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭ‬‫ﻦ ﻓ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭ‬‫ﻦ ﻓ‬‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ‬  ‫ﻳﺴ‬ ‫ﺗﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬ ‫﴿ ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻢ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬    ‫ﺠ ﺪ ﻪ‬  ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻣﻜﺮﻡ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹶﻟ‬‫ﻬﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﹶﻤ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺬﹶﺍ‬‫ﻪ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ ﺣﻖ ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ‫ ﻭﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﻛﺜ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ ﹾ ﹺﹴ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹺ ﹺ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﲑ‬‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﺏ‬   ‫ﺸ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻳﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳﻔﻌ ﹸ ﻣ‬ ُ ‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﹾ‬“Do you not see that to Allah prostrates whoever is in the heavensand whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and thestars, and the mountains, and the trees, and moving living creatures,and many of mankind? And there are many (men) on whom thepunishment is justified. And whomsoever Allah disgraces, nonecan honor him. Verily, Allah does what He wills.” (22:18)Since our focus will be on mercy we cannot mention here the manyauthentically recorded physical miracles of the ProphetMuhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, which are clearproofs of his prophet-hood. We will suffice to note that hisgreatest and everlasting proof is the amazingly eloquent andenlightening revelation of the Quran that he brought from his Lord.This proof remains alive and vibrant and all people can easily accessthe miracle, for it is there for anyone to read and reflect. This is abook the likes of which no man can produce by himself. A bookthat guides to every kind of proof, if only the people would readand understand and reflect. To enumerate the many aspects of themiraculous nature of the Quran is not our focus and we will justmention what the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, saidabout the Quran:
  • 61. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 61 Muhammad’s Mission ‫»ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻧﱯ ﺇﻻ ﻗﺪ ﺃﻋﻄﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺁﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﻭ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ « ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻭﺗﻴﺘﻪ ﻭﺣﻴﺎ ﺃﻭﺣﺎﻩ ﺍﷲ ﺇﱄ ﻓﺎﺭﺟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﻮﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﻢ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﺎ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‬“There was no prophet but that he was given the signs by whichthe people believed in him, and I have been given revelation whichAllah revealed to me, therefore I hope to be the prophet fromamong them that has the most followers on the day ofresurrection.” 1 Allah gave all the Prophets many miracles, evidences and proofs assigns that testify to the truth of their message and to convince thepeople. These may be physical miracles or intellectual miracles.Indeed the greater of the two is that which is intellectual, forphysical miracles occur and witnessed by a few and then the nextgenerations only hear about them. Intellectual miracles can bewitnessed by millions even billions and remain living forever, andthey are more appropriate for the latter age when man is proud ofhis scientific and technological achievements which are based uponusing intelligence and ingenuity to advantage.Another important principle to remember is that we humans canonly know so much and may not reach to the unseen or detailseven in these worldly affairs. All our judgments must therefore bebased upon the open clear proofs and cannot be based upon somekind of claimed esoteric or hidden knowledge. All scientificadvancements need open investigation for confirmation. All judicialverdicts need clear proofs. Allah will judge everyone with absoluteknowledge and justice according to their open acts and their innerintentions. We humans cannot know the unseen and can only judgea case by its appearance, surmising some intentions by variousactions that are indicators of intent, yet the inner heart is onlyknown to Allah. Even the Prophet who was given divinerevelations and prophesies about many matters of the unseen, did1 Reported by al-Bukhari #٤٩٨١ and Muslim # ١٥٢ and others.
  • 62. 62 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionnot know the unseen without revelation, and he, peace and blessingof Allah be upon him, said: "... ‫ﻢ‬‫"...ﺇﱐ ﱂ ﺃﻭﻣﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻧﻘﺐ ﻗﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﻻ ﺃﺷﻖ ﺑﻄﻮ‬“…Verily I have not been sent to delve into the hearts of thepeople, not to rip open their bellies…”1 This in itself is a legalmaxim: that we only know the outward affairs and Allah theSublime and Omniscient takes care of all the inner affairs, andunseen.Allah the Most Exalted and Wise said in the Sacred Scripture of theQur`an: ﴾  ‫ﻮ ﺍﻟﻠﻄﻴﻒ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻠ‬ ‫﴿ ﺃﹶﻟﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﹺﲑ‬   ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻫ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶﻢ‬“And doesn’t He know what He created? He is the PerfectlySublime, the All- Acquainted” (67: 1٤) And Allah the Magnificentin Glory said: ‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﺇﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟﻚ ﻭ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﺻﻐﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺫ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﻓ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺜﻘﺎﻝ ﺫﺭﺓ ﻓ‬‫ ﻋﻦ ﺭ‬  ‫ﻳﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿..ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬    ِ  ‫ ﹺ‬‫ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ ﹶ‬       ‫ﺰ ﺏ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺒﲔ‬ ‫ﻲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ ﹴ ﻣﹺ ﹴ‬“… and nothing is neglected by Your Lord neither the weight of anatom in earth nor in the heaven and nothing smaller than that orlarger than that but that it is (recorded) in a clear Book” (10:61)The crucial point is that in order for us to learn knowledge, wemust endeavor, seek and ask openly. There are many examples ofthis principle and one will suffice here, as one of the companionsnarrates:‫"ﺧﺮﺟﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻓﺄﺻﺎﺏ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻨﺎ ﺣﺠﺮ ﻓﺸﺠﻪ ﰲ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﰒ ﺍﺣﺘﻠﻢ ﻓﺴﺄﻝ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬‫ﻫﻞ ﲡﺪﻭﻥ ﱄ ﺭﺧﺼﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻴﻤﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﳒﺪ ﻟﻚ ﺭﺧﺼﺔ ﻭﺃﻧﺖ ﺗﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻓﺎﻏﺘﺴﻞ‬‫ﻓﻤﺎﺕ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻗﺪﻣﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺃﺧﱪ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻗﺘﻠﻮﻩ ﻗﺘﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻻ‬ ‫ﺳﺄﻟﻮﺍ ﺇﺫ ﱂ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﻓﺈﳕﺎ ﺷﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻜﻔﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻴﻤﻢ ﻭﻳﻌﺼﺮ ﺃﻭ ﻳﻌﺼﺐ‬ " ‫ﺷﻚ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﺮﺣﻪ ﺧﺮﻗﺔ ﰒ ﳝﺴﺢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﻐﺴﻞ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ‬1 Reported by al-Bukhari, Muslim, and others
  • 63. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 63 Muhammad’s Mission“We set out on a journey, and one of us was wounded by a stoneon his head. [When he slept] he had a wet dream and asked hiscompanions, ‘Do you see any concession for me to performtayammum (symbolic wiping with hands with dust on them insteadof full ablution of wudu`)?’ They replied: ‘We do not see anyconcession since you are able to use water.’ Upon that he took bathand then he died. When we came back to Allah’s Messenger, peaceand blessings be upon him, he was informed of this occurrence. Hesaid: ‘They killed him, may Allah kill them! Why didn’t they ask ifthey didn’t know? Indeed the only cure for ignorance is to ask. [Itwould have been enough for him to perform ‘tayammum’ orbandage his wound, wipe over the bandage and bathe the rest of hisbody.]” 1 The expression used here is one of disapproval and doesnot mean the actual verbatim words, a common idiomatic mannerin the Arabic language.And in the wise counsel, the Messenger of Allah, may the peace andblessing of Allah be upon him, said:".‫" ﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ، ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﳊﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﻠﻢ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﺘﺤﺮ ﺍﳋﲑ ﻳﻌﻄﻪ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﺘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ ﻳﻮﻗﻪ‬“Knowledge is only by learning, and patience is only by exertingoneself to be patient, and whoever strives earnestly to find thegood, will be given it, and whoever strives earnestly to avoid evil,will be protected from it.” And in another reliable version of thisnarration he said: ‫" ﻳﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﻘﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﺮﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﺧﲑﺍ ﻳﻔﻘﻬﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ "‫ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﳜﺸﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬“O people, verily knowledge is only by learning, and (having)religious understanding is only by learning jurisprudence, and ifAllah wants good from a person He will make him gain religiousunderstanding (of jurisprudence), and "Those who have the fear of1 Reported by Abu Da`ud and others, and confirmed as reliable by Sheikh al- Albani in Sahih-al-Jami no.4362, (except for the addition of what is in the brackets).
  • 64. 64 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionAllah, from among His (Allahs) slaves, are only those who haveknowledge.” (35:28)1We can summarize here that the path of true faith includes seekingand gaining correct knowledge and correct deeds. In other words,it includes correct knowledge, confirmation of the knowledge withcertitude and conviction, then loving that truth and following it byacting with sincere intentions according to the revealed law of theQuran and Sunnah. Those that deviate from this path deviate byincorrect knowledge or by incorrect intentions, or both.Note on Deviancy and SectarianismThe greatest deviance, the greatest injustice and the worst sin, asmentioned in all of Allah’s books, the Torah, Psalms, Gospel, andthe Quran is to associate partners with Allah in idolatry and takeHis name in blasphemy and disbelief. The reason is that idolatrystands in opposition and contradiction to the purpose of creationand the basis of all good in life as Allah our Lord and Creator, theMost Exalted in truth and justice, said: ‫ﻄﻌﻤﻮﻥ )( ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹸﺃﺭﹺﻳﺪ ﺃﹶﻥ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ ﺭﺯﻕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﻣ‬‫ﻭﻥ )( ﻣ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﺈﹺﻧﺲ‬‫ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺠﹺﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺧﻠﻘﹾ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﻳ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹴ‬  ‫ﻬ ﻣ‬  ‫ﹺ‬  ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻟ‬  ‫ﹶ ﺖ‬ ﴾  ‫ﻮ ﺍﻟﺮﺯﺍﻕ ﹸﻭ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻮﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺘ‬ ‫ﲔ‬    ‫ ﺫ ﻘ‬    ‫ﻫ‬“And I have not created man and jinn except to worship Me(Alone). I do not seek any provision from them, nor do I askthat they should feed Me. Verily; Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong. (51:56-58)Worship of course is not mere rites and rituals, but all good deedsare worship when fulfilling the two conditions mentioned above.1 Reported by Al-Khateeb Baghdadi in his Book of History, and confirmed as hasan (good ) by Sheikh al-Albani in Silsalah as-Sahaihah 1/605 no. 332. The second narration is confirmed as good tradition by reference to other traditions by Sheikh al-Albani mentions in Sahih at-Targheeb of al-Muthari.
  • 65. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 65 Muhammad’s MissionThe purpose of any ultimate victory over those that would stop theworship of Allah and the glorification of His Name, the enemies ofAllah and the enemies of the believers is to establish worship andthe known goodness as Allah the Most Exalted said: ‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﺃﹶﻗﹶﺎ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﺇﹺﻥ ﻣﻜﻨﺎﻫﻢ ﻓ‬‫ )( ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺼﺮﻩ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻘﻮﻱ ﻋﺰﻳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻨﺼﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‬‫ﻟﹶﻴ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬   ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﺰ ﺍﻟ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬   ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬  ﴾ ‫ﺎﻗﺒ ﹸ ﺍﹾﻟﹸﻣﻮﺭ‬‫ﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ‬‫ﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨﻜﺮ ﻭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﹺﺑﺎﹾﻟﻤﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭ‬‫ﻛﹶﻮﺓ ﻭﹶﺃﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺔ ﺄ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬     ‫ﻮ ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶ‬ “Verily Allah helps and gives victory to those one who help andgive victory to Him. Lo! Allah is Strong, Almighty. Those who, ifWe give them power in the land, establish regular prayer and giveregular charity and enjoin virtue and forbid evil. And with Allah isthe sequel of events.” (22: 40-41)The Prophet of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, explainedthe purpose of all our wealth and possession in the words of adivine tradition (Hadith Qudsi), that they are to be used forworship, when he said: ".... ‫: "ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﺇﻧﺎ ﺃﻧﺰﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻹﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ، ﻭﺍﻳﺘﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺰﻛﺎﺓ‬“Allah the Almighty and Majestic said: ‘I have made wealth todescend for the establishment of prayer and the paying of charity…’”1 This explains that our sustenance, and all that we are given ofour wealth by Allah, should be utilized to fulfill our purpose in life,which is to worship Him and Him alone by offering prayer andthanks and glorification to Him, our Creator, and to give in charitygifts and assistance from ourselves and our wealth for the benefit ofother creatures.If someone worships Allah but also worships other idols along withAllah, he is a polytheist. Allah the Supreme said explaining thatidolatry is the greatest sin and falsehood: ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﺮﻙ ﹺﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﻯ ﹺﺇﺛﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻳﺸﺎﺀ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻟﻚ ﻟ‬‫ﺎ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺫ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻳﻐﻔﺮ‬‫ﺸﺮﻙ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﺃﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻐﻔ‬ ‫﴿ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹼ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬        ‫ﺮ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ﹼ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺎ‬  1 Reported by Imam Ahmad and at-Tabrani, and authenticated by Sheikh al-Albaniin JS ١٧٨١
  • 66. 66 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission “Allah does not forgive that partners should be set up with him inworship; but He forgives anything else to whom He pleases, andwhoever associates partners with Allah has fabricated a great evil.”[4:48] And Allah the Almighty says: ﴾ ‫ﻟﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﹶﻧﺼﺎﺭ‬‫ﻟﻠﻈﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﻣ‬‫ﺄﹾﻭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭ‬‫ﻳﺸﺮﻙ ﹺﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬ ‫﴿ ﺇ‬ ‫ﹴ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹼ‬    ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹼ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺﻧﻪ‬“Truly, whosoever sets up partners with Allah, then Allah hasforbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And forthe wrongdoers there are no helpers.” [5:72].Idolatry is basically the result of ignorance, for Allah says: ‫ﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻚ ﹶﻟﺌﻦ‬‫ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﱠﺬ‬‫ﺎﻫ ﹸﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﹸﻭﺣﻲ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻚ ﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﻧﻲ ﹶﺃﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬  ‫ﺗﺄ‬ ‫﴿ ﻗﻞ ﹶﺃﻓﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬      ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﺍﻟ‬    ‫ﺃ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺒﺪ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹾﻣ ﺮ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬   ‫ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻧﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺎﺳﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﹶﺃﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﹶﻟﻴﺤﺒﻄﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﹸﻚ ﻭﹶﻟﺘﻜﻮ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬     ‫ ﹸ‬      ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹾ‬  “Say, is it other than Allah you order me to worship Oh youignorant people? And indeed it has been revealed to you as it was tothose before you (O Muhammad), that if you join others in worshipwith Allah in idolatry then surely all your deeds will be in vain, andyou will certainly be among the losers.’” (39:64-5)The ignorance of the polytheists is explained in the words of thecompanion Abdullah ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him: ‫ﻟﻜﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻭﺩ ﻓﻜﹶﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫، ﺃ‬ ‫ﻌ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺑ‬‫ﻧﻮﺡ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻲ ﻗﻮﻡ‬‫ﺖ ﻓ‬‫ﻲ ﻛﹶﺎﻧ‬‫ﺛﹶﺎ ﹸ ﱠﺘ‬‫» ﺻﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻷﻭ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹾ ﹴ‬   ‫ﺪ ﹶﻣ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ﹺ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ‬   ‫ﻒ‬‫ﻨﹺﻲ ﹸﻄﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻟﻤﺮﺍﺩ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻟ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﻐﻮﺙ ﻓﹶﻜﹶﺎﻧ‬‫ﺎ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻞﹴ، ﻭ‬‫ﺬﹶﻳ‬ ‫ ﻓﻜﹶﺎﻧﺖ ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺳﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻝﹺ، ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﹾﺠ‬‫ﹺﺑﺪ‬  ‫ﻏﹶ‬     ‫ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶﻣ‬ ‫ﻬ‬   ‫ ﻉ‬  ‫ﹶﻣ‬  ‫ﻱ‬‫ﻟﺤﻤﻴﺮ ﻵﻝ ﺫ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ ﻓﹶﻜﹶﺎﻧ‬ ‫ﺴ‬‫ﺎ ﻧ‬ ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻟﻬﻤﺪﺍﻥ، ﻭ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﻮﻕ ﻓﹶﻜﹶﺎﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻳ‬ ‫، ﻭﺃ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺠﻮﻑ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺳ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﻣ‬     ‫ﹶﻣ ﻌ‬      ‫ﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﻗﻮﻣﻬﻢ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺎ ﻫﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﻭ‬ ‫ﻮﺡﹴ، ﻓﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻗﻮﻡ‬‫ﻟﺤﲔ ﻣ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﻜﹶﻼﻉﹺ؛ ﹶﺃﺳﻤﺎﺀ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﺻﺎ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹸ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶﻜ ﺃ‬ ‫ﹶﻤ‬ ‫ﹺ ﻧ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹴ‬ ‫ ُ ﹺ‬  ‫ﺋﻬﻢ ، ﻓﻔﻌﻠﹸﻮﺍ ﻓﻠﻢ‬‫ﺎ ﺑﹺﺄﺳﻤﺎ‬‫ﻮﻫ‬ ‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺎﺑ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻳﺠﻠﺴﻮﻥ ﺃﹶﻧ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻲ ﻛ‬‫ﻟﺴﻬﻢ ﱠﺘ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﻣﺠﺎ‬‫ﻧﺼ‬‫ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﺍﻟ ﹶﺎﻧ‬ ‫ ِ ﹺ‬  ‫ﺒ‬ ِ . ‫« ﺍﻟﺒ‬‫ﺒﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﺦ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﻰ ﺇﹺﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻠﻚ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻭ‬‫، ﺣ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬  ‫ ﻋﹺ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬       ‫ ﺃ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺗ‬Ibn Abbas may Allah be pleased with them, said: “These are thenames of the idols that were in the time of Noah and then theArabs afterwards. As for Wadd, he was idol for the tribe of “Kalb”,located at Doomata-al-Jandal; Suwa’a was for Hudthail; Yaghuthwas for Murad at first then for Bani Ghutaif located at Jauf near
  • 67. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 67 Muhammad’s MissionSaba`a; Ya’uq was for Hamdan; and Nasr was for Himyar, thechildren of Dthil-Kila’a. These are the names of some piouspersons of the people of Noah. When they died the Satan inspiredthe people to set up statues of them in their meeting place and callthem by their names. They did this but the statues were notworshipped yet. Then when the time lapsed and those people diedand the knowledge of the affair was abrogated, they wereworshipped.”Fabrication of lies about Allah is of those evils Allah has forbiddenat all times: ‫ﺮ ﹸﻮﺍﹾ ﹺﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺃﹶﻥ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺒﻐﻲ ﹺﺑﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻹﹾﺛﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻄﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﻣ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﻇﻬﺮ ﻣ‬‫ﺑﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻮﺍﺣﺶ ﻣ‬‫ﺎ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫))ﻗﻞ ﺇ‬  ‫ ﺗ ﹺﻛ ﹼ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬      ِ  ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ﹸ ﹾ ﹺﻧ‬ (( ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺎ ﻻ ﺗ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‬‫ﻘﻮﹸﻟﻮﹾﺍ ﻋ‬‫ﺃﹶﻥ ﺗ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺰﻝ ﹺﺑﻪ ﺳﻠﹾﻄﹶﺎﻧ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﻤ ﻥﹶ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹸ‬   ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﻳ‬"Say: the things that my Lord hath indeed forbidden are: shamefuldeeds, whether open or secret; sins and oppressive injustices (andtrespasses against rights); assigning of partners to Allah for whichHe hath given no authority; and saying things about Allah of whichye have no knowledge." (7:33)In relation to this verse the scholars explain that Allah hasforbidden the above mentioned acts upon all of the communities offaithful of all prophets since Adam, may Allah’s peace be upon him.The prohibitions mentioned are graded from the personal sins, tothe greater sins or violations against one’s self and others, to thegreater crimes of aggression and oppression, to associating partnerswith Allah in idolatry, and then the most severe sin is sayingsomething about Allah of which one has no knowledge. The reasonthis is the gravest sin is that this kind of ignorance, along with itssupreme arrogance, is the basis of all idolatry and all falsehood,from which all the sins emanate along with evil desires.Even if man does worship and prostrates to Allah sometimes, if atany other times he worships and prostrates to another besidesAllah, he has fallen into idolatry and polytheism. If he denies Allahoutrightly and refuses to worship Him, he is an atheist or an
  • 68. 68 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionarrogant renegade. Arrogance was the sin of Ibless (Lucifer, Satan)as Allah the Almighty and Sublime said: ﴾ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺮ ﻭ‬‫ﻰ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻠﻴﺲ ﺃﹶﺑ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﺇﹺ‬‫ﻟﺂﺩﻡ ﻓﺴﺠﺪ‬ ‫ﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﺳﺠﺪﻭﺍ‬‫ﻠﻤﻠﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﻟ‬‫﴿ﻭﹺﺇﺫ ﹸﻠﹾﻨ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﻟ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬  َ     ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹾ ﻗ ﹾ‬“And when We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate to Adam’ so they allprostrated except for Iblees (Satan): he refused, was arrogant, andwas of the disbelievers.” (2:34) And if man follows him inarrogance he is like him, for as Allah said: ‫ﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﹾﺒ‬‫ﺴﺘ‬‫ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ ﻳ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﹺﺑﺤﻤﺪ ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍ ﻭﺳ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ ﺳ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺧ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﺇﹺﺫﹶﺍ ﺫﻛﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﹺﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﱠﺬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎﺗ‬‫ ﺑﹺﺂﻳ‬ ‫ﺆﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫﴿ﺇ‬ ‫ ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ﺒﺤ‬  ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺮ‬  ‫ ﹸ ﱢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬  ‫ﹺﻧ ﻳ‬ ﴾“Only those believe in Our signs and revelations who, when they are reminded of them, fall down prostrate, and glorify the Praises of their Lord, and they are not proud.” [32:15] And He said: ﴾ ‫ﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﹾﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻜ ﹸ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ ﻳ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺍﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ ﻣ‬  ‫ﻳﺴ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻪ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬ ‫ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶﺔ‬       ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬    ‫ﺠ ﺪ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬“And to Allah prostrates whatever is in the heavens and whatever ison the earth, of creatures and the angels, and they are notarrogant.” (16:49)This means that they do not refuse to prostrate arrogantly, as Ibleesdid, for Abu Hurairah narrates that the Prophet said, may the peaceand blessing of Allah be upon him: ‫"ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺮﺃ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﺪﺓ ﺍﻋﺘﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﻓﺒﻜﻰ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻳﺎ ﻭﻳﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ‬ " ‫ﻓﺴﺠﺪ ﻓﻠﻪ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺃﻣﺮﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﻓﺄﺑﻴﺖ ﻓﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬“If the son of Adam reads as-Sajdah [(Surat of the Quran 32] theShaitan (Satan) cries and says: ‘Woe to me from Adam, He wasordered to prostate and prostrated and he gets Paradise, and I wasordered to prostrate and I refused so I get the Hellfire.’”1After idolatry, the next greatest kind of sin is innovation in religionsince by this one fabricates and makes things up about what Allahlikes and dislikes and legislates various forms of worships and laws1 Reported by Muslim
  • 69. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 69 Muhammad’s Missionfrom whims and misunderstandings. If a person thinks he is doinggood deeds how will he ever realize his mistake and repent? Allahthe Exalted said: ‫ﻳﻦ ﰲ‬‫ﺎ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺎﺑﹺﻬﺎﺕ ﻓﹶﺄ‬  ‫ ﻫﻦ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﹸﺧ‬ ‫ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﺁﻳ‬ ‫ﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﹶﻧﺰﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻨ‬ }  ‫ ﹶﻣ ﺍﻟ‬   ‫ﺮ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ ﺕ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻪ ﺕ‬     ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ { ‫ﺄﹾﻭﹺﻳﻠﻪ ﹺﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠ‬‫ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺄﻭﻳﻠﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺘﻐﺎﺀ ﺗ‬‫ﺑﺘﻐﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﻭﺍ‬‫ ﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨ‬‫ﺗﺸﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻮﻥ ﻣ‬‫ ﹲ ﻓﻴﺘﺒﻌ‬‫ﹸﻠﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﺯﻳ‬ ‫ ﱠ ﱠﻪ‬ ‫ ﹶﻢ ﹶ‬    ‫ َ ﹾ ﹺ‬        ‫ ﻪ‬   ‫ﹺ ﹶ‬‫ ﻎ ﹶ‬  ‫ﻗ ﹸ ﹺ‬ “It is He who has sent down to you the Book within which areverses clear and precise: they are the foundation of the Book; andothers are less clear and specific. As for those in whose hearts isdeviation, they follow the less clear ones seeking discord andseeking an interpretation. And no one knows its interpretationexcept Allah. But those who are firm in knowledge say, We believein it. All is from our Lord. And no one will be reminded exceptthose of understanding.” (3:7) The Prophet explained this verse,peace and blessings be upon him: ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺘﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻓﺄﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﲰﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻓﺎﺣﺬﺭﻭﻫﻢ‬“If you see those who follow the less clear of it then these are theones about whom Allah has indicated, so beware of them.”1And Allah the Glorious and Majestic said: ‫ﻟ ﹸﻢ ﻭﺻ ﹸﻢ ﹺﺑﻪ‬‫ﻦ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻠﻪ ﺫ‬‫ﻞ ﻓﺘﻔﺮﻕ ﹺﺑ ﹸﻢ ﻋ‬‫ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ ﻭﻻ ﺗ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﹺﻌﻮ‬‫ﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﺎ ﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻃ‬‫ـﺬﹶﺍ ﺻﺮ‬‫}ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ﻫ‬  ‫ﺎﻛ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﻜ‬    ‫ ﻜ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺒ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺘﹺﻌ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻩ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﻣ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬ { ‫ﺘ ﹸﻮ‬‫ﹶﻟﻌﻠ ﹸﻢ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻘ ﻥ‬  ‫ ﱠﻜ‬ ‫ﹶ‬“And this is My straight path so follow it and do not follow otherways, for you will be scattered from His way. He has instructedyou so that you may become God fearing.” (6: 153) Abduallah ibnMas’ud may Allah be pleased with him, said, that the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, drew a linewith his hand and said: “This is Allah’s Straight Path.” Then hedrew many lines to the right and left of that line and said: “Andthese paths, each one of them has a Satan on it inviting (the peopleto trod it). Then he recited (the verse): “And verily this is My1 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
  • 70. 70 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionstraight path so follow it and do not follow other ways for you willbe scattered from His way.” (6:153) 1The straight path is the way of Allah to which He has called thepeople, and it is the Sunnah of the Prophet, peace be upon him.The other ways are the ways of the people of dissention anddeviation who are the innovators and those who deviate into thesectarianismThe companion Auf ibn Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, saidthat the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:‫“ﺍﻓﺘﺮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻓﺮﻗﺔ ﻓﻮﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ، ﻭﺍﻓﺘﺮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﹰ‬  ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﻨﺘﲔ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻓﺮﻗﺔ ﻓﺈﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻓﺮﻗﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﻔﺲ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﹶﻟﺘﻔﺘﺮﻗﻦ ﺃﻣﱵ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻓﺮﻗﺔ، ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﹲ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﺛﻨﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺓ‬   ‫ ﹺ ﹶ‬‫ ﹾ‬   ”‫ﻭﺳﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ” ﻗﻴﻞ: ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ، ﻣﻦ ﻫﻢ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ: “ﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬“The Jews split into seventy-one sects, one will enter Paradise andseventy will enter Hellfire. The Christians split into seventy-twosects, seventy-one will enter Hellfire and one will enter Paradise. ByHim in Whose hand is my soul, my community (Ummah) will splitinto seventy three sects, one will enter Paradise and seventy-twowill enter Hellfire. Someone asked, O Messenger of Allah who arethey? He replied: Al-Jamaa’ah (the Unified Group).” And inanother version of Ahmad and at-Tirmidthi narrated by Abdullahibn Amr, may Allah be pleased with him, the wording ends asfollows: ” ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ؟ : “ﻣﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﰊ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬“They asked, ‘Who are they O Messenger of Allah? He replied:Upon what I and my companions are.” 11 Imam Ahmed, an-Nasa’e, ad-Daarami, Ibn Abi Hatimi, and al-Haakim at- Tayaalasi, Ibn Waddah, Ibn Abi Aasim, Ibn Nasr, Ibn Jareer, Al-Ajuri have all reported these words on Ibn Mas’ud. And see ash-Shaatabi, in his book al- I’itisam 1/76for an explanation of the importance of this principle.
  • 71. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 71 Muhammad’s MissionThese sects separate themselves from the unified group of believersand divide the religion according to their innovated notions andinvented dogmas. For this reason we are commanded by Allah theAlmighty, for our salvation from all deviation, to adhere strictly toAllah’s Book and to the Sunnah of the Prophet, peace and blessingsbe upon him, and the Sunnah of the rightly guided leaders. Allahthe Exalted said: ﴾ ‫ﺗﻔﺮ ﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﹺﺑﺤﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼ‬‫﴿ﻭﺍﻋ‬ ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬  ‫ﻤ‬  “And hold fast to the Rope of Allah altogether and do not becomedivided.” (3:103) And He said ‫ﺼﻠﻪ‬‫ﻮﱠﻰ ﻭﻧ‬‫ﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﻮﱢﻟﻪ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﲔ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺒﹺﻴﻞﹺ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‬‫ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺳ‬‫ﻳﺘﺒﻊ‬‫ﻯ ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻴﻦ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮﻝﹶ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺎﻗﻖ ﺍﻟﺮ‬ ‫﴿ﻭﻣﻦ‬     ‫ﻟ‬   ‫ ﻧ‬ ‫ﹺ‬   ‫ﹺ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻪ ﹾﻬ‬      ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬     ﴾ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﻭﺳﺎﺀَﺕ ﻣ‬       “And whoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has becomeclear to him and follows other than the way of the believers, Wewill give him accordingly and burn him in Hellfire, and it is an evildestination.” (٤: 115)This way is the way of the companions and faithful followers. It isappropriate here to mention some of the sayings of the companionsand eminent scholars in this regard. For instance the companionand first Caliph Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said: ‫ﻣﻮﱐ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﺘﺒﻊ ﻭﻟﺴﺖ ﲟﺒﺘﺪﻉ، ﻓﺈﻥ ﺃﺣﺴﻨﺖ ﻓﺄﻋﻴﻨﻮﱐ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺯﻏﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻮ‬“O people I am only a follower and not an innovator, and thus if Ido good then assist me and if I go astray, straighten me.” 2The companion and the second Caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, mayAllah be pleased with him, said:1 Reported by Ibn Majah 2/13 no. 3992, and this is his wording, and Abu Da`ud 4/194, no. 4596. Al-Albani verified it as authentic in Sahih ibn Majah 2/364. Another version is of Ahmad and at-Tirmidthi.2 Ibn Sa’ad, at-Tabaqaat 3/136.
  • 72. 72 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻢ ﺃﻋﺪﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺃﻋﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺃﻥ ﳛﻔﻈﻮﻫﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ‬‫"ﺇﻳﺎﻛﻢ ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﻓﺈ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﻓﻀﻠﻮﺍ ﻭﺃﺿﻠﻮﺍ‬“Beware of the people of opinion, for they are the enemies of theSunan (plural of Sunnah). They are too weak and lazy to memorizethe narrations (of the Prophet) and thus they speak by theiropinions and go astray and lead others astray.” 1The companion Abdullah bn Mas’ud said, may Allah be pleasedwith him: ‫ﺍﺗﺒﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺒﺘﺪﻋﻮﺍ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﻔﻴﺘﻢ، ﻛﻞ ﺑﺪﻋﺔ ﺿﻼﻟﺔ‬“Follow and do not innovate for (the way) has been made sufficientfor you: every innovation is misguidance.” 2The famous Umayyad Caliph considered of the rightly guidedleaders Umar ibn Abdul-Aziz, may Allah’s mercy be upon him: Hewrote to a man saying: “Proceeding: I instruct you to fear Allah andhave moderation in the command, and to adhere to the Sunnah ofour Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, and to leave all thatthe people have innovated after his Sunnah has been established.”3The follower Hasan al-Basri, may Allah’s mercy be upon him, said:“The saying is not correct without right action, and the right actionis not correct without right intention, and the right intention is notcorrect without (adherence to) the Sunnah.”41 Al-Lalaka`e, Sharh Usool I’itiqaad Ahl-as-Sunnah 1/139, no.201, ad-Daarami 1/47 and Ibn Abdul Birr, Jame’ Bayaan-al-‘Ilm wa Fadhlihi 2/1041. no. 2001, 2003, 2005.2 Reported by Ibn Waddah, Ma Ja`a fi Bid’ah p.43, no. 12. 14, and at-Tabarani, Mu’jam al-Kabeer 9/154, no. 8770, and al-Haithami said in Majma’a-az- Zawaa`id 1/181: the people in the chain of narrators are trustworthy. Reported also by al-Lalaka`e, Sharh Usool I’itiqad Ahl-as-Sunnah 1/91, no.102, and for more on Ibn Mas’ud about innovations see Ibn Waddah, and al-Haithami.3 Reported by Abu Da`ud, 4/203, no. 4612 and verified by al-Albani in Sahih Abi Da`ud 3/873.4 Reported by al-Lalaka`e, Sharh Usool I’itiqad Ahl-as-Sunnah 1/63, no.18.
  • 73. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 73 Muhammad’s MissionAnd the eminent Imam in jurisprudence Malik, may Allah’s mercybe upon him, said: “Whoever innovates an innovation in Islam anddeems it good then he has claimed that Muhammad, peace andblessings be upon him, has not conveyed the message becauseAllah said, (‫ﻳﻨ ﹸﻢ‬ ‫‘ )3:5( )ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﹶﻛﻤﻠﺖ ﻟ ﹸﻢ‬today I have completed your ْ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ ﺩ‬ ‫ ﹶﻜ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﺃ ﹾ‬  ‫ﹾ‬religion’ therefore what was not the religion on that day is not thereligion today.” 1After disbelief and idolatry which is the greatest sin, and innovationin religion which is the next greatest, comes the generality of all sinsof anger and passion and greed, like murder, aggression, stealing,cheating, fornicating, adultery, intoxication, slandering, lying etc,and Allah mentioned all of these as hateful to the believer in thecomprehensive verse when He said: ‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻲ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺮ ﹶﻟﻌﻨﺘﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺣﺒﺐ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴ ﹸ‬‫ﻳﻄﻴﻌﻜﻢ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻓﻴ ﹸﻢ ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻠ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻜﻢ ﹺ‬    ‫ ﱠ‬    ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹴ‬‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬    ‫ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﻜ‬ ‫ ﹶﻤ ﱠ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺎﻥ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷﺪﻭﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻔ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻔﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻜﻢ ﻭﻛﺮﻩ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴ ﹸ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻳﻨﻪ‬‫ﻭﺯ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ ﹸﺴ‬ ‫ﻜﻢ ﻜ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ﹸﻠ ﹸ‬  “And know that among you is the Messenger of Allah: if he were toobey you in much of the affairs, you would certainly be in difficulty,but Allah has made it believed to you the faith, and has made itpleasing in your hearts, and He has made disbelief, defiance anddisobedience hateful to you. Those are the rightly guided.” (49:7)Nature of MercyThe word for mercy Rahmah (‫ ,)ﺭﲪﺔ‬is derived from the Arabic rootR H M (‫ )ﺭﺣﻢ‬and this lingual root word is the most general term ofsentimental emotion of compassion and empathy including allforms of compassion, kindness, pardoning, clemency andforgiveness. Its usage is frequent in the Quran and Sunnah and hereonly some will be mentioned like the Beautiful Names of Allah inthe Quran and authentic Sunnah, which give many of the ideas of1 See ash-Shaatabi, al-I’itisam 1/65.
  • 74. 74 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionmercy. Allah is ar-Rahman (‫ )ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ‬the All-Comprehensive in Mercy,Beneficent, Benevolent; ar-Raheem (‫ )ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬the Most Merciful; ar-Rafeeq (‫ )ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻴﻖ‬the Genteel, Companion, Friend; al-Kareem (‫)ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ‬the Generous, Gracious, Noble; al-‘Afuwu (‫ )ﺍﻟﻌﻔﻮ‬the Pardoner, theEffacer of Sins; al-Ghaffar (‫ )ﺍﻟﻐﻔﺎﺭ‬the Most Forgiving; al-Ghafur(‫ )ﺍﻟﻐﻔﻮﺭ‬the All Forgiving; ar-Ra`uuf (‫ )ﺍﻟﺮﺅﻭﻑ‬the Compassionate, theAll Pitying; as-Sitteer (‫ﲑ‬ ‫ )ﺍﻟ‬the Coverer (i.e. of faults); al-Haleem ‫ﺴﺘ‬(‫ )ﺍﳊﻠﻴﻢ‬the Forbearing, Relenting, Indulgent; at-Tawwab (‫ )ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺏ‬theOne Who Returns Often to Forgiveness, Ever Returning; al-Wadud(‫ )ﺍﻟﻮﺩﻭﺩ‬the Loving; as-Sabur (‫ )ﺍﻟﺼﺒﻮﺭ‬the Most Patient; al-Qareeb (‫ )اﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ‬the Close One; al-Majeeb (‫ﻴﺐ‬ ‫ )ﺍ‬the Responder, the Answerer (of prayers). Glory be to Allah who is praiseworthy in allHis Beautiful Names and Perfect Attributes and under allconditions!Mercy was the first word that Adam heard from Allah and the firstaddition that he received from the angels of Allah. When Allahcreated Adam from mud and clay and the soul was breathed intohim the first word he heard was “may Allah have mercy on you,” asit is confirmed in the following narration when the Messenger ofAllah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: ‫ﳌﺎ ﻧﻔﺦ ﰲ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﻣﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﻃﺎﺭﺕ ﻓﺼﺎﺭﺕ ﰲ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﻓﻌﻄﺲ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ: ﻳﺮﲪﻚ ﺍﷲ‬“When the breath of the soul was breathed into Adam it movedand fluttered and went into his head and so he sneezed and said,“al-hamdu-lillah’ (all praise is for Allah), so Allah said: May Allahhave mercy on you.”11 Reported by ibn Habban and al-Hakim and verified as authentic by al-Albani in SJ 5216
  • 75. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 75 Muhammad’s MissionAnd Abu Hurairah reported, may Allah be pleased with him, thatthe Messenger of Allah said, peace and blessings be upon him:: ‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻪ ﻃﻮﻟﻪ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﺎ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺫﻫﺐ ﻓﺴﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺎ ﲢﻴﺘﻚ ﻭﲢﻴﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺮ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺟﻠﻮﺱ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﺎ ﳚﻴﺒﻮﻧﻚ ﻓﺈ‬ ‫ﺫﺭﻳﺘﻚ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﺬﻫﺐ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻭﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﺰﺍﺩﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻭﻃﻮﻟﻪ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﺎ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺰﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﻠﻖ ﻳﻨﻘﺺ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻵﻥ‬“Allah the Exalted and Glorious created Adam in his own image(Adam’s) with his length of sixty cubits and when He created himHe said to him: Go over there and greet that group of angels sittingthere and listen to the response that they give you, for it will beyour greeting and that of your offspring. He then went and said:Peace be upon you! They (the angels) said: May there be peaceupon you and the Mercy of Allah, and they made an addition of‘Mercy of Allah.’ So whoever will enter into Paradise will be on theform of Adam with his length being sixty cubits. After him thepeople who followed him have continued to diminish in size up tillnow.” 1Halleluiah, Glory be to Allah! The first words are of mercy, and aswe will see, the final words are of soothing mercy to those who aremerciful on themselves and others and are of the obedient slaves ofAllah.Of course the ultimate and absolute place of Allah’s Perfect Mercyis Paradise, for as Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him,narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:1 This is the version of Imam Muslim of this famous narration reported by manyincluding al-Bukhari.
  • 76. 76 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﲢﺎﺟﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ: ﺃﻭﺛﺮﺕ ﺑﺎﳌﺘﻜﱪﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﳌﺘﺠﱪﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ: ﻓﻤﺎ ﱄ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﺪﺧﻠﲏ ﺇﻻ ﺿﻌﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭ ﺳﻘﻄﻬﻢ ﻭ ﻋﺠﺰﻫﻢ ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭ ﺟﻞ ﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ : ﺇﳕﺎ‬‫ﺃﻧﺖ ﺭﲪﱵ ﺃﺭﺣﻢ ﺑﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺭ: ﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻋﺬﺍﰊ ﺃﻋﺬﺏ ﺑﻚ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ ﻭ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻣﻨﻜﻤﺎ ﻣﻠﺆﻫﺎ ﻓﺄﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻓﻼ ﲤﺘﻠﺊ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻀﻊ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺪﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﺘﻘﻮﻝ: ﻗﻂ ﻗﻂ ﻓﻬﻨﺎﻟﻚ ﲤﺘﻠﺊ ﻭ ﻳﱰﻭﻱ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻈﻠﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻳﻨﺸﺊ ﳍﺎ ﺧﻠﻘﺎ‬“Paradise and the Hellfire quarreled and the Hellfire said, ‘I haveonly been given the arrogant and the tyrants.’ Paradise said, ‘Andwhat about me, for only the weak, low and the humble people enterme?’ So Allah said to Paradise. ‘You are My Mercy which I bestowon whomever I wish of my slaves.’ Then Allah said to the Hellfire,‘You are My Punishment by which I punish whomever I wish ofmy slaves. And each of you will have its fill.’ As for the Hellfire itwill not be filled till Allah puts His Foot over it whereupon it willsay, enough, enough!’ Only at that time it will be filled, and itsdifferent parts will collapse and come closer to each other. Allahdoes not do any wrong whatsoever to any of His creatures. As forParadise, Allah will create a new creation and creatures (by whichhe will fill it).” 1The arrogant wicked ones and tyrants enter the Hellfire since theydeserve it, yet Allah will decrease the size of the hellfire bysqueezing it tight together and restricting the number of entrants.Allah’s greater and overwhelming mercy will expand the Paradise toadmit droves of the righteous and even the repented sinners andmany others by special intercession, and He will keep expanding iton and on to the extent that He will even create new people to fillthe vast expanses. The least in Paradise will have the likes of tenearths in delights, and the delights of earth are nothing compared tothose of Paradise in the hereafter.1 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
  • 77. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 77 Muhammad’s MissionAs for the painful punishment of hellfire, its description has beengiven to us in numerous traditions which are beyond our scope, andour imagination. Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, saidthat the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:‫" ﻧﺎﺭﻛﻢ ﺟﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﺟﺰﺀﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ " ﻗﻴﻞ : ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ‬ " ‫: " ﻓﻀﻠﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻦ ﺑﺘﺴﻌﺔ ﻭﺳﺘﲔ ﺟﺰﺀﺍ ﻛﻠﻬﻦ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺣﺮﻫﺎ‬ “The fire of yours (you feel on earth) is only one-seventieth of theFire of Hell. It was said: O messenger of Allah, even ordinary firewould have been enough (to burn the people). Thereupon he said:It is sixty-nine parts in excess of (the heat of) the fire in this world,each of them being equivalent to their heat.” 1And one drop of the filth of the hellfire would pollute the entireworld as it is mentioned in the tradition of the Prophet, peace beupon him:‫"ﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻗﻄﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻗﻮﻡ ﻗﻄﺮﺕ ﰲ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻷﻓﺴﺪﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺸﻬﻢ ﻓﻜﻴﻒ‬ "‫ﲟﻦ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻃﻌﺎﻣﻪ ؟‬“If only one drop of “az-Zuqqoom” (a horrible tree of the hellfire)were to drop on the residence of this world all their sustenance forliving would be corrupted and polluted, so how about the one whohas this as his food?” 2The description of Paradise will be given more in the followingpages in the appropriate places and context for it is the final abodeof those who have mercy on earth and aspire for mercy in heaven.1 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim. 2 Reported by Ahmad, an-Nisa`e, Ibn Majah and others, and verified by al-AlbaniJS 5250.
  • 78. 78 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionAllah the Most Compassionate and Merciful, sends HisProphet of Mercy, with the Message of MercyAllah the Most Merciful in all sensesOne of the most prominent Names of Allah, the One God, is ar­Rahman (‫ ,)ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ‬meaning the All-Comprehensive in Mercy, theMost Beneficent and Benevolent in Mercy, the universallyCompassionate. It is derived from the Arabic root R H M (‫,)ﺭﺣﻢ‬from which is derived the Arabic word Rahmah (‫ )ﺭﲪﺔ‬which meansmercy. Another of Allah’s Names is ar-Raheem (‫ ,)ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬meaningMerciful, and when used as a Name for Allah it is usually translatedas “The Most Merciful” to distinguish it from the trait of people’smercy. As a descriptive trait people can be “raheem,” for example,a mother to her child, one person to another, and even an animal toanother animal, but they can never be ar-Rahman for this isexclusively for Allah. The difference between the two Names ofAllah is that although both are derived from the same attribute ofmercy, Allah ar-Rahman (‫ )ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ‬is the Merciful One to the entirecreation as His eternal Attribute of Perfect Mercy, and Allah ar­Raheem (‫ )ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬is the Merciful One to those whom He has chosenfor His special mercy. Sometimes it is said that Allah ar-Rahman ismerciful to all in the life of this world and the Hereafter, believersand even disbelievers, and He is ar-Raheem in the Hereafter only tothe believers. Sometimes it is said that ar-Rahman is the namedesignating the eternal Attribute of Allah’s Sacred Self and mercy toall, whereas ar-Raheem is the name designating His Attribute ofmercy towards those whom he chooses.11 See Imam at-Tabari’s exegesis in his Tafseer of Surat-al-Fatihah 1/78, and other exegesis of the Quran.
  • 79. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 79 Muhammad’s MissionThis word ar-Rahman (‫ )ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ‬is only used for Allah and no personcan ever correctly be called Rahman because only Allah’s mercy canbe universal to all the creation. The phrase “in the name of ar-Rahman, ar-Raheem” preludes every chapter (Surah) of the Qur`anbecause this revelation is from Allah and is the expression of Hisuniversal mercy to mankind, and because these are of His two mostprominent attributes.The universal mercy of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessingsbe upon him, is an extension and expression of the one who sentthe messenger, that is, Allah’s comprehensive and perfect mercythat encompasses all His creation and all His creatures. Whereverman turns his attention he will see the impressions of Allah’sbounty and mercy in His Creation, as Allah the Most Merciful says: ﴾  ‫ﻮﻫﺎﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﹶﻐ ﹸﻮﺭ ﺭﺣﻴ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻭﹾﺍ ﹺﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻌ‬‫ﺇﹺﻥ ﺗ‬‫﴿ﻭ‬ ‫ ﻢ‬   ‫ﻔ‬  ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﺗ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹼ‬  ‫ﺪ‬“And if you count the favors of Allah, you could not enumeratethem. Indeed, Allah is Most Forgiving and Most Merciful.” (16:18) 1And Allah said after giving a powerful description of the rain cloudformation and dispersal of rain: ‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﻛﻞ‬‫ﻮ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻰ ﻭ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻴﹺﻲ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻟﻚ ﻟ‬‫ﺎ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺫ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻴﹺﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹸﺮ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺁَﺛﹶﺎﺭ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﻴﻒ‬‫﴿ ﻓﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﹸﱢ‬  ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ ﹶﻤ‬ ‫ﱠ ﹶ‬   ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬    ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ﴾  ‫ﺷﻲﺀ ﻗﺪﻳ‬ ‫ ﺮ‬ ‫ٍ ﹶ‬ “So observe the imprints of the mercy of Allah, how He gives lifeto the earth after its death: indeed, (like) this (He) will give life tothe dead, and He is capable over all things.” [30:50]Allah is al-Haqq: the Truth and the Reality. He is al-Adl: The Just.He has given His Promised Word and fulfills His Sacred Promise.Allah states and re-emphasizes that His promise -His sacred word-1 This is a good example of the intimacies of translation because the Arabic word Ni’mah (blessing) is singular but since the meaning is plural it must be translated for the readers as plural, and they would not notice the fineness of original expression. Similar subtleties continually present themselves before the translator for his attempt to convey the meanings to the reader. .
  • 80. 80 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionwill never be broken or altered and is immutable. Allah the Exaltedsaid: ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻜﹸﻢ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ‬‫ﻤﺔ ﹶﻟﻴﺠ‬‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣ‬ ‫ﻠﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻗﻞ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ﻟﻤﻦ ﻣ‬ ‫﴿ﻗﻞ‬     ‫ ﹶ‬   ِ ‫ﹾ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﹸ ﹾ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ﹸﹾ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻮﻥ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬ ‫ ﻓﹶﻬﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹸﺴ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﺧﺴ‬‫ﻴﻪ ﱠﺬ‬‫ﻳﺐ ﻓ‬‫ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﹶﺎ ﺭ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬  ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ ِﺮ ﻔ‬  ‫ ﺍﻟ‬      ‫ ﹺ‬“Say, ‘To whom belongs all that is in the heavens and earth?’ Say,‘To Allah.’ He has written upon Himself mercy. He will surelyassemble you for the Day of Resurrection, about which there is nodoubt. Those who will lose themselves do not believe.” [6:12]The fact that He has “written” mercy on Himself, means that He inHis Infinite Comprehensive Mercy has made Mercy the right andobligation on His Blessed Self.This is explained more in a well-known narration wherein theProphet, peace and blessings be upon him, said: ‫" ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﳜﻠﻖ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ: ﺇﻥ ﺭﲪﱵ ﺳﺒﻘﺖ ﻏﻀﱯ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺏ‬ "‫ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ‬“Indeed before He created the creation Allah wrote, ‘My mercyovercomes my anger’ and this remains written with Him above theThrone.” 1The corollary to this is that Allah made cruelty and injusticeprohibited on His Divine Self, as in the famous narration whereinthe Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, informs us of thewords of Allah the Majestic: ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﺇﱐ ﺣﺮﻣﺖ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﻭ ﺟﻌﻠﺘﻪ ﳏﺮﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﻜﻢ ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﺗﻈﺎﳌﻮﺍ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﻛﻠﻜﻢ ﺿﺎﻝ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺪﻳﺘﻪ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻬﺪﻭﱐ ﺃﻫﺪﻛﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ ! ﻛﻠﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺋﻊ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻃﻌﻤﺘﻪ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻄﻌﻤﻮﱐ ﺃﻃﻌﻤﻜﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﻛﻠﻜﻢ ﻋﺎﺭ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺴﻮﺗﻪ‬‫ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻜﺴﻮﱐ ﺃﻛﺴﻜﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﺇﻧﻜﻢ ﲣﻄﺌﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻏﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ‬1 Reported by al-Bukhari, Muslim and others.
  • 81. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 81 Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮﻭﱐ ﺃﻏﻔﺮ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﺇﻧﻜﻢ ﻟﻦ ﺗﺒﻠﻐﻮﺍ ﺿﺮﻱ ﻓﺘﻀﺮﻭﱐ ﻭ ﻟﻦ ﺗﺒﻠﻐﻮﺍ ﻧﻔﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻨﻔﻌﻮﱐ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﻟﻜﻢ ﻭ ﺁﺧﺮﻛﻢ ﻭ ﺇﻧﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﺟﻨﻜﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺗﻘﻰ ﻗﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺟﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﻣﻠﻜﻲ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﻟﻜﻢ ﻭ ﺁﺧﺮﻛﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺇﻧﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﺟﻨﻜﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻓﺠﺮ ﻗﻠﺐ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻘﺺ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻜﻲ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﻟﻜﻢ ﻭ ﺁﺧﺮﻛﻢ ﻭﺇﻧﺴﻜﻢ ﻭ ﺟﻨﻜﻢ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺻﻌﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﺴﺄﻟﻮﱐ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻋﻄﻴﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺘﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻘﺺ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳑﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻱ ﺇﻻ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻨﻘﺺ ﺍﳌﺨﻴﻂ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺩﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ! ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻜﻢ ﺃﺣﺼﻴﻬﺎ ﻟﻜﻢ ﰒ ﺃﻭﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﺇﻳﺎﻫﺎ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻭﺟﺪ ﺧﲑﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺟﺪ ﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻠﻮﻣﻦ ﺇﻻ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬“Allah the Exalted said: ‘O My servants, I have forbiddenoppression (and injustice) for Myself, and have made it forbiddenamongst you, so do not oppress and be just one to another. O Myservants, all of you are astray except for those I have guided, soseek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all ofyou are hungry except for those I have fed, so seek food from Meand I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except forthose I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clotheyou. O My servants, you sin by night and by day, and I forgive allsins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O Myservants, you will not be able to harm Me and you will not be ableto benefit Me. O my servants, were the first of you and the last ofyou, the human being of you and the jinn of you, to become aspious as the most pious heart of any one person of you, that wouldnot increase My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the firstof you and the last of you, the human being of you and the jinn ofyou to be as wicked as the most wicked heart of any one person ofyou, that would not decrease My kingdom in anything. O Myservants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of youand the jinn of you, to stand up in one arena and make a request ofMe, and I gave everyone what he requested, that would notdecrease what I have more than a needle decreases the sea if putinto it. O My servants, it is only your own deeds that I account
  • 82. 82 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionupon you and then recompense you for, so let the person whofinds good, praise Allah, and let the person who finds other thanthat blame no one except himself.” 1Allah’s mercy encompasses all as He says: ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻟﻠﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‬ ‫ﻭﻥﹶ‬ ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﺤﻤﺪ ﺭ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺤﻤ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﹶﻟ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﻳ‬‫﴿ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ َ   ‫ﺮ ﱠ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ﺤ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻪ ﻳ‬        ‫ﻠ ﹶ‬   ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻴﻢ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺳﺒﻴﻠﻚ ﻭﻗﻬﻢ ﻋﺬﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﹾﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺒ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﺎ ﻓﺎﻏﻔﺮ ﻟ ﱠﺬ‬‫ﻠﹾﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬   ‫ﹺ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻠ ﺗ ﺑ‬   ‫ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹰ‬   ٍ   ‫ ﹸ ﱠ‬    ‫ﺑ‬“The (angels) carry the Throne and those around it exalt (Allah)with praise of glorification to their Lord, and believe in Him, andask forgiveness for those who have believed, (saying), ‘Our Lord,You have encompassed all things in mercy and knowledge, soforgive those who have repented and followed Your way andprotect them from the punishment of Hellfire.” (40:7) And Allahthe Almighty and All-Majestic says: ()‫ﻮﻥ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎﺗ‬‫ﻢ ﺑﹺﺂﻳ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﻛﹶﻮﺓﹶ ﻭ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﻮﻥ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺘﻘﻮﻥ ﻭ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﺎ ﻟ ﱠﺬ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺄﹶﻛﹾﺘ‬‫ﻲ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻓﹶﺴ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ ﻫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹶ ﺍﻟﺰ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹸ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ٍ  ‫ ﹸ ﱠ‬  “…and My Mercy embraces all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordainfor those who are the pious and give charity (Zakat) and those whobelieve in Our proofs.” [7:156]Any description about this all-encompassing infinite mercy of Allahis an approximation since His mercy is greater than all that we cancomprehend about the idea of mercy. Allah’s mercy is greater thanthat innate mercy of the mother for the suckling baby - theparadigm of altruistic human mercy of the most intense and tenderkind -for as Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him,narrates: ‫ﻗﺪﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺳﱯ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﱯ ﻗﺪ ﲢﻠﺐ ﺛﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﺗﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﺻﺒﻴﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﱯ ﺃﺧﺬﺗﻪ ﻓﺄﻟﺼﻘﺘﻪ ﺑﺒﻄﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﺭﺿﻌﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ: " ﺃﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻃﺎﺭﺣﺔ ﻭﻟﺪﻫﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ؟ " ﻓﻘﻠﻨﺎ : ﻻ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﺮﺣﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: " ﷲ ﺃﺭﺣﻢ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺑﻮﻟﺪﻫﺎ‬1 Reported by Muslim.
  • 83. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 83 Muhammad’s Mission“Some captives were brought to the Prophet and a nursing womanamong them was exerting herself and she would find an infant childof captives and embrace it and nurse it so the Prophet, peace andblessing of Allah be upon him, said to us, “Do you think she wouldthrow her child in the Fire? We said: No, if she was able to notallow that to happen.” He said: “Allah is more merciful to Hisservants than this (woman) is to her infant child.” 1The mother’s innate mercy and compassion and tenderness for hersuckling infant is the most merciful kind of mercy that we humanscan understand, and yet this similitude is given to us as just anotherexpression of “Allahu-Akbar (Allah is Greater). The Prophetilluminated us further about the unfathomable expansiveness ofAllah’s mercy, peace and blessing be upon him, when he said: ‫ﺇﻥ ﷲ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺃﻧﺰﻝ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳉﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻹﻧﺲ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﻬﺎﺋﻢ ﻭ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﻡ ﻓﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺗﻌﻄﻒ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻮﺵ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻟﺪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺃﺧﺮ ﺗﺴﻌﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻌﲔ ﺭﲪﺔ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻳﺘﺮﺍﲪﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻃﻔﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺣﻢ‬“Allah has one hundred kinds of mercy. Out of these He has sentdown one kind of mercy upon the jinn and human beings and theanimals and insects, and from this one part they love one another,show mercy to one another, and by this one part even the wildbeast is affectionate to its young child. And Allah has reservedninety-nine parts of mercy with which He will be merciful to Hisservants on the Day of Resurrection.” 2One hundred types, of which we only witness and can understandone type in this life! Glory be to Allah! How perfect and absolutelybeautiful is He! High above our imperfections He remains in Hisabsolute Perfection!Faith in the greatness of Allah in all things and in His mercy is anessential part of faith, and for this reason suicide is not allowed, for1 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim 2 Reported by al-Bukahri and Muslim and many others.
  • 84. 84 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionAllah has strictly forbidden anyone to kill oneself in despair andlack of hope in receiving Allah’s aid and mercy, as He the Almightysaid: ﴾‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﹺﺑ ﹸﻢ ﺭ‬‫ﻘﹾﺘ ﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺃﹶﻧ ﹸﺴ ﹸﻢ‬‫﴿ ...ﻭﻻ ﺗ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶ ﻜ‬ ‫ﻜ ﱠ ﹼ‬ ‫ﻠ ﻔ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬“…and do not kill yourselves, verily Allah is Most Merciful to you.”[4:29]Thus Allah has forbidden harming oneself in any manner leadingto self-destruction, as Allah the Greatest said:    ‫ ِ ﱠ ﱠ‬   ‫ﹸ ﹶ‬  ‫ﹸ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺴﻨﲔ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻳﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﻳﻜﻢ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﻠﻜﺔ ﻭﹶﺃﺣﺴﻨ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺗﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﺄﹶﻳ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﺒﹺﻴﻞﹺ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﻲ ﺳ‬‫ﻔﻘﹸﻮﺍ ﻓ‬‫﴿ ﻭﹶﺃﻧ‬  ‫ِﹺ‬ ‫ﹾﹸ‬ ‫ﱠ‬  “And expend in the way of Allah and do not throw yourselves byyour own hands to destruction, and do good, for Allah loves thosewho do good.” [2:195]Suicide is often the ultimate result of prolonged despair anddepression, when one thinks of oneself as beyond hope and repairand repentance. Even the beginning of these notions is prohibitedin Islam since Allah is the Most Merciful as explained above.Therefore one must never despair of Allah’s mercy and relief andaid when in dire need. Allah said mentioning the words of theangels to Abraham, peace be upon him, and his reply: ﴾ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﱡﻟﻮﻥ‬‫ﻳﻘﻨ ﹸ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺭ‬ ‫ ﹸﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎﹺﻧﻄﲔ ﴿﴾ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﻦ‬‫ﺎﻙ ﹺﺑﺎﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻓﹶﻠﹶﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺑﺸﺮ‬ ‫﴿ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺﻟ‬        ‫ﻂ‬‫ ﹾ‬   ‫ﹶ‬   ‫ ﻜ‬   ‫ﻟ‬“They said, ‘We have given you good tidings in truth, so do not beof those that despair. He said, ‘And who despairs of the mercy ofhis Lord except for those astray?’” (15:55-56)Prophet Jacob (Yaqub), peace be upon him, said in his sincereadvice to his sons who had been treacherous to Joseph (Yousuf)and Benjamin (Bin Yameen), peace be upon them, mentioning asspecial kind of soothing mercy of Allah after affliction called“Rauhillah (ِ‫ .)روح ﱠﻪ‬ ‫َ ْ ِ اﻟﻠ‬
  • 85. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 85 Muhammad’s Mission‫ﺡ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺇﱠﺎ‬‫ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻴﺌ‬ ‫ ﻟﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹺﻧ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﻮﺳﻒ ﻭﹶﺃﺧﻴﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﻓﺘﺤ‬‫ﺑﻨﻲ ﺍﺫﹾﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫﴿ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬   ‫ﹶﺲ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ ﺇ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬    ‫ﹶﺴ‬      ‫ ﻳ‬  ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺒ ﹶ‬  ‫ﹺ‬ ﴾ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬“O my sons, go and find out about Joseph and his brother, and donot despair from the relief of Allah (in soothing mercy). Indeed, noone despairs of relief of Allah except the disbelieving people.”(12:87)And Allah the Almighty said: ﴾  ‫ﻴ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﺃﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺣﻤﺘﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﺌ‬ ‫ﺋﻪ ﹸﺃﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ‬‫ﻟﻘﺎ‬‫ﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﹺﺑﺂ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ‬‫﴿ ﻭ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ ﺏ ﻢ‬         ‫ﺴ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬ َ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬“And the ones who disbelieve in the signs of Allah and the meetingwith Him, those are they who have despaired of My mercy and forthem is a painful punishment.” (29:3)And Allah the Exalted said: ‫ﻮﺏ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺬ‬ ‫ﻳﻐﻔ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﺗﻘﻨ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺃﹶﻧ ﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﻻ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﺃﺳﺮ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻋ‬‫ﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ ﱠﺬ‬‫﴿ﻗﻞ ﻳ‬     ‫ﺮ ﱡﻧ‬   ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬    ‫ﻄ‬‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ﻔ ِ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻓ‬   ‫ ﺍﻟ‬   ‫ﹸ ﹾ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻔﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬  ‫ﹺﻧ‬     ‫ ﹸ‬  ‫ﻪ ﻫ‬‫ﺇ‬“Say, ‘O My servants who have transgressed against themselves, donot despair of the Mercy of Allah, for indeed Allah forgives all sins.Indeed, He is the Most-Forgiving, the Most-Merciful.’” (39:53)In the Prophetic Sunnah this is explained further, narrated byAbdullah ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with them, who said thatthe Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing be upon him, was askedabout the greatest sins whereupon he said: ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺋﺮ : ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭ ﺍﻹﻳﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﻮﻁ ﻣﻦ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ‬“Associating partners with Allah, and despairing from the soothingmercy and relief of Allah, and hopelessness from the mercy ofAllah.” 1And in the most authentic narrations the Messenger of Allah, peaceand blessing be upon him, said:1 Reported by Bazzar with good chain of narrators as mentioned by al-al-Albani inSJ #٤٦٠٣ and SS #2051.
  • 86. 86 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﺎ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻓﺄﻣﺴﻚ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺴﻌﺎ ﻭﺗﺴﻌﲔ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻭﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻓﻠﻮ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ ﱂ ﻳﻴﺄﺱ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺬﺍﺏ ﱂ ﻳﺄﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬ “Verily the day Allah created mercy He created it in one hundredparts. He withheld with Himself ninety-nine parts, and had one partdescend to all His creatures. If the disbeliever knew about theMercy which is with Allah he would not lose hope of Paradise, andif the believer knew of all the punishment which is with Allah hewould never consider himself safe and secure from the Hellfire.” 1A believer remains hopeful about Allah at all times and has a goodopinion about His greatness, magnanimity and extensive mercy, forthe Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, said three days beforehe died: "‫ﻻ ﳝﻮﺗﻦ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻫﻮ ﳛﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﻈﻦ ﺑﺎﷲ‬“Do not die except that you have a good opinion of Allah.” 2 Thismeans the idea about Allah’s overwhelming mercy. And he said,peace and blessing be upon him: ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻇﻦ ﻋﺒﺪﻱ ﰲ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺩﻋﺎﱐ‬“Verily Allah says, I am according to the way my servant thinksabout me, and I am with him if he calls on Me.” In anothernarration he said: ‫" ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ﺃﻧﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻇﻦ ﻋﺒﺪﻱ ﰊ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺫﻛﺮﱐ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺫﻛﺮﱐ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻛﺮﺗﻪ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺫﻛﺮﱐ ﰲ ﻣﻸ ﺫﻛﺮﺗﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻸ ﺧﲑ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ “Allah says: I am as the servant thinks of Me and I am with himwhen he remembers Me. If he remembers Me in his self Iremembers him in My Self and when he mentions Me openly in agroup I mention him in a group better than that group.” 31 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim. 2 Reported by al- Muslim, Ahmad, Abu Da`ud, Ibn Majah and others 3 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
  • 87. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 87 Muhammad’s MissionTo despair and lose all hope is thinking an evil thought about Allah.Only an evil-minded disbeliever thinks evil thoughts and has a lowopinion about Allah’s Majesty and Greatness and Glory, and placesa restriction on the absoluteness and expansiveness of His Powerand Mercy and Bounty. Allah mentioned this trait as a trait ofhypocrisy when He said: ‫ﺋﺮ ﹸ‬‫ﻧﲔ ﹺﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻇﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺩﺍ‬‫ﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻤﺸﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻈﺎ‬‫ﻨﺎﻓﻘﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﻌﺬﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻭﺍﹾﻟ‬‫﴿ﻭﻳ‬ ‫ﺓ‬   ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ِ    ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹺ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻤ‬       ‫ ﱢ‬  ﴾ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻋﺪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﻭﺳﺎﺀﺕ ﻣ‬‫ﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻌﻨﻬ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺀ ﻭﻏﻀﺐ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴ‬  َ               ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ِ  “And He will punish the hypocrite men and hypocrite women whocontinually think about Allah with evil thoughts. On them is an evilturning, and the anger of Allah, and His curse, and he has preparedfor them Hellfire and what an evil destination.” (48:6)We will return to the subject of hope and despair in the finalchapter on mercy, repentance and seeking forgiveness.Revelation as Mercy from AllahAllah is merciful in His Lordship and Divinity as Creator, Providerand Sustainer, and He is merciful as the One God who sends hismaterial mercy for sustenance like the rain to nourish the plants andlet all the living being drink the pure water. He also provides manwith the greater spiritual mercy by sending His Books of Guidancewith the Prophets and Messengers with the spiritual mercy.Revelation and guidance is from the mercy of Allah. Allah’srevelation to mankind in the Torah, Psalms, Gospel and theQur`an, is called a mercy, an illumination, a down pouring, and aspirit from Allah, since it comes from above to nourish man andguide him to the pathway of the wholesome blessings and mercy ofthe life of this world and the everlasting greater blessings and mercyof the Hereafter.
  • 88. 88 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionThis is how it is described in the Book of Allah, the Quran, forNoah, peace be upon him, the first great Messenger of Allah toman, said as Allah informs us:‫ﺎ‬‫ﻮﻫ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻠﹾﺰ‬‫ﻤﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﻴ ﹸﻢ ﺃ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﹺﻧﻲ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﻓ‬‫ﻲ ﻭﺁ‬‫ﺑﻴﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭ‬ ‫ﻠﹶﻰ‬‫ﺖ ﻋ‬‫ﻢ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻛﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﻮﻡ ﹶﺃﺭﹶﺃﻳ‬‫﴿ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹶﻧ ﹺﻣ ﹸﻤ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶﻌ‬      ‫ ﹰ‬   َ  ‫ﺑ‬      ‫ ﹾ ﹸ‬  ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﺎ ﹺﺑﻄﺎﺭﺩ ﱠﺬ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣ‬‫ﺎﻟﹰﺎ ﹺﺇﻥ ﹶﺃﺟﺮﻱ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻋ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﺳﺄﹸ ﹸﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬‫ﻧﺘﻢ ﻟﹶﻬ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬  ‫ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹺ‬  ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ ﻟ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﻟﻜ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬  ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﹺﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻃﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺼ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻳ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺗﺠﻬ ﹸﻮﻥ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻲ ﺃﹶﺭﺍ ﹸﻢ ﻗﹶﻮ‬‫ﻟﹶﻜ‬‫ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻬﻢ ﻣﻠﹶ ﹸﻮ ﺭ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﹺﺇ‬‫ﺁﻣ‬  ‫ ﺗﻬ‬ ‫ ﹾ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ﺮ‬   ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﻛ‬ ‫ﻨ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺎﻗ‬   ‫ﻨ‬ َ ‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻗﻮﻝ‬‫ﻲ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻭ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﺃ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺇ‬‫ﺐ ﻭ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻴ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻋﻠ‬‫ﺍﺋﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻱ ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻢ ﻋ‬‫ﻭﻥ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺬﻛ‬‫ﺃﹶﻓﹶﻠﹶﺎ ﺗ‬ ‫ ﹸ ﹸ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹸ ﹺﻧ‬  ‫ ﹶﻢ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ﹸ ﹸ ﻜ‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠﺮ ﹶ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻟﻤﲔ‬‫ﻲ ﺇﹺﺫﹰﺍ ﹶﻟﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻈﺎ‬‫ﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﺇ‬‫ﻲ ﹶﺃﻧ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ ﺑﹺﻤ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺧ‬  ‫ﺗﻴ‬‫ﺆ‬ ‫ ﹸﻢ ﹶﻟﻦ‬‫ﺭﹺﻱ ﹶﺃﻋ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ ﺗ‬‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﻟ ﱠﺬ‬   ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹺﻧ‬ ‫ِ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﻢ‬ ‫ﱠ‬  ‫ ﻬ ﻢ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﻳ‬  ‫ﻴ ﻨ ﻜ‬ ‫ﻠ‬“He said, “O my people, have you considered that if I am uponclear evidence from my Lord, and that He has given me mercyfrom Himself, but it has been made imperceptible to you tounderstand, would we force it upon you while you hated it? * AndO my people, I do not ask of you for it any wealth: my reward onlyfrom Allah. I am not one to drive away any of those who havebelieved. Indeed, they will meet their Lord, but I see that you are anignorant people. * And O my people, who would protect me fromAllah if I were to expel them? Will you not be reminded? * And Ido not tell you that I have the stores (of bounties) of Allah, nor thatI know the unseen, nor do I tell you that I am an angel, nor do I sayof those upon whom your eyes look down in contempt that Allahwill never grant them any good. Allah is most knowing of what iswithin their souls. Indeed, I would then be among the oppressivewrongdoers.” (11:28-31)And Allah said after telling of the story of Moses, peace be uponhim:‫ﺎ‬‫ﺄﹾﻧ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‬‫ﻟﹶﻜ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻨﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻫﺪﻳﻦ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬‫ﺮ ﻭﻣ‬‫ﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣ‬‫ﻮﺳ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺﺑﻲ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﻀ‬‫ﺖ ﺑﹺﺠﺎﹺﻧﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﺮ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻨ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻭﻣ‬ ‫ﻨ‬        ‫ ﻛ‬  ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﻛ‬﴾﴿ ‫ﺮﺳﻠﲔ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻨﺎ ﻛ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﻬﻢ ﺁ‬‫ﺘ ﹸﻮ ﻋﻠﻴ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﺗ‬‫ﻲ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﻣﺪ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ﺖ ﺛﹶﺎﻭﹺﻳ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﻭ‬‫ﻬﻢ‬‫ﻧﺎ ﻓﺘﻄﺎﻭﻝ ﻋﻠﻴ‬‫ﻗﺮﻭ‬     ‫ ﹸﻨ‬   َ  ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻠ‬    ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﻛ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﺬﻳﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻚ‬‫ﺎﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﺗ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺬﺭ ﻗﹶﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺑﻚ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻨﺖ ﹺﺑﺠﺎﹺﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺭ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻧ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹴ‬           ‫ﹰ‬      ‫ ﹺ ﱡ ﹺ ﹾ‬  ‫ﻛ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺬﹶﻛ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻢ ﻳ‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻌﻠ‬ ‫ ﱠﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠﻬ‬
  • 89. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 89 Muhammad’s Mission“And We gave Moses the Scripture, after We had destroyed theformer generations, as enlightenment for the people and guidanceand mercy that they might be reminded. * And you, (OMuhammad) were not on the western side (of the Mount Sinai]when We revealed to Moses the command, and you were notamong the witnesses. * But We produced generations (after Moses)and prolonged their duration. And you were not a resident amongthe people of Madyan, reciting to them Our verses, but We weresenders (of this message). * And you were not at the side of themount when We called (to Moses) but (you were sent) as a mercyfrom your Lord to warn a people to whom no warner had comebefore you, that perhaps they might be reminded.” (28:43-46)In these verses both the Torah and the Quran are mentioned as amercy. About the Quran Allah said:  ‫ﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﹺﻳﻦ ﴿﴾ ﻓﻴﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ‬‫ﺎ ﻛ‬‫ﻲ ﹶﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺇﹺ‬‫ﺎﻩ ﻓ‬‫ﻟﻨ‬‫ﻧﺰ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶ‬‫ﺒﲔ ﴿﴾ ﺇﹺ‬ ‫ﺎﺏ ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﻜﺘ‬‫﴿ﺣﻢ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻕ‬ ‫ ﻳ ﹾ‬    ‫ ﻧ ﹸﻨ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ﻧ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﻤﹺ ﹺ‬﴾﴿ ‫ﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬  ‫ﺑﻚ ﹺﻧ‬‫ﺮﺳﻠﲔ ﴿﴾ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﺎ ﻛ‬‫ﺎ ﺇﹺ‬‫ﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻧ‬‫ﻜﻴﻢ ﴿﴾ ﺃﹶﻣﺮ‬‫ﻛﻞ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺣ‬        ‫ﻪ ﻫ‬‫ ﺇ‬    ‫ ﹰ‬       ‫ ﻧ ﹸﻨ‬      ‫ ﹴ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﹸ ﱡ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹸﻢ ﻭﺭﺏ‬‫ﻳﻤﻴﺖ ﺭ‬‫ﻴﹺﻲ ﻭ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺘﻢ ﻣﻮﻗﻨﲔ ﴿﴾ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﺇﹺﱠﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻛﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄﹶﺭﺽ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺕ ﻭ‬‫ﺎﻭ‬‫ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‬    ‫ ﻜ‬   ‫ ﻳ‬‫ ﻟ ﻫ‬  ‫ﹺ‬    ‫ﻬ ﹾ ﹸ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﺑ‬     ﴾ ‫ﻟﲔ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﹶﻭ‬ ‫ﺋ ﹸ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺁﺑ‬   ‫َ ﻜﻢ‬“Ha, Meem. * And the Clear Book, * Indeed, We sent it downduring a blessed night (in Ramadan), indeed, We were the Warners(to warn all mankind). Therein every precise matter is made distinct,* Every affair (and command proceeding) from Us. Indeed, Wewere the Senders (sending the messenger) * As mercy from yourLord for verily He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. * The Lordof the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if youwould be certain. * There is no god except Him; He gives life andcauses death: your Lord and the Lord of your first forefathers.”(44:1-8)The Quran has been described in a manner that makes the believersrejoice in jubilation; that Allah loves them and sent them His moral
  • 90. 90 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missioninstruction as healing, guidance and mercy. Allah the Glorified andExalted said: ‫ﺆﻣﻨﲔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺔ‬‫ﻯ ﻭﺭ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺼ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺑﻜﻢ ﻭﺷﻔﹶﺎ ٌ ﻟ‬‫ﻮﻋﻈﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭ‬‫ﺗ ﹸﻢ ﻣ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀ‬‫ﻳﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﹶﺃ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻳ‬  ‫ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹲ ﹾ‬   ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺀ‬   ‫ ﹸ‬   ‫ ﹶﹲ‬   ‫ َ ﻜ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬  ﴾﴿ ‫ﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺎ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮ ﺧﻴ‬ ‫ﻮﹾﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻚ ﻓﻠﻴﻔﹾﺮ‬‫ﺣﻤﺘﻪ ﻓﺒﺬ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻗﻞ ﹺﺑﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹺﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ ﺮ‬  ‫ﺣ ﻫ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹶﹺ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ‬ “O mankind, there has to come to you moral instruction fromyour Lord and healing for what is in the breasts and guidance andmercy for the believers. * Say ‘In the bounty of Allah and in Hismercy: in that let them joyfully rejoice, for this is better than whatthey accumulate.” (10: 57-58)In a chapter (Surah) of the Quran called ar-Rahman Allah said: ﴾ ‫ﺎﻥﹶ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﺒ‬ ‫ﺎﻥﹶ ﴿﴾ ﻋﻠﻤ‬‫﴿ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﴿﴾ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﺮﺁﻥ ﴿﴾ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﹾﺈﹺﻧﺴ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬   ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ َ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻘ‬ ‫ﱠ‬   “The Most Beneficent in Mercy, * (who) taught the Qur`an, *(who) created man, * (who) taught him (speech with) eloquence.”(55:1­By His Name and Attribute as the Most Merciful He blessed manwith these mercies and bounties of the Quran, the creation and thefaculty of speech.Does Allah’s punishment contradict Mercy?A natural question arises about Allah’s mercy. How can we say thatit is universal and perfect when some people are to be dammed toHellfire and will eventually suffer His eternal anger andpunishment?Allah’s mercy encompasses all creation in their beautiful andperfectly balanced construction, generous sustenance and guidanceto the way of fulfillment. Yet we must remember that all othercreatures worship Allah by nature, and Allah created man and jinnto give Him special worship with their limited free will to choose toworship and be obedient (worship being the comprehensive wordfor all good deeds), as we mentioned before from the verse ofAllah, our Lord and Creator, when He said:
  • 91. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 91 Muhammad’s Mission ﴾ ‫ﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﺈﹺﻧﺲ ﺇﹺﱠﺎ ﻟ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺧ ﹶﻘ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬  ‫ﺪ‬  ‫ ﻟ‬  ‫ ﻠ ﹾﺖ ﹺ‬“And I have not created man and jinn except to worship Me(Alone). (51:56)He created the creation in all its variance to bring forth from itthose choice ones whom He will bless with His Special Mercy, andthis is the ultimate end and result as Allah the Exalted said:‫ﻮﺍ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ‬‫ﺗﺮﻛ‬ ‫﴿﴾ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﺼ‬‫ﺗﻌﻤ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﹺﺑﻤ‬ ‫ﺍ ﺇ‬‫ﻄﻐﻮ‬‫ﺗﺎﺏ ﻣﻌﻚ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺮﺕ ﻭﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹸ‬‫ﻢ ﻛﻤ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻘ‬ ‫ ﹶﻨ‬  ‫ﲑ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹺﻧﻪ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬         ‫ ﹶ ﺃﻣ‬  ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻥﹶ﴿﴾ ﻭﹶﺃﻗﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺎﺓ ﻃﺮﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺼ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺎﺀ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﹶﻭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﻓﺘﻤﺴ ﹸ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﻇﻠ‬‫ﺍﱠﻟﺬ‬‫ﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ ﺗ‬ َ     ‫ ﱠ‬     ‫ﻜ‬   ‫ﻜﻢ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻭﺍﺻﺒﺮ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﺮﹺﻳﻦ‬‫ﻠ ﱠﺍﻛ‬‫ﻯ ﻟ‬‫ﻛﹾﺮ‬‫ﻟﻚ ﺫ‬‫ﻴﺌﹶﺎﺕ ﺫ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺬﻫﺒ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟﹶﻔﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﻭ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹺ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﹺ‬  ‫ﺬ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺴ‬  ‫ ﻳ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﺯ‬ ‫ﺽ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭ‬‫ﺎﺩ ﻓ‬‫ﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻔﹶﺴ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻳﻨ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫﴿﴾ ﻓﻠﻮﻟﹶﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻗﹶﺒﻠ ﹸﻢ ﺃ ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﺃﺟﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺤﺴِﻨﹺﲔ‬‫ﻳﻀ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹺ ﻟ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹸﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﻜ‬      ‫ ﻘ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬    ‫ﻬﻠﻚ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺑﻚ‬‫ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻭ‬‫ﲔ‬‫ﺠﺮﹺﻣ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺗﺮ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻭﻛﹶﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﹸ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﻇﻠ‬‫ﺗﺒﻊ ﺍﱠﻟﺬ‬‫ﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺠﻴﻨ‬‫ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺎ ﻣﻤﻦ ﺃﹶﻧ‬  ‫ ﻴ‬  ‫ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻧ ﻣ‬   ‫ﺃ ﹺﻓ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﻤ‬           ‫ ﹰ‬‫ﹶ‬‫﴿﴾ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ‬‫ﺨﺘﻠﻔﲔ‬ ‫ﺰ ﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﺑﻚ ﹶﻟﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﹸﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﻳ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ﴿﴾ ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺭ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻯ ﹺﺑ ﹸﻠﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠﻬ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾ ﹸﺮ‬ ‫ﻟ‬    ‫ﺍﻟ ﹶ ﻣ‬  ‫ ﹰ‬   ‫ ﹰ‬ ‫ ﺃ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬    َ    ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ ﹸ ﻣ‬  ‫ﻘ ﻈ ﹾ ﹴ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎﺱﹺ ﺃﹶﺟ‬ ‫ﺑﻚ ﹶﻟﺄﻣﻠﺄﻥ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻤﺖ ﻛﻠﻤﺔﹸ ﺭ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻟﻚ ﺧﻠﻘﻬ‬‫ﻟﺬ‬‫ﺑﻚ ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺭﺣﻢ ﺭ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬     ‫ ﹶﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬        “So remain straight on a right course as you have beencommanded, you and those who have repented with you, and donot transgress the bounds. Indeed, He is All-Seeing of what you do.* And do not incline toward those oppressors who do wrong, lestyou to be touched by the Fire, and you would not have any otherprotectors besides Allah; then you would not be helped. * Andestablish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach ofthe night. Indeed, good deeds do away with misdeeds. That is areminder for those who remember. * And be patient, for indeed,Allah does not allow the reward of those who do good to be lost. *And there not among the generations before you those of stability(in goodness) forbidding corruption on earth, except a few of thosewhom We saved from among them. But the wrongdoers pursuedluxuries they were given to them therein, and they were criminals. *And your Lord would not have destroyed the cities unjustly whiletheir people were reformers. * And if your Lord had willed, Hecould have made mankind one community; and they will not ceaseto differ, * Except whom your Lord has given mercy, and for that
  • 92. 92 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionHe has created them. And the word of your Lord is to be fulfilledthat, "I will surely fill Hell with jinn and men all together.” (11: 112­119)The crucial verse for our investigation says “…and they will notcease to differ, * Except whom your Lord has given mercy, and forthat He has created them…” which signifies that He the Almightyand All-Wise created them for mercy, and to that end He sent Hismany blessings and bounties, but those who refused the mercy andwere ungrateful about the bounties, differed and quarreled andschismatically broke away from the community of faithful. Theyproceeded on the course of disobedience and their eventual doomby the works of their own hands and by rejecting the mercy sent tothem. Allah, the Almighty, the Omniscient of course knew frometernity that this would happen to some of His creatures in Hiscreation, but His will, which He wills, will be done.The similitude here is of the farmer who sows the seed to plant thefield and after long nutriment and irrigation then harvests toseparates the chaff from the seed and burns the chaff and saves theprecious fruit and seeds, and to Allah is the highest similitude, asAllah said: ﴾ ‫ﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺰﹺﻳﺰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺜ ﹸ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻭ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﹺﺑﺎﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﻣﺜ ﹸ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺀ ﻭ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻳﺆ‬ ‫ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﻠﺬ‬‫﴿ ﻟ‬       ‫ﻫ‬  ‫ﹶﻞ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬ ِ   ‫ﹶﻞ‬    َ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﱠ‬“For those who do not believe in the Hereafter is the descriptivesimilitude of evil and for Allah is the highest descriptive similitude.And He is the Almighty, the All-Wise.” (16:60)Allah the Exalted also said:
  • 93. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 93 Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻠﹶﻬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻔﻘﹾﻦ ﻣ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﺷ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻠﹾﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﹶﻥ ﻳ‬‫ﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺠﺒﺎﻝ ﻓﺄ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭ‬‫ﻧﺔ ﻋ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺎ ﻋ‬‫﴿ﺇ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹺ ﹶﹶ‬‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹺﻧ‬ ‫ﺮﹺﻛﹶﺎﺕ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ﻨﺎﻓﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻌﺬﺏ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻭﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻟﻴ‬ ()‫ﺎ ﺟﻬﻮﻟﹰﺎ‬‫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻇ ﹸﻮﻣ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺈﻧﺴﺎ ﹸ ﺇ‬  ‫ ﹾﻤ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻤ‬      ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﱢ‬   ‫ ﻥ ﹺﻧﻪ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ﴾‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻤ‬‫ﺍ ﺭﺣ‬‫ﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻏﹶ ﹸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ‬‫ﻮﺏ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬  ‫ ﻔ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ‬       ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﺘ‬“Verily We offered al-Amaanah (the sacred trust or willfullyworshiping Allah) to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains,but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it. But man bore it.Verily, he was unjust and ignorant. * So that Allah may punish thehypocrite men and hypocrite women and the men and women whoassociate others with Him in idolatry and that Allah may acceptrepentance from the believing men and believing women. And everis Allah Forgiving and Merciful.” (al-Ahzab 33:72-73)In the long narration of the story of Moses and description ofParadise, which al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah, may Allah be pleasedwith him, narrated, he said that the Messenger of Allah, may thepeace and blessing be upon him, said:‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻐﲑﺓ ﺑﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ "...ﺃﻥ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺳﺄﻝ ﺭﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺩﱏ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻣﱰﻟﺔ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺟﻞ ﳚﻲﺀ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‬‫ﻢ ﻓﻴﻘﺎﻝ‬‫ﻓﻴﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺍﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺭﺏ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﺧﺬﻭﺍ ﺃﺧﺬﺍ‬‫ﻟﻪ ﺃﺗﺮﺿﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻚ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻮﻙ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺭﺿﻴﺖ ﺭﺏ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻟﻚ‬‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺴﺔ ﺭﺿﻴﺖ ﺭﺏ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻟﻚ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﻟﻪ‬‫ﻭﻟﻚ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺖ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ ﻭﻟﺬﺕ ﻋﻴﻨﻚ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺭﺿﻴﺖ ﺭﺏ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺏ ﻓﺄﻋﻼﻫﻢ ﻣﱰﻟﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﻏﺮﺳﺖ ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﺪﻱ ﻭﺧﺘﻤﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻠﻢ ﺗﺮ ﻋﲔ ﻭﱂ ﺗﺴﻤﻊ ﺃﺫﻥ‬ "... ‫ﻭﱂ ﳜﻄﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺮ‬Moses asked his Lord: Who of the inhabitants of Paradise is thelowest in rank? He (Allah) said: It would be said to the person whowould be admitted into Paradise last of all among those deservingof Paradise who are admitted to it: Enter Paradise. He would say: Omy Lord, how can I enter it while all the people have settled in theirplaces and taken their portions? It would be said to him: Would you
  • 94. 94 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionbe pleased if there is for you a place like the kingdom of a king ofthe kings of the world? He will say: I am pleased my Lord. He(Allah) would say: For you is that, and like of that, and the like ofthat, and like of that, and of that. He would say at the fifth (point): Iam well pleased. My Lord. He (Allah) would say: It is for you andten times like it, and for you is what your self desires and your eyesenjoy. He would say: I am well pleased, my Lord. He (Moses) said:Who are the highest in rank of the inhabitants of Paradise? He(Allah) said: They are those whom I wanted. I have planted theirhonor with My own hand and then set a seal over it. (They willhave) that which no eye has seen, no ear has heard and no humanmind has conceived.” 1This narration tells us that Allah the Almighty and Majestic, theGreat and Magnificent, “wanted” these special people, and in orderto produce them He created the creation, as He willed. Thisnarration is the explanation of the verse of Allah: ﴾ ‫ﻤ ﹸﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﻳ‬‫ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‬‫ﺰﺍﺀ ﺑﹺﻤ‬‫ﻦ ﺟ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﺧﻔﻲ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹸﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻋ‬‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻔ‬‫ ﻧ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠ‬ ‫﴿ ﻓﹶﻠﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ً  ‫ ﻴ ﹴ‬   ‫ ﻗ‬       ‫ ﹶﻢ ﹾ ﺲ ﺃ‬“So no soul knows what delight of the eye is hidden for them; areward for what they did.” (32:17).Furthermore Allah created Satan who does evil and tempts, and Hecreated the armies of disbelievers, rebels and criminals all in orderto test the believers. Unless the believers struggle and endureagainst the evilness of their souls and the evil of others and Satanand his armies, how could they become those chosen people, the“elected,” who worshipped Allah with their humble willfulness,who loved Allah and endeavored sincerely to overcome allobstacles to come close to Allah by doing the good and all thatwhich is right, true and just.1 Reported by Muslim. no.364.
  • 95. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 95 Muhammad’s MissionAlong the way some amount of sins is the necessary consequenceof human imperfection and struggle, for the Prophet said, peaceand blessing of Allah be upon him: «‫ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ‬‫ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻴﻐﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳﺬﹾﻧﺒﻮﻥ ﻓﹶﻴ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ ﹺﺑﻘﻮﻡ‬‫ﻟﹶﺠ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﺬﻫﺐ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹺﺑ ﹸﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺬﹺﻧ‬ ‫» ﹶﻟﻮ ﹶﻟﻢ‬     ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ ﹴ ﹺ‬ ‫َ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻜ‬‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﺗ ﹾ ﺒ ﹶ‬ “If you weren’t to commit sins, Allah would do away with you andcome with other people who would commit sins and seek Allah’sforgiveness and He will forgive them.”1And a narration informs about the wisdom of the creation of Satan,for the Prophet said, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him: ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻮ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺼﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺇﺑﻠﻴﺲ‬“If Allah willed not to be disobeyed he would not have createdLucifer (the Satan).”2Only by having the possibility of disobedience and the temptationtowards it by desires created as part of his physical andphysiological constitution, and then by choosing willfully Allah andHis Prophets and the way of the believers, can true faithfulbelievers be separated from the infidels, hypocrites and hardenedunrepentant criminals.Another wisdom for decreeing that people do some amount of sinsis to break down any conceit and self-righteousness that they maysee in themselves, and let them be humble and submissive inacknowledging their faults and shortcomings, for in a narration theProphet, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, said: ‫ﻟﻮﱂ ﺗﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﺗﺬﻧﺒﻮﻥ ؛ ﺧﺸﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺐ‬“If you did not sin I would have feared for you something evenworse than that: conceit.” 11 Reported by Muslim.2 Reported by al-Asfahani in Hilyah al-Auliya`a and verified by the combination of its pathways as authentic by al-Albani in as-Silsalah as-Sahihah #1642 and his in Sahih al-Jame’as-Sagheer #1812.
  • 96. 96 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionThe truly evil people are those that are arrogant and “refuse,” toaccept the truth. How can those that willfully and persistentlyrefuse be worthy of the mercy? This persistent refusal disqualifiesthem for Paradise, for by their own refusal they mocked Allah andHis mercy and chose Hellfire. Many are so ignorant that they don’tknow that they don’t know, and moreover they are arrogant tothose that attempt to mercifully help and inform them.There are many kinds of disbelief and ungratefulness to Allah. Onekind is being ignorant, and another kind is turning completely awayand avoiding any reception. Allah the Exalted said: ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹸﻧﺬ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ‬‫ﻰ ﻭ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ ﺇﱠﺎ ﹺﺑﺎﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭﹶﺃﺟﻞ‬‫ﺑﻴﻨﻬ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭ‬‫ﻠﹶﻘﹾﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﺧ‬‫﴿ﻣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻤ ﺃ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ ﹴ ﻣ‬    ‫ ﹺﻟ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬    ﴾ ‫ﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹺﺿ ﹶ‬“I have not created the heavens and the earth and all that is inbetween except for truth and a specified time, and those whodisbelieve turn away from that which they are warned.” (46:3)Even worse than this is enmity, denial and opposition sincesomeone might avoid without confrontation and opposition, butonly an avowed enemy takes his disbelief in Allah and His Prophetsto a higher degree of arrogant enmity and warfare. Allah theExalted said: ﴾ ‫ﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﹾﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺇﹺﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﻴﻞ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹶﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻳ‬‫ﻬﻢ ﻛﹶﺎ‬‫﴿ ﺇﹺ‬ ‫ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹺﻟ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﻟ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻧ‬ ‫ﻧ‬"For when it was said unto them LA ILAAHA ILLALLAH (thereis no god except Allah) they were scornful.” (37:35)We also find the tradition of the Prophet, peace and blessings beupon him, where he said:1 Reported by Bazzar and verified as having a good chain of narrators by al-Albani in Sahih at-Targheeb #2921, and As-Silsalah as-Sahihah # 658.
  • 97. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 97 Muhammad’s Mission ‫" ﻛﻞ ﺃﻣﱵ ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺃﰉ" ﻗﻴﻞ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﺄﰉ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‬ "‫"ﻣﻦ ﺃﻃﺎﻋﲏ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋﺼﺎﱐ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﰉ‬“All of my Ummah (nation) will enter Paradise except those whorefuse. They asked, O Messenger of Allah, and who refuses? Hesaid: Who obeys will enter Paradise, and who disobeys, hasrefused.” 1The Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, drew anothercomparison with camels when he said: ".‫"ﻛﻠﻜﻢ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺷﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﲑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ‬ “All of you will enter Paradise except the one who runs way likethe camel running from its owners.” 2The similitude of this descending mercy is like rain from the sky,but not all benefit from it even though it is the mercy from Allah,as the Prophet illustrated, peace and blessings be upon him: ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﲏ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﺪﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻛﻤﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﺃﺭﺿﺎ ، ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻴﺔ ﻗﺒﻠﺖ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻓﺄﻧﺒﺘﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﻸ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ، ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﺟﺎﺩﺏ ﺃﻣﺴﻜﺖ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‬‫ﻓﻨﻔﻊ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻓﺸﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻭﺳﻘﻮﺍ ﻭﺯﺭﻋﻮﺍ ، ﻭﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻗﻴﻌﺎﻥ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻘﻪ ﰲ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻧﻔﻌﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﲏ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﻠﻢ ،ﲤﺴﻚ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻨﺒﺖ ﻛﻸ‬ ‫ﹼﻢ ، ﻭﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﱂ ﻳﺮﻓﻊ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺭﺃﺳﺎ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﻫﺪﻯ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠ‬"The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allah hassent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of whichwas fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forthvegetation and grass in abundance. (And) another portion of it washard and held the rainwater and Allah benefited the people with itand they utilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from itand for irrigation of the land for cultivation. (And) a portion of it1 Reported by Bukhari and Ahmad. 2 Reported by Hakim and at-Tayalasi and verified by al-Albani JS # 4570.
  • 98. 98 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionwas barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forthvegetation (so that land gave no benefits). The first is the exampleof the person who comprehends Allahs religion and gets benefit(from the knowledge), which Allah has revealed through me (theProphet) and learns and then teaches others. The last example isthat of a person who does not care for it and does not take Allah’sguidance revealed through me. (He is like that barren land.).” 1These are the criminals that are described as breaking the covenantof their creation by the Creator. Anas ibn Malik, may Allah bepleased with him, related that the Prophet, may Allah’s peace andblessing be upon him, said: ‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﺲ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ: " ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﺮﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﺃﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻚ ﻣﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺃﻛﻨﺖ ﻣﻔﺘﺪﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ؟ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ: ﻧﻌﻢ. ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ: ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﻣﻨﻚ ﺃﻫﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺧﺬﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﰲ ﻇﻬﺮ ﺃﺑﻴﻚ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺗﺸﺮﻙ ﰊ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬ ".‫ﻓﺄﺑﻴﺖ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺸﺮﻙ ﰊ‬ “Allah most Exalted will say to one of the companions of the(Hell) fire who is in the least punishment: "If you had the entireworld and all (the riches) in it and another world along with it, toransom yourself (from this torment), wouldnt you ransomyourself?" He will reply: Yes (certainly)! Then Allah will say: ‘Iwanted from you something much easier than this when you werein the loins of (your father) Adam: Not to associate any partnerswith Allah, but yet you insisted on associations.” 2Allah offers His mercy to all but He turns in forgiveness only tothose who come to him in humility and repentance and seek HisforgivenessOf all these disbelieving criminals the hypocrites are the worst,since their lies and falsehood and infidelities are greater than those1 Volume 1, Book 3, Number 98: 2 Reported by al-Bukhari, Muslim, and others
  • 99. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 99 Muhammad’s Missionof open disbelief. They are so deceitful that they will not admit theirreal faults and repent. Allah the Almighty said: ﴾ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺗﺠﺪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻧ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﻦ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻙ ﺍﻷﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭ‬‫ﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻓ‬‫﴿ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨ‬  ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬   ‫ﹶ ﹺ‬ َ       ‫ﱠ‬“Verily the hypocrites are in the lowest dregs of Hellfire and youwill never find for them any Helpers.” (4:145)These are the “bankrupt” people that the Messenger of Allahwarned us about, may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him:‫"ﺃﺗﺪﺭﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺍﳌﻔﻠﺲ؟" ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ : ﺍﳌﻔﻠﺲ ﻓﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻻ ﺩﺭﻫﻢ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻣﺘﺎﻉ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ "ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻔﻠﺲ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺃﻣﱵ، ﻳﺄﰐ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﺑﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺻﻴﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﻛﺎﺓ، ﻭﻳﺄﰐ ﻗﺪ ﺷﺘﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ، ﻭﻗﺬﻑ ﻫﺬﺍ، ﻭﺃﻛﻞ ﻣﺎﻝ‬‫. ﻓﺈﻥ ﻓﻨﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ، ﻭﺳﻔﻚ ﺩﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ، ﻭﺿﺮﺏ . ﻓﻴﻌﻄﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺗﻪ، ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻀﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ، ﺃﺧﺬ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻄﺎﻳﺎﻫﻢ ﻓﻄﺮﺣﺖ . ﰒ ﻃﺮﺡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ “The bankrupt among my Ummah is the one who comes on theDay of Resurrection with prayer, fasting and charity, and yet hasabused this one, slandered that one, taken another’s money illegally,and shed someone’s blood, and beaten someone. Each of thesepeople will be given of his good deeds (by way of compensation). Ifhis good deeds finish before judgment is passed on him, some oftheir sins will be thrown on him, and he will then be cast intoHellfire.” 1Also in the Sunnah the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing beupon him, warned us about their criminal traits saying: ،‫: ﻣﻦ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺣﺪﺙ ﻛﺬﺏ، ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺃﺧﻠﻒ‬ ‫"ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻘﺎ ﺧﺎﻟﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﺎﻫﺪ ﻏﺪﺭ، ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺧﺎﺻﻢ . ﻭﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺧﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺧﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﺮ‬ ".‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺪﻋﻬﺎ‬ “Whoever has four traits, is a pure hypocrite: if he speaks he lies; ifhe promises he doesn’t fulfill (his promise); if he enters a contracthe does not honor it; if he argues he abuses and is wicked; and1 Reported by Muslim.
  • 100. 100 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionwhoever has any trait of them has a trait of hypocrisy until he leavesit.” 1Many lengthy traditions inform us about the hypocrites that theyonly profess Islam for the worldly benefits they derive fromprofession. For instance, the believer will answer the questionsasked in the graves about who was their Lord, what was theirreligion, and who was their Prophet, correctly and positively,whereas the disbelivers and hypocrites will say, as one lengthynarration mentions of which we will mention only the concernedpart: ‫"....ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻖ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﺿﻊ ﰲ ﻗﱪﻩ ﺃﺗﺎﻩ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻓﻴﻨﺘﻬﺮﻩ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﻌﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻻ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ ﻓﻴﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻻ ﺩﺭﻳﺖ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻠﻴﺖ ﻓﻴﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻓﻴﻀﺮﺑﻪ ﲟﻄﺮﺍﻕ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﲔ ﺃﺫﻧﻴﻪ ﻓﻴﺼﻴﺢ ﺻﻴﺤﺔ‬ "...‫ﻳﺴﻤﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ ﻏﲑ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﻠﲔ‬“…the disbeliever or hypocrite will be placed in his grave and twoangles will come and will say, what did you worship, and he will say,I don’t know, and they will say to him, you didn’t know and youdidn’t recite. They will ask him, what do you say about this man(who was sent among you), and he will say, I used to say what thepeople said, then they will hit him with an iron hammer between hisears and he will scream so that the creatures will hear him exceptmen and jinn…” 2And Allah will forget this hypocrite as the hypocrite forgot Himand His sacred rights, as it is mentioned in the following lengthytradition, of which I will mention only some part. The Prophet,may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, asked hiscompanions:1 Reported by Bukhari, Muslim and others. 2 Reported by Bukari, Muslim and others and this particular version is verified by al-Albani in ST # 3555
  • 101. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 101 Muhammad’s Mission‫"ﻫﻞ ﺗﻀﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﲑﺓ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﰲ ﺳﺤﺎﺑﺔ ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ :ﻻ ﻗﺎﻝ :ﻓﻬﻞ‬‫ﺗﻀﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺭ ﻟﻴﺲ ﰲ ﺳﺤﺎﺑﺔ ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ :ﻻ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻓﻮﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫! ﻻ ﺗﻀﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺭﺑﻜﻢ ﺇﻻ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻀﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺃﺣﺪﳘﺎ، ﻓﻴﻠﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺭﺑﻪ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ‬‫ﺃﱂ ﺃﻛﺮﻣﻚ ﻭﺃﺳﻮﺩﻙ ﻭﺃﺯﻭﺟﻚ ﻭﺃﺳﺨﺮ ﻟﻚ ﺍﳋﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻹﺑﻞ، ﻭﺃﺫﺭﻙ ﺗﺮﺃﺱ ﻭﺗﺮﺑﻊ ؟ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ‬‫:ﺑﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺏ، ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ:ﺃﻇﻨﻨﺖ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻣﻼﻗﻲ ؟ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ:ﻻ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻓﺈﱐ ﺃﻧﺴﺎﻙ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺴﻴﺘﲏ ﰒ‬‫ﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ: ...ﺃﱂ ﺃﻛﺮﻣﻚ ﻭﺃﺳﻮﺩﻙ ﻭﺃﺯﻭﺟﻚ ﻭﺃﺳﺨﺮ ﻟﻚ ﺍﳋﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻭﺃﺫﺭﻙ‬‫ﺗﺮﺃﺱ ﻭﺗﺮﺑﻊ ؟ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ: ﺑﻠﻰ ﻳﺎﺭﺏ، ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ:ﺃﻇﻨﻨﺖ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻣﻼﻗﻲ ؟ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ:ﻻ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﱐ‬‫ﺃﻧﺴﺎﻙ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺴﻴﺘﲏ ﰒ ﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ، ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺏ ! ﺁﻣﻨﺖ ﺑﻚ‬‫ﻭﺑﻜﺘﺎﺑﻚ ﻭﺑﺮﺳﻠﻚ ﻭﺻﻠﻴﺖ ﻭﺻﻤﺖ ﻭﺗﺼﺪﻗﺖ ﻭﻳﺜﲏ ﲞﲑ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻉ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻫﻨﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﰒ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻧﺒﻌﺚ ﺷﺎﻫﺪﻧﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻓﻴﺘﻔﻜﺮ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ: ﻣﻦ ﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺸﻬﺪ ﻋﻠﻲ ؟ ﻓﻴﺨﺘﻢ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻴﻪ، ﻭﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻔﺨﺬﻩ ﻭﳊﻤﻪ ﻭﻋﻈﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻧﻄﻘﻲ ﻓﻴﻨﻄﻖ ﻓﺨﺬﻩ ﻭﳊﻤﻪ ﻭﻋﻈﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻌﻤﻠﻪ‬ "‫ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻴﻌﺬﺭ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ، ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻖ، ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺴﺨﻂ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬“Do you have any problem seeing the sun when there are noclouds? They said: No. He asked: Do you have any problem seeingthe full moon when there are no clouds? They said: No. He said: Bythe One in whose hand my soul is (Allah), you will have noproblem seeing your Lord (Allah) like you see one of those two.The slave will meet his Lord and the Lord would say……….Didn’tI honor you, make you a leader, have you get married, and madethe camels and horses subject to your command? And didn’t I leaveyou to be a leader and take forth (of tribute)? He will acknowledgeand say: Yes you did! Then he will say: Did you think you wouldmeet Me? He will say: No. He will say: Thus today I will forget youlike you forgot my meeting. Then he will meet another and ask himand will be answered the same. Then he will meet another and askhim and he will say: I believed in You and Your Books and YourMessengers and I prayed and fasted and gave charity and he will tryto praise himself as much as possible, and he will say to him, waithere. We will send our witnesses to give evidence about you. He
  • 102. 102 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionwill think in himself who could be a witness? Then his mouth willbe sealed and it will be said to his thighs and muscles and bones:Speak! His thighs and muscles and bones will then tell about hisdeeds. Thus it will be that the proof will be established (and therewill be no excuse for injustice). That is the hypocrite. That is theone upon whom Allah’s anger will descend.” 1The testimony of faith and commitment of the hypocrite isworthless, for he is a liar to the people and to himself and to Allah,all of which is injustice. Another tradition mentions this reality inan even more explicit manner:‫ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻣﺸﻲ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺁﺧﺬ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ، ﺇﺫ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﻛﻴﻒ‬‫ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻮﻯ؟ : ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻳﺪﱐ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ، ﻓﻴﻀﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻛﻨﻔﻪ ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺮﻩ، ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ: ﺃﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺫﻧﺐ‬‫ﻛﺬﺍ: ﺃﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺫﻧﺐ ﻛﺬﺍ؟ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ: ﻧﻌﻢ ﺃﻱ ﺭﺏ، ﺣﱴ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺮﺭﻩ ﺑﺬﻧﻮﺑﻪ، ﻭﺭﺃﻯ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬.‫ﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ، ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻏﻔﺮﻫﺎ ﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ، ﻓﻴﻌﻄﻰ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺗﻪ‬‫ﺃﻧﻪ ﻫﻠﻚ، : ﺳﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫ﻢ ﺃﻻ ﻟﻌﻨﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻖ، ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﺷﻬﺎﺩ ]ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺬﺑﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭ‬ [ ‫ﺍﻟﻈﺎﳌﲔ‬“As I was walking with Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with them,I asked him, what did you hear from the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah’s peace and blessing be upon him, about the private meeting(with Allah). He said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, may thepeace and blessing of Allah be upon him, say: Verily Allah willbring the believer close to him and cover him with his special coverand say Do you acknowledge this sin, and do you acknowledge thatsin, and he will say Yes I do O Lord, until he acknowledges all hissins, and he thinks we will be destroyed, Allah will say: As Iconcealed them in the world I will forgive you today. Then he willbe given his book of good deeds. As for the disbeliever and1 Reported by Bukari Muslim and others and this version is verified by al-Albani inST 3609
  • 103. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 103 Muhammad’s Missionhypocrite, the witnesses will say: (As it says in the Quran) “ Theseare those who lied upon their Lord! Verily the curse is upon theunjust ones!” 1These hypocrites are the people who forget Allah, so Allah forgetsthem. Allah the Almighty said:‫ﻢ‬‫ﻳﻬ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﻳ‬ ‫ﻘﹾﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻳﻨﻬﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭ‬‫ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻭﻥ ﹺﺑﺎﹾﻟﻤﻨﻜﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻌﻀ‬‫ ﺑ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻨﺎﻓ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫﴿ ﺍﹾﻟ‬  ‫ ﹺﻀ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹴ ﹾ‬ ‫ﻬ ﻣ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﺕ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹶ ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ﴾ ‫ﻢ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺎﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﻮﺍﹾ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻨﺴﻴﻬ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬      ‫ ﱠ‬ ِ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺴ ﹼ‬“The hypocrites, men and women, are from one another: theyenjoin wrongdoing and forbid from the rightful, and they closetheir hands (from doing good and spending). They have forgottenAllah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites, they arethe disobedient.” [9:68]Nabi ar-Rahmah, Prophet of MercyAllah the Most Merciful chose the most humanly perfect man as hislast and final prophet and messenger to all mankind and jinn, andselected him as the paradigm of excellent character to follow. Oneof the most conspicuous traits of the Prophet was hisoverwhelming mercy towards others and his altruistic desire forevery kind of goodness for them, may the salutations, praises,prayers, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.His companion Abu Dthar, may Allah be pleased with him, said ofhim:‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺫﺭ : ﺗﺮﻛﻨﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻃﺎﺋﺮ ﻳﻘﻠﺐ ﺟﻨﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻧﺎ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﺎ : ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ: ﻣﺎ ﺑﻘﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﻳﺒﺎﻋﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﲔ ﻟﻜﻢ‬1 Reported by Bukhari # 2441.
  • 104. 104 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission“When we left the Prophet (since he died before us), not even abird would fly over but that we remembered by it some knowledge.And the Prophet said, peace and blessings be upon him: ‘Nothingremains that brings you closer to Paradise or away from the Hellfirebut has been explained to you.’” 1 And in a version close to thismeaning Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him, whosaid that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻗﺪ ﺃﻣﺮﺗﻜﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﻴﺘﻜﻢ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻓﻼ ﻳﺴﺘﺒﻄﺌﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺭﺯﻗﻪ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﺃﻟﻘﻰ ﰲ ﺭﻭﻋﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻟﻦ‬‫ﳜﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺴﺘﻜﻤﻞ ﺭﺯﻗﻪ ﻓﺎﺗﻘﻮﺍ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﺃﲨﻠﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﻄﺄ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺭﺯﻗﻪ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻄﻠﺒﻪ ﲟﻌﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺎﻝ ﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﲟﻌﺼﻴﺘﻪ‬“There is no action that brings you closer to Paradise but I havecommanded it, and there is no action that brings you closer toHellfire but I have prohibited it, so do not think that yoursustenance is slow coming to you, for verily Gabriel inspired intomy soul that none of you will go out of the life of this world untilhe totally completes his sustenance. O people fear Allah and seekbeautifully in general way (without greed), even if any of you thinksthat your sustenance is slow coming to you, do not seek it bydisobedience to Allah, for Allah’s bounty is not gained throughdisobedience.” 2Thus the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him was mosttrustworthy in conveying the Message of His Lord clearly withoutleaving any detail of the pathway that leads to Paradise except thathe guided us to it, and no detail of the pathway that leads toHellfire but he warned us against it, as he said: ‫“ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺚ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻧﱯ ﺇﻻ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﻘﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﻝ ﺃﻣﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﲑ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻪ ﳍﻢ، ﻭﻳﻨﺬﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ” ‫ﺷﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﳍﻢ‬1 Reported by at-Tabarani and verified as reliable by al-Albani in SS #18032 Reported by al-Hakim and al-Baihaqi and verified as good by al-Albani in ST #1700 and SS 2866
  • 105. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 105 Muhammad’s Mission“Allah has not sent any Prophet except that it was obligatory onhim to guide his nation to whatever he knew was good for themand to warn them to whatever he knew was evil for them.” 1We will mention here some of the verses and narrations from theQuran and Sunnah that describe the Prophet’s mercy without tryingto include all of them which would take considerable time andspace, our purpose being just to indicate some of the evidence in acomprehensive manner.Prophet of Mercy in the Majestic QuranThe verse in the title of the book is the saying of Allah theAlmighty and Exalted in the Majestic Qur`an: ﴾ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹶﺃﺭﺳﻠﻨﺎﻙ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬    ‫ ﹰ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﹺﻟ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬ “And We have not sent you except as a mercy for the universe”(21:107)His mission is a mercy in all aspects: its ultimate purpose; itsmanner of presentation; its message of mercy which includeswisdom, truth and justice that are essential for true mercy; itsexamples of conduct by the character of the Prophet, and itsteachings that specify that only the merciful receive mercy and inorder to receive mercy from Allah the Exalted, who is above all inheaven, one must show mercy to those on earth.Allah the Almighty and Exalted said: ﴾  ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ ﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﲔ ﺭ ُﻭ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ ﻋﻠﻴ ﹸﻢ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻋﻨﺘﻢ ﺣﺮﻳ‬‫ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣ‬ ‫ ﻋﺰﻳ‬‫ﻧ ﹸﺴ ﹸﻢ‬‫ﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃ‬ ‫﴿ ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺟﺎﺀَ ﹸﻢ ﺭ‬ ‫ﺀ ﻑ ﻢ‬  ‫ﹺ‬  ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﺺ‬  ‫ﹺ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﺰ‬ ‫ ﻔ ِﻜ‬  ‫ﺳ ﹲ‬  ‫ ﻛ‬  ‫ﹶ‬“There has come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Itgrieves him that you suffer: he is full of anxious concern over youand full of compassionate kindness and mercy for the believers.”(9:128)1 Reported by Muslim 2/1473 # 1844.
  • 106. 106 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionIn the Quran Allah repeatedly uses His Beautiful Name ar-Raheem,the Most Merciful, for Himself, and only once does he describesomeone of His creation as “raheem” (merciful) and that is theProphet, peace and blessings be upon him, as mentioned above.The Prophet is anxious that the people believe and receive theblessings and mercy that He has brought by revelation from Allahhis Lord, and any hardships they face makes him distraught. Hiskindness, compassion and mercy will be illustrated by examplesfrom his life.Allah said speaking to the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessingsbe upon him: ‫ﻟﻚ ﻓﺎﻋﻒ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮ‬ ‫ﻔﹶ‬‫ﺎ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻟﹶﺎﻧ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺖ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ﹸﻨﺖ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫﴿ﻓﹶﺒﹺﻤ‬       ‫ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹺ ﻀ‬ ‫ ﹶﻈ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻛ‬       ‫ ﱠ‬      ﴾ ‫ﺘﻮﻛﻠﲔ‬‫ﻳﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﺖ ﻓﺘﻮﻛﻞ ﻋ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺮ ﻓﹶﺈﹺﺫﹶﺍ ﻋﺰﻣ‬‫ﺎﻭﹺﺭﻫﻢ ﻓ‬‫ﺮ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﺷ‬‫ﻐﻔ‬‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘ‬  ‫ ﱢ‬     ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ ﱠ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﹺ‬‫ﹶ‬          “Thus by mercy from Allah you were gentile and lenient withthem. If you had been crude and harsh in heart they would havedispersed from about you. Pardon them and ask forgiveness forthem and consult with them in the affairs, and when you have cometo a resolute decision, then trust upon Allah. Indeed Allah lovesthose who place their trust (upon Him).” (3: 159)Allah created this softness in the Prophet’s heart towards thebelievers to guide his actions in mercy and leniency and easiness inmanner, and his exceptionally charming and appealing characterwas another factor that attracted the people to follow him.Allah the Exalted said:‫ﻲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﺾ ﻓ‬‫ﻟﹶﻰ ﹺﺑﺒﻌ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬  ‫ﺑﻌ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻢ ﻭﺃ ﹸﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺣﺎﻡ‬‫ﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺯﻭﺍﺟﻪ ﹸﺃﻣﻬﺎ‬‫ﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻧ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻟﹶﻰ ﹺﺑﺎﻟﹾﻤ‬‫﴿ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺃﹶﻭ‬‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹴ‬ ‫ﻀﻬ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ﹸﻭﻟ ﹶ‬           ‫ ِ ﹺ‬   ‫ﹺ‬  ‫ﹺ‬﴾ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺴ ﹸﻮﺭ‬‫ﻟﻚ ﻓ‬‫ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻓﹰﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺫ‬‫ﺎﺋ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺗﻔﻌ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺃﹶﻭ‬ ‫ ﺇﱠﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫ﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ‬‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬ ‫ﻄ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ﹶﹶ‬   ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ ﹾﻤ ﹺ ﹺﻟ ﹾ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹺ‬     ‫ﱠ‬ “The Prophet is more preferable to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives are their mothers. And those of bloodrelationship are more entitled (to inheritance) in the decree of Allah
  • 107. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 107 Muhammad’s Missionthan the believers and the emigrants, except that you may do toyour close associates a kindness (through gifts of bequest). That isinscribed in the Book.” (33:6)The word here translated as ‘more preferable’ is “Aula” (‫ ,)ﹶﻭﹶﻰ‬an ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺃ‬Arabic word with multiple meanings, including more preferable,closer, more entitled, more rightful and more worthy for their love,loyalty and obedience. This is because only through him do theyreceive the revelation and the faith and the message and thus it isobligatory to prefer him to their own souls. This is also becauseobeying the Messenger of Allah is obedience to Allah mostGlorified, as Allah the Exalted said: ﴾ ‫ﺎ ﹶﺃﺭﺳﻠﻨﺎﻙ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺣﻔﻴﻈﺎ‬‫ﻮﱠﻰ ﻓﹶﻤ‬‫ﻦ ﺗ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻃﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﻮﻝ ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻄﻊ ﺍﻟﺮ‬ ‫﴿ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﹰ‬   ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬  ‫ﻟ‬  ‫ ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬ “He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah, but hewho turns away, then we have not sent you as their guardian.”(4:80)The way to mercy is by following the God’s Messenger as Allahsays: ﴾﴿  ‫ ﺭﺣﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻏﻔﻮ‬‫ ﹸﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﻮﺑ‬‫ﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﹶ ﹸﻢ ﺫ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬‫ﺤﺒﺒ‬ ‫ﻮﻧﹺﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺒ‬‫ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﹶﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫﴿﴾ﻗﻞ ﹺﺇﻥ ﹸﻨﺘﻢ‬ ‫ ﻢ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹸ ﺭ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹸﻧ ﻜ‬ ‫ ﻜ‬     ‫ﹺ ﻜﻢ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹺﻌ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺒ ﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﺗ‬  ‫ﹸ ﹾ ﹾ ﻛ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻳﺤﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﻮﱠﻮ‬‫ﻮﻝﹶ ﻓﺈﻥﹾ ﺗ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻗﻞ ﺃﹶﻃ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﻟ ﹶﹺ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹶﹺ‬  ‫ﹸ ﹾ ﻌ ﱠ‬“Say, (O Muhammad to all mankind): If you love God, follow me;God will love you and forgive you your sins and God is MostForgiving, Most Merciful. * Say, Obey Allah and the Messenger,and if you turn away then Allah doe not love the disbelievers.”(3:31-32) The first verse succinctly gives the basis of Allah’sreligion, which is the love of Allah the Magnificent in the innerheart of man, plus the way to follow in religion which is the way ofMuhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, and the excellentresult of this combination is that Allah will love you in this life andgrant His forgiveness of sins and mercy in the hereafter, a reward towhich all humans seek and aspire. The second verse succinctly
  • 108. 108 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missioncommands obedience and tells us that turning away from the call isthe exact opposite of the love of Allah.In the Bible the same idea is conveyed by the idiom that no onecomes to the God “the Father” except by way of the messengerJesus “the Son.” Of course we Muslims take offence with the idiomof expression but the idea is similar. In the Gospels we find: “I amthe way the truth and the life; no man cometh unto the Father butby me.”[John 14:6] And also “Jesus answered them and said, "Mydoctrine is not Mine, but His who sent Me. [John: 7:16] And wefind that he said: "...and that I do nothing on my own, but I speakthese things as the Father instructed me." [John: 8:28]. And we findin the letters, “There is one God, and one mediator between Godand men, the man Christ Jesus.” [1Timothy: 2:5]The word “more preferable” also indicates that the Prophet is moreconcerned about their welfare than they are about their own selvesbecause he came, like all prophets, to guide them to salvation byconveying to them glad tidings for faith in Allah and obedience andby warning them about Allah’s punishment for disbelief anddisobedience. He did this service to them in the most earnest,steadfast, eloquent, kind and merciful manner possible, yet manydisobey and avoid the truth as the Prophet, peace and blessings beupon him, said: ‫ﺇﳕﺎ ﻣﺜﻠﻲ ﻭﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻛﻤﺜﻞ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﻗﺪ ﻧﺎﺭﺍ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺿﺎﺀﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﺵ‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻘﻊ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻳﻘﻌﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﳛﺠﺰﻫﻦ ﻭﻳﻐﻠﺒﻨﻪ ﻓﻴﻘﺘﺤﻤﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﺄﻧﺎ‬‫ﺁﺧﺬ ﲝﺠﺰﻛﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﻧﺘﻢ ﻳﻘﺘﺤﻤﻮﻥ " ﻫﺬﻩ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﳓﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬‫: " ﻓﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﺜﻠﻲ ﻭﻣﺜﻠﻜﻢ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺁﺧﺬ ﲝﺠﺰﻛﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ : ﻫﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻫﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺁﺧﺮﻫﺎ‬ "‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻓﺘﻐﻠﺒﻮﱐ ﺗﻘﺤﻤﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬My similitude with the people is like a man who lit fire and whenthe light was aglow, moths and insects began to fall into the fire,but I am there to hold them back, but they forced themselvesplunging into it (despite my efforts).” And in another version, “(I
  • 109. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 109 Muhammad’s Missionsay) Stay away from the Fire! Stay away from the fire! And yet theyforce themselves into it.”1 And in another similitude about thismeaning he said:‫ﻣﺜﻠﻲ ﻭﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﲏ ﺍﷲ ﻛﻤﺜﻞ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺃﺗﻰ ﻗﻮﻣﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﺑﻌﻴﲏ ﻭﺇﱐ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺬﻳﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﻟﻨﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺀ ﻓﺄﻃﺎﻋﻪ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﻓﺄﺩﳉﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻬﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﻨﺠﻮﺍ ﻭﻛﺬﺑﺘﻪ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﺒﺤﻬﻢ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﺎﺣﻬﻢ‬“My similitude with what Allah has sent with me is like a man whocomes to the people and says (warning them), I have seen the armycoming, and I am the stark naked warner, so save yourselves, saveyourselves! And a group obeyed him and were saved and a groupdisobeyed him and the army attacked them in the morning.” 2Another meaning is that he helps them more than they helpthemselves even in monetary matters, for the Prophet, peace andblessings be upon him, said: ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻭﱃ ﺑﺎﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﰲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻓﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﻳﻨﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﻗﻀﺎﺅﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻻ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻟﻮﺭﺛﺘﻪ‬“I am more closer to the believers than their own selves, sowhoever of them dies while being in debt and leaves nothing for itsrepayment, then it is on me to pay his debts on his behalf, and if hedies leaving some property then that property is for his heirs.” 3And Allah the Exalted said: ﴾ ‫ﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﻌﺬ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻧﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﹺﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﻢ ﻭﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﻌﺬ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﻣ‬‫﴿ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹶ‬     ‫ ﱢ ﻬ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ‬      ‫ ﱢ ﻬ‬‫ ﻴ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ‬1 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.2 Reported by Muslim. The “stark naked warner” mentioned is an Arabic expression of the most sincere and frantic lookout who saw the army coming and came to tell the people whereupon he disrobed completely to make his warning all the more shocking so they would prepare for the danger in fight or flight.3 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim and others.
  • 110. 110 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission“And Allah would never punish them while you were among them.And Allah would never punish them while as they seekingforgiveness.” (8:33)Here in this verse we have two reasons that postpone Allah’spunishment upon people. The first is the presence of the Prophetamong them, himself continually repenting to Allah and callingthem to repentance. The second reason is that they themselves areof the habit of seeking forgiveness and repentance. These are thepeople who follow his perfect example.There are some instances in the Quran wherein Allah the Majesticreprimanded the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, forsome of his mistakes. These reprimands became lessons foreternity for the Muslims. When we examine these stories we notethat they all revolve around the aspect of the Prophet’s innatenature towards mercy that propelled him to make some judgmentsthat were a bit too merciful and lenient and indulgent for thesituation. One of these is when early in the calling he frownedwhen a blind common man came with sincerity and zealousnessinterrupting him to ask some knowledge about the Quran andIslam, while he was engaged speaking to a notable and leadingperson of the Quraish tribe calling him to Islam. Allah reprimandedhim saying: ‫ﻯ‬‫ ﱢﻛﹾﺮ‬‫ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﻓﺘﻨﻔﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺰ ﱠﻰ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻭ‬‫ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﺭﻳﻚ ﹶﻟﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻰ ﴿﴾ ﻭﻣ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﻋ‬ ‫ﻮﱠﻰ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺟﺎﺀ‬‫ﺗ‬‫﴿﴾ﻋﺒﺲ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺬ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻛ‬ ‫ ﱠﻪ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ َﻩ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﻟ‬  ﴾﴿ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﺀﻙ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺰ ﱠﻰ ﴿﴾ ﻭﺃﹶ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺃﱠﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻯ ﴿﴾ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻧﺖ ﹶﻟ‬‫ﻰ ﴿﴾ ﻓﺄ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳ‬ ‫﴿﴾ ﹶﺃ‬  َ    ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ ﻪ ﺗ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ ﻋﻨ‬‫ﻳﺨﺸﻰ ﴿﴾ ﻓﺄ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ ﹶﻬ‬   ‫ﹶﹶ‬    ‫ﻫ‬“He frowned and turned away. * Because there came to him theblind man * But what would make you perceive that perhaps hemight be purified. * Or be reminded and that this remembrancewould benefit him? * As for he who thinks himself without need, *to him you give attention, * and it is not obligatory upon you if hewill not be purified (by following the revelation). * But as for he
  • 111. ‫‪The Universal Mercy of the Prophet‬‬ ‫111‬ ‫‪Muhammad’s Mission‬‬‫‪who came to you striving (for knowledge and purification), * with‬‬‫)01-1 08( ”.‪sincere fear (of Allah), * from him you are distracted‬‬‫,‪All this for a mere frown! The Prophet’s concern for his tribesmen‬‬‫‪peace and blessings be upon him, and his enthusiasm to have the‬‬‫‪notable ones among them accept Islam so that they will influence‬‬‫‪others, was the compulsion for this spontaneous frown, yet Allah‬‬‫‪directed him to attend equally to all, no matter their rank and status‬‬‫‪and position, and give those that come fearing Allah with awe their‬‬‫.‪due attention. Allah guides whom He wills‬‬‫‪Imam Muslim reports another incident as related by Abduallah ibn‬‬‫:‪Abbas from Umar, may Allah be pleased with them‬‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺳﺮﻭﺍ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻷﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ‬‫ﻭﻋﻤﺮ ) ﻣﺎ ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﰲ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺭﻯ ( ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻧﱯ ﺍﷲ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻨﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﲑﺓ‬ ‫؟‬‫ﺃﺭﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺄﺧﺬ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﻓﻌﺴﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻬﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻟﻺﺳﻼﻡ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ)ﻣﺎ ﺗﺮﻯ؟ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ( ﻗﻠﺖ ﻻ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺭﻯ‬ ‫؟‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﻟﻜﲏ ﺃﺭﻯ ﺃﻥ ﲤﻜﻨﺎ ﻓﻨﻀﺮﺏ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻗﻬﻢ ﻓﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻘﻴﻞ‬‫ﻓﻴﻀﺮﺏ ﻋﻨﻘﻪ ﻭﲤﻜﲏ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻼﻥ )ﻧﺴﻴﺒﺎ ( ﻓﺄﺿﺮﺏ ﻋﻨﻘﻪ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺃﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬‫ﻭﺻﻨﺎﺩﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﻬﻮﻯ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻬﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ‬‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺪ ﺟﺌﺖ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﻳﻦ ﻳﺒﻜﻴﺎﻥ ﻗﻠﺖ‬‫ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺃﺧﱪﱐ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻱ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺗﺒﻜﻲ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻭﺻﺎﺣﺒﻚ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﺑﻜﺎﺀ ﺑﻜﻴﺖ ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﱂ ﺃﺟﺪ ﺑﻜﺎﺀ ﺗﺒﺎﻛﻴﺖ ﻟﺒﻜﺎﺋﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ) ﺃﺑﻜﻲ ﻟﻠﺬﻱ‬‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺧﺬﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺪﺍﺀ ﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻋﺬﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﺃﺩﱏ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ‬‫( ) ﺷﺠﺮﺓ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻧﱯ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ( ﻭﺃﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ} ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻨﱯ‬‫ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺳﺮﻯ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺜﺨﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻓﻜﻮﺍ ﳑﺎ ﻏﻨﻤﺘﻢ ﺣﻼﻻ ﻃﻴﺒﺎ { ] ٨ /‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ / ٧٦ - ٩٦ [ ﻓﺄﺣﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻴﻤﺔ ﳍﻢ‬
  • 112. 112 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﺮﻳﺪ‬  ‫ﺍﻟﻠ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ‬‫ﺜﺨﻦ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻯ ﺣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺃﹶﺳ‬ ‫ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟ‬‫ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻳ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺒ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫﴿ﻣ‬  ‫ﱠﻪ ﻳ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺪ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﺗ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬   ‫ﺘ ﻳ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹺﻲ ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ﻪ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻢ‬ ‫ ﺏ‬  ‫ ﹾﺗ‬  ‫ﻈﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍ‬‫ﺎ ﹶﺃﺧﺬ‬‫ﻴﻤ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺳﺒﻖ ﹶﻟﻤﺴ ﹸﻢ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﻛﺘ‬‫ ﴿﴾ ﻟﹶﻮ‬ ‫ ﺣﻜﻴ‬ ‫ ﻋﺰﻳ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻜ‬     ‫ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﺏ‬ ‫ ﻢ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﺰ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﱠﻪ‬  َ ﴾  ‫ ﺭﺣﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻏﻔﻮ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻢ ﺣﻠﺎﻟﹰﺎ ﻃ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻓﹶﻜ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻏﹶﻨﹺﻤ‬ ‫ ﻢ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹸ ﺭ‬ ‫ ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻘ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﻴ‬  ‫ﺘ‬   ‫ﹸﻠ‬“When the captives of (the battle of) Badr were captured, theMessenger of Allah, peace and blessing be upon him, asked AbuBakr and Umar ibn al-Khattaab, “what do you say about thesecaptives? He said: O Prophet of Allah, they are our clansmen andrelatives and I say that you take ransom from them which will giveus strength against the disbelievers and perhaps Allah will guidethem to Islam. Then the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing beupon him, asked Umar, And what do you see O Son of Khattaab?He replied: I do not say as Abu Bakr says (to ransom them), but Ithink that you should allow us to execute them, and that you shouldlet Ali take Aqeel (his relative) and let him execute him, and youshould let Hamza take so and so of his brother and execute him,and allow me to take so and so -a relative of Umar- and let meexecute him, so that Allah will know well that there is noindulgence and gentleness in our hearts concerning thesepolytheists, since these are the great leaders and commanders ofdisbelief. Then the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing be uponhim, desired the saying of Abu Bakr and did not desire my saying,so he let them pay the amount to ransom themselves. Then thenext day I went to the Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him,and found that he and Abu Bakr were crying, so I said: What areyou and your companion crying about, for if I find that it is worthyI will cry also, and no matter what I will still force myself to crybecause you two are crying? The Prophet, peace and blessing beupon him, said: “I am crying for what has happened to yourcompanions about taking the ransom, and I have been shown thepunishment they will receive (for this), just like this tree” – a treeclose by – and Allah revealed the verse of the Qur`an in thiscontext: “It is not proper for a prophet to have captives until heinflicts a massacre in the land. You desire the commodities of thisworld, but Allah desires the Hereafter. And Allah is exalted in
  • 113. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 113 Muhammad’s MissionMight and Wise. * If it were not for a decree from Allah that haspreceded, you would have been stricken by a great punishment forwhat you took. So consume what you have taken of war booty, as itis (now) lawful and good, and fear Allah. Indeed, Allah is Forgivingand Merciful.” (8:67-9) And Allah permitted them to take the warbooty.” 1Many of the leaders of disbelief who were ransomed only grewmore arrogant in leading their people against the Prophet, peaceand blessings be upon him, and his mission from Allah Almighty.Another example is when Abdullah ibn Umar, may Allah be pleasedwith him, said: “When Ubai ibn. Sallool (the ringleader of thetreacherous hypocrites in Madinah) died, his son Abdullah ibn Ubaiibn. Sallool came to the Prophet, may peace and blessings be uponhim, and asked him for his garment so that they could shroud hisfather with it. He then asked the Prophet, may peace and blessingsbe upon him, to pray the funeral prayer on him, and he got up todo so, but Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, grabbed the outergarment of the Prophet, may peace and blessings be upon him andsaid: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Will you pray on him and Allah hasforbidden you to do so (because he is a clear hypocrite)! TheMessenger of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon him said:‘Allah has given me the choice, for He says:‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ ﻛﻔ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﻟﻚ ﹺﺑﺄ‬‫ﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﹶﻬﻢ ﺫ‬ ‫ﺮﺓ ﻓﻠﹶﻦ‬‫ﻔﺮ ﻟﹶﻬﻢ ﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻣ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺴﺘ‬‫ﻢ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻔﺮ ﹶﻟ‬‫ﺴﺘﻐ‬‫ﻢ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻟﹶﺎ ﺗ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹶﻟ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺘﻐ‬‫﴿﴾ ﺍﺳ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﻬ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﱠ‬   ‫ ﹰ ﹶ‬          ‫ ﹾ‬ ‫ ﻬ‬      ‫ ﻬ‬  ﴾﴿ ‫ﻱ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺎﺳﻘﲔ‬‫ﻬﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ ﻳ‬‫ﻟﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﹺﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻮ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ ﻠ‬    ‫ﱠ‬ “Ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for them;even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will notforgive them; this is because they disbelieve in Allah and HisMessenger, and Allah does not guide the transgressing people.(9:80) And I will ask for forgiveness for him more than seventytimes.’ Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, then said: ‘He is ahypocrite!’ The Prophet, performed the prayer, and Allah revealed:1 Reported by Muslim.
  • 114. 114 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻮﺍ ﻭﻫﻢ‬‫ﻟﻪ ﻭﻣﺎ‬‫ﺳﻮ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﹺﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻬﻢ ﻛﻔ‬‫ﺮﻩ ﺇﹺ‬‫ﻘﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻗﺒ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﺍ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺪ‬‫ﻬﻢ ﻣﺎﺕ ﹶﺃ‬‫ﺗﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨ‬ ‫﴿﴾ ﻭﹶﺎ‬    ‫ ﺗ‬     ‫ ﹶ ﹶﺮ ﱠ‬  ‫ ﻧ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬  ‫ﹸ‬         ‫ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻓﹶﺎﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹶ‬“And never offer prayer for any one of them who dies and do notstand by his grave; surely they disbelieve in Allah and HisMessenger, and they shall die in transgression.” (9:84) 1Here again he inclined towards clemency and hope for mercy andforgiveness even though the instructions were towards sternness inthe affairs of those hypocrites who repeatedly act with deceit,treason and disloyalty. These examples and all the other examplesof these reprimands show that the Prophet was exceedinglymerciful to his people by nature, seeking for them every good thingand pathway of leniency, even when they were refusing arrogantlyand fighting against him openly or in treachery behind his back. Hemade some judgments wherein the situations demanded a measureof sternness to enforce the greater good, and even though Allahreprimanded him, these examples become part of the completehuman character of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him,in that he humbly repented to Allah and boldly proclaimed therevelations openly publicizing them for all to hear and take lessonfrom.Allah the Exalted commanded His Prophet saying: ﴾ ‫ﺆﻣﻨﲔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﻔﺾ ﺟﻨﺎﺣﻚ‬‫... ﻭﺍﺧ‬  ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬      ﴿“… and lower your wing unto the believers.” (al-Hijr, 15:88), Thisidiom is one of tender care like the mother bird to its chick; andhow elegant an expression of humble service, mercy, altruism andtenderness, some examples of which we will present below.1 Reported by al-Bukhari #2400.
  • 115. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 115 Muhammad’s MissionProphet of Mercy in the Sunnah and the historical biography(Seerah)The Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, waschosen by Allah as the choicest quintessence and finest among Hiscreation, and since Allah revealed this to the Prophet to inform usas definite knowledge, without pride or conceit the Prophet, peaceand blessings be upon him, said: ‫ﺔ، ﻭﺍﺻﻄﻔﻰ‬‫ﺎﻧ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻦ ﻭﻟﺪ ﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ، ﻭﺍﺻﻄﻔﻰ ﻗﺮﻳﺸﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛ‬‫ﻧﺔ ﻣ‬‫ﻨﺎ‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺍﺻﻄﻔﻰ ﻛ‬ ‫ﹰ‬  ‫ﹶ‬ َ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻨﹺﻲ ﻫﺎﺷ‬‫ﻦ ﺑ‬‫ﻢ، ﻭﺍﺻﻄﻔﺎﻧﹺﻲ ﻣ‬‫ﻨﹺﻲ ﻫﺎﺷ‬‫ﻦ ﻗﺮﻳﺶ ﺑ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ “Indeed, Allah chose Kinaanah from the sons of Isma`eel, and Hechose Quraish from Kinaanah, and He chose Banu Haashim fromQuraish, and from Bani Haashim and He chose me.”1Some of the Arabs, who considered themselves or other notableones from the cities of Makkah and Ta`if more worthy of thehonor of being a chosen prophet and messenger from Allah,challenged the choice of Muhammad ibn Abdullah as Prophet ofAllah and His Messenger. Allah refuted them saying: ‫ﺑﻚ‬‫ﻘﺴﻤﻮﻥ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺭ‬‫ﻴﻢ ﴿﴾ ﺃﹶﻫﻢ ﻳ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻴﻦ ﻋ‬‫ﻳﺘ‬‫ﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺭ‬‫ﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﺮﺀﺍﻥ ﻋ‬‫ﺰﻝ ﻫ‬ ‫﴿﴾ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻮﻟﹶﺎ‬   ‫ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬ ِ ‫ ﹾ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﹴ‬    ‫ﺟ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬‫ﻘ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ ﻧ‬ ‫ ﻟ‬  ‫ﻬ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬      ‫ ﹴ‬        ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻀ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺘﺨﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻓﹶﻮﻕ‬‫ﺎ ﺑ‬‫ﺭﻓﻌﻨ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻴ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪ‬‫ﻢ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻬﻢ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺘ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺎ ﺑ‬‫ﻤﻨ‬‫ ﻗﹶﺴ‬ ‫ﻧﺤ‬  ‫ﻬ‬      ‫ﻦ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺑﻚ ﺧﻴ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔﹸ ﺭ‬‫ﺨﺮ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻤ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﺮ‬       ‫ ﹺﻳ‬ ‫ﺳ‬“And they said, Why was this Quran not sent down upon aneminent man from one of the two cities? * Do they distribute themercy of your Lord? It is We who have apportioned among themtheir livelihood in the life of this world and We have raised some ofthem above others in degrees that they may utilize one another forlabor and service. But the mercy of your Lord is better thanwhatever they accumulate.” (43: 31-33)Allah called the Quran and His choice of Muhammad “the mercyof your Lord” meaning of His mercy which He alone in His1 Reported by Muslim # 2276.
  • 116. 116 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionWisdom will distribute, just as He alone distributes the sustenanceamong them, for Allah said: ﴾...  ‫ﻳﺠﻌ ﹸ ﺭﺳﺎﹶﻟﺘ‬ ‫ ﺣﻴ ﹸ‬ ‫﴿... ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﻪ‬  ‫ﻞ ﹺ‬  ‫ﺚ‬  ‫ ﹶﻢ‬  ‫ﱠ‬“Allah is most knowing of where He places His message.” (6:124).This indicates His Wisdom in who He chooses and entrusts to beHis messenger.The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, informed us that heis a “gift of mercy” sent from Allah for all mankind, when he said: ‫ﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻣﻬﺪﺍﺓ‬“Verily I am only a mercy gift”. 1 The two words in this statementof “mercy” (‫ )ﺭﲪﺔ‬and given “gift” (‫ )ﻣﻬﺪﺍﺓ‬mean that he was a gift ofmercy given from Allah to man for the purpose of guiding them byfaith to the way to Paradise which is the eternal place of mercy. Heis a mercy for the disbelievers by providing them the guidance andmercy if they accept, and by postponing their punishment, so as togive them the longest possible chance and respite until they die andreturn to their Lord for the Great Accounting in the hereafter.The Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, hasmany names that inform us about his outstanding traits, and ofthese we find the name “Prophet of Mercy” (Nabiyur-Rahmah) ( ‫ﻧﱯ‬‫ ,)ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‬in the following narration: ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻭ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻭ ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻲ ﻭ ﺍﳊﺎﺷﺮ ﻭ ﻧﱯ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻭ ﻧﱯ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‬1 Reported by ad-Darami, al-Hakim, al-Bazar, at-Tabrani, Ibn Abi Shaibah, al- Bahaiqi and others and confirmed as authentic by al-Haithami in Majmah az- Zawa`id 8/٤61, and al-Albani in Sahih al-Jame #23٤5 and as-Sahihah # ٤90
  • 117. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 117 Muhammad’s Mission“I am Muhammad, and Ahmad (the praised one), and ‘al-Muqaffi’(the last and final Prophet); and I am ‘Hashir’ (one of resurrection);and the Prophet of Repentance, and the Prophet of Mercy.” 1Mercy in the Prophet’s character, peace and blessings beupon him: his mercy and his command to have mercyAllah the Exalted praised the Prophet, peace and blessings be uponhim, for his grand and beautiful character when He said: ﴾﴿ ‫ﻈﻴﻢ‬‫ ﹸﻖ ﻋ‬ ‫﴿﴾ﻭﺇﹺﻧﻚ ﹶﻟﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﺧﻠ ﹴ‬   “And indeed you are of a great moral character.” (68:3) And theProphet, peace and blessings be upon him, said about his missionto man: « ‫»ﺇﳕﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﻷﲤﻢ ﺻﺎﱀ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ « ﻭﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ » ﻣﻜﺎﺭﻡ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‬“I have only been sent to perfect good character.” And in a version“magnanimous character.” 2 The companions who knew himintimately or met him occasionally all saw and observed andconfirmed this. When the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessingsbe upon him, first received the revelation at Mount Hira at the ageof forty, he returned home in great agitation and concern for theawe inspiring event and expressed his apprehension in the affair tohis wife Khadijah, may Allah be pleased with her, so she said:‫ﻛﻼ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻻ ﳜﺰﻳﻚ ﺍﷲ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ ﺇﻧﻚ ﻟﺘﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻢ ﻭﺗﺼﺪﻕ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻭﲢﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻞ ﻭﺗﻜﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻭﻡ ﻭﺗﻘﺮﻱ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻒ ﻭﺗﻌﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻮﺍﺋﺐ ﺍﳊﻖ‬“…No, by Allah! Allah will not ever disgrace you (in this affair).You keep good relations with your relatives, always say the truth,help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests with generosity1 Reported by Muslim, and Ahmad. The meaning of ‘Hashir’ is that he will be the first one to be resurrected and thus all others will be resurrected after him so it is as if he is the cause for their resurrection.2 Reported by Imam Malik as something that was related without mentioning the chain of narrators, and others give the authentic chain like Imam Ahmad and al- Bukhari in Adab al-Mufrid and al-Hakim and others, and verified by al-Albani in SS #٤٥ and SJ # 23٤9, 2833, 1300
  • 118. 118 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionand graciousness, and assist those affected by calamities.” 1 One ofhis companions said: «‫» ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻪ ﻳﺄﻣﺮ ﲟﻜﺎﺭﻡ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‬” I saw that he would command (the people) to good character.” 2And another is reported to have said after he visited him andreturned to his people:‫» ﺃﻱ ﻗﻮﻡ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻳﺄﻣﺮ ﲟﻜﺎﺭﻡ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ ﻭﻳﻨﻬﻰ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻼﺋﻤﻬﺎ ﻓﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺭﺅﻭﺳﺎ ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ « ..‫ﺗﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﺫﻧﺎﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬O my people I found that he commanded towards magnanimouscharacteristics and prohibited the ugly, obnoxious traits so beleaders in this affair and do not be like tails.” 3And his wife Aishah said to describe his character: ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬“His character was the Quran.”4 This means that she saw in thesincerity of his private dealings and worships, in his everydaybehavior and the intimacy of all his actions the embodiment ofhumble obedience to the commands of Allah in His revealed book,the Quran. For this and many other reasons all Muslims take him asthe perfect example, peace and blessings be upon him. Allah said ofhim: ﴾﴿‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮ ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﹶﺜ‬‫ﻮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳ‬‫ﻟﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹸﺳﻮ ﹲ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ‬‫﴿﴾ ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻢ ﻓ‬  ‫ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬   َ     ‫ﺟ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹲ‬  ‫ﺓ‬  ‫ ﺃ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﱠ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﹶ ﻜ‬ ‫ﹶ‬“There is certainly for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellentpattern (as role model) for anyone who places hope in Allah andthe Last Day and who remembers Allah often.” (33:21)The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, was theparadigm of compassion and mercy, being the first and foremost to1 Reported by al-Bukhari # 3.2 Reported by al-Bukhari # ٣٨٦١and by Muslim #٢٤٧٤3 Mentioned by Ibn Jauzi in Al-Wafa`a fi Ahwal al-Mustafa p.193 and Ibn Hajr in al-Asabah 1/110-1114 Reported by Muslim, Ahmad and Abu Da`ud.
  • 119. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 119 Muhammad’s Missionput into every day practice what he was commissioned to teach thepeople from his Lord. We have plentiful examples of his mercy tochildren, to youth, and to grown men and women even when theyacted foolishly, and even to the animals. It will suffice us here tomention some narrations for their special commands to be mercifulas a trait to indoctrinate within ourselves and in our commonbehavior.For instance, Usamah ibn Zaid, may Allah be pleased with him,said:‫ﺃﺭﺳﻠﺖ ﺍﺑﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ : ﺃﻥ ﺍﺑﻨﺎ ﱄ ﻗﺒﺾ ﻓﺄﺗﻨﺎ ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﻳﻘﺮﺉ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬." ‫ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ: "ﺇﻥ ﷲ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺧﺬ ﻭﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻋﻄﻰ ﻭﻛﻞ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺄﺟﻞ ﻣﺴﻤﻰ ﻓﻠﺘﺼﱪ ﻭﻟﺘﺤﺘﺴﺐ‬‫ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻠﺖ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﻘﺴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻟﻴﺄﺗﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻡ ﻭﻣﻌﻪ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﺫ ﺑﻦ ﺟﺒﻞ ﻭﺃﰊ ﺑﻦ‬‫ﻛﻌﺐ ﻭﺯﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻭﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻓﻊ ﺇﱃ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﱯ ﻭﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬‫ﺗﺘﻘﻌﻘﻊ ﻓﻔﺎﺿﺖ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﻩ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ : ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: " ﻫﺬﻩ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺟﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮﺏ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ.ﻓﺈﳕﺎ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺎﺀ‬“One of the daughters of the Prophet, peace and blessings be uponhim, sent a person calling him to visit her and see her son who wason his deathbed, so he sent a person with salutation of peace and totell her: ‘Truly to Allah belongs what He took, and what He hasgiven, and He has given everything a set time. Command her to bepatient and to seek the reward from Allah, the Exalted.’ Hisdaughter, may Allah be pleased with her, sent the same person backagain saying: O Prophet of Allah! Your daughter took an oath thatyou should come.’ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings beupon him, stood up and Sa’d ibn Ubaadah and Mu’adth ibn Jabalaccompanied him. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings beupon him, sat with the child while he was on his deathbed. Thechild’s eyes had frozen in their places like stones. Upon seeing that,the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, wept.Sa’d said to him, ‘What is this O Prophet of Allah?’ He said: ‘This is
  • 120. 120 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missiona mercy that Allah places in the hearts of His slaves. Truly Allah isonly merciful to those who are merciful towards others.” 1Usamah ibn Zaid, may Allah be pleased with him, was a child bornfrom the union of Zaid the beloved freed slave of the Prophet,peace and blessings be upon him, and Um Aiman the Ethiopianhandmaiden of the Prophet’s mother who remained in hishousehold after his mother’s death. Usamah ibn Zaid was belovedto the Prophet as he tells us : ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻳﺄﺧﺬﱐ ﻓﻴﻘﻌﺪﱐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺨﺬﻩ ﻭﻳﻘﻌﺪ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺨﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﰒ ﻳﻀﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﰒ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﺭﲪﻬﻤﺎ ﻓﺈﱐ ﺃﺭﲪﻬﻤﺎ‬The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him used totake me on one thigh and place Hasan ibn Ali (his grandson) on theother thigh and then merge them and say: O Allah have mercy onthem for verily I have mercy on them.” 2Anas ibn Malik narrated the story to us when he said:‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻷﻗﺮﻉ ﺑﻦ ﺣﺎﺑﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻴﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻟﺴﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻗﺮﻉ ﺇﻥ ﱄ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺒﻠﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ﻓﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ‬“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, kissed(his grandson) Hasan ibn Ali while al-Aqra’a ibn Habis at-Tameemi(a Bedouin) was there sitting, so Aqra’a said, I have ten children andI have never kissed any of them, so the Prophet looked at him andsaid: ‘Whoever is not merciful will not receive mercy.’” And in aversion of this: ‫ﺃﻭ ﺃﻣﻠﻚ ﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺰﻉ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻠﺒﻚ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‬“Do I have any control if Allah has yanked the mercy from yourheart.” 31 Reported by al-Bukhari #6942 and many others. 2 Reported by al-Bukhari. 3 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim and by many others
  • 121. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 121 Muhammad’s MissionAnother time a harsh Bedouin came and as Abu Hurairah, mayAllah be pleased with him, recounts the story: ‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺓ ﻭﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﻋﺮﺍﰊ ﻭﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﺭﲪﲏ ﻭﳏﻤﺪﺍ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺮﺣﻢ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ . ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺳﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪﺍ‬ ‫(. ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻋﺮﺍﰊ )ﻟﻘﺪ ﺣﺠﺮﺕ ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺎ‬The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, stood topray and we prayed behind him and a Bedouin came and said in hisprayer, ‘O Allah have mercy on me and on Muhammad and do nothave mercy on anyone else with us,’ and when the Prophet, peaceand blessings be upon him, made salutations finishing the prayer,he said to the Bedouin: “You have restricted the expansive.” AbuHurairah explained: meaning the Mercy of Allah.1And in a narration about the mean of removing the mercy from theheart of some people, he said, peace and blessings be upon him: ‫ﻻ ﺗﱰﻉ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻘﻲ‬“Allah doesn’t take mercy (from the heart) except from a wretchedperson.” 2 And in a narration he said, peace and blessings be uponhim: ‫ﺧﺎﺏ ﻋﺒﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺴﺮ ﱂ ﳚﻌﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺸﺮ‬“The slave (of Allah) in whose heart Allah hasn’t placed mercy forhumans, is utterly ruined and in loss.” 3 And in another narration hesaid, peace and blessings be upon him: ‫ﻣﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﻻ ﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺐ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬1 Reported by al-Bukhari Abu Da`ud, at-Tirmidthi, an-Nasa`e and others, and in the wording of Ibn Majah the Prophet laughed and said to him, (‫ ,)ﻟﻘﺪ اﺣﺘﻈﺮت واﺳﻌﺎ‬you have restricted the expansive. 2 Reported by Ahmad, Abu Da`ud, at-Tirmidthi and others and al-Albani declared it authentic in SJ #٧٤٦٧3 Reported by ad-Aaulabi and Abu Nu’aim and al-Albani declared it authentic in SJ # 3205.
  • 122. 122 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission“Whoever is not merciful will not receive mercy, and whoeverdoesn’t forgive will not be forgiven, and whoever doesn’t repentwill not be granted clemency.” 1The Prophet of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: :‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﻻ ﻳﻀﻊ ﺍﷲ ﺭﲪﺘﻪ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺣﻴﻢ. ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﻛﻠﻨﺎ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ. ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﺮﲪﺔ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ‬“By Him in whose Hand my soul is, Allah does not place HisMercy except upon a merciful one. We said: All of us are merciful.He said: It is not the mercy of one of you to his intimatecompanion, but general (universal) mercy on all the people.” 2All of these reliable narrations emphasize the point that in order toreceive mercy, which naturally is the goal of everyone - to escapepain and feel pleasure - they must be merciful to others and theireveryday character should include mercy as an integral part of it.The narration on universal mercy indicates that normal mercy tothose close to you is not the type of mercy one must perform toreceive Allah’s special mercy even though it is important andincluded. Most people -except the like of the harsh Bedouin asabove - have some degree of mercy. The goal is towards a higheraltruistic mercy that seeks good for the people and doesn’t seekmaterial or immaterial reward from them in exchange since thereward sought is with Allah. This is reminiscent of the story of theGood Samaritan in the Gospel of the Bible who was benevolent tothe needy even outside his group.The companion Anas Ibn Malik, may Allah be pleased with him,mentioned the amazing extent of the quality of mercy when he said: ‫»ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺳﻨﲔ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﱄ ﺃﻓﺎ ﻗﻂ‬ ‫ﹰ‬1 Reported by at-Tabarani and al-Albani declared it authentic in his SS # 483, and the first part is reliably reported by many others2 Reported by at-Tabarani and al-Baihaqi and confirmed as reliable by al-Albani in SS #167.
  • 123. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 123 Muhammad’s Mission « ‫ﻭﻻ ﻗﺎﻝ ﱄ ﻟﺸﻲﺀ ﱂ ﻓﻌﻠﺖ ﻭﻫﻼ ﻓﻌﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺬﺍ‬I served the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him,for ten years (voluntarily as a small boy) and by Allah he never saidto me once ‘Why did you do this’ or ‘Why didn’t you do this.’” 1How amazing is this in good manners and mercy to the youngservant who naturally would make mistakes and mishaps. Thisremains an everlasting example of good character in kindness andmild manners to follow that few of us achieve in their mannerssince the simple statements of rebuke would come outspontaneously, yet we all can admire the extent of his merciful andkind nature and practice. His innate mercy always made him lean towards forgiveness andrepentance, for it is reported: ‫ﺳﺄﻟﻪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺃﻥ ﳚﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎ ﺫﻫﺒﺎ ﻓﺠﺎﺀﻩ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ : » ﺇﻥ ﺭﺑﻚ ﻋﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻞ ﻳﻘﺮﺉ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻚ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺌﺖ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﳍﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎ ﺫﻫﺒﺎ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻛﻔﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﺬﺑﺘﻪ ﻋﺬﺍﺑﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻋﺬﺑﻪ ﺃﺣﺪﹰﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺷﺌﺖ ﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ «‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ : ﺑﻞ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬ “The people of Makkah asked him (that if he truly was a prophet)to make for them the mount of Safa into gold, so Gabriel came tohim and said, Allah the Almighty and Majestic recites his salutationsof peace upon you and says to you: “If you want I will make themount of Safa into gold and whoever disbelieves after that I willpunish with a punishment that I will not punish any others, and ifyou want I will open for them a door of repentance and mercy.”So he said, ‘Nay (but a) a door of repentance and mercy.’” 21 Reported by Muslim, # ٢٣٠٩.2 Reported by Ahmad # 2166 and al-Arna`ut declared it authentic, and al-Hakim 2/362 and at-Tabarai in his exegesis of the Quran others and Kamal al-Albani declared it authentic in his encyclopedia of the “Ahadeeth al-Qudsiyyah” (divine narrations) # 196, and al-Albani in Sahih as-Sirah #152.
  • 124. 124 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionOne of his companions came to him from afar and as he related hisstory: ‫» ﺃﺗﻴﻨﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﳓﻦ ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺭﺑﻮﻥ ﻓﺄﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺭﺣﻴﻤﺎ ﺭﻗﻴﻘﺎ ﻓﻈﻦ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﻘﻨﺎ ﺃﻫﻠﻨﺎ ﻓﺴﺄﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻨﺎ ﻓﺄﺧﱪﻧﺎﻩ : ﺍﺭﺟﻌﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻫﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻓﺄﻗﻴﻤﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻋﻠﻤﻮﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬ .«‫ﻭﻣﺮﻭﻫﻢ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺣﻀﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓﻠﻴﺆﺫﻥ ﻟﻜﻢ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﰒ ﻟﻴﺆﻣﻚ ﺃﻛﱪﻛﻢ‬ “We came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be uponhim, while we were young men and stayed for about twenty daysand nights, and the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings beupon him, was merciful and kind hearted, so when he consideredthat we were homesick for our families he asked us what we hadleft behind of our families and we informed him. He said: Go backto your families and establish prayer among them and teach themand when the prayer time comes let one of you call the call toprayer and then let the elder among you lead the prayer.” 1Even when people acted ignorant, uncouth and vile, he would beforgiving and easy mannered. We have the story of the ignorantArab Bedouin who urinated in the Masjid, and the people rose tobeat him but the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be uponhim, said to them: ‫دﻋﻮﻩ َه ِﻳ ُﻮا ﻋَﻰ ﺑﻮﻟﻪ َﺠًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎء أو َﻧ ًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎء ﻓِﻧ َﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﺘﻢ ﻣ َﺴ ِﻳﻦ وﻟﻢ‬ ْ ََ َ ‫َ ُ ُ و َﺮ ﻘ َﻠ َ ِْ ِ ﺳ ْﻠ ِ ْ َ ٍ َ ْ ذ ُﻮﺑ ِ ْ َ ٍ َﺈ ﱠﻤ ُ ِ ْ ُ ْ ُﻴ ﱢﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺜﻮا ﻣﻌﺴ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫ُ ْ َ ُ ُ َ ﱢﺮ‬“Leave him (to finish) and pour a pail of water over the place wherehe urinated. Verily you have been sent to make things easy and notto make them harsh and difficult.”2Anas ibn Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, said:1 Reported by al-Bukhari #٦٢٨ Muslim, #٦٧٤ and others.2 Reported by al-Bukhari.
  • 125. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 125 Muhammad’s Mission‫»ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﻣﺸﻲ ﻣﻊ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺩ ﳒﺮﺍﱐ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ ﺍﳊﺎﺷﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓﺄﺩﺭﻛﻪ ﺃﻋﺮﺍﰊ ﻓﺠﺒﺬﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺋﻪ ﺟﺒﺬﺓ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺭﺟﻊ ﻧﱯ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﰲ ﳓﺮ‬‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﰊ ﺣﱴ ﻧﻈﺮﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﻋﺎﺗﻖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺛﺮﺕ‬‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺟﺒﺬﺗﻪ ﰒ : ﻳﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻣﺮ ﱄ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﻨﺪﻙ ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬ «‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﰒ ﺿﺤﻚ ﰒ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻌﻄﺎﺀ‬“Once I was walking with the Messenger of Allah, peace andblessings be upon him while he was wearing a Najrani (Yemeni)cloak with a collar with rough edges. A Bedouin grabbed himstrongly. I looked at the side of his neck and saw that the edge ofthe cloak left a mark on his neck. The Bedouin said: ‘OMuhammad! Give me of the wealth of Allah that you have.’ TheMessenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, turned to theBedouin, laughed and ordered that he be given (from the charity).’”1The mercy and compassion of the Prophet, peace and blessings beupon him, encompassed animals also. The Prophet, peace andblessings be upon him, said: ‫" ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻹﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻗﺘﻠﺘﻢ ﻓﺄﺣﺴﻨﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻠﺔ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺫﲝﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺣﺴﻨﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﺑﺢ ﻭﻟﻴﺤﺪ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺷﻔﺮﺗﻪ ﻓﻠﲑﺡ ﺫﺑﻴﺤﺘﻪ‬“Verily Allah has prescribed excellence and kindness for everything.So when you kill them, kill in a good and kind manner, and whenslaughter (the animal for meat) then slaughter in a good and kindmanner. And let each of you sharpen his blade and let him sparethe animal he slaughters from suffering.”2 Of course slaughteringtakes a degree of forcefulness but the Prophet, peace and blessingsbe upon him, taught us that even in this we must proceed in thebest manner humanly possible to alleviate the suffering of theanimals as much as possible.1 Reported by al-Bukhari # ٥٨٢٩ Muslim, # ١٠٥٧2 Reported by Bukhari, Muslim and others
  • 126. 126 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionThe Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said: ‫ﻣﻦ ﺭﺣﻢ ﻭ ﻟﻮ ﺫﺑﻴﺤﺔ ﻋﺼﻔﻮﺭ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‬“Whoever has mercy even while slaughtering a sparrow, Allah willhave mercy upon him on the Day of Resurrection.” 1The Messenger of Allah, most perfect salutations of peace andblessings be upon him, explained about an example of goodness tothe animals: “While a man was on a trip in the wilderness hebecame extremely thirsty. He searched for water and found a welland managed to go to the bottom of the well to get to the water.Since he had nothing to reach the bottom where the water was, hesuffered a great deal to reach down but eventually managed toquench his thirst and came out of the well. Upon reaching thesurface he found a dog with his tongue stretched out from severethirst. The man thought to himself: ‘This dog is certainly sufferingfrom his severe thirst the same hardship I suffered.’ Therefore theman went down the well again, holding one of his shoes by histeeth, filled the shoe with water and brought it back up to thethirsty dog. The dog drank and went away. Allah, the Almighty,appreciated the action of this man and forgave his previous sins.”One of the audience, who heard the statement of the Prophet(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), inquired: "‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ، ﺇﻥ ﻟﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻬﺎﺋﻢ ﺃﺟﺮﺍ ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ" ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺒﺪ ﺭﻃﺒﺔ ﺃﺟﺮ‬“O Messenger of Allah! Would we be rewarded for (being kind andmerciful to) animals? Allahs Messenger (peace and blessings ofAllah be upon him) asserted: “Truly there is a (blessed) reward (forbeing kind and merciful) to every living creature that has a moistliver.” 2The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:1 Reported by at-Tabrabi and Deya`a al-Maqdasi and verified as good by albaniSJ661 ss262 Reported by Bukhari, Muslim and others.
  • 127. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 127 Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻳﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﺼﻔﻮﺭﺍ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﺎ ﺑﻐﲑ ﺣﻘﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﻳﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﻴﻞ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺣﻘﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺬﲝﻬﺎ ﻓﻴﺄﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻘﻄﻊ ﺭﺃﺳﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﺮﻣﻲ‬“Whoever kills a sparrow or anything bigger than that without ajust cause, Allah will hold him accountable on the Day ofJudgment." The listeners asked, "O Messenger of Allah, what is ajust cause?" He replied, "That he will kill it to eat, not simply tochop off its head and then throw it away.” 1About cruelty to animals the Prophet, peace and blessings be uponhim, said: ‫ﻋﺬﺑﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﰲ ﻫﺮﺓ ﺳﺠﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﺣﱴ ﻣﺎﺗﺖ ﻓﺪﺧﻠﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻻ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻃﻌﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺳﻘﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ ﺣﺒﺴﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻫﻲ ﺗﺮﻛﺘﻬﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺸﺎﺵ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ "A woman entered the fire of hell because of a cat; she tied it andnever fed it, nor did she free it to search for its own food from thecreatures of the earth.” 2The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, entered a gardenowned by Amman from the Ansaar (Helpers) and he saw a camel.When the camel saw the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him,it started crying with tears coming out of its eyes. The Prophet,peace and blessings be upon him, approached the camel andrubbed off the tears asking, ‘Who is the owner of this camel?’ Theowner replied ‘It is mine, O Prophet of Allah. The Prophet, peaceand blessings be upon him, said: ‫ﺃﻓﻼ ﺗﺘﻘﻲ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻬﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻣﻠﻜﻚ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻳﺎﻫﺎ ؟ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﺷﻜﺎ ﺇﱄ ﺃﻧﻚ ﲡﻴﻌﻪ ﻭﺗﺪﺋﺒﻪ‬“Don’t you fear Allah in these animals which the Almighty madeyou the owner? Indeed your animal complained to me that youstarve and overwork it.” 31 Reported by ad-Darami # 1978 and Husain Saleem Asad confirmed that its chain of narrators is good.2 Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.3 Reported by Ahmad and Da`ud and verified as authentic by al-Albani in SS # 20.
  • 128. 128 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionAbdullah ibn Masood, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated anincident that occurred when he traveled with the Prophet, peaceand blessing be upon him:‫ﻛﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻓﺎﻧﻄﻠﻖ ﳊﺎﺟﺘﻪ ﻓﺮﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﲪﺮﺓ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﺧﺎﻥ‬":‫ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻧﺎ ﻓﺮﺧﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﺠﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﳊﻤﺮﺓ ﻓﺠﻌﻠﺖ ﺗﻔﺮﺵ ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻓﺠﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺑﻮﻟﺪﻫﺎ ﺭﺩﻭﺍ ﻭﻟﺪﻫﺎ . " ﻭﺭﺃﻯ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﳕﻞ ﻗﺪ ﺣﺮﻗﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: " ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ". ‫ﺣﺮﻕ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻗﻠﻨﺎ ﳓﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺬﺏ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺇﻻ ﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬‘We were with the Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him,on one of his journeys and we saw a bird with its two babies. Wetook her babies. When the Prophet, peace and blessing be uponhim came, he said ‘Who frightened this bird by taking away itsbabies? Return its babies to it; when he saw an anthill we had burnthe said, "Who burnt these? In reply we said, "we did". The Prophetpeace and blessing be upon him said, “Indeed no one but the Lordwho created a Fire has the right to punish by fire.” 1There are numerous other examples of the Messenger of Allah’scharacteristic of mercy but for the sake of brevity we will allow theabove to suffice here.Showing mercy becomes most apparent in situations whenpunishment and vengeance are customary or required for justice.Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said: ‫ﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳـﻠﻢ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻦ ﺇﻻ ﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺃﻳﺴﺮﳘﺎ، ﻣﺎ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﺇﲦﺎﹰ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬‫ﻣﺎ ﺧ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨﺘ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﲦﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺑﻌﺪﳘﺎ ﻣﻨﻪ، ﻭﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻢ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﰲ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻳﺆﺗﻰ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻗﻂ ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ " ‫ﺣﺮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻴﻨﺘﻘﻢ‬ ‫ﷲ‬“The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was not given achoice between two matters except that he chose the easier of thetwo as long as it was not a sinful act, for if it were a sinful act he١ Reported by al-Bukhari
  • 129. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 129 Muhammad’s Missionwould be the farthest from it. By Allah! He never sought vengeancefor himself but he only became angry when people transgressed thelimits and boundaries of Allah, for in that case he took vengeance(for the sake of Allah).” 1Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, asked the Prophet of Allah,peace and blessings be upon him: “Have you encountered a dayharder than the day of (the battle of) Uhud?" The Prophet, peaceand blessings be upon him, replied saying:‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻟﻘﻴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻣﻚ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺷﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻟﻘﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺒﺔ ﺇﺫ ﻋﺮﺿﺖ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺑﻦ‬‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﻳﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﻛﻼﻝ ﻓﻠﻢ ﳚﺒﲏ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﻓﺎﻧﻄﻠﻘﺖ ﻭ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﻬﻤﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻬﻲ ﻓﻠﻢ‬‫ﺃﺳﺘﻔﻖ ﺇﻻ ﻭ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺑﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﻌﺎﻟﺐ ﻓﺮﻓﻌﺖ ﺭﺃﺳﻲ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺑﺴﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺃﻇﻠﺘﲏ ﻓﻨﻈﺮﺕ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻓﻨﺎﺩﺍﱐ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺪ ﲰﻊ ﻛﻼﻡ ﻗﻮﻣﻚ ﻟﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺩﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻭ ﻗﺪ ﺑﻌﺚ‬! ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳉﺒﺎﻝ ﻟﺘﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﲟﺎ ﺷﺌﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻨﺎﺩﺍﱐ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳉﺒﺎﻝ ﻓﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻤﺎ ﺷﺌﺖ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺌﺖ ﺃﻃﺒﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﺧﺸﺒﲔ ﻗﻠﺖ: ﺑﻞ ﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﳜﺮﺝ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻌﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﻳﺸﺮﻙ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬‫ﺃﺻﻼ‬“ I have faced from your people (a lot of trouble) and the worsttrouble was the trouble on the day of Aqaba when I presentedmyself to Ibn Abd-Yalail ibn Abd-Kulal and he did not respond tomy request. So I left overwhelmed with excessive sorrow, and wenton and could not find any relief until I found myself at Qarnath­Tha-alib where I lifted my head towards the sky to see a cloudshading me unexpectedly. I looked up and saw Gabriel in it. Hecalled me saying, ‘Allah has heard the saying of your people to you,and what they have replied back to you, so Allah has sent the Angelof the Mountains to you so that you may order him to do whateveryou wish to these people.’ The Angel of the Mountains called andgreeted me, and then said, ‘O Muhammad! Order what you wish. Ifyou like, I will let two blocks of wood (i.e. these two mountains) fallon them.’ The Prophet said, ‘No, but I hope that Allah will (at least)1 Reported by al-Bukhari # 6404
  • 130. 130 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionlet them have children who will worship Allah Alone and willworship none other besides Him.” 1Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, relates an incident whereinshe said:‫ﺩﺧﻞ ﺭﻫﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ‬‫ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﻓﻔﻬﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻌﻨﺔ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ )ﻣﻬﻼ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﳛﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻖ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ (. ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻭ ﱂ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺪ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬ “A group of Jews entered upon the Prophet and said: ‘As-SaamuAlaikum.’ (a trick and play on the words ‘as-salam alaikum’ [peacebe upon you] which they said as a joke and mockery meaning ‘deathbe upon you’). I understood what they said and so I replied: ‘Deathbe upon you and the curse of Allah!’ The Messenger of Allah said:‘Be calm O Aishah! Allah loves that one should be kind and lenientin all matters.’ I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, didn’t you hear whatthey said?’ The Messenger of Allah said: I have already said tothem, ‘and upon you!’” 2This is an example of just returning upon the person his action inlike kind without exceeding the bounds. Even in this retribution heencouraged kindness and leniency to be maintained. And theMessenger of Allah also said to his wife Aishah: ‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺮ ﹸﻠﻪ‬‫ﻳﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻖ ﻓ‬  ‫ﺋﺸ ﹸ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺭﻓﻴ‬‫ﺎ ﻋﺎ‬‫...ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹺ ﻛﱢ‬ ‫ﹶ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﻖ‬   ‫ﺔ ﱠ ﱠ‬ “…O ‘Aishah! Allah is kind and He loves that one should be kindand lenient in all matters.”3 And in a longer version he said: ‫ﺎ ﻻ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻨﻒ ﻭ‬‫ﻲ ﻋ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻻ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻖ ﻣ‬‫ﻲ ﻋ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻖ ﻭ‬  ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺋﺸ ﹸ ﹺﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺭﻓ‬‫ﺎ ﻋﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬   ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳ‬  ‫ ﹾ‬   ‫ ﻖ‬  ‫ﺔ ﱠ ﱠ‬  .‫ﺍﻩ‬‫ﺎ ﺳﻮ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‬‫ﻲ ﻋ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﻌ‬   ‫ﻳ‬1 Reported by al-Bukhari and many others2 Reported by Muslim.3 Reported by al-Bukhaari
  • 131. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 131 Muhammad’s Mission“O Aishah, verily Allah is kind and He loves kindness, and he givesthrough (your) kindness that which he does not give through (your)severity and harshness, and He gives (through kindness muchmore) than any other way.”As all educators know that a teacher or trainer who beats andscolds the students will not be as successful as a teacher or trainerwho develops a rapport with them and brings forth their abilities ingradual increments with coaxing, kindness, jokes and delightfulness.This is the trait of the Rabbani (َ ‫ﺎﻧ‬‫ )ﺭ‬meaning literally the “one ‫ﺑ ﹺﻲ‬ who brings up and raises” or the “one of the Lord,” and oftentranslated as the righteous scholar who practices what he preaches,who not only has the good traits in himself but the ability to teachto others gradually by exhortation, practice, examples andillustration. Allah ordered: ﴾ ‫ﺪﺭﺳﻮﻥ‬‫ﻢ ﺗ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻨ‬‫ﺎﺏ ﻭﺑﹺﻤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻨ‬‫ﲔ ﺑﹺﻤ‬‫ﺑﺎﹺﻧ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺭ‬‫﴿... ﹸﻮ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ ﻛ‬  ‫ ﺗ ﱢﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ ﻛ‬ ‫ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻛ ﻧ‬“… and be pious scholars and practitioners for that you used toteach the Book and used study.” (3:79)By nature the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be uponhim, was not accustomed to being harsh and foul mouthed, andthis was an obvious trait, as it was said of him: ‫» ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻓﺎﺣﺸﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻣﺘﻔﺤﺸﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺍﻕ ﻭﻻ ﳚﺰﻱ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ «‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﻌﻔﻮ ﻭﻳﺼﻔﺢ‬The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing be upon him, was notbad mannered in his word and deed nor loud in the markets, and hedid not return the evilness but would pardon and forgive.” 1Mercy of course means to sometimes hold oneself back from justretribution and just punishment even when it is the due right ofsomeone to seek revenge and execute the law of requital. Once the1 Reported by Muslim and at-Tirmidthi and Ahmad and other.
  • 132. 132 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s MissionMessenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, was asked tocurse some of the criminal wrongdoing polytheists, whereupon hereplied, peace and blessings be upon him: ‫ﺇﱐ ﱂ ﺃﺑﻌﺚ ﻟﻌﺎﻧﺎ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﺭﲪﺔ‬“I have not been sent to curse frequently, and verily I am only sentas a mercy.” 1 Here he designates that his mission is a mission ofmercy - just as the verse above mentioned – a mission calling tospreading mercy and calling to repentance and forgiveness.The Prophet did sometimes curse with the rightful curse of theProphets of God like the curse of David and Jesus peace be uponthem, mentioned by Allah in the Quran: ‫ ﹸ‬‫ﺍﺀ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻗﹶﺪ ﺿ ﱡﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻫ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺒ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭ‬‫ﻲ ﺩﻳﻨ ﹸﻢ ﻏﻴ‬‫ﻐ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻓ‬‫ﺎ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻟﹶﺎ ﺗ‬‫﴿٦٧﴾ ﻗﻞ ﻳ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﻞ‬  ‫ﻠ‬  ‫ ﹴ‬ ‫َ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹺﻌ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺﻜ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﻟ‬‫ﻨﹺﻲ ﹺﺇﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﻋ‬‫ﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺑ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ‬‫ﺒﹺﻴﻞﹺ ﴿٧٧﴾ ﹸﻌﻦ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺍ ﻭﺿﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺳ‬‫ﲑ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﺿﻠﻮﺍ ﻛﹶﺜ‬   ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟ‬  ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ ِ ﺍﻟﺴ‬  ‫ ﱡ‬  ‫ﱡ‬ ‫ﻨﻜﺮ ﻓﹶﻌ ﹸﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻫﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ ﻟﹶﺎ‬‫ﻭﻥ ﴿٨٧﴾ ﻛﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﻳ‬‫ﻛﹶﺎ‬‫ﺍ ﻭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺎ ﻋ‬‫ﻟﻚ ﺑﹺﻤ‬‫ﻳﻢ ﺫ‬‫ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‬‫ ﻭﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﻣ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻧ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ ﹺ‬   ‫ﺍﻭ‬ ﴾٧٩﴿ ‫ﻔﹾﻌ ﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﻳ‬‫ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‬‫ﹶﻟﺒﺌﺲ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻧ‬  ‫ﹺﹾ‬“Say, ‘O People of the Scripture, do not exceed limits in yourreligion beyond the truth and do not follow the desires of a peoplewho had gone astray before and misled many and have strayedfrom the even way. * The disbelievers among the Children of Israelwere cursed on the tongue of David and Jesus the son of Mary.That was because they disobeyed and continually transgressed. *They would not prevent one another from wrongdoing that theyhabitually did. How wretched was that which they were doing!”(5:77-79) 2Concerning the subject of reviling and cursing, we know thatalmost all those who were cursed by any Prophet of Allah peace be1 Reported by Muslim. 2 After these curses Allah sent the punishment of Nebuchadneseer of the New Babylonians after David’s curse to punish them and demolish the first Temple, and Titus of the Romans after the Hasmonean Revolt against the Jews in 70 CE after Jesus’ curse to punish the Jews and destroy the Second Temple.
  • 133. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 133 Muhammad’s Missionupon him, deserved that curse for their wickedness and thus willtaste the punishment for the evil action and sin that precipitated thecurse. The proofs of this are too numerous for us to recount here.On the other hand, we find narrations that explain how even hishuman emotion of occasional anger and outburst became a mercyupon the people, for instance, when he said: ‫ﺃﳝﺎ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﱵ ﺳﺒﺒﺘﻪ ﺳﺒﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻟﻌﻨﺘﻪ ﻟﻌﻨﺔ ﰲ ﻏﻀﱯ ﻓﺈﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻟﺪ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺃﻏﻀﺐ ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻀﺒﻮﻥ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﲏ ﺍﷲ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﳌﲔ ﻓﺄﺟﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺻﻼﺓ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‬“Any person that I revile or curse while angry, then indeed I amonly a human and a son of Adam, and I get angry like they getangry, and Allah has only sent me as a mercy to the universe,therefore I make it a prayer for them on the Day of Resurrection.”1And in a very important explanatory narration reported by Anas ibnMalik, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: “There was anorphan girl with Um Sulaim (who was the mother of Anas). TheMessenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, saw thatorphan girl and said: O, it is you; you have grown young. May younot advance in years (literally, may your teeth and hair lock notgrow)! That slave girl returned to Um Sulaim weeping. UmmSulaim said: O my daughter, what is the matter with you? She said:The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, hasinvoked a curse upon me that I should not grow in age and thus Iwould never grow in age, or she said, in my (length) of life. UmSulaim went out wrapping her headdress in such a rush that itslipped off her head until she met the Messenger of Allah, peaceand blessings be upon him. He said to her: What is the matter withyou Um Sulaim? She said: O Messenger of Allah, you invoked acurse upon my orphan girl. He said: Um Sulaim, what is it? Shesaid: She (the orphan girl) states you have cursed her saying that shemight not grow in age or grow in life. The Messenger of Allah,peace and blessings be upon him, smiled and then said:1 Reported by Ahmad # 23757, Abu Da`ud, ibn Majah and verified by al-Arna`ut and al-Albani in Sahih al-Jame #2728.
  • 134. 134 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Mission ‫ﻳﺎ ﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ! ﺃﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﲔ ﺃﱐ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﻃﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﰊ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺃﺭﺿﻰ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﻭ ﺃﻏﻀﺐ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻐﻀﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﻓﺄﳝﺎ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﱵ ﺑﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﻟﻴﺲ ﳍﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻣﻨﻚ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻫﻞ ﺃﻥ ﲡﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﻪ ﻃﻬﻮﺭﺍ ﻭ ﺯﻛﺎﺓ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺑﺔ ﺗﻘﺮﺑﻪ‬ “O Um Sulaim, don’t you know that I have made this a conditionalagreement with my Lord when I said to Him: ‘I am only a humanbeing and I get pleased just as a human being gets pleased, and I getangry and lose my temper just as a human being gets angry andloses his temper. Thus for any person from among my nationwhom I curse and he in no way deserves it, let that be a source ofpurification and nearness to You, O Allah, on the Day ofResurrection.’” 1And Jabir ibn Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, also saidthat the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:‫ﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻭﺇﱐ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﻃﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﰊ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺃﻱ ﻋﺒﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺳﺒﺒﺘﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺷﺘﻤﺘﻪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻪ ﺯﻛﺎﺓ ﻭﺃﺟﺮﺍ‬“I am a human being and I have made this condition with my Lord,the Exalted and Glorious: For any servant among the Muslimswhom I curse or scold, make that a source of purity and reward forhim.” 2All of these narrations show conclusively that he made thiscondition as a human being who knew that sometimes he wouldbecome perturbed and angry, and that he wanted even his momentsof agitation and anger to become of overwhelming mercy, purityand reward for his nation of followers. He practiced the commandsof Allah to strive on the way of goodness:1 Reported by Muslim and Ahmad and others.2 Reported by Muslim and others.
  • 135. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 135 Muhammad’s Mission‫ ﹾ ﻡ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﻟﹾﻌﻘﺒﺔﹸ ﴿﴾ ﻓﻚ ﺭﻗﺒﺔ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹺﺇﻃﻌ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﺩﺭﺍﻙ ﻣ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﴿﴾ ﻓﹶﻠﹶﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺤﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻘﺒﺔ ﴿﴾ﻭ‬‫ﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺪ‬‫ﻳﻨ‬‫﴿﴾ ﻭﻫﺪ‬  ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬    ‫ ﹶ‬‫ ﹶ‬   ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬    ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‬‫ﺑﺔ ﴿﴾ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﱠﺬ‬‫ﺎ ﺫﹶﺍ ﻣﺘﺮ‬‫ﻴﻨ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺑﺔ ﴿﴾ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻣ‬‫ﻳﺘﻴﻤﺎ ﺫﹶﺍ ﻣﻘﹾﺮ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﻱ ﻣﺴﻐﺒﺔ‬‫ﻳﻮﻡ ﺫ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ َ  ‫ ﺍﻟ‬  ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬             ‫ﹴ‬ ﴾﴿ ‫ﺍ ﹺﺑﺎﹾﻟﻤﺮﺣﻤﺔ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﺻﻮ‬‫ﺍ ﹺﺑﺎﻟﺼﺒﺮ ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﺻﻮ‬‫ﻭ‬        ‫ ﹺ‬  “And have shown him the two ways? But he has not endeavored toenter upon the difficult pass. * And what can make you know whatis (trekking) the difficult pass? * It is freeing of a slave, * or feedingon a day of severe hunger, * an orphan of near relationship, * or aneedy person in misery. * And then being among those whobelieved and those who advised one another to be patient, andadvised one another to be compassionate and merciful.” (90: 10-18)The Prophet’s character of mercy, clemency and forgiveness is evenprophesized in the Bible and know to the Jews and Christians.There are many stories of this but we will limit ourselves here totwo. Ata ibn Yasar asked Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-As may Allah bepleased with him, of the description of Messenger of Allah in theTorah (since he had knowledge in this affair). He said:‫ﺃﺟﻞ، ﻭﺍﷲ ﺇﻧﻪ ﳌﻮﺻﻮﻑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺭﺍﺓ ﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﺻﻔﺘﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ: ﺃﺟﻞ ﻭﺍﷲ ﺇﻧﻪ ﳌﻮﺻﻮﻑ ﰲ‬.{ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺭﺍﺓ ﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﺻﻔﺘﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ}ﻳﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺇﻧﺎ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﻨﺎﻙ ﺷﺎﻫﺪﺍ ﻭﻣﺒﺸﺮﺍ ﻭﻧﺬﻳﺮﺍ‬‫ﻭﺣﺰﺭﺍ ﻟﻸﻣﻴﲔ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻋﺒﺪﻱ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﱄ ﲰﻴﺘﻚ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻛﻞ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻔﻆ ﻭﻻ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ ﻭﻻ ﺳﺨﺎﺏ ﰲ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺍﻕ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺪﻓﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﻌﻔﻮ ﻭﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﻭﻟﻦ ﻳﻘﺒﻀﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺃﻋﻴﻨﺎ ﻋﻤﻴﺎ ﻭﺁﺫﺍﻧﺎ ﺻﻤﺎ ﻭﻗﻠﻮﺑﺎ ﻏﻠﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺟﺎﺀ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﺍ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻳﻔﺘﺢ‬“Yes! By Allah he was certainly described in the Torah by some ofhis of the description of him given in the Quran (Surat-l-Azab33:45) when it says, “O Prophet We have sent you as a witness, abearer of good tidings, and a Warner,” and a guard for the commonunlettered people. You are my servant and my messenger; I havecalled you the one who trusts (and is trusted), not harsh or rough,nor loud-voiced in the streets. He will not repulse evil with evil, butwill pardon and forgive, and God will not take him (his soul indeath) till He uses him to straighten the crooked nation so that
  • 136. ‫631‬ ‫‪The Universal Mercy of the Prophet‬‬ ‫‪Muhammad’s Mission‬‬‫‪people say “LA ILAHA ILL-A-LLAH (there is no god except‬‬‫‪Allah), and opens thereby blind eyes, deaf ears and hardened‬‬‫1 ”.‪hearts‬‬‫‪The story of the Jewish Rabbi, Zaid bin Sa’nah, may Allah be‬‬‫‪pleased with him, is truly amazing for Zaid loaned the Messenger of‬‬‫‪Allah, peace and blessings be upon him something in credit. As‬‬‫‪Zaid tells his story -of which some is deleted for its leanght- by the‬‬‫:‪narration of Abdullah ibn Salam‬‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﳌﺎ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﻫﺪﻯ ﺯﻳﺪ ﻳﻦ ﺳﻌﻨﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﻨﺔ: ﺇﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺒﻖ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺓ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻋﺮﻓﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻭﺟﻪ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺣﲔ ﻧﻈﺮﺕ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺃﺛﻨﲔ ﱂ ﺃﺧﱪﳘﺎ : ﻳﺴﺒﻖ ﺣﻠﻤﻪ ﺟﻬﻠﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺰﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﳉﻬﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺣﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬‫ﻓﻜﻨﺖ ﺃﺗﻠﻄﻒ ﻟﻪ ﻷﻥ ﺃﺧﺎﻟﻄﻪ ﻓﺄﻋﺮﻑ ﺣﻠﻤﻪ ﻭﺟﻬﻠﻪ :... ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻷﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﻴﻮﻣﲔ ﺃﻭ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺟﻨﺎﺯﺓ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﻣﻌﻪ‬‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺻﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺯﺓ ﺩﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺪﺍﺭ ﻓﺠﻠﺲ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﺕ ﲟﺠﺎﻣﻊ ﻗﻤﻴﺼﻪ ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺟﻪ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ ﰒ ﻗﻠﺖ: ﺃﻻ ﺗﻘﻀﻴﲏ ﻳﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺣﻘﻲ‬‫؟ ﻓﻮ ﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﺘﻜﻢ ﺑﲏ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ- ﲟﻄﻞ ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﱄ ﲟﺨﺎﻟﻄﺘﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻢ :‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺕ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﻭﻋﻴﻨﺎﻩ ﺗﺪﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﰲ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻛﺎﻟﻔﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺪﻳﺮ ﰒ ﺭﻣﺎﱐ ﺑﺒﺼﺮﻩ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ: ﺃﻱ ﻋﺪﻭ ﺍﷲ ﺃﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺃﲰﻊ ﻭﺗﻔﻌﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺭﻯ ؟‬‫ﻓﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺑﻌﺜﻪ ﺑﺎﳊﻖ ﻟﻮﻻ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺣﺎﺫﺭ ﻓﻮﺗﻪ ﻟﻀﺮﺑﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﻔﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﻨﻘﻚ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻳﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻤﺮ ﰲ ﺳﻜﻮﻥ ﻭﺗﺆﺩﺓ ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ: )ﺇﻧﺎ ﻛﻨﺎ ﺃﺣﻮﺝ ﺇﱃ ﻏﲑ ﻫﺬﺍ‬‫ﻣﻨﻚ ﻳﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺄﻣﺮﱐ ﲝﺴﻦ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﻭ ﺗﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﲝﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﺫﻫﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﺎﻗﻀﻪ ﺣﻘﻪ‬‫ﻭ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﻋﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ( ﻗﺎﻝ : ﻓﺬﻫﺐ ﰊ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﻘﻀﺎﱐ ﺣﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻋﺘﻪ‬‫1‬ ‫‪Reported by al-Bukhari, Ahmad, al-Baihaqi, and ad-Darimi relates a similar‬‬ ‫‪report on the authority of Ata on Abdullah ibn as-Salam. The references are to‬‬ ‫‪Isaiah 42/1-25 and other prophesies of the Bible about the Prophet Muhammad‬‬ ‫.‪peace and blessings be upon him, which is a vast and rich subject‬‬
  • 137. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 137 Muhammad’s Mission‫: ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺃﻣﺮﱐ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺩﱐ ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﻋﺎ ﻣﻦ ﲤﺮ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ‬: ‫: ﺃﺗﻌﺮﻓﲏ ﻳﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﻻ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺃﻧﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺯﻳﺪﻙ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻋﺘﻚ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ‬‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺯﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﻨﺔ : ﺍﳊﱪ؟ : ﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﳊﱪ : ﻓﻤﺎ ﺩﻋﺎﻙ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫: ﻳﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺓ ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻭﺗﻔﻌﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﺖ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ‬‫ﻋﺮﻓﺘﻬﺎ ﻗﻲ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺣﲔ ﻧﻈﺮﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﺛﻨﺘﲔ ﱂ ﺍﺧﺘﱪﳘﺎ‬‫ﻤﺎ ﻓﺄﺷﻬﺪﻙ ﻳﺎ‬‫ﻣﻨﻪ : ﻳﺴﺒﻖ ﺣﻠﻤﻪ ﺟﻬﻠﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺰﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﳉﻬﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺣﻠﻤﺎ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺧﺘﱪ‬‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﺃﱐ ﻗﺪ ﺭﺿﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺭﺑﺎ ﻭﺑﺎﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﻳﻨﺎ ﻭﲟﺤﻤﺪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻧﺒﻴﺎ ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪﻙ‬‫ﺃﻥ ﺷﻄﺮ ﻣﺎﱄ - ﻓﺈﱐ ﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻻ - ﺻﺪﻗﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻣﺔ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﺃﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﻻ ﺗﺴﻌﻬﻢ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ : ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﺟﻊ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﺯﻳﺪ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺖ‬‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ : ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺪ‬‫ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﺂﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺻﺪﻗﻪ ﻭﺷﻬﺪ ﻣﻊ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﰒ ﺗﻮﰲ ﰲ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺗﺒﻮﻙ ﻣﻘﺒﻼ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺪﺑﺮ( ﺭﺣﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺯﻳﺪﺍ‬ “When Allah the Most Blessed and Exalted desired the guidance ofZiad ibn Sa’nah: I know all the signs of prophethood in the face ofthe Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him when Ilook at him except for two which I have not yet experienced: hispatience and perseverance precede his ignorance, and the second isthat when you are the more harsher towards him, he becomeskinder and more patient. Zaid said: Two or three days prior to thereturn of the debt, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah exalt hismention, was attending the funeral of a man from the Ansar. AbuBakr and Umar, Uthman and some other Companions, with whomAllah is pleased, were with the Prophet, may Allah exalt hismention. After he prayed the Jinazah (funeral prayer) he sat downclose to a wall, and I came towards him, grabbed him by the edgesof his cloak and looked at him in a harsh way, and said: OMuhammad! Will you not pay me back my loan? I have not knownthe family of Abdul-Mutalib to delay in repaying debts! I looked atUmar ibn al-Khattaab, may Allah be pleased with him, and his eyes
  • 138. 138 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionwere swollen with anger! He looked at me and said: O Enemy ofAllah, do you talk to the Messenger of Allah and behave towardshim in this manner?! By the One who sent him with the truth, hadit not been for the fear of missing it (Jannah) I would havebeheaded you with my sword (for your insolence)! The Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention, was looking at Umar in a calm andpeaceful manner, and he said: O Umar, you should have given ussincere counseling, rather than to do what you did! O Umar, go andrepay him his loan, and give him twenty Saa (measurement of bulk)extra because you scared him! Zaid said: Umar went with me, andrepaid me the debt, and gave me the twenty Saa of dates over theamount. I asked him: What is this? He said: The Messenger ofAllah, peace and blessings be upon him ordered me to give it,because I frightened you. Zaid then asked Umar: O Umar, do youknow who I am? Umar said: No, I dont - who are you? Zaid said: Iam Zaid ibn Sanah. Umar inquired: The Rabbi? Zaid answered:Yes, the Rabbi. Umar then asked him: What made you say what yousaid to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and do whatyou did to him? Zaid answered: O Umar, I have seen all the signsof prophethood in the face of the Messenger of Allah, peace andblessings be upon him except for two - his patience andperseverance precede his ignorance, and the second is that whenyou are the more harsher towards him, he becomes kinder andmore patient. I am now satisfied (after what I saw). O Umar, I holdyou as a witness that I testify and am satisfied that there is no truegod worthy of being worshipped except Allah alone, and my Deen(religion) is Islam and Muhammad, , peace and blessings be uponhim is my Prophet. I also hold you as a witness that half of mywealth - and I am among the wealthiest people in Madinah - I givefor the sake of Allah to the entire Ummah. Umar, may Allah bepleased with him, said: You will not be able to distribute yourwealth to the whole Ummah (nation), so say, I will distribute it tosome of the Ummah of Muhammad, may Allah exalt his mention.Zaid said: I said, then I will distribute (the apportioned) wealth tosome of the Ummah. Both Zaid and Umar, may Allah is pleased
  • 139. The Universal Mercy of the Prophet 139 Muhammad’s Missiontwith them, returned to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessingsbe upon him. Zaid said to him: I bear witness that there is no truegod worthy of being worshipped except Allah alone, and thatMuhammad, peace and blessings be upon him is the slave of Allahand His Messenger. He believed in him, and witnessed many battlesand then died in the Battle of Tabuk while encountering the enemy,may Allah have mercy on Zaid.” 1Universality and Finality of the MessageThe best mercy is that which is truly universal. Mankind yearnsafter that which is truly universal and good. He sees the aweinspiring expansiveness and beauty of the creation and the cosmicuniverse, knowing that to be in harmony with this universal orderand beauty and to fulfill his purpose as part of this creation is anaspiration of the highest kind of truth, justice and mercy. He knowsby experience and intuition that everything has a purpose and aplace within the system He also knows that everything in creationthat has a beginning must naturally also have an end. Mankind inour era even more than before sees that the world will definitelyhave an ending since he is witnessing an amazing rate of irreversibledestruction of the environment and extinction of many animal andplant species by the consequences of man’s interference in thesystem, especially through corporate greed and over exploitation ofland, air and water resources. In this generation he is seeing theeffects of global warming, of mass pollution and of the generaldegradation of natural life. Although we could mention manyaspects of the social and economic and political spheres also, theyare outside our scope here. In this section our focus is to present to1 Reported by at-Tabarani, al Hakim and Ibn Hibban #288 and al-Haithami said in Majma’a az-Zawa`id 9/٢٤٠ that the chain of narrators of at-Tabarabi are trustworthy, and Ibn Hajar said in the Asabah in the biography of Zaid that the chains are narrators are trustworthy, and al-Albani said in Arwa`a al-Ghaleel 5/220 that (‫“ ,)وهﻮ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﺸﻬﻮر ﻓﻲ دﻻﺋﻞ اﻟﻨﺒﻮة‬it is a well known and good narration ins the proofs of Prophethood.”
  • 140. 140 The Universal Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad’s Missionthe reader that this revelation of mercy calling mankind to seekforgiveness in repentance to their One Lord, the religion of Islam,fulfills that aspiration mentioned above and is the universal andfinal message to all mankind attuned by the Omniscient and AllWise, especially for the later days before the Hour of Resurrection.Allah the Most Merciful personally calls each man and womanthrough His Prophet of Mercy, to Islam, the Message of Mercy.The blessed words of the Qur`an that Allah revealed to HisMessenger Muhammad, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him,address the whole creation, all of the jinn and all of the people ofthe earth whatever their time, place and race may be. He did notreveal particular principles and laws for the Arabs only but attachedall the principles and laws to the names of a believer or disbeliever,a Muslim or a hypocrite, a good person or a wicked person, a justperson or an unjust person…and so on in the names of variouskinds of people in the Qur`an and Sunnah. Allah has not legislatedthe rulings for Arabs alone, rather He legislated laws for them todevelop the traits that He loves and to avoid what He loathes. Thereligion of all the prophets of Allah, peace be upon them, is as wementioned, one and the same in the basics - the religion of Islam.This basic religion commands for sincere worship of Allah and theprohibition of idolatry and all evil actions and corruption. Theparticular laws of religion from Allah were diverse according to thelocal times, conditions and needs, until Allah finalized the messageof Islam by sending the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him,whose message is general for all peoples of creation and will remainvalid until the end of the world because it is suited for all times andplaces of the world and it will not be changed or abrogated until theDay of Resurrection and Judgment.Allah the Exalted said in His Glorious Quran: ﴾﴿‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳﻨ‬‫ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺩ‬ ‫ﻲ ﻭﺭﺿﻴﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸ&