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Tanmbihul Ghafellen - Admonition For The Neglectful - Faqih Abu Lais Samarqandi RA


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Tanmbihul Ghafellen - Admonition For The Neglectful - Faqih Abu Lais Samarqandi RA

Tanmbihul Ghafellen - Admonition For The Neglectful - Faqih Abu Lais Samarqandi RA

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  • 1. ADMONITIONFOR THE NEGLECTFUL Tanmbihul Ghafellen Faqih Abu Lais Samarqandi (A.R)
  • 2. Admonition For Neglectful r; ADMONITION FOR THE NEGLECTFULINDEXADMONITION FOR THE NEGLECTFUL .............................1FORWARD ................................................................ 1 7ADMONITION FOR THE NEGLECTFUL ............................ 1 9 .1 SINCERITY .OSTENTATION I S A MINOR FORM OF POLYTHEISM ........1 9THE SIMILITUDE OF OSTENTATION ............................ 19SEVEN THINGS ARE WORTHLESS WITHOUT SEVEN THINGS .....19A DOUBLE REWARD FOR AN ACTION COMING TO THE FORE....20WHO ARE THE SINCERE ONES? ................................... 2 1RECOGNIZING THE CHOSEN SERVANTSOF ALLAAH : - FOUR TRAITS ....................................... 2 1FOUR SIGNS OF OSTENTATION ................................... 1 2THE FORT FOR ACTIONS ............................................ 2 1LEARN SINCERITY FROM A SHEPHERD ......................... 2 2FOUR CONDITIONS FOR THE ACCEPTANCE OF ACTIONS . 2 2HOW TO RECOGNIZE PIETY : - THREE FACTORS .............2 2THREE IMPORTANT FACTORS .....................................2 3THREE FACTORS CAUSE DESTRUCTION ........................ 3 2THE FOUR NAMES OF A BOASTFUL PERSON .................. 4 2THE SIMILITUDE OF GOOD ACTIONS ........................... 24AN INCIDENT............................................................ 25 .2 DEATH A N D I T S SEVERITY .THE PANGS OF DEATH ARE A WORD OF CAUTION .......... 5 2APPRECIATING FIVE THINGS BEFORE FIVE ................... 5 2WINTER I S A BLESSING FOR THE MUMIN .................... 6 2THE GRAVE I S EITHER A GARDENOF JANNAH OR A PIT OF JAHANNAM ............................ 2 6THE SIMILITUDE OF DEATH ........................................ 6 2THREE THINGS SHOULD NOT BE FORGOTTEN............... 7 2ONLY FOUR PERSONS APPRECIATE FOUR THINGS .......... 7 2THE REALITY OF DEATH ............................................. 27WHEN ACTIONS CONTRADICT WORDS :- 4 THINGS .......28THREE THINGS ARE ASTONISHING .............................. 28DEATH DOES NOT ALLOW FATNESS ............................. 2 9THE CONSEQUENCE OF REMEMBERING DEATHAND OF NOT REMEMBERINGDEATH :- 3 BOUNTIES 13 PUNISHMENTS ................................................ 29
  • 3. Admonition For Neglectful 6 Admonition For Neglectful . 7THE TASTE OF DEATH I S EXTREMELY B I l T E R ................ 29 A THOUGHT PROVOKING INCIDENT............................. 54 . GLAD TIDINGS .......................................................... 55FOUR IMPORTANT FACTORS ........................................3 0 GOLDEN WORDS ......................................................5 5THE FOUR SIGNS OF A PERSON WHO A STUNNING INCIDENT ABOUT ALLAAHS FORGIVENESS ....55AWAKENS FROM HIS NEGLIGENCE ............................. 3 0 CONCISE ADVICE ..................................................... 65THE BEST PERSON : - 5 TRAITS ...................................3 1 SEVEN CATEGORIES OF PEOPLE WILL BE SHADEDTHREE NOBLE QUALITIES ........................................... 3 1 BENEATH THE THRONE OF ALLAAH ..............................6 5THE BEST AND MOST INTELLIGENT PERSON ................. 3 1 . 6 ENJOINING WHAT I S RIGHT AND FORBIDDING WHAT I S EVIL . .3 PUNISHMENT I N THE GRAVE . GLAD TIDINGS .......................................................... 57FIVE TYPES OF GLAD TIDINGS ....................................32 RECOGNIZING A MUMIN AND A HYPOCRITE................. 7 5EIGHT THINGS THAT WILL SAVE ONE FROM A REMARK BY HADHRAT A L I (R.A). ..............................8 5THE PUhISHMENT CF THE GRAVE ................................ 3 3 A TECHNIQUE I S REQUIRED WHEN ENJOINING GOOD ....5 8ALLAAH DETESTS FOUR THINGS I N PARTICULAR ...........3 3 TYRANNICAL RULERS ARE THE RESULT OF FAILURE TO ....... 8 5A GOLDEN SAYING ....................................................3 4 ENJOIN GOOD AND FORBID EVIL.................................8 5 THE CATEGORIES OF ENJOINING GOOD ANDA STARTLING INCIDENT.............................................3 4 FORBIDDING EVIL ..................................................... 59THE ANNOUNCEMENTS OF THE EARTH:- 5 CALLS ..........3 4 A FASCINATING STORY............................................... 59AN ALARMING INCIDENT............................................ 5 3 FIVE CONDITIONS FOR A PREACHER............................ 0 6THE SCREAMS OF THE DEAD....................................... 5 3 . 7 REPENTANCE4 . THE SCENES OF QIYAAMAT . THE BEHAVIOR OF MAN I S STRANGE INDEED ................ 1 TAUBA I S ACCEPTED ONLY BEFORE DEATH ................... 2 6 6THE TREES OF JANNAH ..............................................4 3 THE REMORSE AND DESPONDENCY OF THE ACCURSEDONE OF THE DAMSELS OF JANNAH CALLED LAIBA ......... 4 4 IBLEES :- I N FIVES .................................................... 62TH E BEAUTY OF THE PEOPLE OF JANNAH ..................... 4 4 SIX QUALITIES OF ONE WHO TRULY RECOGNIZES Allaah ...6 2THE GREATEST BOUNTY OF JANNAH ............................ 4 4 THE EMINENT FUDAIL (R.A). ....................................... 63HADHRAT JIBREEL (A.S) APPEARS I N A STRANGE TAUBATUN NASOOHAMANNER TO CONVEY GLAD TIDINGS ............................4 5 (SINCERE REPENTANCE): -3 SIGNS ..............................4 6THERE WILL BE NO NEED TO RELIEVE ONESELF I N JANNAH . . .46 THE RESOLUTION NOT TO REPEAT A S I N I S IMPERATIVE WHEN ONE REPENTS ................................................. 64A TREE I N JANNAH CAILLED "TOOBA." ..........................4 7 A UNIQUE STORY....................................................... 64THE APPEARANCE OF JANNAH ..................................... 7 4 HASTE I S BEST I N THREE THINGS ...............................5 6FIVE CONDITIONS FOk ADMISSION INTO JANNAH .........4 8 THE SIGNS OF TAUBA ...............................................6 5WORDS OF WISDOM : - 3 FACTS ..................................4 9 FOUR HONOR THAT ALLAAH CONFERS UPON ONE WHOTHE STORY OF AN ASCETIC ........................................ 9 4 REPENTS .................................................................. 66A STORY OF HADHRAT IBRAHEEM BIN ADHAM (R.A). . . . .4 9 THE FIRE OF JAHANNAM WILL NOT AFFECT THE REPENTANT PERSON AS HE CROSSES OVER I T.............. 7 6FOOD FOR THOUGHT................................................. 0 5 THE WARNING AGAINST TAUNTING A MUSLIM .............. 7 6A STATEMENT OF HADHRAT ABU HAAZIM (R.A). ............5 0 SINS ARE TOTALLY OBLITERATED BY TAUBA ................. 7 6THE DOWRY FOR JANNAH ........................................... 0 5THE INTERCESSION OF JANNAH AND JAHANNAM ........... 5 0 THE EXCELLENCE OF THE UMMAH OF Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-THE BAZAARS OF JANNAH ..........................................5 1 alaihi.wasallam) ........................................................ 67WHO I S THERE WHO DESIRES JANNAH? ....................... 1 5 GOOD ACTIONS ARE AWAITED BEFORE A SIN I S RECORDED:- 5 SINS .................................................................... 685. THE MERCY OF ALLAAH . SINS ARE TRANSFORMED INTO GOOD ACTIONS BYTHE HOPE AND PRAYERS OF HADHRAT YAHYA B I N VIRTUE OF TAUBA ..................................................... 69MUAADH RAAZI (R.A) : - 3 DUAAS ................................ 5 2 THE STATEMENT OF HADHRAT MOOSA (A.S). ................ 7 0NEVER MAKE ANYONE DESPONDENT OF ALLAAHS MERCY. .53 THE REPENTANCE OF ZAAZAAN ................................... 7 0AN OATH MAY BE TAKEN ON FOUR THINGS ................... 5 3 A THOUGHT PROVOKING INCIDENT............................. 1 7INTERCESSION W I L L BE O N BEHALF OF THE SINNERS .......53 A HADITH QUDSI: - 9 ADVICES ........................................72
  • 4. Admonition For Neglectful 8 Admonition For Neglectful 9SERVING ONES PARENTS I S SUPERIOR THAN JIHAAD . . .7 3 11. BACKBITING.THREE ACTIONS ARE NOT ACCEPTED THE STENCH OF BACKBITING CANNOT BE SMELT WHENWITHOUT ANOTHER THREE ....................................... 7 4 I T BECOMES HABITUAL............................................. 0 9DISPLEASING ONES PARENTS RESULTS I N A BAD DEATH . 7 4 A GIFT I N RETURN FOR EVIL ...................................... 9 0CHILDREN OWE TEN RIGHTS TO THEIR PARENTS .......... 6 7 A SAYING OF HADHRAT IBRAHEEM B I N ADHAM (R.A). ...9 0PLEASING THE PARENTS AFTER THEIR DEATH:- BY 3 THINGS.76 THREE THINGS DESTROY GOOD ACTIONS ...................9 1PARENTS OWE THREE RIGHTS TO THEIR CHILDREN .......7 7 THREE THINGS ARE DISTANT FROM MERCY.................. 9 1THE CONSEQUENCE OF NOT TEACHING THREE QUALITIES OF THE PIOUS ............................... 9 1CHILDRENGOODMANNERS................................................ 77 THE ATTITUDE OF THE ANGELS TOWARDS BACKBITING.92AS YOU SOW, SO SHALL YOU REAP..............................8 7 WORDS OF WISDOM D O 3 I F YOU CANNOT DO 3 ..........9 2PERFECT POLITENESS :- REAPS 8 BENEFITS ...............7 8 . 12 SLANDERTHE FOUR SIGNS OF GOOD FORTUNE .......................... 8 7 WHO I S THE WORST PERSON? ................................... 2 9THE REWARDS OF FIVE THINGS WILL CONTINUE TO PUNISHMENT I N THE GRAVE FOR THOSE BE RECEIVED E V t N AFTER DEATH .............................. 9 7 WHO CARRY TALES: - 3 CAUSES ..................................9 3SOME AHADEETH ......................................................97 CARRYING TALES AND SPREADING ANARCHY............... 9 3 .8 FOSTERING GOOD RELATIONSHIPS . THE PERSON WHO CARRIES TALES I S WORSE THAN THETHREE QUALITIES OF THE PEOPLE OF JANNAH .............. 0 8 DEVIL AND ONE WHO DABBLES I N BLACK MAGIC .........9 3A STATEMENT OF HADHRAT UMAR (R.A). ...................... 0 8MUSLIMS AND KUFFAR ARE TO BE TREATED SEVEN QUESTIONS ................................................... 49EQUALLY I N THREE RESPECTS ..................................... 80 A TALE CARRIER SHOULD NOT BE RELIED ON ..............9 4A STATEMENT OF HADHRAT HASAN BASRI (R.A) ............8 0 CARRYING TALES FORBIDS PRAYERS FROM BEING ACCEPTED. 95TEN BENEFITS OF FOSTERING GOOD FAMILY RELATIONS ....8 1 GEMS FROM THE LIPS OF THE PIOUS .......................... 9 5THREE GROUPS OF PEOPLE WILL BE BENEATH THE . 13 JEALOUSYSHADE OF ALLAAHS THRONE ON THE DAY OF QIYAMAH.81 6 THINGS TO DO WHEN SPOKEN I L L OFF .....................9 6ALLAAH LOVES TWO FOOTSTEPS.................................2 8 SOME AHADEETH ...................................................... 9 6FIVE FACTORS THAT INFLATE THE REWARDS OF ACTIONS THE ABOMINATION OF JEALOUSY AND MALICETO THE SIZE OF MOUNTAINS AND INCREASES ONES AND HOW TO REFRAIN FROM THESE ...........................9 7SUSTENANCE ............................................................ 82 A SUPPLICATION ...................................................... 7 9SOME AHADEETH ...................................................... 82 .9 RIGHTS OF NEIGHBOURS . THE EFFECT OF JEALOUSY FIRST BEFALLS THE JEALOUS7 TYPES OF PEOPLE UPON WHOM THERE I S NO MERCY. .8 3 PERSON : - 5 PUNISHMENTS OF JEALOUSY ...................9 89 RIGHTS ON A NEIGHBOUR ........................ .......... .....8 3 THE JEALOUS PERSON I S AN ENEMY OF ALLAAHS BOUNTIES. .985 WORDS OF WISDOM ............................................... 84 THE RELIGIOUS SCHOLARS ARE MOST GUILTY OF JEALOUSY SIX THINGS THAT WILL CONDEMN SIX PEOPLE TO ............98THREE TYPES OF NEIGHBOURS .................................. 4 -8 JAHANNAM BEFORE RECKONING ................................ 9 9THREE ADVICES ........................................................85 A SAYING:- 6 ADVICES .............................................. 9 9A FEW PEARLS OF WISDOM ........................................ 5 8 JEALOUSY CANNOT BE HARBOURED FOR ANYONE:-THE POSITION OF A NEIGHBOUR ................................ 8 5 2 REASONS .............................................................9 9THREE PRAISEWORTHY TRAITS DURING THE PERIOD OFIGNORANCE..................... ..................................... . 86 THE ADVICE OF RASULULIAAH (SALLIALLAAHU-ALAIHI-THE POOR NEIGHBOUR WILL CALL THE RICH NEIGHBOUR WASALLAM)TO TASK ............................... ................................6 .. 8 .............................................................................. 9 9TEN OPPRESSORS ..................................................... 87 THE JEALOUS PERSON OPPOSES ALLAAH I N 5 WAYS .......100FOUR WAYS WHEREBY GOOD RELATIONS MAY BE MAINTAINED PRIDE MEANS TO CONSIDER ONESELF AS BEINGWITH ONES NEIGHBOUR ........................................... 87 SUPERIOR AND TO LOOK DOWN ON OTHERS .............. 1 0 1 .10 L Y I N G . . 1 4 PRIDE .A SAYING OF HADHRAT LUQMAAN (A.S). ...................... 8 8 THREE PEOPLE ARE DESERVING OF PUNISHMENT........1 0 1SIX THINGS GUARANTEE JANNAH .................................... 8 8 THE FIRST THREE PEOPLE TO ENTER JANNAH AND JAHANNAM . 101 f ALLAAH DETESTS THREE PERSONS ............................ 1 0 2
  • 5. Admonition For Neglectful 10 Admonition For Neglectful 11THE THREE PERSONS WHO ARE MOST BELOVED TO ALLAAH ....102 RECKONING I S EASIER I N THIS WORLD .................... 1 1 6THE REALITY OF PRIDE ............................................0 2 1 THE SAINT THAT NEVER SPOKE A WRONG WORD FCRTHE MOST DETESTABLE PERSON ............................... 0 3 1 TWENTY YEARS ............................... . .................... 1 1 6WORDS OF WISDOM ................................................ 103 SIX SIGNS OF AN IGNORAMUS ................................. 1 1 7ALLAAH DISLIKES STRUlTING .................................. 3 10 A STATEMENT OF HADHRAT I S A (A.S) 8 ADVICES . . . . . . . 1 1 7GOOD CHARACTER MEANS TO BEHAVE HUMBLY THE ABOMINATION OF EXCESSIVE LAUGHTER AND 2TOWARDS THE HUMBLE AND BEHAVE PROUDLY WITH HABITS OF THE IGNORANT.......................................1 1 8THE PROUD ............................................................4 10 THE ADVICE OF RASULULLAAHTHE HIGHEST FORM OF HUMILITY............................. 0 4 1 (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) ....................................1 1 9HUMILITY I S A TRAIT OF THE AMBIYAA (A.S), WHILE FOUR ADVICE OF HADHRAT KHIDR ( A . 5 ) . .................. 1 1 9PRIDE I S THE TRAIT OF THE KUFFAAR ....................... 1 0 4 5A PERSON SHOULD NEVER LAUGH LOUDLY...............1 1 9THE HUMILITY OF HADHRAT I B N UMAR (R.A). ............. 105 A SAYING OF HADHRAT HASAN BASRI (R.A). .............. 1 2 0THE HUMILITY OF HADHRAT UMAR (R.A) .................... 105 FOUR FACTORS PREVENT LAUGHTER ......................... 1 2 0THE HUMILITY OF HADHRAT SALMAAN FAARSI (R.A) .... 1 0 6 THREE THINGS HARDEN THE HEART.......................... 1 2 0THE HUMILITY OF HADHRAT A L I (R.A) ........................ 1 0 6 LAUGHING AND MAKING OTHERS LAUGHRANKS ARE RAISED BY SPENDING I N CHARITY AND BY LEADS TO DESTRUCTION ..........................................1 2 1FORGIVING OTHERS WITHOUT 3 TRAITS GRANTS JANNAH.107 BENEFICIAL ADVICE, ..............................................1 2 1 .15 ANGER . 5 ADVICES OF RASULULLAAH (S.A.W). ......................1 2 1I T I S INCORRECT TO PUNISH ANYONE TO GRATIFY ONESELF.107 8 ADVICES OF HADHRAT UMAR (R.A) ........................1 2 1ALLAAH LOVES THAT ONE FORGIVES ANOTHER ...........1 0 7 8 HARMS OF LAUGHING EXCESSIVELY ....................... 1 2 2THE SWEETNESS OF IMAAN I S NOT TASTED END OF PART ONE.WITHOUT THREE TRAITS .......................................... 108AN INCIDENT OF HOW SHAYTAAN I S INFURIATED ....... 1 0 8AN ASTONISHING INCIDENT OF HOW SHAYTAANDEVIATED PEOPLE:- 3 METHODS ...............................0 8 1HADHRAT MOOSA (A.S) AND IBLEES : - 3 CONDITIONSI N WHICH ONE SHOULD BE WARY OF SHAYTHAAN .......1 1 0THE ADVICE OF HADHRAT LUQMAAN (A.S):-RECOGNISE 3 OiN 3 OCCASION .................................1 0 1AN INCIDENT OF A TAABIEE (R.A) : .......................... 1113 QUALITIES OF ONE WORTHY OF PRAISE ................. 1113 QUALITIES OF JAMATIES ...................................... 1113 ADVICES FROM ALLAAH ........................................ 1 1 1THE ASSISTANCE OF THE ANGELS UPON THE PATIENCEOF THE OPPRESSED: .3 ACTS RESULT I N 3 OTHERS . . . 1 1 2CONCISE WISDOMS ................................................ 1 1 2THE FOUR TYPES OF ASCETICISM .............................. 1 3 1THE 5 ADVICE OF HADHRAT ABU DARDAA (R.A). ......... 1 1 3THE TEST OF STRENGTH .......................................... 1 4 1DO NOT CURSE AN OPPRESSOR ................................1 4 1THE DEFINITION OF HUMANE BEHAVIOUR :-4 ADVICES, ..1143 BENEFITS OF PATIENCE, 3 HARMS OF HASTE ..........1 1 416. THE TONGUE .FOUR QUALITIES OF A BELIEVER .............................. 1 1 5A LOFTY POSITION OBTAINED BY 3 QUALITIES ........... 1 5 1THE STATEMENT OF FOUR KINGS................................... 116
  • 6. Admonition For Neglectful 12 Admonition For Neglectful 13 HADHRAT MA ULANA SAYYID FAKHRUL HASAN RAWDATUS SAALIHEEN. SAHEB - SENIOR LECTURER OFTHE IMPRESSIONS OF SOME NOTABLE ULEMA. DAARUL ULOOM DEOBAND.HADHRAT MAULANA QAARI TAYYAB SAHEB (A.R) I have browsed through t h e book, Rawdatus - RECTOR OF DAARUL ULOOM DEOBAND. Saaliheen, by the respected Maulana Mahfoozul Hasan. This book is actually a translation of theWe praise Allah and convey salutations t o book, Tambeehul Ghaafileen.Rasulullah ( s a l l a l l a h u - a l a y h i - w a - s a l l a m ) . I know Maulana from childhood, who is a highlyA graduate of Daaru Uloom Deuband, Maulana capable graduate of Daarul Uloom Debnand. IMahfoozul Hasan, has translated t h e book, agree with the impressions of Maulana AkhlaaqTambeehul Ghaafileen, written by Faqeeh Abul Husain Qaasimi and Mufti Azeezur RahmaanLaith Samarqandi (A.R), the great scholar of Bijnoori. However, Ipersonally feel that the bookdivine sciences. falls short o f shedding proper l i g h t on t h e metaphorical beauties o f the original.This humble servant has paged through t h ebdok in your hands and derived great benefit May Allah bless this work with His acceptance andf r o m i t . A s u w m a r y of this book is t h a t i t is grant the writer and myself the ability t o makea treasure of gold and gems. It is a wealth of further contributions t o the Islamic literature.good practices and noble character t h a t will Aameen.easily make a person ascetic and pious i f hekeeps t h i s b o o k w i t h h i m a n d studies i t Sayyid Fakhrul Hasan (May Allah forgive him)carefully. Senior lecturer Daarul Uloom Deoband.Maulana has favoured the Muslims by placing inthis f o r t u ~ c their hands, the worth sf which 16 Dhul Qadah 1398 A.H.the entire world cannot pay. May Allah granth i m t h e best of rewards. May Allah increaset h e deeds and knowledge of t h e translator,perpet~late his grace, and grant the Muslimummah the ability t o derive benefit from him.Aameen.Muhammed Tayyab (May Allah for give him)Rector of Daarul Uloom Deoband16 Dhul Qadah 1398 A.H.
  • 7. Admonition For Nenlectful 15Admonition For Neglectful - 14 - HADHRAT MA ULANA IKHLAAQ HUSAIN FORWARD BY MUFTIAZEEZUR RAHMAAN. QAASI.MI- COMMENTATOR O F THE QURAAN We praise Allah and send salutations t o RasulullahAND CHAIRMAN O F JAMIATUL ULEMA DELHI. (sallallahu-alayhi-wa-sallam). The book in your hands is a translation of a work titled Tambeehul Ghaafileen,One o f t h e most successful methods of which is famous amongst the ulema. The author of thispropagating the truth is "mawizatul hasanah. book was Nasr bin Muhammed bin Ahmed bin Ibraheem, who is better known as Faqeeh Abul Laith SamarqandiThe Quraan has accorded this method second (A.R) {who passed away 373 years after the Hijrah).position of priority amongst three methods.[Surah Nahl, verse 351 Faqeeh Abul Laith Samarqandi (A.R) penned many books containing his fataawa, and is the author of atThe meaning of "mawizatul hasanah is t o least fourteen or fifteen works. He was known asadvise people using effective and captivating Imaamul Huda (the leader of guidance) during his time. He was so pious and particular that he used t o takemethods with the best explanation. It includes lumps of sand along with him on journeys, t o be usedinstilling Imaan and the fervour to act, using to clean after relieving himself. When he was askedwarnings, hopes, similitudes and parables. about the reason, he replied that he did not like t o use t h e sand of another person without permission.The author of this book, Faqeeh Abul Laith He used t o say that he never spoke a lie since h eSamarqandi (A.R), is renowned for his ability reached an understanding age. He passed away on theto effectively employ "mawizatul hasanah. llth Jumaadal Ukhra, 373 A.H. A study of conditions ofHadhrat Maulana Mahfoozul Hasan Qaasimi in Samarqand and Bukhaara during that period revealsSambali (a luminary from a famous family of that the ulelina concentrated their lectures and publicleading scholars) has successfully captured addresses towards spiritual reformation. This fact is also revealed by a study of t h e lives of people likethe effect of this book i n this condensed Hakeem Tirmidhi (A.R), Abu Bakr, Muhammed Ishaaqvolume. (A.R) and Faqeeh Abul Laith Samarqandi (A.R). a perusal of books like Tambeehul Ghaafileen, BustaanMay Allah accept the efforts of Maulana and and others will portray the same fact.create spiritual awareness from this book. Ihave a hand-written copy of Bustaan, which is also penned by Faqeeh Abul Laith Samarqandi (A.R). IhaveAkhlaaq Husain Qaasimi published a translation and commentary of this book,Idaara Rahmate Aalam-Delhi adding references and sources where necessary. After27 September 1978. reading Tambeehul Ghaafileen, Iintended t o translate i t as well, but every person cannot do everything. This privilege went to Hadhrat Maulana Mahfoozul Hasan Sambali, who translated the work in a concise form.
  • 8. Admonition For Neglectful 16 Admonition For Neglectful 17How is this book? This is revealed b y t h e historicalorigin of the book. It is a unique prescription consisting FOREWARD. The fact cannot be refuted that, just as knowledge isof a blend of subtle advices, words of wisdom, Ahadeeth foundational support of actions, a study of the lives ofof Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wa-sallam) and Quraanic our pious predecessors is one of the most effectiveverses. ways of spurring actions.The translator, Maulana Mahfoozul Hasan is an extremely As someone said, "The person who ignores the lives and advices of the pious predecessors is contaminatedcapable youngster, with an eye for intricacies. He is a between two evils. Either he carries out a negligiblegraduate of Daarul Uloom Deoband. Ihave read his amount of deeds and considers himself to be amon stbook from cover t o cover. It is excellent. May the pious predecessors, or he considers his little e ort to be extremely great, thereby succumbing to pride 4Allah accept it. Aameen. and boastfulness. He will then regard himself as the greatest and look down on all others. His efforts will then be worthless and his deeds will be destroyed.Azeezur Rahmaan (May Allah forgive h i m ) Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi- wa-sallam) said, "MeditationMadani Daarul Iftaa for a moment is better than a hundred years of worship." This is the basis of this work.Madrasah Madeenatul Uloom Since people are inclined towards brevity these days, the lengthy discussions have been omitted, and mostBijnoor of the quotations have been translated in a concise manner.15 Shawwaal 1398 A.H. Ia m well aware of m y deficiencies in knowledge, and Iaccept that I a m unable to do j u s t ~ c e a noble task to like translation. However, I long felt the desire in m y heart t o render a religious service t o the public, so that it becomes a means o f securing m y salvation in the Hereafter. May Allah make this objective be realised. "This is not difficult for Allah." There is a great possibility that errors may have occurred in this publication because of m y deficient knowledge. Ihumbly request religious scholars t o grace m e with a notification of such errors. This is the first part of this series. May Allah grant me the abilit and capability d to complete the series. Aameen. I plea to the readers n o t t o f o r g e t t h i s l o w l y w r i t e r i n t h e i r duaas. NOTE: References have not been ~ i l ~ because the en authors name carries sufficient w e ~ g h t . Mahfoozul Hasan Sambali 15 Rabeerrth Tllnani 1398 A.H. - 25 Mlirch I978FOREWARD
  • 9. Admonition For Neglectful 18 Admonition For Neglectful 19The original book is in Arabic called "Tambhi ul Gafileen" ADMONITION FOR THE NEGLECTFULby Faqih Abu Lais Samarqandi (A.R) A high rankingFaqih(expert o n Islaamic Law) and an exemplary par OSTENTATION IS A MINOR FORM O Fexcellence Sufi. POLYTHEISM.The Urdu translation was done by Moulana Mahfoozul Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned,Hassan S a m b a l i e n t i t l e d "Rawazud Saaliheen". I greatly fear minor polytheism for you." When the Sahabahh (R.A) asked what minor polytheism was,Numerous commentaries are written on the pearls of Rasulullaah (sailAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied,wisdom of Faqih Abu Lais (A .R) "Ostentation."We have presented a translation for every Muslim who On the Day of Judgement, those who were ostentatiousis interested in strengthening ones Imaan, and improving will be told, "Go t o those for whom you had carriedones character, personality and behaviour, beautiful out your actions in the world. Collect the rewards forguidelines h a v e been provided i n t h i s wonderful your actions from t h e m i f they are able t o give you anything!"masterpiece.Many Sufi scholars use i t for their mureeds(disciples) THE SIMILITUDE OF OSTENTATION.spiritual upbringing.Because i t is so well divided and subdivided, extracts A wise man once coined the similitude of a person whocan be easily used as article fillers, page and cover performs actions t o show others as that person whofillers. fills his purse with stones instead of money. These will not help him a t all. I t will only make the purse seerri heavy t o others, who will think that he is wealthy. I nMoreover, a book "Thought of the Day" can be gleaned a similar manner, the ostentatious person will appearfrom this book. t o be pious to others, but he will receive no reward for his actions from Allaah.Furthermore, extracts can be taken by academic lecturesand substantiated by Quraan, Sunnat, statements andactions of Sahabah (R. A) t o constitute valuable bayaans SEVEN THINGS ARE WORTHLESS WITHOUT(lectures). SEVEN THINGS.We pray that Allaah Taala accepts our efforts to translate A saint once said that a persons actions are worthlessinto the English language reliable, authentic, valuable if he does seven things without doing another seven.m a t e r i a l o f t h e Ahlus S u n n a t Wal J a m a a t . These are: 1. He claims t o fear Allaah, yet he does not abstain from sin. This claim is thus futile.
  • 10. Admonition For Neglectful 21Admonition For Neglectful 20 WHO ARE THE SINCERE ONES?2. He aspires for reward from Allaah, yet he does not perform any good a c t ~ o n s .(Although Allaah can reward a person w ~ t h o u t good actions, b u t Allaah requires that h e does good). A person once asked a saint, "Who is a sincere person.?"3. He d e s , i e ; t o d o good act~ons,b u t h e does n o t He replied, "The sincere person is the one who conceals resolve to do so. his good actions just as he conceals his evil actions." When i t was asked what the pinnacle of sincerity was,4. Hc prays for- something, yet does n o t make a n he replied, "When you detest to be praised by people." effart to acquire it. Only those who make an attempt will receive the guidance to attain their objective. Allaah says, "We will certainly show the ways to those who strive for Us."5. He seeks forgiveness ( w i t h the tongue) without RECOGNIZING THE CHOSEN SERVANTS OF being remorseful (within the heart). ALLAAH: - FOUR TRAITS.6. Without internal reformation, superficial actions are worthless.7. Actions are wasted without sincerity (irrespective of the quantity). Hadhrat Zun Noon Misri (A.R) was once asked how t o recognize Allaahs chosen and special servants. He replied by saying that there were four traits by whichA DOUBLE REWARD FOR AN ACTION COMING they could be recognized. These are: TO THE FORE 1. He forsakes ease and comfort. 2. He spends from the little that is in his possession. 3. He is content with his lowly status.A Sahabi (R.A) once asked Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu- 4. Praise a n d i n s u l t a r e t h e same t o h i m .alaihi-wasallam) whether he would be rewarded for anaction that he performed secretly, but people had learntabout it and he felt pleased about this. Rasulullaah FOUR SIGNS OF OSTENTATION.(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied t h a t he wouldreceive double the reward therefore, one reward forperforming the actions secretly and the other for i tbecoming apparent. 1. Being negligent of good actions when in seclusion. 2. Performing good actions with eagerness when inExplanation: Performing a actions secretly denotes the publics eye.sincerity, for which a person will be rewarded. When 3. Excelling in the performance o f those actions thatthe actions becomes apparent, others are encouraged attract praise.t o emulate the same. The person is then rewarded for 4. Reducing the performance of those actions thatencouraging others. people frown at. [From the lips o f Hadhrat Ali (R. A11Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has said,"Whoever initiated a good practice i n Islaam, willreceive t h e reward of whoever practises t h e same THE FORT FOR ACTIONS.thereafter." [Muslim]However, i t will be contrary t o the requirement of There are three things that serve a fort for actions.sincerity that a person carries out an act secretly, b u t They are:desires that i t becomes known.
  • 11. Admonition For Neglectful 22 Admonition For Neglectful 231. The realization t h a t t h e inspiration t o do a good 2. Offer the world t o your heart. I f it refuses the world action is f r o m Allaah ( t h i s prevents pride a n d then you are pious, otherwise not. boastfulness). 3. Offer death t o yourself. I f you are pleased with it,2. To d o e v e r y a c t i o n f o r Allaahs p l e a s u r e . then you are pious, otherwise not.3. To seek recompense for every action from Allaah only. I f a person has these three qualities, he should thank Allaah and display humility. He should then never allow LEARN SINCERITY FROM A SHEPHERD. ostentation t o infect his actions, for this will pour water over all that he does."A saint once advised t h a t sincerity should be learnt THREE IMPORTANT FACTORS.from a shepherd. When someone asked how this waspossible, he replied, "When the shepherd performs hissalaah while tending t o his goats, the thought nevercrosses his mind that the goats will praise him. I n this Certain saints always included the following three factorsmanner, a person should carry out his acts of worship, when writing a letter.being undeterred by the praises and insults of people." 1. Allaah will amend the worldly matters of the person who works for the Hereafter. 2. Allaah will amend the relationship between people and the person who cares t o rectify his relationshipFOUR CONDITIONS FOR THE ACCEPTANCE OF w i t h A l l a a h ( i . e . h e i s s i n c e r e t o Allaah). ACTIONS. 3. Allaah will correct the external aspects of the person who corrects his internal self. [From Hadhrat Auf1. Knowledge. (Only that action performed with proper bin Abdullaah (R.A)] knowledge thereof will be accepted).2. Intention. (Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said that the basis of all actions are their intentions). THREE FACTORS CAUSE DESTRUCTION.3. Patience. (Actions should be performed calmly and all adversities encountered while performing a action should be borne patiently). Allaah causes a person t o be involved in three things4. Sincerity. w h e n He i n t e n d s t o d e s t r o y h i m . T h e s e a r e :HOW TO RECOGNIZE PIETY :-THREE FACTORS. 1. Allaah grants him knowledge without the inspiration t o practise thereupon. 2. Allaah allows h i m the company o f the righteous,Someone once t o l d Hadhrat Shafeeq bin I b r a h e e m without t h e recognition of their status and(R.A), "People call m e a pious person. How can piety appreciation of recognized?" The reply was, "It can be recognized 3. Allaah allows him to do good actions without three factors. These are: These are all a result of incorrect intentions. I f a person 1. Explain your inner condition t o the pious people. I f acts with the correct intention, he will be practical on they are satisfied, then you are pious, otherwise his knowledge, will appreciate t h e company o f t h e not. righteous and will perform all actions with sincerity.
  • 12. Admonition For Neglectful 24 Admonition For Neglectful 25 THE FOUR NAMES OF A BOASTFUL PERSON. Someone asked Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) A person doubted his sincerity after constructing anabout which acts will secure salvation in the Hereafter. inn for travellers. Someone told him in a dream t h a tThe reply was, "Do n o t deceive Allaah." When t h e even i f his action was insincere, t h e duas o f t h e meaning of this was asked, Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu- travellers who will benefit from this noble action willalaihi-wasallam) said, "Act on Allaahs orders solely for surely be sincere and accepted i n your favour. He Him, not for anyone besides Him. Performing a action became extremely pleased and satisfied w i t h thisfor anyone besides Allaah will be deceiving Him. Guard statement.against ostentation because this is shirk. The ostentatiousperson will b e called b y four names o n t h e Day o f THE PANGS OF DEATH ARE A WORD OFJudgement (viz.) Oh Kaafir! Oh Faajir! (Oh sinner!), CAUTION.Oh Ghaadir! (Oh deceiver!) and Oh Khaasir!" (Ohloser!) (Then they will be told,) Your actions are wasted H a d h r a t Hasan (R.A) n a r r a t e s t h a t Rasulullaahand your rewards spent.There is no share for you here (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "The pangs of deathand the deceiver should collect his reward f r o m t h e are equivalent t o being struck b y three hundred swords." He also mentioned t h a t the pangs o f deathone for whom he acted." serve as an advice t o m y ummah.The Sahabi (R.A) who narrated this hadith swore b yAllaah t h a t h e heard t h i s hadith f r o m Rasulullaah APPRECIATING FIVE THINGS BEFORE FIVE.(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam). Hadhrat Maymoon bin Mahraan (R.A) reports f r o mSomeone has said t h e following fine words, Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) that five things"Safeguarding a action is more difficult than performing should be appreciated before five things. (1) Youthit." before old age. (2) Health before illness. (3) Leisure time before becoming busy. (4) Wealth before poverty. (5) Life before death. THE SIMILITUDE OF GOOD ACTIONS. ?j When old age arrives, i t is difficult to even imagine performing those acts of worship performed in ones youth. I n old age i t is also extremely difficult t o alter those bad habits and lethargy that one mayHadhrat Abu Bakr Waasiti (R.A) has mentioned t h a t a have adopted during ones youth.good action is like fine glass. Just a little heedlessness ?j The value of good health is only truly understoodwill cause i t t o shatter, whereafter it will be irreparable. when one becomes ill. Therefore, i t will definitelyI n t h e same way, good actions are shattered b y be tragic to waste ones time when enjoying goodostentation and boastfulness, thus i t will not accrue health.any reward. tJ The nights are hours of leisure. I f these are notutilized f o r d h i k r a n d ibaadah, o n e will notpossibly be able to compensate for them duringthe busy hoursNote: When a person senses any show and ostentation of the day. This applies especiallyto the long winterin a action, he should t r y his level best to eradicate it. nights. Also, when one lives affluently, he has moreI f it cannot be eradicated, he should not abandon t h e time at leisure and may misuse it in futility. Therefore,action, b u t seek forgiveness from Allaah. Allaah m a y it is better to use ones time well so that one is notgrant h i m t h e ability t o be sincere in t h e following forced t o change,laziness is cause o f adversity.action.
  • 13. Admonition For Neglectful 26 Admonition For Neglectful 27 WINTER IS A BLESSING FOR THE MUMIN. sinew of his. Then a strong person pulls the tree o u t with such force that it emerges, ripping the flesh as i tRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has said, is drawn out. This is t h e example o f t h e throngs of"Winter is a blessing for t h e Mumin. The nights are death."long, thereby enabling longer hours of worship. Thedays are short, thereby resulting i n shorter fasts." THREE THINGS SHOULD NOT BE FORGOTTEN.He has also said, "The night is long, so do not shortenit with sleep. The day is bright, so do not darken it withyour sins." A saint once said that an intelligent person must never forget three things. These are:-A person should be content and happy with whatever (1)The perishable nature of this world,Allaah gives. I f a person attains contentment and (2) death andsatisfaction, then he should consider these as blessings (3) those adversities from which man cannot be secure.and be thankful t o Allaah. He should not aspire for thewealth that has been given t o others. ONLY F O U R PERSONS APPRECIATE F O U RAll actions can be performed before death, therefore should be regarded as a blessing and exploited t ot h e full. Someone has mentioned golden words i nPersian when he said, " I f childhood is spent in play, 1. Only a n old m a n appreciates the value o f youth.old age i n laziness, and youth in mischief, when will 2. Only a person afflicted with a calamity can trulyone worship Allaah?" appreciate being free of troubles. 3. Only the sick appreciate health. 4. Only the dead appreciate life.THE GRAVE IS EITHER A GARDEN OF JANNAH OR A PIT OF JAHANNAM. THE REALITY OF DEATH.Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentionedt h a t the grave can either be a garden of Jannah (for Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr bin Al Aas (R.A) says t h a tthe true Mumin) o r a pit of Jahannam (for the sinner his father [Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas (R.A)] used t o oftenand kaafir). Therefore, remember death often, which say, "I m surprised a t t h e person upon whom t h e awill destroy the carnal passions." signs of death have appeared, yet he does not describe the reality thereof, even though his senses are still with him and his tongue can still talk." THE SIMILITUDE OF DEATH. When death began t o approach him and he was still conscious and able t o speak, the son asked, "Oh Father!Hadhrat Umar (R.A) once asked Hadhrat Kab (R.A) t o You used t o express surprise a t those who do n o tdescribe death. He said, "The similitude of death is like describe the reality of death. Tell us about death." Hea thorny tree t h a t is entered into the stomach of a replied, "Oh m y son! It is not possible t o describe theperson. The thorns then penetrate each and every vein condition of death, b u t Iwill try. By Allaah! I t seemsand as i f a m o u n t a i n has been placed b e t w e e n m v
  • 14. Admonition For Neglectful 28 Admonition For Neglectful 29 shoulders, as if m y soul is emerging from the eye ofa needle and as if m y stomach is filled with thorns. Oh 3.Standing before Allaah for reckoning, when Ihave m y son! It seems as i f the earth and the skies have no idea whether Iwill be sent t o Jannah o r t ojoined and Ia m being crushed between the two." Jahannam. WHEN ACTIONS CONTRADICT WORDS :-4 DEATH DOES NOT ALLOW FATNESS. THINGS Hadhrat Shaqeeq bin Ibraheem (R.A) said, "People say Rasulullaah (s%llAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned,four things with their tongues, but their actions contradict "If the animals knew what you know of death, you willthem. never be blessed with the opportunity of eating hearty(1) Every person claims t h a t he is Allaahs slave, yet flesh."they act as if they are the slaves of none and t h a tnone is their master.(2) People say that Allaah is the Sustainer, yet their THE CONSEQUENCE OF REMEMBERING DEATHhearts are not content without the wealth of the world.(3) People claim that the Aakhirat (Hereafter) is better AND OF NOT REMEMBERING DEATH :-3than this world, yet they spend day and night BOUNTIES / 3 PUNISHMENTS.accumulating the things of this world and do not evendistinguish between halaal and haraam.(4) They claim t h a t death is certain, yet they act likepeople who will never die." Hadhrat Haamid (R.A) says t h a t t h e person who abundantly remembers death will be honoured with THREE THINGS ARE ASTONISHING. three bounties.Hadhrat Abu Dharr (R.A) said "There are three things (1) He will quickly receive t h e inspiration t o repent.that astonish m e so much that they make m e laugh, (2) He will be content w i t h whatever h e receives.while another three things are so distressing that they (3) He will be resolute in his worshio.make m e cry. The three things that cause m e t o laugh i n surprise are: On the other hand, the person who does forget death will suffer three punishments.1. The person who aspires after the world when death is on his heels. (1) He w i l l n o t b e i n s p i r e d t o r e p e n t q u i c k l y .2. The negligent person, when Qiyamah is before him. ( 2 ) He will n o t b e c o n t e n t w i t h w h a t h e has. (He believes in Qiyamah, yet does not prepare for (3) He will be lazy to worship. death).3. The person who laughs audaciously, yet he does not know whether Allaah is pleased with h i m o r THE TASTE OF DEATH IS EXTREMELY BITTER. not. Someone once asked Hadhrat Isa (A.S) to raise a dead The three things that are so distressing are: person for him. I n compliance t o the request, Allaah 1.Se~aration from m v friends viz. Rasulullaah allowed him to raise the son of Hadhrat Nooh (A.S) by (sall~llaahu-alaihi-wasallam) and the Sahabahh the name of Saam. When he got up from his grave, (R.A). his hair and beard were white. Hadhrat Isa (A.S) 2. Death. (1 do not know whether Iwill die with enquired from him as t o how his hair turned white, Imaan o r not). because there was no old age in their time.
  • 15. Admonition For Neglectful 30 Admonition For Neglectful 31He replied, "When I heard the call, Ithought t h a t 1. He becomes one who is content and delays in theQiyamah had arrived. This fear caused me t o turn matters of the world.white." When he was asked as t o when he had died, 2. He becomes a person who is anxious of the Hereafterhe replied, "Four thousand years ago, but the taste of and hastens i n m a t t e r s p e r t a i n i n g t h e r e t o .death has still not left me." 3. He applies his thoughts for the Deen with knowledge and effort. 4. He is caring and cordial towards the creation. FOUR IMPORTANT FACTORS. THE BEST PERSON :- TRAITS. 5A person once told Hadhrat Ibraheem bin Adham (R.A)that they would be benefitted by the talks of Deen ifhe were to have a gathering with them. He said that It has been said that the best person is he who possessesfour worries plagued his mind and he would only be five t o sit with them if he could free himself fromthese. When he was asked what these four things 1. He worships Allaah.were, he mentioned the following: 2. He is of use to the creation. 3. People are safe from his evils.1. "My first concern is what Allaah said on the day 4. He is not aspirant of peoples wealth. that He took the pledge from people. Allaah said 5. He is always prepared for death. that certain p ~ o p l e were destined for Jannah, while others were destined for Jahannam. Ido not know which of the two groups I belong to. THREE NOBLE QUALITIES.2. When a child is in the womb of the mother, an angel asks Allaah whether he should record the child as fortunate or as an unfortunate one. Ido Hadhrat Abu Darda (R.A) has mentioned that he loves not know how was I recorded. the following three things:-3. When the angel of death claims a soul, he asks Allaah whether the soul should be kept with the 1. D e s t i t u t i o n - so t h a t he could be h u m b l e . Mum~neen with the kuffar. Ido not know what or 2. Illness- so t h a t his sics youi id be forgiven. reply will issue f o r t h with regard t o myself. 3. Death- so that he could meet Allaah.4. Allaah will announce on the Day of Judgement, "Be separated, Oh you criminals." I do not know t o which party I will belong." THE BEST AND MOST INTELLIGENT PERSON. When someone asked Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-THE FOUR SIGNS OF A PERSON WHO A WAKENS wasallam) who the best person was, he replied, "The FROM HIS NEGLIGENCE. one who has the best character." When it was asked as t o who the most intelligent person was, the reply was, "The person who remembers death the most andThere are four signs that disclose the person who has prepares for it."shattered the inhibiting veils of negligence. These are:
  • 16. Admonition For Neglectful 32 Admonition For Neglectful 33 FIVE TYPES OF GLAD TIDINGS. The grave of a kaafir. The grave of the kaafir will be so much narrowed that his ribs will penetrate each other. A snake, the thickness of a camels neck willAllaah says, "As for those who say, Our Rabb is continue to eat at his flesh and a deaf and dumb angelAllaah! then they are steadfast, We shall send will continue to beat him with a hammer. The Fire ofangels to them saying, Do not fear and do not Jahannam will be shown t o him each day and night.grieve. Accept the glad tidings of the Jannah thatyou have been promised." [ S u r a h M u m i n ] EIGHT THINGS THAT WILL SAVE ONE FROM THE THESE GLAD TIDINGS ARE O F FIVE TYPES, PUNISHMENT OF THE GRAVE. VIZ. Faqih Abul Laith Samarqandi (R.A) mentioned t h a t1. For the average Mumin, it will mean that they will carrying out four things and abstaining from another not fear suffering eternal punishment. Although four things will protect one from punishment in the they may have t o suffer for a while, they will be g r a v e . The f o u r t h i n g s t o p r a c t i c e o n a r e : - removed and the Ambiyaa (A.S) will intercede on (1) Punctuality with salaah, their behalf. (2) abundant charity,2. For the sincere ones, it will mean that they will not (3) recitation of the Quraan, have to fear that their actions will be rejected. They (4) abundance of dhikr. will not have to grieve over the loss of rewards, for these will be g r a n t e d double-fold t o t h e m .3. For those who repented, i t will mean that they do The four that have to be avoided are: not have to fear for their sins. ~ h e s e be forgiven will and they will not have to fear whether their sins (1) Lying, (2) misappropriation of trust, will be forgiven after Taubah.4. For the asceticism, i t will mean that they will not (3) carrying tales, have to fear accountability and will reqeive the glad (4) droppings of urine (from contaminating the body tidings of entering Jannah witholdt reckoning. and clothes).5, For the religious scholars who propagated good and practiced on their knowledge, it will mean that they Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned will not have t o fear the torment and terror of that punishment in the grave is usually due to droppings Qiyamah. They will not have to grieve over the loss of urine. of rewards. They and their followers will be given ALLAAH DETESTS FOUR THINGS IN the tidings of entering Jannah.The grave of the Mumin. The grave of a Mumin PARTICULAR.will be expanded by seventy spans and a beddingof velvet will be laid for him therein. The grave 1. Playing in salaah.will be fragrant and illuminated with the light of 2. Futile speech while the Quraan is being recited.Imaan and the Quraan. He will then be made to 3. Cohabitation while fasting.sleep like a bride, to be awoken by her beloved. 4. Laughing in the graveyard.
  • 17. Admonition For Neglectful 34 Admonition For Neglectful 35 A GOLDEN SAYING. AN ALARMING INCIDENI:Standing by the side of a graveyard, the great illuminary, Hadhrat Amr bin Dinaar (R.A) reports that a man whoHadhrat Muhammad bin Sammaak (R.A) said, "The lived in Madinah had a sister in the same district. Hesilence and equality of the graves should not deceive buried her after her death, but realized afterwards thatyou. There are many distressed and alarmed people he had dropped his wallet in the grave. He took someone with him to the graveyard and they found the gravetherein, and there is a great difference between all which they dug.these graves. The intelligent person is he who preparedfor the grave before entering it." After finding the wallet, he told the person to dig deeper so that they could see the condition of his sister. As he A STARTLING INCIDENT peeped therein he saw flames leaping from within. Startled, he had the grave filled and went to see his mother. At first his mother refused t o d~sclosetheSome people told Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas (R.A) condition of her daughter, but when the man insisted,that they dug a grave t o bury a companion of theirs. she told h i m t h a t his sister used t o delay in theThey found a black snake therein. When they dug the performance of her salaah and perform i t after itssecond and third graves, they saw the same snake time. She also said that the girl never performed hertherein. They asked h i m w h a t t h e y were t o do. wudhu properly and would eavesdrop on people at night so as t o relate their conversations t o others.He advised them t o bury him in any of these graves.He told them that the snake was a consequence of oneof his actions and that they would find it present even THE SCREAMS OF THE DEAD.if they dug every grave in the world. After burying him,they met his wife, who told them that he used t o sell Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallarn) mentionedgrains and that daily he would take out some for eating, thaf everything besides man can hear the screams ofreplacing these with stones or sticks. the dead. I f man heard it, he would fall unconscious. The pious deceased tells the people to hasten with his THE ANNOUNCEMENTS OF THE EARTH:- 5 bier for, if they saw where he was heading, they would hurry thereto themselves. The evil soul pleads with the CALLS. people not to hurry for, if they saw where he was going, they would never take him there.Daily t h e e a r t h makes five announcements: After burial, two dark, blue-eyed angels appear before the deceased. Salaah prevents them from approaching 1. Oh Man! You walk on m y back and will be within near the head side saying, "Do not approach from this my belly one day. direction because he used to engage in salaah during 2. Oh Man! You eat various things on m y back and the night for fear of the grave. Obedience to parents will be eaten by worms and insects i n by belly. will shield him from the side of his feet, charity from 3. Oh Man! You laugh while on m y back. Soon you will the right side, and fasting from the left. be crying within m y belly. 4. Oh Man! You are happy on m y back. Soon you will This world is but for a few days, whereafter the be grieved when you enter m y belly. everlasting journey to the Hereafter commences. There 5. Oh Man! You perpetrate sins on m y back and soon a person will not be able t o recite SubhaanAllaah or will be punished in m y belly. Alhamdulillah even once. The life in this world is the
  • 18. Admonition For Neglectful 37Admonition For Neglectful 36 perspire so much that the perspiration of some of themonly capital that a person has t o invest for the Hereafter. will reach till their mouths.I f the capital is exhausted, a person cannot do any The people will t h e n g o t o all t h e Ambiyaa ( A S ) ,business. Time passes by constantly. When he decides pleading with t h e m t o beseech Allaah t o commencet o act i t might be too late. the reckoning. However, all wiil refuse except RasulullaahThe angel Hadhrat Israfeel (A.S) is presently (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam). After his intercession onwaiting with the trumpet in his mouth- waitingfor Allaahrs command to blow it. Once he blows t h e i r behalf, A l l a a h w i l l b e g i n t h e r e c k o n i n g .the trumpet, all of creation will be overcome with All the angels will stand in rows and it will be announced,a strange anxiety. When he blows it for the second "Everyones actions have been recorded in their books.time, the universe will be annihilated, except for Those whose actions were good should thank Allaaha few angels. Thereafter Allaah will ask the angel and those whose actions were evil have only themselvesof death, "Who is still alive?" He will submit, t o blame. All creation besides m a n and jinn wili have"Jibraeel, Mikaeel, Israfeel, the angels who carry their revenge f r o m each other, whereafter they willthe Arsh and myself." perish forever." No monetary recompense will work there. A wrongdoerAllaah will then command h i m t o extract the souls o f will have t o repay the claimant with his good actions.all these angels. When he will do so, Allaah will again When their good actions have expired, they will beask h i m who else still lives. He will reply, "Besides laden with the evil actions o f the people who claimYourself, it is only me." Allaah will tell him, "All m u s t from them. I n this manner many people who initiallyperish besides Myself so you also die." Consequently, had m a n y good a c t ~ o n swill e r 3 u p bankrupt. Thethe angel of death will extract his own soul between oppressor will then be doomed for Jahannam, whileJannah and Jahannam. He shall give such an agonizing the oppressed person will enter Jannah.cry a t that time that if any of the creation existed then, The day will be so severe that even the Ambiyaa (A.S),they would all die on account of this cry. the high ranking angels and the martyrs will doubt their predicament. Questions will be asked about onesHe will then say, "If Irealized the pain of death I would life, youth, knowledge and wealth. I n search of a singlehave been even more gentle when extracting the souls action, people will approach their children, parents andof the Mumineen." loved ones, b u t will r e t u r n e m p t y handed. Hadhrat Anas (R.A) reports t h a t once Hadhrat JibreeiOnly Allaah shall live on. He will announce, "Where are (A.S) came to Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam)t h e kings? Where are t h e ? Where have t h e Rrincestyrants gone? Where are t eir children? Where are in such a state that he was overcome with fear and his face had become pale. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-those who ate f r o m My provisions? To whom does wasallam) had never seen him in this condition before.sovereignty belon today? I t all belongs to Allaah, When Rasulullaah (saliAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) enquiredThe One, The Migi(ty." about the reason for this condition, Hadhrat JibreelThereafter Allaah will cause a resuscitating rain t o fall (A.S) replied t h a t he had seen such a scene f r g mfrom the skies, causing people t o surface f r o m their raves like sprouting plants. Thereafter Hadhrat Israfeel Jahannam. On such a day when no person (who had9 A.S) will b e raised, followed b y Hadhrat Jibreel andMikaaeel (A.S). Then Hadhrat Israfeel (A.S) will blow seen t h e same) would r e s t u n t i l h e was assured protection therefrom.the trumpet for t h e third t i m e a n d all o f creation will Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) then askedb e brou h t back t o life. The first t o b e raised will b e him t o describe what he saw. He said, "When Allaah 9 Rasulu laah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam). Everyone will be naked and wiil b e gathered on a grand created Jahannam, he stoked the fire for a thousand years u n t ~it was red. Thereafter He stoked i t for l plain. Allaah will not t u r n His attention t o t h e peo l e another thousand years until it became white. He thent o pass judgement, and they will weep so much t a t P , kindled it for another thousand years until i t becametheir tears will deplete and be replaced b y blood. People as black and dark as i t is presently.will
  • 19. Admonition For Neglectful 38 Admonition For Neglectful 39The flames and coals of Jahannam never remain silent. will occupy the seventh level?" Feeling ashamed, HadhratBy Aliaahl I f even t h e e x t e n t o f a needles eye o f Jibreel (A.S) said, "This level will be occupied by thoseJahannam was released to this world, the entire universe members of your ummah who commit major sins andwould burn t o cinders." die without repenting." Unable t o bear this Rasulullaah" I f the clothing of a person from Jahannam was t o be (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) fell down unconscious.suspended between the earth and the sky, the stench Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) then took the head of Rasulullaahand heat e m i t t i n g t h e r e f r o m would kill t h e e n t i r e (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) upon his lap. Whenuniverse. I f a single chain from the Salaasil mentioned Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) recovered hein the Quraan is placed upon a mountain, it would melt asked Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) whether any members ofand sink below the surface. I f a person in the east was his ummah will really enter Jahannam. Hadhrat Jibreelafflicted with the punishment of Jahannam, the people (A.S) replied, "Yes. Those who commit major sins andi n t h e w e s t would b e scorched w i t h t h e h e a t . " die without repenting." Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-"The heat of Jahannam is extremely intense and i t is wasallam) then burst out in tears and Hadhrat Jibreelexceptionally deep. The jewellery o f t h e person i n (A.S) also did the same.Jahannam will be iron, his drink will be boiling pussand his clothing will be fire. Jahannam has seven doors. After this Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) onlyEvery man and woman entering each door has been left the house for salaah and did not mix with anyone.specified." He would begin and terminate the salaah in tears. OnRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-ala~hi-wasallam)asked h i m t h e t h i r d day Hadhrat Abu Bakr (R.A) came t o t h ewhether the doors were like those of earthly homes. house of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) andHe replied, "No. They are more vast on t h e t o p and requested permission t o enter. When he received nobeneath. Their width is a distance of seventy years and reply he returned in tears.each door 1 seventy times hotter than the next. The senemies of Allaah will be dragged t o the doors and will The same happened t o Hadhrat Umar (R.A). Thereafterbe received with yokes and chains. When a chain is Hadhrat Salmaan Farsi (R.A) also requested permissionput in their mouths i t will emerge from their posteriors. t o enter and he was extremely perturbed when he didTheir hands will also be handcuffed." n o t receive a reply. I n his anxiety he stood awhile, then sat, then returned t o his home, only t o go back"With each human in Jahannam there will be a shaytaan. to the house of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam).The angels will t h e n drag t h e m on their faces i n t o He then went t o the house of Hadhrat Faatima (R.A).Jahannam, beating them with iron hammers. Whenever When he related the incident t o her, she immediatelythey will t r y t o escape f r o m Jahannam t h e y will be adorned her shawl and proceeded t o the house o f herbeaten back." father CsallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam).Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) enquired from Arriving a t the door she greeted with salaam and saidHadhrat Jibreel (A.S) as t o who will b e i n all these t h a t she was Faatima. At t h a t t i m e Rasulullaahvarious doors. Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) replied, "The lowest (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) was prostrating anddoor (level) will be for the munafiqeen, the people o f weeping for his ummah. He then raised his head andt h e Maaidah and the people o f Firoun. This level is exclaimed, "The coolness of m y eyes Faatima! What iscalled Haawiya. On the next level, called Jaheem, the matter?" He then asked his wife t o allow Hadhratwill be the Mushrikeen, while the Sabaians will occupy Faatima (R.A) in. When she noticed how pale her fathert h e third level, which is called Saqar. Iblees and his had become and t h a t exuberance from his face wascomrades will be in the fourth level called Lazaa, and missing, she began t o weep m o s t bitterly.the fifth level, known as Hutama is reserved for the When she asked him the reason for this condition ofJews. The Christians will then be o n t h e sixth level his, Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied,called Saeer." "Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) has informed m e about theThereafter Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) remained silent, conditions in Jahannam and told me that the uppermostwhereupon Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) level will be occupied b y those people of m y ummahasked, "Why have you remained silent? Who who commit major
  • 20. Admonition For Neglectful 40 Admonition For Neglectful 41sins and die without repenting. This has caused m e As they are thrown therein, they will all cry o u t in onethe grief that you see." voice saying, "Laa ilaaha IIIAllaah." Upon hearing this,She enquired f r o m Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- the fire will withdraw f r o m t h e m . When Maalik willwasallam) about the condition in which these eople enquire about this, the fire will submit, How could I Pwill be entered into Jahannam. Rasulullaah (sallA laahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied, "The an els will drag t h e m seize t h e m when their tongues h y m n the kalimah of Tauheed?" When this will recur several times Maalik 9into Jahannam, b u t their faces wi I n o t be darkened,their eyes will n o t be blue, their mouths will n o t be will say t h a t they can only be burned when Allaah commands.sealed, there will be no shaytaan with them and they The fire will reach till the feet of some of them, till thewill n o t be shackled i n chains and yokes." knees of others, till the waists of others and u p to theShe then asked how will they be dragged into Jahannam. throats of some. When the fire will approach their faces,Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied b y Maalik will instruct the fire not t o burn their faces andsaying t h a t t h e men will be dragged by their beards their hearts because they prostrated i n salaah andand the women b y their hair. These people, male and observed fasts during Ramadhaan. These people willfemale, young and old, will scream and cry because of suffer for their sins and remain in Jahannam till Allaahthe disgrace that they suffer. When they will be brought desires that they should emerge therefrom. They willt o Jahannam, t h e doorkeeper (Maalik) will enquire, constantly call out, Ya Hannaan! Ya Mannaan! Ya"Who are these people? They are unique because their Arhamar Raahimeen!"faces are not darkened, their eyes are not blue, theirmouths are n o t sealed, there are no shayateen with Eventually a day will come when Allaah will instructthem, and they are not shackled in yokes and chains." Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) to find out about the ummah of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam). He will hastenThe angels will reply t h a t they have no knowledge t o Jahannam and will find Maalik on a pulpit in t h eabout the identities of these people and that they were centre of Jahannam. Maalik will rise t o receive him andmerely commanded t o present t h e m t o him. He will will enquire about the reason for his visit. Hadhratthen address them saying, Oh you wretched ones! You Jibreel (A.S) will reply t h a t he had arrived t o find o u ttell me who you are." [According t o another narration, about the ummah of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-they will shout, "Oh Muhammad (sallAllaahu-alaihi- wasallam).wasallam)! Oh Muhammad (sallAllaahu-alaihi- Maalik will reply that they are in a miserable conditionwasallam)!" as they will be dragged. However-, they and in a very confined place. He will add t h a t the firewill f o r g e t t h i s when t h e y see t h e doorkeeper o f had burnt all of their bodies except their faces andJahannam]. hearts. These two will still glow with the light of Imaan. Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) will request t o see them. WhenWhen he asks them, they will reply, We are those t o they see Hadhrat libreel (A.S), they will realize t h a twhom the Quraan was revealed and upon whom the he is not one of the angels of punishment. They willfasts on Ramadhaan were made compulsory. He will not have seen such a beautiful countenance before.say, But t h e Quraan was revealed t o Muhammad They will be told that this is Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S), who(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam . Upon hearing this they bwill exclaim, We are f r o m t e u m m a h of Rasulullaah(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam). Maalik will tell them, brought revelation to Hadhrat Muhammad (sallAllaahu- alaihi-wasallam), Upon hearing his name, thcy will call out, Oh Jibreel! Convey our salaams t o o u r leaderDid t h e Quraan n o t w a r n you against disobeying Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) and tell himAllaah?" that our sins have separated us from him and destroyed us.w h e n they see the fire f r o m the door, they will plead When Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) will return t o Allaah andwith him to allow them t o weep over themselves. They relate the incident t o Him, Allaah will ask h i m whatwill the weep till their tears d r y u p and is replaced b y these people requested him to do. He will say that theytears of blood. As they weep, he will tell them, If only requested that their salaams be conveyed to Rasulullaahthis weeping had taken place in t h e world, then you (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) and that he be informedwould not have been weeping here. They will then be of their condition. Allaah will command h i m t o fulfillcast into Jahannam by his command. the request.
  • 21. Admonition For Nenlectful 42 Admonition For Nenlectful 43 - - He will hasten t o Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- It will be then tt, t death shall be presented as a sheep wasallam), who will be relaxing in a palace made of and slaughtered before the people of Jannah and the earl. It shall have four thousand entrances, each one people of Jahannam. They will then be told, "Now none a Eaving two doors o f gold. After greetin with salaam, Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) will tell Rasulullaa (sallAllaahu- alaihi-wasallam) t h a t he had just returned f r o m the shall ever die. Each person will remain forever where he is." [May Allaah save us all from Jahannam. Aameen.] sinners o f h i s u m m a h . He will t e l l Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) t h a t these people had The reality of Jannah: Hadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) conve ed their salaams to him and wished t o inform narrates that the Sahabahh (R.A) once asked 7 him o their miserable pli ht. Hearing this, Rasulullaah qsallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) what Jannah was made of. He replied, "From water." will immediately fall i n prostration beneath Allaahs Thereupon they asked, "We wish to know about throne and praise Allaah with such words that he never the buildings of Jannah." Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu- knew before. Allaah will say, "Oh Muhammad! Raise alaihi-wasallam) said, "One brick is of gold, your head. Ask and you will be granted. I f you wish t o another of silver, and the mortar is musk. The intercede then do so. Your intercession will surely be sand is Saffron and the pebbles are pearls and accepted." rubies. Whoever will enter Jannah will not be Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) will submit, "Oh m y Rabb! Your decision has been passed w i t h deprived of any bounty, and will abide therein regard t o the sinful ones of m y ummah and they have forever. They will never die therein, their clothing been p u n i s h e d f o r t h e i r sins. Please accept m y will never wear out and their youth shall never intercession on their behalf." Allaah will declare, "The terminate."command has been issued and your intercession isaccepted. You go personally and remove from Jahannam Thereafter Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) erson w h o recited "Laa ilaaha IIIAllaah." continued to say, "The duas of three people are never P Rasulu laah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) will t h e napproach t h e doorkeeper o f Jahannam. Upon seeing rejected. They are: (1) A just ruler,him, M a a l i k w i l l r i s e i n reverence. Rasulullaah (2) the fasting person when he terminates his fast,(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) will say, "Oh Maalik! How andare the sinners o f m y ummah?" Maalik will reply b y (3) the oppressed person. Their duas are lifted abovesaying that their condition is miserable inaction. When t h e clouds and Allaah responds b y saying, I shallthe door of Jahannam will be opened, the sinful Muslimsin Jahannam will cry out, "Oh Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu- definitely assist you even though it may be after somealaihi-wasallam)! The fire has b u r n t o u r skins and time."livers." THE TREES OF JANNAH.Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) will remove Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said t h a t athem all from Jahannam and they will appear as black person of Jannah will walk beneath the shadow of aas charcoals. He will then bath t h e m i n t h e river ofRidhwaan, which is one of the rivers a t the entrance tree for a hundred years without emerging therefrom.of Jannah. After bein bathed, they will emerge as He said that there are such bounties in Jannah whichresplendent youths wit?I their faces shining like the full no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of andmoon. On their foreheads will be emblazoned, "This is no h e a r t o r m i n d has e v e r yearned. T h e r e a f t e ra person f r o m Jahannam whom Allaah has Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) recited theemancipated." verse, "A soul does not know what has beenThey will then all be admitted into Jannah, whereu on concealed there to cool his eyes."the other inmates of Jahannam will wish that they adalso been Muslims so that they could be removed from ! Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) then addedJahannam. Allaah says i n the Quraan, "Many a time that a place in Jannah measuring the size of a whip isthe disbelievers wish that they were Muslims." better. than t ~ i i s world and everything contained therein.
  • 22. Admonition For Neglectful 44 Admonition For Neglectful 45 ONE OF THE DAMSELS OF JANNAH CALLED The veils will then be lifted (from Allaah) and the people LA IBA. of Jannah will see Allaah. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu- alaihi-wasallam) added, "By Allaah! There will be nothingHadhrat Abdullaah b i n Abbaas (R.A) reports t h a t more beloved and better for t h e people of Jannah."Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "There (May Allaah bless us all with this privilege. Aameen.)is a damsel in Jannah called Laiba. She was createdfrom a mixture of musk, amber, camphor, saffron and HADHRAT JIBREEL (A.S) APPEARS IN A STRANGEthe water of life. All the other damsels of Jannah love MANNER TO CONVEY CLAD TIDINGS.her. I f she has t o spit i n t h e ocean, t h e waters willbecome sweet, T h E following words appear on h e r Hadhrat Anas (R.A) narrates that once Hadhrat Jibreelforehead: "Whoever desires m e should obey his Rabb." (A.S) came to Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) with a bright mirror wherein there was a black spot. When Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) askedHadhrat Mujaahid (R.A) says that the ground of Jannah him what the mirror was, he replied, "This is the dayis silver, the sand is musk, the trunks of the trees are o f Jumuah and t h e spot is t h a t m o m e n t i n everysilver and the branches are of pearls and crystal. The Jumuah (wherein duas are accepted). You and yourfruit will be easy t o reach whether a person is sitting, ummah have been favoured above the previous ummahsstanding or lying down. with this. There is a moment during this day wherein every dua is accepted. This day is the day of Mazeed." THE BEAUTY OF THE PEOPLE O F JANNAH. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) enquired, "What is the day of Mazeed?" Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) replied, "Allaah has created a valley in Jannah whereinHadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) reports that the beauty and there is a container of musk. Every Jumuah, pulpitsyouth of the people of Jannah will continue t o increase of celestial light are placed therein and t h e Ambiyaajust as old age gradually overtakes the people o f this (A.S) ascend them. There are a l s ~ golden pulpits studded w i t h rubies a n d c r y s t a l w h e r e u p o n t h eworld. Siddiqeen, martyrs and righteous people will sit. The people of Ghuraf (the average person of Jannah) will sit on hillocks nearby. They will all engage in praising Allaah." THE GREATEST BOUNTY OF JANNAH. Allaah will tell them, "Supplicate t o Me and all your supplications will be accepted." They will all pray forH a d h r a t Suhaib (R.A) narrates f r o m Rasulullaah Allaahs pleasure. Thereupon Allaah will say, "I a m(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) that when the people o f pleased with all of you. I granted you a place i n My home and conferred honour upon you." ThereafterJannah will enter Jannah and the inmates of Jahannam Allaahs brilliance will be made manifest t o t h e m andwill enter Jahannam, a caller will announce, "Oh people they all will witness it. Due t o this extra bounty, theyof Jannah! Allaah wishes t o fulfill the promise t h a t h e will not find any day more beloved t o t h e m than t h emade t o you. They will enquire, "What can this bounty day of Has Allaah n o t caused our scales t o be weighty, According t o one narration, Allaah will tell the angels, "Feed My friends." They will then serve various typesour faces t o be illuminated, admitted us into Jannah of foods, each morsel having a different taste. Theyand saved us from Jahannam?" will then be served various types of drinks by Allaahs command, each sip having a different taste.
  • 23. Admonition For Neglectful 46 Admonition For Neglectful 47Thereafter Allaah will tell them, a m your Rabb and I A TREE IN JANNAH CALLED "TOOBA."Ihave fulfi-lied t h a t promise t h a t Ihad made t o you. Iwill now fulfill whatever requests you make." The people A tree i n Jannah called Tooba will have a branch ino f Jannah will repeatedly say t h a t t h e y only desire every house of Jannah. I t will bear various types o fAllaahs pleasure. Allaah will tell them, "I m pleased a fruit, and birds, the size of camels, will perch thereupon.with you and Ihave something else with Me. Today I I f a person of Jannah desires any of these birds, it willwill bestow such a bounty on you that is superior t o all immediately be served on his table. He will be able t oof this." e a t it d r y on one side a n d roasted o n t h e other. T h e r e a f t e r t h e b i r d w i l l g e t u p a n d f l y away.Consequently, the veils will be removed and everyonewill witness Allaahs magnificence. They will immediatelyfall into prostration and will remain in this position until THE APPEARAhTCEOF JANNAH.Allaah tells them, "Raise your heads. This is not a placeo f worship." The people o f Jannah will forget all t h ebounties o f Jannah upon witnessing this sight. Then a Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas (R.A) and Hadhrat Abustrong wind will blow from beneath the Arsh. Musk will H u r a i r a (R.A) h a v e r e p o r t e d f r o m Rasulullaahemanate from a white container and fall on their heads (sallAliaahu-alaihi-wasallam), "The face o f t h e firstand on the foreheads of their horses. When they return person t o enter Jannah from m y ummah will shine liket o their abodes, their wives will say, "Today you have the 14thfull moon. The face of the second person willr e t u r n e d e v e n m o r e h a n d s o m e t h a n y o u were." shine like a very bright star. Thereafter people will enter one after another with different appearances."Hadhrat Ikrama (R.A) reports that the m e n and womenof Jannah will all be yodths of 33 years. They will allbe extremely good looking and will each wear seventy "There will pe no need t o relieve oneself i n Jannah,sets o f clothing. They will see their reflections on the neither will ones nose give out mucus. There will befaces, chests and calves o f t h e i r spouses. A hadith combs of gold, rings of Ood(a fragrant perfume) andmentions t h a t if a damsel of Jannah has t o expose her perspiration will have the fragrance of musk. Everyonespalm from the heavens, it would illuminate the entire character will be alike. They will all be the youthful ageuniverse. o f Hadhrat Isa (A.S) a t 33. They will be as tall as Hadhrat Aadam (A.S) a t 60 arm-lengths. They will be beardless and will have no hair besides t h a t o f theirTHERE WILL BE NO NEED TO RELIEVE ONESELF heads, eyebrows and eyelashes. They will be fair i n IN JANNAH. complexion and t h e i r clothes will b e green."Hadhrat Zaid bin Arqarn (R.A) says that a person fromt h e Ahlul Kitaab asked Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- "When a person will lay his table, a bird will addresswasallam), "Will there be eating and drinking in Jannah?" him saying, Oh friend of Allaah! Ihave drank from theRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied, "Yes. spring of Salsabeel and eaten a variety o f fruit f r o mA person will be given the strength o f a hundred men, t h e orchards beneath Allaahs Arsh. The person o ft o eat, drink and cohabit." Jannah will eat from one side of the bird t h a t will beThe person commented t h a t since a person needs t o cooked and from the other side, which will be roasted.relieve himself after eating, how will he be able t o do He will also wear seventy sets o f clothing, each setthis in a pure place like Jannah? Kasulullaah (sallAllaahu- being different in colour."alaihi-wasallam) replied, "A person will n o t need t orelieve himself i n Jannah. However, his food will digest He will wear ten rings. The following inscription willby means of perspiration which will have the fragrance appear on the first ring: "Peace be on you becauseof musk." of t h e patience t h a t you have exercised."
  • 24. Admonition For Neglectful 48 Admonition For Neglectful 49The second ring will have t h e inscription, "Enter 5. Supplicate in abundance, especially for Jannah andJannah in peace and safety." a pleasant death.The third will read: "This is the Jannah that you WORDS OF WISDOM :- FACTS. 3have received in lieu of your good actions."The fourth will read: "Grief and worry have been 1. Look at the rewards t o be attained in the Hereafter.removed from you." I t is foolish t o be inclined towards the things of the world and rely on t h e m despite possessing properThe f i f t h will read: "We have adorned you w i t h knowledge.jewels and beautiful garments." 2. Helplessness is not t o make an effort for actions despite possessing the knowledge of their rewardsThe sixth will read: "We have wedded you to the in the Hereafter.Hoorul Ain." 3. That person will attain the comforts of Jannah who forsakes the comforts of this world. That personThe seventh will read: "You shall have in Jannah will b e wealthy i n Jannah w h o forsakes t h i swhatever your heart desires and whatever cools perishable world and is content with just a little.the eyes. And you shall abide therein forever."The eighth will read: "You have conformed with THE STORY OF AN ASCE TIC.t h e A m b i y a a ( A . S ) a n d t h e Siddiqeen." An ascetic saint was eating some greens with only aThe ninth will read: "You have become youths who bit of salt. When someone objected to this he replied,will never age." "I use the world for worship (i.e. so that I may derive strength for worship b y eating, thereby attainingThe t e n t h will read: "You are the neighbours of Jannah). On the other hand, you eat the delicacies o fsuch people who never cause you difficulty." the world simply t o convert t h e m i n t o excreta." FIVE CONDITIONS FOR ADMISSION INTO Note: I t is not possible for every person t o act as this JA NrVAH. ascetic did. I t is advisable t o utilize every bounty of Allaah and then show gratitude for the same. Allaah likes t o witness the effects o f His bounties on His1. Abstention f r o m all sins. Allaah says, "He who servants. Allaah says, "Display the bounties of your restrains himself from passions, then Jannah Rabb." will surely be his abode."2. Contentment with the basics of life.3. Extreme eagerness t o obey Allaahs commands A STOR I OF HADHRAT IBRAHEEM BIN A DHAM because Jannah will be the reward for good actions. (R.A). (Refer t o t h e i n s c r i p t i o n o n t h e t h i r d r i n g ) .4. Having love for the pious servants of Allaah. Meeting them and participating in their gatherings because Hadhrat Ibraheem bin Adham (R.A) once intended t o their intercession will be invaluable on the Day of use the public baths. The owner prevented him saying, Judgement. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) "You cannot enter without first paying the fee." Hearing has mentioned, "Take the pious as brothers (friends) this Hadhrat Ibraheem (R.A) wept and said, "Oh Allaah! because every brother will be given t h e r i g h t t o Iam not allowed t o enter the house of shaytaan without intercede on t h e Day of Judgement." paying a fee.
  • 25. Admonition For Neglectful 50 Admonition For Neglectful 51Jannah is home of the Ambiyaa (A.S) and the Siddiqeen. Hadhrat Anas bin Maalik (R.A) says t h a t i f a personHow can Ienter it without a fee (i.e. without good asks for Jannah thrice, then Jannah says t o Allaah, "Ohactions)?" Allaah! Admit h i m into Jannah." When a person seeks protection for Jahannam thrice, then Jahannam says t o Allaah, Oh Allaah! Protect h i m f r o m Jahannam." FOOD FOR THOUGHT THE BAZAARS OF JANNAH.Allaah once sent t h e following revelation t o a Nabi(A.S): Oh child o f Aadam! You purchase Jahannam Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentionedfor an exorbitant price b u t fail t o purchase Jannah for that there will be bazaars i n Jannah, b u t there will bea small sum." no trade therein. Friends will convene therein and speak about how they worshipped Allaah in the world, aboutPeople consider spending exorbitant sums upon t h e the condition of t h e rich and the poor therein, aboutp r o m p t i n g o f s o m e sinners, t h e r e b y purchasing how death came to them and about the difficulties thatJahannam for themselves. However, they find it difficult they endured t o reach Jannah.t o spend a small s u m upon t h e request o f a poorbeggar, w h e r e a s t h i s i s t h e p r i c e f o r Jannah. WHO IS THERE WHO DESIRES JANNAH?A STATEMENT OF HADHRAT ABU HAAZIM (R.A). You have just read about the description of Jannah. Every person certainly desires t o enter Jannah and must have made dua for Jannah. However, t o merelyHadhrat Abu Haazim (R.A) says, "If Jannah is attained depend upon duas without carrying o u t good actionsby forsaking all t h e pleasures of t h e world, then this is a deception. Foolish are those people who desireis a cheap bargain. Similarly, it will also be a cheap Jannah but are contaminated with sins and are negligentbargain i f one attains salvation f r o m Jahannam on o f performing good actions. They sleep when t h eaccount of enduring all types of difficulties. Jannah can muadhin calls the adhaan and sacrifice their salaahalso be attained by forsaking a single pleasure from a for their businesses. They are reluctant t o pay zakaahthousand pleasures and b y enduring a single difficulty and they forfeit their fasts i n Ramadhaan. They diefrom a thousand difficulties. How cheap is this bargain?" without performing t h e obligatory h a j j and have no consideration for halaal and haraam in their businesses. They consider the learning and teaching of the Quraan as a n iniquity and oppress t h e weak. They extract THE DOWRY FOR JANNAH. labour from the poor and usurp the wealth of orphans.Hadhrat Yahya bin Muaadh Raazi (R.A) says, "Forsaking Despite carrying out all the above in addition t o otherthis world m a y be difficult, b u t forsaking Jannah is sins, they aspire for high ranks of Jannah. I f this is notm u c h m o r e difficult. The d o w r y f o r Jannah is t h e foolishness, then what is? I f one aspires for Jannah,forsaking o f this world." he should devote his entire life t o the commands o f Allaah and the practices of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu- THE INTERCESSION OF JANNAH AND alaihi-wasallam). At the same time, he should trample upon his carnal desires. JAHANNAM
  • 26. Admonition For Neglectful 53Admonition For Neglectful 52When the verse, And My mercy encompasses NEVER MAKE ANYONE DESPONDENT OFeverything," the accursed Iblees said that he is ALLAAHS MERCKalso part of "everything." Therefore he also began Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) once becameto aspire for Allaahs mercy. Similarly, the Jews displeased upon seeing some Sahabahh (R.A) laughing.and the Christians also began to think in this He told them, "You people are laughing when Jahannamway. However, Iblees became despondent when is behind you. Ido not want t o see you laughing again."the next part of the verse was revealed i.e. "I Saying this, Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam)shall soon ordain this mercy for those who abstain left.from shirk, pay zakaah and who believe in Ourverses." We became so stiff t h a t it seemed as if birds were perched on our heads. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-However, the Jews and the Christians said, "We abstain wasallam) suddenly turned back and said, "Hadhratfrom shirk, pay zakaah and believe in Allaahs verses." Jibreel (A.S) has just come to m e with a message fromThey also became despondent when the verse was Allaah, You have made My bondsmen despondent o frevealed, "Those w h o follow t h e unlettered My mercy. Inform t h e m t h a t I a m the Most Forgiving,messenger." t h e Most Merciful and t h a t My punishment is m o s t severe."Therefore, t h e verse only applied t o the Mumineen.Every Mumin should thank-Ailaah profusely for thisg r e a t b o o n t h a t A l l a a h has b e s t o w e d o n h i m . AN OATH MAY BE TAKEN ON FOUR THINGS.THE HOPE AND PRAYERS OF HADHRAT YAHYA Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Masood (R.A) told Hadhrat BIN MUAADH R4AZI (R.A):- 3 DUAAS. Abdur Rahmaan (R.A), "I can take an oath on three things. I f you take an oath on the fourth, Ishall confirm your oath."Hadhrat Yahya bin Muaadh Raazi (R.A) used t o makethe following duas: I 1. On the Day of Qiyamah, Allaah will only befriend1. Oh Allaah! You have sent one part of the hundred those whom he befriended in the world. parts of Your mercy t o this world, due t o which we 2. Allaah shall never treat a Muslim (irrespective o f have been blessed w i t h t h e priceless wealth o f the weakness of his Imaan) like how He will treat Islaam. So why should we not aspire for Your mercy the kuffar. on the day when You will exhibit the remainder of 3. A person will be with those whom he loves on the the hundred parts? Day of Judgement.2. Oh Allaah! I f Your reward is reserved for the obedient 4. On the Day of Qiyamah, Allaah will conceal the sins and Your mercy is for the sinners, Iwould aspire o f those people whose sins He had concealed i n for Your reward even though Iwas not f r o m t h e the world. obedient. Therefore, why should I not aspire for Your mercy when Ia m a sinner? INTERCESSION WILL BE ON BEHALF OF THE3. Oh Allaah! You have created Jannah for Your friends SINNERS. and You have deprived the kuffar thereof and made them despondent of entering it. The angels are not H a d h r a t Jaabir (R.A) n a r r a t e s t h a t Rasulullaah in need o f Jannah and You are also Independent (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "My intercession of Janrlah. Then for who can Jannah be besides for shall be for the sinful ones of m y ummah. The one us? w h o r e j e c t s will b e d e p r i v e d o f intercession."
  • 27. Admonition For Neglectful 54 Admonition For Neglectful 55 -- - A THOUGHT PROVOKING INCIDENT. Question: Who took yoi! tc:, the island i n the centre of the ocean? Who caused a spring of sweet water t o flow amidst the salty water of the ocean? Who causedHadhrat Jibreel (A.S) related to Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) the incident of a person who lived on the pomegranate tree t o grow? Who acceded t o youran island and worshipped Allaah for five hundred years. request and allo~ved your soul to leave your body whileThe island was surrounded b y salty water, b u t Allaah you were prostrating?caused a small spring of sweet water t o flow near him,from which he drank. Allaah also caused a pomegranate Reply: Oh Allaah! You did.tree t o grow for him t o eat from. Allaah will then tell him, "All of this was on account of My mercy, and Ishall admit you into Jannah b y MyDaily he ate from the tree, drank from the water and mercy as well."made wudhu therewith. Allaah even accepted his duat o die while prostrating. Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) t o l dRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) that whenever GLAD TIDINGS.they ascended and descended from the heavens theyfound h i m in prostration before Allaah. The person whose heart contains fear and hope a t the h time of death will be treated according t o his hope andOn the Day of Judgement Allaah will announce that he Ishould be admitted into Jannah on account of Allaahs I saved from what he fears.mercy. He will submit t h a t i t will be on account o f hisworship. Allaah will t h e n order t h a t his actions b eweighed against Allaahs bounties upon him. When this GOLDEN WORDS.will be done, all five hundred years of worship will noteven suffice for the power of sight that Allaah bestowed Hadhrat I b n Masood (R.A) narrates that Allaahs mercyh i m with. will be so vast on the Day of Judgement t h a t even shaytaan will anticipate m e r c y and intercession.Allaah will then instruct the angels t o take this persont o Jahannam. As they proceed, he will say, "Oh Allaah!Enter m e into Jannah b y Your mercy." Allaah will then Hadhrat Fudail bin Ayaadh (R.A) says that fear is bestcommand t h e angels t o bring h i m back. When they while one is healthy, so t h a t one m a y excel i n goodagain present h i m before Allaah, Allaah will ask h i m actions. However, during weakness and illness, hopethe following questions: is b e s t so t h a t one does n o t g r o w despondent.Question: Who created you? A STUNNING INCIDENT ABOUT ALLAAHSReply: Oh Allaah! You did. FORGIVENESS.Question: Was this (creation) due t o your actions ordue t o My mercy? Hadhrat Ahmed b i n Suhail (R.A) says t h a t h e saw Hadhrat Yahya bin Aktham (R.A) in a dream. He asked,Reply: Due t o Your mercy. "How d i d Allaah t r e a t you?" He replied, "Allaah summoned m e saying, Oh evil old m a n ! You haveQuestion: Who granted you the guidance and the ability perpetrated many bad acts. I responded b y saying,t o engage in worship for five hundred years? Oh m y Rabb! I shall n o t comment on these a t this moment.Reply: Oh Allaah! You did.
  • 28. Admonition For Neglectful 56 Admonition For Neglectful 57Allaah asked, Then what have you t o say. I said, I 5. The person who sheds tears when rememberingAbdur Razzaaq told m e t h a t Zuhri told h i m that Urwa 1 Allaah i n seclusion (this is a sign o f sincerity).t o l d h i m t h a t Hadhrat Aisha (R.A) t o l d h i m t h a tRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) told her that 1 6. The person who spends so secretly in charity that he does n o t even k n o w how m u c h h e spends.Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) told h i m about Your declarationthat When I wish t o punish a n old Muslim, I shy away j 7. The person who, when he is seduced by a beautiful woman, w i t h d r a w s saying, "I f e a r A l l a a h ! "due t o his old age. Oh Allaah! Ia m a very old man. A general and widespread punishment does not afflictAllaah replied, They have all spoken the t r u t h and so the masses due to the sins of certain people. However,will it be. I was t h e r e f o r e a d m i t t e d t o Jannah." when sin becomes rampant and no one attempts t o I forbid it, then all and sundry are swept up in the wake CONCISE AD VICE. of Allaahs punishment. [Hadhrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz (R.A)IH a d h r a t U m a r (R.A) o n c e c a m e t o Rasulullaah(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) and saw h i m weeping. Faqih Abul Laith (R.A) says t h a t Allaah once revealedWhen h e enquired a b o u t t h e reason f o r t h e tears, t o Rasulullaah Hadhrat Yusha bin Noon (A.S) t h a t HeRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Allaah would soon destroy 40 000 pious people of his nationhas declared t h a t He feels ashamed t o punish a n old and 6 0 000 of the sinful ones. He submitted, "Theman b e c a s e of his age, then why is the old man not destruction of the sinful ones are understood, but whyashamed t o disobey Allaah?" should the pious ones be destroyed?"The tongue of every old person should be moist with Allaah replied, "The pious ones did not forbid the evilexcessive thanks t o Allaah. He should be ashamed t o and did not even consider the sins as an evil. I n fact,sin before the scribe angels (Kiraamun Kaatibeen) and they continued to eat, drink and mix with the sinners."should therefore avoid all sins. He never knows whenhe will Pie. I n fact, crops are harvested as soon as theyripen. Yduth is expected after childhood, adulthood is GLAD TIDINGS.expected after adolescence and old age is expectedafter adulthood. What can be expected after old age Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Somebesides death? people spread virtue and eradicate evil, while others spread evil and eradicate good. Glad tidings be for SEVEN CATEGORIES OF PEOPLE WILL BE those w h o m Allaah has used t o spread good andSHADED BENEATH THE THRONE O F ALLAAH. terminate evil. Destruction be t o those who spread evil and terminate good."Allaahs Arsh will shade seven categories of people onthe Day of Qiyamah, when there shall not be any other RECOGNIZING A MUMIN AND A HYPOCRITE.shade. These shall be:1. The just ruler. Enjoining good and forbidding evil ( A m r bil Maroof2. The y o u t h w h o e n g a g e d i n Allaahs worship. wan Nahy anil Munkar) is the hallmark of a Mumin.3. The person who^ heart is attached t o the masjid. Allaah says in the Quraan, "The believing men and4. Those t w o persons who love each other solely for the believing women are auxiliaries to each other. Allaahs pleasure. They enjoin good and forbid evil."
  • 29. Admonition For Nealectful 58 Admonition For Neglectful 59On the other hand, Allaah also says, "The hypocrite THE CATEGORIES OF ENJOINING GOOD ANDmen and women all proceed from one another. FORBIDDING EVIL.They enjoin evil and forbid from good." Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "When you see an evil being perpetrated, then prevent it with A REMARK BY HADHRATALI (R.A). your hand. I f you are unable to do this, then prevent it with your tongue. I f you are unable t o do even this, then at least consider it a vice in your heart. This isHadhrat Ali (R.A) said, "The person who enjoins good, the lowest form of Imaan."strengthens the firmness of the Mumin, and the personw h o f o r b i d s evil, d i s g r a c e s t h e h y p o c r i t e . " Some ulema have mentioned that rulers should forbid evil with their hands, the ulema should do so with their tongues, and the general public are those who at leastA TECHNIQUE IS REQUIRED WHEN ENJOINING consider it to be a vice. GOOD. A FASCINATING STORY: A person was once infuriated when he noticed people worshipping a tree. He grabbed an axe and proceededHadhrat Abu Darda (R.A) has mentioned that the person to chop it down. En route he met the accursed Iblees,who advises his brother in public has humiliated him. who asked him where he was headed. He informedThe one who advises him in private has embellished Iblees that he intended to chop the tree. Iblees bade him to leave the tree alone and let the worshippershim. (A person is more likely t o accept advice given in suffer the consequences. An argument ensued and theprivate and will be encouraged by attempting to act two eventually wrestled thrice, Iblees being defeatedthereupon). each time. When Iblees finally realized that he will never defeat the person, he adopted another approach. He told the TYRANNICAL RULERS ARE THE RESULT OF person that if he left the tree t o be, he would find four dirhams beneath his bed every morning. When theFAILURE TO ENJOIN GOOD AND FORBID EVIL. person hesitated, Iblees solemnly promised this for him. The person accepted the proposal and returned home. As promised, he found the four dirhams on theHadhrat Abu Darda (R.A) once said, "Oh people! promised place each morning for several mornings.Continue t o practice Amr bil Maroof wan Nahy anil However, when he did n o t find anything for t w oMunkar, otherwise Allaah will appoint such tyrants t o consecutive mornings, he grabbed his axe in a fit ofrule over you, who will not respect your elders and will anger and again proceeded t o the tree.not have mercy upon your youngsters. Then the pious Again he met the accursed Iblees on the road. Whenamongst you will Gray t o Allaah, but He will not accept Iblees asked him where he was going, he replied thattheir supplications. You will beseech His help, but Ye he was on his way to cut down the tree that peoplewill not help you. You will seek His forgiveness, but He were worshipping. Iblees then told him to back off because he would not allow Him to proceed. Ibleeswill not forgive you." said, "On the first occasion you wanted to cut the tree down for Allaahs pleasure and Iwould never been able to stop you despite my hardest efforts. Now you
  • 30. Admonition For Necrlectful 60 Admonition For Neglectful 61intend to chop it u p on account of four dirhams. I f youust take another step Iwill sever your head from your w i t h warrant; and do not commit adultery.body!" The person was thus obliged t o return home. Whoever perpetrates these shall be a sinner."This shows t h a t when actions are done for Allaaahspleaures, shaitaan is humbled. When actions are done He wrote to say that he had perpetrated all these evils,for worldly benefit, even shaitaan gets bold. so was t h e r e any Taubah (repentance) f o r h i m ? Allaah then revealed the verse, "Except for him who FIVE CONDITIONS FOR A PREACHER. repents, believes and does good actions." Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) had this written and sent t o Hadhrat Wahshi (R.A).1. Knowledge. (An ignorant person is n o t worthv of - preaching). stipulates t h e2. Sincerity. (This is t h e lifeblood o f everv act and no did n o t know action is accepted without it).3. Good character and love. (The preaching of a harsh, impolite person cannot be effective). Thereupon Allaah revealed the verse, "Verily Allaah4. Patience and forbearance. (A preacher cannot does not forgive that partners be ascribed unto succeed without these two qualities because he will Him, but forgives all besides this for whomsoever certain1 encounter many difficulties and all types of peop e). Y He wills." T h i s v e r s e w a s a l s o s e n t t o h i m .5. Practice upon what he preaches. (Without this his He again wrote back saying t h a t this verse stipulates reaching will have no effect on t h e masses a n d that Allaah will only forgive those whom He wills. He Ee will fade away due t o fear of peoples taunts). expressed doubt about whether Allaah would wish t c forgive him or not.Hadhrat Hudhaifa (R.A) r e p o r t s t h a t Rasulullaah(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Oh people! You Thereafter the verse was revealed declaring, "Say,m u s t practice A m r bil Maroof wan Nahy anil Munkar, Oh My bondsmen who have transgressed a a ~ n s totherwise Allaahs ~ u n i s h m e n t a v afflict vou. Then myou will supplicate t o Him, b u t He will n o t adcept your their souls! Do not be despondent of Al aahs ?duas." [Bukhari] mercy. Verily Allaah forgives all sins. Inaction He i s t h e Most Forgiving, t h e Most Merciful."Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has also After this verse was sent t o him, he arrived in Madinahmentioned, "When people do n o t attempt t o prevent t o accept evil t h a t they see before them, they should awaitAllaahs u n i s h m e n t . " [ T i r m i d h i a n d I b n M a j a h ] ERasulullaa (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) is also reportedt o have said, "When people do n o t restrain t h e hand THE BEHAVIOR OF MAN IS STRANGE INDEED.o f a n oppressor, t h e y should a w a i t a widespread The following statement of Allaahs has been reportedpunishment from Allaah." [Abu Dawood] by Hadhrat Muhammad bin Mutarraf (R.A). Allaah says, The behaviour o f m a n is t r u l y strange. He asks forgiveness from Me after sinning, and Ifor ive him.Hadhrat Wahshi (R.A) was the person who killed HadhratHamzah (R.A). When he intended t o accept Islaam, he R R Then he sins again, asks for f o r iveness, w ereafter Ifor ive him once more. He neit er refrains from sin,sent a letter to Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallarn)stating his intentions, b u t added that the following % nor oes he grow despondent of My mercy. Oh Angels! Be witness t o t h e fact t h a t I have forgiven them."verse of the Quraan prevented him from doing so. Theverse in question was, "Those who do not subscribeto another deity with Allaah; do not kill those Note: Every sinner should continue t o seek Allaahssouls that Allaah has forbidden except forgiveness and must not persist in his sins. The penitent person will not be termed as one who
  • 31. Admonition For Neglectful 62 Admonition For Neglectful 63is persistent in committing sins, even though he repents THE EMINENT FUDAIL (R.A).seventy times a day. A group of highway robbers, whose leader was Hadhrat TAUBA IS ACCEPTED ONLY BEFORE DEATH. Fudail (R.A) once decided to waylay a caravan consisting of traders, travellers, aged people, women and children. They mounted their horses, brandished their swordsHadhrat Hasan Basri (R.A) reports t h a t Rasulullaah and left t o accost the caravan a t a place where they(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "When Allaah placed had halted t o rest.Iblees on the earth, he said t o Allaah, By Your honourand grandeur! I shall continue in m y attempts to mislead When the band of robbers arrived, the people o f them a n as long as his soul remains i n his body. Allaah caravan dispersed in such frenzy t h a t the scene wastold h i m in reply, By My honour and grandeur! Ishall reminiscent of Qiyamah, with every person worryingcontinue t o accept the repentance o f m a n before he about himself only. Mothers were screaming, childrenreaches t h e throes of death." were wailing and t h e robbers were exploiting t h e situation w i t h their usual cold heartedness. THE REMORSE AND DESPONDENCY OF THE I n this confession, Hadhrat Fudail (R.A) came across ACCURSED IBLEES :- FIVES. IN a person in one section of the caravan who was busy reciting something. He approached the person in a fit o f fury because t h e m a n was totally unafraid andIt has been reported that no sin of a person is recorded unperturbed b y their presence. As he drew closer t otrll these reach five. Thereafter, i f h e does five good the person, he heard him recite the verse of the Quraan;actions, five reyvards are recorded i n his account and "Has t h e t i h e n o t c o m e f o r t h e believers t h a tthe five sins are obliterated thereby. Iblees then laments their hearts submit (and tremble) w i t h t h e dhikrwith despondency, "How can Ig e t m a n in m y control of Allaah?" [Surah Haaction]when a single good actions destroys all m y efforts?" The glory of t h e Quraan is such t h a t a few verses of Surah TaaHaa was enough t o alter the image o f Abu SIX QUALITIES OF ONE WHO TRULY Hafs, Umar bin Khattaab into Hadhrat Umar (R.A). I t RECOGNIZES ALLAAH. t h e n raised h i m t o such a mantle t h a t Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "If there was another1. When h e remembers Allaah, h e appreciates this p r o p h e t a f t e r me, it w o u l d hs.le b e e n Umar." boon.2. When he looks a t himself, he considers himself low. Similarly the words of the Quraan had such an impact (Allaahs w o r s h i p is perfection i n itself). upon Hadhrat Fudail (R.A), that he immediately threw3. He takes a lesson from Allaahs signs. (This is his down his sword, left his horse where it stood and ran objective). into the forest leaving his henchmen behind. There he4. When the thoughts of passion and sin enters his wept uncontrollably over all his past sins. mind, he becomes afraid. (Fearing the thought of After a few days, another caravan was passing. The sin is a sign of perfection). inmates, afraid o f coming being attacked, asked one5. He becomes happy when thinking about Allaahs pious man in the vicinity whether Fudail was nearby or a t t r i b u t e o f forgiveness. (The salvation o f m a n whether he was out plundering another caravan? The depends on Allaahs forgiveness). pious person told them not to be afraid of Fudail because6. He repents whenever h e thinks about his sins. he was now even scared of children.
  • 32. Admonition For Neglectful 64 Admonition For Nealectfui 65Thereafter, Hadhrat Fudail (R.A) travelled f r o m t o w n palace one day and had t o see m e engaged i n jokingt o town looking for all those whom he had robbed. He and m e r r y m a k i n g w i t h one o f y o u r concubines?"then returned their property t o them and sought The king was enraged and cursed t h e slave for hisforgiveness f r o m them. impudence. The slave bid the king t o be calm and told him t h a t he was merely testing him. He then said t oAllaah says in Surah Shams, "Allaah has inspired the king, " a m the slave of such a Master who never Ievil and good in every soul. The one who purifies gets as angry as you do despite seeing His slave sinthe soul is successful and the one who destroys seventy times a day. He neither hits m e for it, nor doesit has certainly lost." He deprive m e of m y sustenance (instead, He forgives m e when Irepent). Why should I leave h i m for you. I have j u s t now experienced y o u r reaction t o a nTAUBATUN NASOOHA (SINCERE REPENTANCE):- imaginary situation. What will your reaction be when one really disobeys you?" 3 SIGNS.Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas (R.A) interprets Taubatun SHAYTAAN ALSO HAS REGRETS.Nasooh as when: A taabiee has mentioned t h a t when a sinner repents1. A persons heart is ashamed. for his sins and is remorseful of, his ranks are elevated2. His tongue seeks forgiveness. even m o r e and he becomes worthy o f Jannah. It is3. He resolves never t o repeat the sin h e comitted. then that shaytaan lamentingly says, "If I had only not encouraged him to sin (then his ranks would not haveAllaah instructs us in Surah Tahreem, "Oh you who been raised)!"believe, repent to Allaah, a sincere repentance(Taubatun Nasooha)." HASTE IS BEST IN THREE THINGS. THE RESOI, CTIOA IOT TO REPEL1 T A SIiV IS 1. Salaah, w.hen the time sets in. IMPERA TI IE UHE;V OKE REPENTS. 2. The burial of a deceased person. 3. Repentance after a sin (it should n o t be t h a t he dies without repenting).Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Theexample of the person who repents and then continuest o sin is like t h a t of one who tries t o make a fool o f THE SIGNS OF TAUBA.Allaah." Certain wise men have mentioned that acceptance of Tauba can be .recognized b y four signs. These are: A UNIQUE STORK 1. A person guards his tongue from futile talk, lyingOne of the kings of the Bani Israeel employed a and backbiting.particular slave in his service after hearing much praise 2. He harbours no jealousy or e n m i t y for anyone.of him. Seeing the king i n a good mood, the slave 3. He forsakes evil company.asked him, "What will be your reaction i f you walked 4. He prepares for death, is always remorseful, always repenting and always obedient t o Allaahs orders.into vour
  • 33. Admonition For Neglectful 66 Admonition For Neglectful 67A wise man was once asked, "Are there any signs THE FIRE OF JAHANNAM WILL NOTAFFECTwhereby it can be recognized that a persons Tauba is THE REPENTANT PERSON AS HE CROSSES 0VERaccepted?" He replied that there were the following II:four signs: Hadhrat Khaalid bin Madaan (R.A) says that when the repentant people will enter Jannah, they will ask,1 He disassociates from the company of evil people . "Allaah has mentioned that we will have to cross over and joins the company of good people, having true Jahannam before entering Jannah?" They will be told reverence for them in his heart. that they have already passed over Jahannam, but it2. He disassociates from all sins and turns t o good was cooled (for them). actions only.3. He removes the love of the world from his heart and is constantly worried about t h e Hereafter. THE WARNING AGAINST TAUNTING A MUSLIM.4. He remains unworried about his sustenance, which Allaah has assumed responsibility for, and engages Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned, in Allaahs obedience. "The Muslim who taunts another Muslim due t o any evil, thereby embarrassing him, shall be just like the one who committed the evil (i.e. it will be as if hePeople owe the following four responsibilities t o such perpetrated the sin himself). The person who defamesa person: a Mumin on account of any of his sins shall be involved in the same sin and defamation before he dies." (May1. They should love him because Allaah loves him. Allaah save us therefrom).2. They should pray that Allaah keeps him constant on Taubah. Faqeeh Abul Laith (R.A) says that a Mumin never sins3. They should not taunt him about his previous sins. intentionally. His sins are always due t o negligence4. They should remain in his company, talk about him and he is then forgiven after he repents. Therefore, and assist him in every way. why should he be taunted? SINS ARE TOTALLY OBLITERATED BY TAUBA. FOUR HONOR THAT ALLAAH CONFERS UPON ONE WHO REPENTS. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (R.A) reports that when a slave repents to Allaah, Allaah forgives him and causes the recording angels as well as the personsAllaah honours him with four things viz. limbs to forget about the sin. rherefore, they are unable to testify against him. Even the ground whereupon the1. Allaah purifies him for sins in such a manner that sin was committed forgets the sin. it is as i f h e had never c o m m i t t e d any sin. When Allaah cursed shaytaan he swore by Allaah honour2. Allaah begins to love him. that he will never leave the bosom of man. Allaah then3. Allaah protects him from shaytaan. swore by His honour that He would forgive man as4 long as he lives.5. Allaah makes him fearless and content before he leaves the world. THE EXCELLENCE OF THE I M M A H OF (sallAllaaltrr-alailti-was all an^). Rasrrl~~llaah
  • 34. Admonition For Neglectful 69Admonition For Neglectful 68 SINS ARE TRANSFORMED INTO GOOD ACTIONSThe Tauba of the previous ummahs (nations) was that BY VIRTUE OF TAUBA.Allaah made a halaal thing haraam due t o their sins.Allaah also used t o write their sin on their doors o r ontheir limbs. Hadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) reports that he was once walking with Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam)However, Allaah has been extremely bountiful t o the after Isha. On the road a woman asked, "Oh Abuummah of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) Huraira! Ihave perpetrated a sin. How can I secureby n o t exposing t h e i r sins i n t h i s manner. forgiveness?" When Hadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) enquired about the sin, she said that she had committed adulteryWhenever t h e sinner t u r n s t o Allaah asking f o r and killed t h e illegitimate child born therefrom.forgiveness, Allaah says, My slavz has sinned and hasrealized that he has a Rabb Who is Forgiving and Who Realizing the gravity of the sin, Hadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) told her, "You are destroyed and have destroyedhas the power to take him to task." Allaah then forgives another as well. How can you be forgiven?" Hearingthe person. this she fell unconscious. Hadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) continued ahead, but remained remorseful, thinkingAllaah says, "Whoever commits a sin or oppresses that he should enquire from Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-himself, and then seeks forgiveness from Allaah, alaihi-wasallam) about the matter.he shall find Allaah t o be Most Forgiving, MostMerciful." A person should repent every morning and The following morning, when he informed Rasulullaahevening for his sins. (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) about the incident, Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilayhi Rajioon (To Allaah we belong andGOOD ACTIONS ARE AWAITED BEFORE A SIN IS to Him shall we return. Abu Huraira! You have destroyed RECORDED:- 5 SINS. yourself and another. Have you not read the verse of the Quraan where Allaah says, "Those who do not Every person has an angel on each shoulder, who subscribe to another deity with Allaah, do not kill records his actions. The angel on the right shoulder is those souls that Allaah has forbidden except with the leader. Whenever the angel on the left shoulder warrant, and do not commit adultery. Whoever intends t o record a sin that is committed, t h e angel perpetrates these shall be a sinner. Punishment on the right stops him saying, "Do not write until five will be doubled for them on the Day of Qiyamah, sins are committed." and they will remain therein forever. Except for him who repents, believes and does good actions. When five sins are perpetrated, the angel on the left For these people Allaah will convert their sins requests permission t o write. He is again prevented into good actions. Allaah is ever the Most from writing with the words, Wait. Perchance he may Forgiving, the Most Merciful." carry out a good action." When the person does carry Hadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) says that he then roamed out a good action, the angel on the right says, "Allaah through all the streets of Madinah in search of this has stipulated the principle that every good action will woman, announcing, "Where is the woman who asked earn the reward of ten actions. Therefore this person m e a ruling last night?" Seeing his condition, the has earned the reward of ten good actions for his one children said that he must be mad. act. Since his sins are five, they will be forgiven in lieu of five actions and Ishall reccrd five good actions in That night he met the woman at the same place. He his account." told her what Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) had said adding that the doors of It is then that shaytaan wails as he says, "How can I ever. gain control over man?"
  • 35. Admonition For Neglectful 70 Admonition For Nenlectful 7Irepentance were open for her. She was so overcome Hadhrat Abdullah bin Masood (R.A) hugged him andwith joy that she donated a certain orchard of hers t o they both began to cry. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Masood (R.A) then mentioned, "Why should I not love t h ethe poor. person whom Allaah loves?" Zaazaan then repented and learnt the Quraan from Hadhrat Abdullah binUlama have mentioned t h a t sins are replaced by Masood (R.A). He attained such proficiency in thecorrespondingly proportional good actions. Allaah is Quraan and in other Islaamic sciences that he becameeven prepared t o forgive kufr. He says, "Tell the a learned scholar of the time. Numerous narrations ofdisbelievers, I f they repent from kufr, they will Ahadeeth record h i m as a narrator from Hadhratbe forgiven for all that has past." Abdullah bin Masood (R.A).I f kufr, which is a terrible sin, can be forgiven, othersmust surely be forgivable. A THOUGHT PROVOKING INCIDENT Faqeeh Abul Laith (R.A) narrates that his father used THE STATEMENT OF HADHRAT MOOSA (A.S). to recount the incident of an extremely beautiful woman from the Bani Israeel, who used to ensnare men into fornication. Her door remained open at all times andHadhrat Moosa (A.S) said, "Astonishing is that person men would be attracted when they saw her sittingwho laughs, despite being convinced about Jahannam; there. She would charge them a fee of ten gold coinswho is happy, despite being convinced of death; who t o do as they pleased with her.sins, despite being convinced of reckoning; who grieves,despite being convinced of Taqdeer (fate); who is Incidentally a saint once passed by her house. He wascontent with the world, despite witnessing its changes; immediately infatuated when he set eyes on her andand the one who does not carry out good actions, could not fight the temptation to have her. He made dua to Allaah and tried t o convince himself t o discarddespite his conviction in Jannah." of the evil, but the flames could not be doused. Eventually, he sold of his belongings and coltected ten THE REPENTANCE OF ZAAZAAN.Hadhrat Abdullah bin Masood (R.A) was once passing I gold coins. She instructed him to hand the money over to her solicitor, and an appointment was duly fixed for him.through a place where people were intoxicated with When he arrived at her home, he found that she hadliquor and a person named Zaazaan was singing t o adorned herself well and looked stunning. When hethem in an extremely melodious voice. Hadhrat Abdullah stretched out his, hand to touch her, Allaahs grace andbin Masood (R.A) said, "What a beautiful voice. I f it the blessings of his worship caused an uncontrollablewas only used t o recite the Quraan, it would truly be fear to grip his heart. I t then occurred t o him thatappreciated." He then covered his head with a shawl Allaah was watching his vile act. His gaze then dropped, his hands trembled and his face qrew ale. The womanand left. had never seen such a sight b>fore and asked him what was wrong. He replied, "I fear my Rabb. PleaseZaazaan noticed him and asked the people about who allow me to leave."he was and what he had said. The people informedhim that i t was Hadhrat Abdullah bin Masood (R.A), She said, "Shame be on you. You are afraid and wantwho was a companion of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- to leave when you have the desire of thousands of menwasallam). They also told him what he had said. Hearing before you! What is this all about?" He said, "It isthis, Zaazaan was taken aback. He immediately broke nothing. Just allow me to leave and Iwill not even askhis drum and ran weeping after Hadhrat Abdullah bin for a refund of my money." She said, "Could this perhapsMasood (R.A). be the first time in your life?"
  • 36. Admonition For Neglectful 72 Admonition For Neglectful 73When he replied in the affirmative, she allowed him t o 8 Oh My slaves! All of you were hungry save for thoseleave on condition that he leaves his name and address whom Ihad fed. Therefore, ask Me for sustenance,with her. He complied and then left her, shouting and and Iwill provide for you.cursing himself and throwing sand on his head due to 8 Oh My slaves! All of you were naked, save thoseremorse. whom Ihad clothed. Therefore, ask Me for clothing and I will provide i t for you.As he left, the woman began t o reconsider her situation.She thought that this person became so overcome with 8 Oh My slaves! You are constantly engaged in sins,Allaahs fear whereas he had only intended t o sin for b u t I conceal o u r sins f o r you. Therefore, seekthe first t i m e i n his life. She, on the other hand, had forgiveness only from Me and Iwill certainly forgivespent so many years actually perpetrating the act, yet you.her Rabb was the same as his. She realized t h a t she tj Oh My slaves! You can neither be o f benefit t o Meshould fear Allaah even more. She then repented for , nor can you harm Me.her sins, shut the door, removed her beautiful clothing 8 Oh My slaves! I f all your past and future generationsand wore old and tattered clothing. of man and jinn collectively become extremely pious, it w i l l n o t a d d a n i o t a t o My s o v e r e i g n t y .I t then occurred t o her t o learn f r o m a saint, without 8 Oh My slaves! I f all your past and future generationswhom she would not be able t o rid herself of her faults. of man and jinn collectively become extremely evil,She decided t o search for the same man, thinking that it will n o t decrease an iota f r o m My sovereignty.he m a y m a r r y h e r and teach h e r a b o u t t h e Deen. 8 Oh My slaves! I f all of m a n and jinn from the timeConsequently, she gathered a considerable amount of of Hadhrat Aadam (A.S) have t o gather a t a placeher animals and wealth, and left in search of the saint. and ask from Me, and i f Ithen had t o fulfill everyAfter many inquiries, she located him in a village. When desire of each individual, it would not even decreaseshe removed her veil before him, he gave a shout and from My treasures the amount t h a t decreases fromimmediately passed away. the ocean when a pin is dipped therein and removed.She was left standing there i n astonishment. She thenenquired from the people whether he had any unmarried SERVING ONES PARENTS IS SUPERIOR THANrelatives. They informed her of his brother, who was JIHAAD.extremely poor, but exceptionally pious. She declaredt h a t she had no use for her wealth and conseqclently A Sahabi (R.A) once requested permission f r o mmarried the brother. The couple had seven sons, all ofwhom were accorded lofty ranks by Allaah. "Such is Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) t o fight inthe grace of Allaah that He accords to whom He jihaad. When Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam)wills." asked him whether his parents were alive, he replied in t h e affirmative. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- wasallam) then told him, "Go and strive in their service." A HADITH QUDSI:- 9 AD VICES. When even an able m a n is n o t required t o fight inHadhrat Abu Dharr (R.A) narrates f r o m Rasulullaah jihaad, i t will be better for a person to rather serve his(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) t h a t Allaah says: parents at home. He may not proceed for jihaad without their permission. The least f o r m o f disobedience t o8 Oh My slaves! Just as I have forbidden oppression parents is to mutter a word like "Uff!" when displeased upon Myself, you should also consider it haraam t o about something. oppress others.8 Oh My slaves! You were all once astray except for Allaah says, "Do not even say Uff! to them and those whom I had guided. Therefore, ask Me for guidance and Ishall guide you. do not reproach them."
  • 37. Admonition For Nealectful 74 Admonition For Neglectful 75THREE ACTIONS ARE NOT ACCEPTED WITHOUT Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) asked whether t h e parents o f Hadhrat Alqama (R.A) were alive. ANOTHER THREE. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) was informed that his mother was alive, and that she was extremelyIt has been mentioned t h a t three verses of the Quraan old. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasaliam) sentcannot be practiced upon without practicing on both Hadhrat Bilaal (R.A) t o request h e r t o come t o him,t h e constituents o f each verse. These are: otherwise he would go t o her.1. "Establish salaah and pay zakaah." Salaah will When the old lady received t h e message, she said, n o t be accepted without paying zakaah and vice "May m y soul be sacrificed for Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu- versa. (Of course, this will only apply t o the wealthy alaihi-wasallam)! Ishall go t o him." She then took the people u p o n w h o m zakaah is o b l i g a t o r y . support o f a stick and walked t o m e e t Rasulullaah2. "Obey Allaah and obey the Rasul (messenger)." (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam). When she arrived in the Allaah c a n n o t b e o b e y e d w i t h o u t Rasulullaah presence of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam), (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) a n d vice versa. she greeted with salaam and sat down.3. "Show gratitude to Me and your parents." A person cannot be grateful t o Allaah without being Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied t o her grateful t o his parents and vice versa. greeting and told her, "Do reply truthfully t o whateverThe person who pleases his parents pleases Allaah and Ishall ask you. I f you lie, Iwill be informed thereof bythe one who displeases his parents displeases Allaah. revelation. Tell me. What kind of a person is Alqama?" She replied, "He performs a lot o f salaah, fasts oftenHadhrat Farkhad Sabkhi (R.A) says t h a t he read in a and his spending in charity cannot even be estimated."book t h a t it is nor: befitting o f children t o even talkwithout the permission o f their parents. They should Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) then askedonly speak when asked something and should never her, "How is the relationship between the two of you?"walk in front, on the right, or on the left of their parents. She replied, "I m angry with him." When Rasulullaah aThey must always walk behind them. (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) asked her the reason for this, she said, "Because he gives preference t o his wife over me. He listens t o her more than h e listens t o m e DISPLEASING ONES PARENTS RESULTS IN A and accepts what she has t o say." BAD DEATH. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "TheHadhrat Anas (R.A) reports t h a t there was a persond u r i n g t h e t i m e o f Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- displeasure of his mother as prevented him from recitin a the kalimah." Turning to Hadhrat Bilaal (R.A), Rasulullaa (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Bilaal! Gather somewasallam) by the name o f Alqama (R.A). He exerted wood so t h a t I may burn Alqama." The old lady washimself greatly for the Deen and gave a lot of charity. startled and asked, "Oh Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-I t once happened t h a t h e fell seriously ill. His wife wasallam)! Are you going t o burn m y son, t h e applesummoned Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) of m y eye? How can I tolerate this?"via another woman. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) told her,Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) sent Hadhrat "Allaahs punishment is more severe and eternal. I fAli, Bilaal, Salmaan Faarsi and Ammaar (R.A) t u examine you wish that Allaah forgives your son then be pleasedthe situation. They found Hadhrat Alqama (R.A) in the with him. By Allaah! His salaah, fasting, etc can neverthroes of death and, t r y as they may, they could not be of avail without your pleasure." She immediatelyg e t h i m t o recite t h e kalimah. Hadhrat Bilaal (R.A) raised her hands and said, "Oh Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-reported the situation t o Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- alaihi-wasallam)! I call yourself and all those presentwasallam). here t o witness that Ia m pleased with Alqama!"
  • 38. Admonition For Neglectful 76Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) t h e n sent Admonition For Neglectful 77Hadhrat Bilaal (R.A) t o see whether Alqama (R.A) could 1. The children should be pious. This will bring t h e mrecite the kalimah. He said, "It is just possible that she more pleasure than anything else.has declared her pleasure with Alqama because of me, 2. The children should maintain good relations withwithout being pleased with h i m f r o m h e r heart." As the family and friends of their deceased parents.Hadhrat Bilaal (R.A) entered the door, he heard HadhratAlqama (R.A) loudly reciting, "Laa ilaaha IIIAllaah." 3. They should make dua for the forgiveness o f theirHadhrat Bilaal (R.A) told the people that the displeasure parents and give charity on their behalf.o f Alqamas m o t h e r had handicapped his tongue.Hadhrat Alqama (R.A) passed away t h e same day. PARENTS OWE THREE RIGHTS TO THEIRRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) performed CHILDREN.the funeral (Janazah) salaah and then told the people,"Listen, Oh gathering of Muhajireen and Ansaar! Allaahs Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) mentionedcurse is o n t h e person who prefers his wife t o his that parents owe three rights t o their children. Thesemother. Neither are his Faraaidh n o r his Nawaafil are:accepted. " 1. Giving them good names (that have good meanings). 2. Teaching t h e m the Quraan when they are o f an CHILDREN 0 W E TEN RIGHTS TO THEIR understanding age. PARENTS. 3. M a r r y i n g t h e m o f f w h e n t h e y c o m e o f age.1. They should be provided with food if t h e y do n o t THE CONSEQUENCE OF NOT TEACHING have any. CHILDREN GOOD MANNERS.2. They should be given clothing if they do not possess any.3. They should be served if necessary. A person complained t o Hadhrat Abu Hafs Sikandari4. I f they call, they should be immediately attended (R.A) t h a t his son h i t him. Hadhrat Abu Hafs (R.A) to. exclaimed, "SubhaanAllaah! A son bitting his father!5. T h e y should b e g e n t l y spoken t o a n d n e v e r Did he really hit you? Did you teach your son manners addressed harshly. and respect?"6. They m u s t never be called by their names since this is disrespectful. No," replied the father. "Did you teach him the Quraan?"7. Children should walk behind t h e m a n d never i n was t h e next question. Again t h a t reply was i n t h e front of them, nor by their sides. negative. Abu Hafs (R.A) then asked the father what8. One should like for them what he likes for himself the occupation of his son was. The father replied that and dislike for t h e m what he dislikes for himself. he was a farmer.9. One should always make dua for t h e m . By n o t m a k i n g dua f o r them, a persons l i f e will be "Do you know why he h i t you?" asked Hadhrat Abu straitened. Hafs (R.A). When the father could n o t give a reply,10. Every command of theirs should be duly obeyed, Abu Hafs (R.A) told him, "It seems t o m e that he rides unless i t contradicts the sharia (Law o f Allaah). a donkey t o work every morning. A bull walks in frontPLEASING THE PARENTS A FTER THEIR DEATH:- of him and a dog behind. Since you did not teach h i m the Quraan, which he could recite on the way, he must BY 3 THINGS. be singing as he proceeds. You must have tried t o stopChildren can please their parents by doing three things h i m from singing, so he considered you t o b e a bull,after the demise of the parents. These are: and hit you. You should thank Allaah t h a t he did not fracture your head."
  • 39. Admonition For Neglectful 78 Admonition For Neglectful 79 -- - - - AS YOU SOW, SO SHALL YOU REAR THE RE WARDS OF FIVE THINGS WILL CONTINUE TO BE RECEIVED EVEN AFTERHadhrat Thaabit Banaani (R.A) says t h a t someone DEATH.made mention of a person who was hitting his father. Hadhrat Anas (R.A) has mentioned that the rewardsWhen someone intervened, they father told him, "Do of five things will continue t o be received even afternot intervene and do not say anything because Iused death viz.t o hit m y father a t this same spot. I am thereforereceiving m y punishment. It is no fault of m y son, so 1. The digging of a well (or another water source,untilldo not scold him." it is depleted). 2. Building of a Masjid (as long as people engage in worship therein) PERFECT POLITENESS :- REAPS 8 BENEFITS. 3. writing the ~ u r a a n(as long as people read from it). 4. An orchard (or tree, as long as people derive benefit therefrom).Hadhrat Fudail bin Ayaadh (R.A) says that the personwith perfect politeness is one who: 5. Pious children or students (the father or teacher will continue t o benefit from these products of1. Obeys his parents. theirs).2. Maintains sound family ties. SOME AHADEETH.3. Serves his friends. ?-j Hadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) narrates that Rasulullaah4. I s courteous towards his wife, servants and (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "May he be employees. disgraced! May he be disgraced! May he be disgraced!5, Safeguards his Deen. The person whose parents, or any one of them,6. I s careful with his wealth and only spends where reach old age and he does not attain Jannah (by necessary. serving them)." [Muslim]7. Guards his tongue.8. Spends most of his time at home, avoiding wasting ?-j Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Masood (R.A) reports that time on futile gatherings. he once asked Rasulullaah (sallAliaahu-alaihi- wasallam), "Which action is most b e l ~ v e d Allaah?" to Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasailam) replied, THE FOUR SIGNS OF GOOD FOR TUNE. "Salaah during its time." He then asked, "What next?" The reply was, "Kindness t o parents." When he asked what was next in merit, Rasulullaah (sailAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Jihaad in AllaahsRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said that four way." [Bukhari and Muslim]things denote the good fortune of a person. These are: Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned, 1. His wife is pious. "No action receives reward faster than the maintenance 2. His children are obedient and pious. of good family ties and no &ion aktracts punishmen4 3. H i s p a r t n e r s a n d a s s o c i a t e s a r e p i o u s . faster than the severance of family ties." 4. His sustenance is f o u n d w i t h i n h i s t o w n .
  • 40. Admonition For Neglectful 80 Admonition For Nealectful 81THREE QUALITIES OF T H E PEOPLE OF JANNAH Faqeeh Abul Laith (R.A) says that it is compulsory t o send gifts and regularly meet those relatives who live close by. I f one is unable to give gifts, then he shouldThe following are three qualities that are found i n the at least meet with them and render them assistancepeople of Jannah and are exclusive to those who are when need be. I f they live in a distant place, one mustnoble an honourable. They are: write t o t h e m in an effort t o maintain ties. . Being good t o those who are bad t o t h e m . TEN BENEFITS OF FOSTERING GOOD FAMILY . Forgiving those who oppress them. RELATIONS. . Spending on those who do not give anything t o them. 1. It harnesses Allaahs pleasure. 2. It pleases the relative (pleasing a Mumin is a forrn of worship). A STATEMENT OF HADHRAT UMAR (R.A). 3. It pleases the angels. 4. It earns the praises of others (which is a bounty if it is not made ones objective). 5. It grieves Iblees."By adopting taqwa and maintaining sound family ties 6 . I t increases ones lifespan (The life is more blessedones life is extended, sustenance is blessed, and mutual and one earns more reward because he has timelove grows." to do more good actions). 7. I t increases the blessings in ones sustenance. 8. It even pleases the deceased (when they are informed thereof). MUSLIMS AND KUFFAR ARE TO BE TREATED 9. It increases peoples love for one (they will therefore EQUALLY IN THREE RESPECTS. be ready to assist one at the time of need). 10.The reward earned thereby continues to accrue t o IHadhrat Maymoon bin Mihraan (R.A suys that Muslimsand the kuffar must be treated equa ly in thcee respectsviz. one even after his death (those with whom one maintained good ties will continue to make dua for him after his demise). I1. In. the fulfillment of promises pled ed t o them. THREE GROUPS OF PEOPLE WILL BE B-?NEATH2. I n t h e maintenance of good fam$y relations. THE SHADE OF ALLAAHS THRONE ON THE DAY3. I n returning of trusts in the same condition as they OF QIYAMAH. were received. Hadhrat Anas bin Maalik (R.A) say that three groups of people will be beneath the shade of Allaahs throne on the Day of Judgement viz.A STATEMENT OF HADHRAT HASAN BASRI (R.A). 1. Those who fostered good family ties (since he comforted people in this world, Allaah will see to his comfort on the Day of Qiyamah by shading him Allaahs curse is on those people who display knowledge, and protecting him f r ~ m torment of that day). the but destroy action, who express love with the tongue, 2. Those widows who did not remarry for the sake of while the heart harbours hatred, and who sever family their children. ties. I I 3. Those who also invited orphans and poor people to a feast.
  • 41. 82 Admonition For Neglectful 83Admonition For Neglectful ALLAAH LOVES TWO FOOTSTEPS. 8 Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "The person ~ v h o yearns that his sustenance and his life be blessed, should maintain good family ties."Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned 8 Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned, "The proper maintainer of amity ties isthat Allaah loves two footsteps very much. The first is not the one who treats others as they do t o him,the footstep taken towards salaah, and the second is but he is one who joins with those who sever tiesthe one taken in the direction of joining family ties. with him." 7 TYPES OF PEOPLE UPON WHOM THERE IS NOFIVE FACTORS THAT INFLATE THE REWARDS MERCE:OF ACTIONS TO THE SIZE OF MOUNTAINS AND Faqeeh Abul Laith Samarqandi (R.A) has reported from INCREASES ONES SUSTENANCE. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) that Allaah will not look with mercy towards seven types of people, and He will enter them into Jahannam. These are:1. To inculcate t h e habit of spending i n charity 1.Both parties involved i n an act o f sodomy. (irrespective of the amount). 2.Those who masturbate.2. Fostering sound family relations (to any degree). 3.Those who sodomise animals.3. To continuously strive in Allaahs path (in any form). 4.Those who engage in anal sex. 5.Those who m a r r y a m o t h e r and a daughter.4. To always r e m a i n i n t h e s t a t e o f w u d h u . 6.Those who commit adultery with their neighbours5. To obey t h e parents a t all t i m e s and i n all wives. circumstances. 7.Those who harass and cause inconvenience to their neighbours. Spending in charity, maintaining family ties and obeying All these categories of people are deserving of Allaahs curse till they repent sincerely. ones parents are of the highest forms of fulfilling the rights of people. Striving in Allaahs path is one of the highest forms of fulfilling Allaahs rights. Constantly Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned remaining i n the state of wudhu is the best way of tb& no person can be a perfect Mumin till people are averting shaytaans plots and other calamities. safe from his hands and tongue. Similarly no person can be a perfect Mumin till his neighbour ic. safe from his evil. SOME AHADEETH. 9 RIGHTS ON A NEIGHBOUR A person once asked Rasulullaah (sallAllaah~-alaihi- 8 Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, wasallam), "What are the rights of a neighbour?" The "Whoever believes in Allaah and the last day should reply was: entertain his guest. Whoever believes in Allaah and 1. He should be granted a loan upon request. the last day should join family ties. Whoever believes 2. His invitation should be accepted. in Allaah and the last day should speak what is good 3. He should be visited when ill. or remain silent." [Bukhari and Muslirn] 4. He should be assisted upon request.
  • 42. Admonition For Neglectful 85Admonition For Neglectful 84 THREE AD VICES.5. He should b e consoled when h e suffers any loss. Hadhrat Abu Dharr Ghifaari (R.A) says that his beloved6. He should be congratulated upon a happy occasion. friend, Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) gave him three advices. These were:7. His funeral should be attended.8. His home and f a m i l y should b e cared f o r i n his 1. Obey t h e leader even though his nose may be cut absence. off (when his command does n c t contradict t h e9. A high building should n o t be constructed without sharial. his permission. 2. Add more water t o your gravy so t h a t you could give some t o your neighbour. 3. Perform salaah on its due time. 5 WORDS OF WISDOM. A FEW PEARLS OF WISDOM.Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) advised )jHadhrat Hasan Basri (R.A) says, "Good behaviourHadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A) thus: towards neighbours does n o t only mean t h a t one does n o t cause any harm t o them. it also includes 1. Adopt abstinence and you will be considered as one being patient when they harm you." who worships the most. 2. Be content and you will be regarded as t h e m o s t 8 Hadhrat A m r bin A1 Aas (R.A) has mentioned, grateful. "Maintaining good family ties does not mean that a person joins ties with those who joins ties with him, 3. Like for others what you like for yourself and you and severes ties with those who sever ties with him. will be a perfect Mumin. This is equity. Proper maintenance of ties means 4. Treat your neighbours well and you will be a perfect t h a t you join ties with those who sever t h e m and Wuslim. that you behave well with those who oppress and 5. Laugh less because excessive laughter kills t h e harass you. Sin ilarly, forbearance does not mean heart. that you are forbearing with those who are forbearing towards you and t h a t y o u behave foolishly w i t h those who behave foolishly towards you. This is also THREE TYPES OF NEIGHBOURS. m e r e equity. True forbearance is when you are p a t i e n t w i t h t h e foolishness o f fools a n d t h e harassment of neighbours. Not harassing t h e m is Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned best." t h a t t h e r e are t h r e e kinds o f neighbours viz. ( I ) the one with three rights, (2) the one with t w o rights and THE POSITION OF A NEICHBOUR. (3) the one with one right. That neighbour is best, who is trusted by his neighbours The first type is t h a t neighbour who is a Muslim, a in every respect and who never says anything that has to be retracted if his neighbour has t o appear, that will relative and a neighbour. be a cause of embarrassment if the neighbour has t o The second is he who is a Muslim and neighbour, who learn of it. is not a relative. The third type is the non-Muslim, who is only a neighbour.
  • 43. Admonition For Neglectful 87Admonition For Neglectful 86A good neighbour is also him who the other neighbour TEN OPPRESSORS.trusts so much that he feels assured that any valuable Hadhrat Sufyaan Thauri (R.A) says that ten people arewill not be touched i n his absence (neither will the regarded as oppressors viz.neighbour himself touch it, nor will he allow others todo so). It becornes then easy for the neighbour t o 1. The person who prays for himself, but forget his parents and other Mumineen.leave something in his custody. 2. The person who does not recite at least a hundred verses of the Quraan daily. 3. The person who leaves the Masjid without performing at least two rakaahs of salaah. THREE PRAISEWORTHY TRAITS DURING THE 4. The person who passes a graveyard without greeting PERIOD OF IGNORANCE. the deceased or praying for them. 5. The person who enters a city on a Friday and leaves w i t h o u t perforlning t h e Jumuah salaah. 6 . That man or woman in whose vicinity a learnedHadhrat Abdullah bin Abbaas (R.A) says, "Three qualities person comes and none acquires any religious knowledge from him.were practiced during the period of ignorance. Muslims 7. Those t w o peoplle who love each other for theare more worthy of acting o n these. These are: pleasure of Allaah but are unaware of each others names. 8. That person who is invited by another but does not .1 Entertaining guests. accept his invitation (when acceptance does not 2. Not divorcing wives who have aged so that they do contradict the shariah). not experience any difficulties i n their old age. 9. That youngster that has no commitments yet does 3. I f a person was in debt, all his neighbours would not acquire any religious knowledge or manners. 10.That person who has eaten t o his fill while his contribute towards paying off his debt. They would neighbour goes hungry. a l s o ;s s i s t h i m i n a n y o t h e r d i f f i c u l t y . FOUR WAYS WHEREBY GOOD RELATIONS MAY THE POOR NEIGHBOUR WILL CALL THE RICH BE MAINTAINED WITH ONES NEIGHBOUR. NEIGHBOUR TO TASK. Faqeeh Abul Laith Samarqandi (R.A) said perfect relations may be maintained with a neighbour in four ways viz. 1. To assist the neighbour with whatever means areRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned, at ones disposal."On the Day of Judgement a person will grab hold of 2. Never desire that which your neig hbour possesses.His neighbour saying, "Oh Allaah! You made him rich, 3. N e v e r harrn o u r n e i g h b o u r i n a n y way. 4. Exercise patience when your neighbour causes youwhile Iwas poor. There were nights when Islept on any empty stomach, while he would go to bed with afull stomach every night. Ask h i m why he closed his Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wqsallam) said, "Makedoor on me and why he deprived me of the wealth that it incumbent upon yourself because truthfulness is piety and piety leads to Jannah. A person endeavours to beYou blessed him with." truthful and continues to do so till Allaah records him
  • 44. Admonition For Neglectful 88 Admonition For Neglectful 89 Imaan, the faraaidh and all the commands of Allaahin the list of the truthful. Abstain from lying because it are trusts t h a t Allaah has placed in the custody ofconstitutes sin and vice, which leads one t o Jahannam. people. They should ensure t h a t they fulfill these.A person continues to lie until he is recorded in the list Similarly, the trusts and secrets that people are entrustedof liars." w i t h should also he d u l y k e p t w i t h diligence. 1 Protection of the private parts Private parts here A SAYING OF HADHRAT LUQMAAN (A.S). i refers to the entire area between the navel and the knees for males, and the entire body for females, excluding the hands and feet. :This is ofSomeone asked Hadtirat Lumaan (A.S), "How did you I two categories. The first is that one safeguards themachieve this high rank?" He replied, "By means of from being used for sinful purposes like adultery. Thetruthfulness, trustworthiness and abstaining from futility." second is that a person ensures that no other person I sees it. Allaahs curse is on the person who sees the private portion of another, as well as on the person who allows his/her private parts to be seen (this refers SIX THINGS GUARANTEE JANNAH. to those people who cannot see each other in terms of the shari ah). Of course, others may see these at times of extreme necessity.Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said,"Guarantee six things for me and Iwill guarantee Jannah Lowering the gazes: This is also necessary so that a person does not inadvertently see the private partsfor you in exchange viz. of another or a person (who is not a mahram to them.) I t is also necessary so that peoples gazes do not fall1. Always speak the truth. on the things of this world, thereby enticing one towards2. Fulfill promises t o the b?st of your ability. these.3. Do not betray anyones trust. Restraining the hand: This refers to acquiring wealth4. Protect your private organs. by haraam means and oppressing people. A taabiee5. Keep your gazes lowered. has mentioned, "Truthfulness is the beauty of the pious, while lyin is the trait of the wretched."6. Restrain your hands from oppression." R Rasulullaa (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned, "Backbiting means that you say something of yourTruthfulness, fulfilling of promises and guarding trusts brother in his absence that he would not like." Someoneare all actions that relate t o Allaah and man as well. asked, "What if the fact mentioned is really in him?" Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied, "ThenTruthfulness t o Allaah means that a person admits t o it is backbiting. I f the fact is not in him, then it wouldAllaahs Oneness and recites the Kalimah with sincerity. constitute slander, which is worse than backbiting."Saying anything untrue constitutes lying to people, andcannot be condoned. It has been mentioned that if it is said about someone, that his garb is too high or too low, then this will also be regarded as backbiting.i t is also compulsory for people to fulfill the pledge thatthey took with Allaah before time (i.e. the pledge t o A short woman once came to Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-accept Allaah as their Rabb.) As far as possible, man alaihi-wasallam). After she left, Hadhrat Aisha (R.A) commented on her hei ht. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-should fulfill the pledges and promises that he makes alaihi-wasallam) said, oh Aisha! This is backbitingt o another person. because you have spoken ill of her."
  • 45. Admonition For Neglectful 90 Admonition For Neglectful 91 THE STENCH OF BACKBITING CANNOT BE their necessities). However, you have been extremely SMELT WHEN IT BECOMES HABITUAL. generous towards your enemies with regard t o the Hereafter (i.e. by giving them all the rewards of your good actions when backbiting about them). You haveSomeone asked a saint, "Why is it that the stench of no excuse for this miserliness, nor will you be praisedbackbiting was smelt during the time of Rasulullaah for this generosity."(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam), but is not evident today?"He replied, "Backbiting has become so commonnowadays that its stench has disappeared. The exampleis like how a toilet cleaner and a tanner become soaccustomed t o the stench of feces and raw leather, Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentionedthat they can eat quite comfortably in their environments that three things destriy the radiance and rewards ofwhereas other will find it difficult t o even stand there good actions.for a moment. This is how backbiting has taken vogue (1) Lying,today." (2) carrying tales and (3) looking at the private parts of another person. .4 GIFT IN RE TURN FOR EVIL. These acts irrigate the roots of evil just like water irrigates the roots of trees.Someone told Hadhrat Hasan Basri (R.A) that a certainperson had gossiped about him. Hearing this, HadhratHasan (R.A) sent a box of fresh dates t o the person THREE THINGS ARE DISTANT FROM MERCI:with the message, have come t o learn that you have Igiven m e the rewards of your good actions. Ihave;ent this small gift in appreciation. Please forgive me Allaahs mercy is far from that gathering wherein threefor not returning the favour in full." things are found (viz.) (1) worldly talks, (2) laughter andA SAYING OF HADHRAT IBRAHEEM BIN ADHAM (3) backbiting. (R..1). THREE QUALITIES OF THE PIOUSHadhrat Ibraheem bin Adham (R.A) once invited somepeople for a meal. When they sat down to eat, Rheybegan speaking about someone. He told them, "People Hadhrat Yahya bin Muaadh (R.A) says, "If you possessin the past used t o eat the bread before their meat. three qualities, you will be regarded as those who areHowever, you people have begun eating the meat rigt.teous viz.before t h e bread (i.e. b l l backbiting). Rasulullaah(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has assimilated backbiting 1. I f you cannot be of benefit to anyone, then doas eating the flesh of a Muslim." not harm them. 2. I f you cannot make anyone happy, then do notHadhrat Ibraheem (R.A) once said, "Oh liars! You have cause them sadness.been miserly towards your friends with regard to the 3. I f you cannot speak good of anyone, then doworld (i.e. you have not spent on not speak ill of them."
  • 46. Admonition For Neglectful 92 - Admonition For Neglectful 93 THE ATTITUDE OF THE ANGELS TOWARDS PUNISHMENT IN THE GRAVE FOR THOSE WHO BA CKBITING. CARRY TALES:- 3 CA USES.Hadhrat Mujaahid (R.A) said t h a t whenever a person It has been mentioned that punishment in t h e gravespeaks well o f another, t h e angels who remain w i t h is divided into three parts. A third is for backbiting, another third is for not being cautious when urinating,him say, "May Allaah keep the t w o of you alike." When while the last third if for carrying tales.he speaks ill of him, they say, "You have disclosed thefaults of your brother. Look a t yourself and thank Allaah CARRYING TALES AND SPREADING ANARCHY.that he has n o t disclosed your faults." Hadhrat Hamaad bin Salma (R.A) narrates that a person once sold a slave, warning the buyer that the slave hadWORDS OF WISDOM DO 3 IF YOU CANNOT DO 3. the bad habit of carrying tales. Thinking nothing of the fault, he purchased the slave."Oh m a n ! I f you cannot do t h r e e things, t h e n y o u After a few days the slave approached h ~ masters wife s and told her t h a t her husband no longer loved her andshould do another three. intended t o marry someone else. She was extremely shocked, but he assured her of the fact. He t h e n told her that he had a plan t o secure his love for her. When 1. I f you cannot behave well towards anyone, t h e n she invoked him to inform her of his plan, he responded, restrain yourself f r o m behaving badly towards "Shave off some h a ~ r s from below his beard while he them. sheeps. T h i s i s a t r i e d a n d t e s t c d m e t h o d . "2. I f you cannot be of benefit t o anyone, then guard The slave then approached t h e master and t o l d him t h e m f r o m your evil. that his wife has fallen in love y i t h another m a n and3. I f you cannot fiast, then refrain f r o m eating t h e i r was waiting for an opportunity t o murder him." When the master asked i n surprise, "How is this possible?" flesh (i.e. do not backbite). The slave replied, "You may test her by pretending t o sleep and then seeing what she will do." That night the husband pretended t~ sleep. The wife WHO IS THE WORST PERSON? was awaiting this opportunity and grabbed hold o f a blade. The husband, being prepared, seized hold of the blade and killed her instead. When the relatives of theRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) once asked wife learnt of the murder, they had h i m executed. Asthe Sahabahh (R.A), "Who is the worst person?" "Allaah a result the two famiiies were divided.and his Prophet (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) k n o wbest," was t h e reply. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- THE PERSON WHO CARRIES TALES IS WORSEwasallam) said, "The worst person is t h e one w h o THAN THE DEVIL AND ONE WHO DABBLES INcarries tales, who tells everyone t h e same tale a n d BLACK MAGIC.speaks ill o f others." This is so because the person who carries tales causes as much harm in a minute than a person engaged i n black magic does In a week. W h ~ l eshaytaan always
  • 47. Admonition For Neglectful 9A i Admonition For Neglectful 95does things indirectly and with deception, the tale A person once spoke ill of another t o Hadhrat Umarcarrier perpetrates his/her works openly. bin Abdul Aziz (R.A). The khalifa said, "If you are lying, then the following verse will apply to you viz. Oh you SEVEN QUESTIONS. who believe, if a sinner brings any news to you, then verify it. However, if you are truthful, then the following verse will apply t o you viz. The one whoAbu Abdullaah Al Qursshi (R.A) narrates that a person reviles and carries tales. (i.e. Your word cannot betravelled seven hundred miles to ask a learned scholar relied on).seven questions viz.1. What is heavier than the skies? CARRYING TALES FORBIDS PRAYERS FROM2. What is wider than the earth? BEING ACCEPTED.3. What is harder than a stone?4. What burns more than fire?5. What is colder than Zamhareer (a cold area of Hadhrat Kab Ahbaar (R.A) says that a drought once Jahannam)? afflicted the people of Hadhrat Moosa (A.S). Hadhrat6. What is deeper than the oceans? Moosa (ASS)took the people to the plains to supplicate7. What is weaker than an orphan, yet more deadly t o Allaah, but t o no avail. Hadhrat Moosa (A.S) than poison? supplicated, Oh my Rabb! Your bondsmen have thrice beseeched You, b u t You have n o t responded."The replies were: Allaah told him, "Oh Moosa! There is a tale carrier1. Slandering d chaste person is heavier than the amongst you, due to whom your duas are not being skies. accepted." Hadhrat Moosa (A.S) said, "Oh m y Rabb!2. The truth is wider than the earth. Inform us who this is so that we may be rid of him."3. The disbelievers heart is harder than a stone. Allaah replied, "How can We carry tales when We have4. Greed burns more than fire. forbidden the same? You should all repent collectively."5. To be refused a request by a relative is colder than Zamhareer. When they all repented, their dua was accepted and the drought was lifted.6. A content heart (of a patient person) is dceper than the oceans.7. When the fabrication of a tale is exposed, it is more GEMS FROM THE LIPS OF THE PIOUS. deadly than poison and the tale carrier then becanes weaker t h a n a n o r p h a n a n d is h u m i l i a t e d .A TALE CARRIER SHOULD NOT BE RELIED ON. 8 When someone informs you that another has been foul mouthing you, then remember that he (the informant) is actually t h e foul-mouthed one.Hadhrat Hasan Basri (R.A) says that when a personcarries a tale t o you, then remember t h a t he will 8 Hadhrat Wahab bin Munabbih (R.A) says, "Whencertainly carry tales about you t o others. Therefore, anyone sings any praises for you t h a t are n o tyou should never believe anyone who speaks ill of applicable, then remember that he may somedayothers. speak such ills of you that also do not apply t o you."
  • 48. Admonition For Neglectful 97Admonition For Neglectful 96 6 THINGS TO DO WHEN SPOKEN ILL OFF THE ABOMINATION OF JEALOUSY AND MALICE AND HOW TO REFRAIN FROM THESE.)jFaqeeh Abul Laith Samarqandi (R.A) says t h a t you should adopt t h e following six procedures when someone informs you that another has spoken ill o f Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned, you. "Malice and jealousy consume good actions j u s t like fire consumes wood."1. Do not believe i t (because the tale carrier is n o t t o be trusted). He has also mentioned that most people are involved2. Forbid h i m f r o m telling you ( i t is incumbent t h a t the Muslim forbids evil). in three evils (viz.)3. Express your anger a t h i m for t h e sake o f Allaah (1) thinking ill of others, (just like pleasure for Allaahrs sake is encouraged, (2) jealousy e x p r e s s i n g a n g e r f o r Allaahs s a k e i s a l s o (3) taking evil omens. When someone asked what the commendable). method was for abstaining f r o m these three vices,4. Do not entertain evil thoughts of t h e person being Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied, spoken about merely due t o the information passed on b y t h e tale carrier (because it is haraam t o h a r b o u r ill t h o u g h t s a b o u t a n o t h e r Muslim). 1. Do not disclose your jealousy to anyone and do not5. Do n o t research t h e information g i v e n (because speak ill o f the person of whom you are jealous. Allaah has forbidden spying o n others). 2. Do not think ill of anyone till you witness his ev116. p o not emulate the vile action that this tale carrier yourself. has perpetrated (i.e. do not relate this information 3. Do not take heed of any insects o r crows on the t o others). roadside, nor of any twitches of your limbs (i.e. do not take any evil omens from these, whereby you SOME AHADEETH. would be reluctant t o proceed further).Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "The I n this way, you will be saved f r o m t h e evil o f t h eone who carries tales will n o t enter Jannah. The two- above."faced person will be In the worst corldit~on the Day onof Judgement. He is the one who approaches one personwith one face and another with another face." [Bukhariand Muslim] A SUPPLICATION.Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has also Hadhrat Abdullati bin Abbaas (R.A) says t h a t a personmentioned that when a person tells lies, the angels run should recite the following dua whenever he apprehendsa mile f r o m h i m due t o the odour t h a t ,emits f r o m his evil befalling h i m f r o m certain quarters. The dua ismouth." [Tirmidhi] He should pass b y the cause while reciting this dua.Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned He will not be harmed by this.that the person who carries tales will have a tongue offire on the Day of Qiyamah.
  • 49. Admonition For Neglectful 98 Admonition For Neglectful 99THE EFFECT OF JEALOUSY FIRST BEFALLS THE 3. People in high positions, due to pride and arrogance. JEALOUS PERSON :- PUNISHMENTS OF 5 4. Merchants, due t o deception and misappropriation. JEALOUSY. 5. Villagers, due t o their ignorance.Faqeeh Abul Laith Samarqandi (R.A) has mentioned 6. Religious scholars, due to jealousy. (This refers t othat jealousy is the most destructive of all sins because those religious scholars who are jealous of eachit causes the jealcrus person t o be afflicted with five other due to their greed for the world. I f a scholarpunishments before it can affect the person whom he is concerned of the Hereafter, he will not harbouris jealous of. These are: any jealousy for another).1. An unending sorrow.2. A c a l a m i t y f o r w h i c h t h e r e i s n o r e w a r d . A SA YING:- 6 AD VICES.3. He will be criticized f r o m every angle without receiving any praise.4. He will earn Allaahs wrath.5. The door o f guidance will be closed f o r him. Hadhrat Ahnaf bin Qais (R.A) says, THE JEALOUS PERSON IS AN ENEMY OF 1. The jealous person can never enjoy any peace. ALLAAHS BOUNTIES. 2. The m i s e r can n e v e r f u l f i l l any promises. 3. The small-hearted can never have any friends. 4. Self-respect cannot be earned b y lying. bRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-v~asallam has mentioned,"Some people are enemies t o Allaahs ounties." Whensomeone enquired as t o who they were, Rasulullaah 5. 6. A traitor can never be trusted. The ill-mannered person cannot have any love in(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) replied, "Those who are him.jealous of people who are enjoying good fortune." THE RELIGIOUS SCHOLARS ARE MOST GUILTY JEALOUSY CANNOT BE HARBOURED FOR OF JEALOUSY: ANYONE:-2 REASONS.Hadhrat Maalik bin Dinaar (R.A) has said, "I give will Hadhrat Muhammad bin Seereen (R.A) said, "I haveprecedence t o the testimony of religious scholars over never been jealous of anyone concerning worldly thingsthe testimony of all others, but not when i t is given because people are of two types. I f he is pious andagainst other religious scholars. This is because Ihave destined for Jannah, then why should Ibe jealous offound jealousy t o be most prevalent amongst them." him? I f he is destined for Jahannam, then how can one be jealous of him?" SIX THINGS THAT WILL CONDEMN SIX PEOPLE TO JAHANNAM BEFORE RECKONING. THE ADVICE OF RASULULLAAH Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned (SALLlALLAAHU-ALAIHI- WASALLAM). that six people will be condemned t o Jahannam on account of six evils even before reckoning commences. These are: Hadhrat Anas bin Maalik (R.A) says that he remained in the service of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) 1. Leaders and rulers, d u e t o t h e i r i n j u s t i c e . from the age of eight. 2. The Arabs, due t o tribal feudalism.
  • 50. Admonition For Neglectful 101Admonition For Nealectful 100 PRIDE MEANS TO CONSIDER ONESELF AS BEINGRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) first gave himthe following advice, "Oh Anas! Perform wudhu well SUPERIOR AND TO LOOK DOWN ON OTHERS.because i t will bless your life and the protecting angelswill love you. Be p a r t ~ c u l a r n taking a bath because i Hadhrat Hasan b i n Ali (R.A) passed b y some poorimpurities exist beneath every hair and sins are forgiven persons who were sitting on a shawl and eating fromthereby. You m u s t perform t h e m i d morning salaah a piece of bread. Upon seeing him, they all invited him(Dhuha) because i t is the salaah of those who repent. to partake of the meal. He alighted form his conveyanceAlso perform other salaah during the day and night, and joined them saying, "I do not like proud people."due t o which the angels will pray for you. Carry out all After eating with them, he took them all t o his housethe postures of salaah properly, for Allaah likes and and fed them whatever was available.accepts this type of salaah.""Remain i n the state of wudhu a t all times, and you THREE PEOPLE ARE DESERVING OFwill not forget the kalimah a t the time of death. Greetthe inhabitants of your home when entering. This will PUNISHMENTcreate blessings in the home. Greet every Muslim youmeet on the street. This will cause you t o taste t h a t Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentionedsweetness of I m a a n and you will be forgiven for t h e that Allaah will not speak t o three persons on the Daysinse committed while on t h a t street. Do n o t harbor of Qiyamah. He will not even look a t them with mercy.enmity o r jealousy for a Muslim for even a moment. However, He will subject t h e m t o a most excruciatingThis is m y way. Whoever will a d o p t m y way has II punishment.expressed love for m e and whoever loves m e will be The first is the old m a n who fornicates. Althoughw i t h m e i n Jannah. Oh Anas! I f you remember m yadvice and practice thereupon, death will be welcomet o you and death will hold comfort for you." ! fornication is just as abominable in youth as it is in old age, it is much worse in old age because the old person is close t o death and has begun t o loose his carnal passions. THE JEALOUS PERSON OPPOSES ALLA.4 H TiV 5 The second person is that king who lies. Lying is worse WAYS. for a king because he has none t o fear and cannot beIt has been mentioned that the jealous person opposes forced into doing so.Allaah i n five ways viz. The third person is a proud beggar. Pride is worse for a beggar because he has nothing t o be proud of.1. He detests every bounty t h a t others receive from Allaah.2. He expresses displeasure a t the way in which Allaah THE FIRST THREE PEOPLE TO ENTER JANNAH d i s t r i b u t e s His b o u n t i e s ( h e d e e m s Allaahs AND JAHANNAM. distribution t o be incorrect).3. He is miserly with Allaahs grace (he does not want Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned Allaah t o bestow. His grace upon whomsoever He t h a t h e was shown t h e first three people t o enter pleases).4. He humiliated Allaahs friends ( t h e desire t h a t Jannah, as well as the first three t o enter Jahannam. another should b e deprived o f Allaahs bounty Those t o b e a d m i t t e d f i r s t t o Jannah shall b e : actuallv means t h a t h e desires t h e person t o h e humiliated). 1.The martyr (who sacrificed his life in Allaahs path5. He assists Allaahs enemy, Iblees ( t h e purpose of with sincerity). Ibleess life is t o deprive people of Allaahs grace).
  • 51. Admonition For Neglectful 102 Admonition For Neglectful 103 2.The slave whose slavery did not prevent him from I s this also pride?" Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- obeying Allaah. He obeyed his master without wasallam) replied, "No. Allaah is beautiful and appreciates compromising on the commandments of Allaah. beauty. He wants to see the effects of His bounties on 3.The poor person who had children (he was physically His bondsmen. Allaah dislikes a wealthy person from weak, as well as handicapped by a lack of wealth adopting the appearance of a poor person. Pride means and being a father to many children. However, he remained patient and grateful). that a person looks down upon others. The person who keeps his shoes in order, patches his clothing, andThe first three to be entered into Jahannam shall be prostrates t o Allaah is free from pride."1 The ruler who continually oppressed his subjects. ,2 . The ,rich person who does not pay zakaah (it is THE MOST DETESTABLE PERSON. futile t o expect any charity from the person who cannot even pay his zakaah). Hadhrat Moosa (A.S) once asked Allaah, "Which of your3. The proud beggar (being p r o u d despite t h e creation is most detestable in Your sight?" Allaah replied, impediments of destitution and poverty reveal a wretched and base personality). "The person whose heart is filled with pride, whose tongue is harsh, whose conviction is weak and whose hands are miserly." ALLAAH DETESTS THREE PERSONS.1. All sinners, especially those who are aged. WORDS OF WISDOM.2. All misers, especially those who are wealthy.3. All proud people, especially t h e proud beggar. "The fruit of patience is comfort and the fruit of humility I is love. The pride of a Mumin is his Rabb, his honour is his religion. On the other hand, the pride of theTHE THREE PERSONS WHO ARE MOST BELOVED hypocrite is his lineage.and his wealth is his honour." TO ALLAAH.1. The abstinent, especially the abstinent youth. I ALLAAN DISLIKES STRUTTING.2. The generous, especially the poor person who is generous. Muhallab bin Mughiera, who was in the army of Hajaaj,3. The humble, especially a wealthy man who is once passed Mutarraf bin Abdullaah (R.A) strutting in humble. elegant clothes. Mutarraf (R.A) told him, "Oh servant of Allaah! Allaah does not like this walk." Muhallab THE REALITY OF PRIDE. retorted, "Do you not know who Iam?" Mutarraf (R.A) replied, " know you very well. You were originally a IRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned drop of dirty fluid and will soon become a stinkingthat the person who has pride equivalent to a mustard corpse. At this point in time you are carrying a load ofseed will not enter Jannah. Someone asked, "I like my excrement with you." After hearing this Muhallab changedclothes a 4 shoes t o be nice and clean. his walk.
  • 52. Admonition For Neglectful 104 Admonition For Neglectful 105GOOD CHARACTER MEANS TO BEHAVE HUMBLY 8 "Undoubtedly Allaah does not like those who are proud."TOWARDS THE HUMBLE AND BEHAVE PROUDLY WITH THE PROUD. Humility is t h e m o s t noble t r a i t o f good character. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) was so humbleRasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned, that he even rode a donkey and accepted the invitationBehave h u m b l y towards t h e h u m b l e a n d proudly of slaves.towards the proud. Your pride will be a cause of disgraceand humiliation t o the proud people and it will be charity THE HUMILITY OF HADHRAT IBN UMAR (R.A).on your part." A visitor once came to Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (R.A) THE HIGHEST FORM OF HUMILITY. during the night while h e was busy writing under a lantern. When the light of the lantern began to dwindle, the guest offered to fix it. Hadhrat Abdullah bin UmarHadhrat Umar (R.A) said, "The highest form of humility (R.A) said, "It is contrary t o good manners t h a t ais t h a t you greet every Muslim, are pleased with the person takes service from his guest."worst place i n a gathering and t h a t y o u dislike beingpraised." The guest then asked i f he should awaken the slave. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (R.A) replied, "No. He has just fallen off to sleep." Consequently, Hadhrat AbdullahHUMILITY IS A TRAIT OF THE AMBIYAA (A.S), bin Umar (R.A) got up himself and poured oil into theWHILE PRIDE IS THE TRAIT OF THE KUFFAAR. lantern. The guest then asked, "Why did you undergo such trouble when Iwas available?" Hadhrat AbdullahFaqeeh Abul Laith Samarqandi (R.A) has mentioned bin Umar (R.A) replied, "I was I b n Umar then and Ithat humility is the sterling quality of the Ambiyaa (A.S) a m I b n Umar now as well. Pouring oil into the lantern did not diminish m y rank in the least. I n fact, Allaahand the pious. On the other hand, pride is t h e trait o f loves those who are humble."t h e kuffar a n d people like Firoun. The humble andproud people are mentioned as follows in the Quraan: THE HUMILITY OF HADHRAT UMAR (R.A) If "The bondsmen of Rahmaan are those who walk upon the earth in humility." I t is well known that when Hadhrat Umar (R.A) was If "Oh Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam)! travelling to Shaam, he took turns riding with his slave. Behave humbly towards t h e believers." While t h e one would ride t h e other would lead the animal by its reins. On one occasion, Hadhrat Umar If "You [Oh Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- (R.A) placed his shoes beneath his arm so as t o cross wasallam)] are a embodiment the most noble over some water. As they approached their destination, of character." the governor, Hadhrat Abu Ubaidah (R.A) came t o8 "When they are told that there is no deity welcome them. besides Allaah they a r e arrogant."If "Verily those who do not worship Me due to i Seeing Hadhrat Umar (R.A) leading the animal, Hadhrat their pride shall soon enter Jahannam in I Abu Ubaidah (R.A), "Oh Ameerul Mumineen! The people humiliation." have come out to meet you. I t is not befitting for them 8 "Enter the doors of Jahannam, wherein you to see you in this condition. Why do you not mount the shall abide forever. Terrible inaction is the animal? Hadhrat Umar (R.A) replied, "Allaah gave us abode of the proud ones." honour by
  • 53. Admonition For Neglectful 107Admonition For Neglectful 106 RANKS ARE RAISED BY SPENDING IN CHARITYvirtue of Islaam .Now Iwill not take heed t o whatpeople say. ( I will not be unjust to this slave on account AND BY FORGIVING OTHERS WITHOUT 3 TRAITSof what people have t o say)." GRANTS JANNAH. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned,THE HUMILITY OF HADHRATSALMAAN FAARSZ "Wealth does not decrease when spent in charity (but (R.4 rather increases). Forgiving the transgressions of others raises a persons ranks. I f three traits are not within a person when he dies, he shall enter Jannah, viz.Hadhrat Salmaan Faarsi (R.A), after been appointed (1) pride, ( 2 ) betrayal and (3) debts."as governor of Madinah, was once walking through themarketplace. Mistaking him t o be a slave, someone Hadhrat Abu Umamah Baahili (R.A) narrates frominstructed him to carry a load. Hadhrat Salmaan (R.A) Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) that the personhappily complied. As they were walking through the who controls his anger despite having the ability t ostreets, people began t o wonder i n astonishment. Each vent it, will attain Allaahs complete pleasure on theone of them said, "May Allaah have mercy on you Oh Day of Judgement.Ameerul Mumineen! Allow us t o carry t h e load."However, Hadhrat Salmaan (R.A) refused all of them Allaah says the following i n t h e Injeel: "Oh son ofand continued t o carry the load. Aadam! Remember Me when you are angry and Iwill remember you when Iam angry. Be happy with MyWhen the person realized his error, he apologized for assistance because it i s b e t t e r t h a n y o u r s . " 1not recognizing the governor. Hadhrat Salmaan (R.A)said, "Do not worry about it. Just keep walking." Thetwo eventually reached the persons house. The person 1 I IT IS INCORRECT TO PUNISH ANYONE TO GRATIFY ONESELRwas so embarrassed about his behaviour that he vowednever t o employ the services of anyone. Hadhrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz (R.A) once had a drunkard arrested to face punishment. When the drunkard started THE HUMILITY OF HADHRAT ALI (R.A). t o swear and abuse him, Hadhrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz (R.A) had him released. When someone enquired about this, Hadhrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz (R.A) replied, "IHadhrat Ali (R.A) once purchased two garments from became angry when he began t o swear me. I f Ihada shop and then asked his slave t o first chose which punished him in the condition of anger, the punishmentof the two he liked best. The slave chose the better of would have been to appease myself. Ido not like t othe two for himself and Hadhrat Ali (R.A) happily wore have any Muslim punished merely t o gratify myself."the other. When Hadhrat Ali (R.A) noticed that thesleeves of his garment were too long, he asked for ascissors, cut the sleeves t o size, and proceeded t o ALLAAH LOVES THAT ONE FORGIVES ANOTHER.deliver a sermon. A slave woman once dropped some gravy on the clothing This was the behaviour of our predecessors. They were of Hadhrat Maymoon bin Mihraan (R.A). When he never fussy or demanding. On the other hand, we are became angry, the lady recited the following verse of the Quraan, "Those who suppress their anger ..." totally different and cannot do without behaving His anger immediately abated. querulously and demandingly.
  • 54. Admonition For Neglectful 108 Admonition For Neglectful 109Taking advantage of t h e situation, she recited t h e failed each time. He even failed to threaten and frightenfollowing part of.the verse, viz. "...and those who him. He caused a large boulder from a mountain t o rollforgive people ..." He t h e n told h e r t h a t she was towards the saint, but that saint immediately engagedforgiven. Full exploiting the opportunity, she recited in dhikr, whereby the boulder was diverted in anotherthe concluding part of the verse, "...andAllaah loves direction.those who do good." Thereupon he said, "I free youfor the pleasure of Allaah." Shaytaan even assumed the appearance o f a lion and then a wolf to frighten the saint, but was unsuccessful. Shaytaan then assumed t h e appearance o f a snake THE SWEETNESS OF IMAAN IS NOT TASTED and coiled himself around the entire body of the saint WITHOUT THREE TRAITS. as he performed salaah. He then placed his mouth wide open a t the spot where the saint was t o prostrate.Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "The However, t h i s also h a d n o e f f e c t o n t h e s a i n t .person who does not possess three qualities cannottaste t h e sweetness o f I m a a n . (These are) Shaytaan finally admitted t o the saint t h a t he could( 1 ) Forbearance, b y which t h e ignorance o f t h e not deviate him despite all his efforts. He added, "Iignoramuses is rebutted. have now decided to befriend you and have resolved(2) Taqwa (abstinence), by which haraam actions are never t o a t t e m p t t o mislead you again. Therefore,avoided. stretch out your hand to befriend me." The saint burst( 3 ) Good character, by which one can a s s ~ c i a t e with out, "You wretch! (i.e. This is your final plot t o lead m epeople." astray-. I d o n o t r e q u i r e y o u r f r i e n d s h i p ) . " Shaytaan was now totally despondent and came face- to-face with the saint saying, "I wish t o inform you AN INCIDENT OF HOW SHAYTAAN IS how I mislead people." "Please do so," said t h e saint. INFURIA TED. S h a y t a a n said, "I e m p l o y t h r e e m e t h o d s viz. ( 1 ) Miserliness, (2) jealousy andA saint possessed a horse, which he loved very much. ( 3 ) intoxication. When a person,b&comes miserly, heOne day, he noticed the horse standing on three legs. craves for accumulating wealth and does not want t oHe asked his slave, "Who is responsible for this?" The spend on others. He is then engrossed in thoughts ofslave admitted that i t was him. The saint asked, "Why how to usurp peoples wealth and destroy t h e rightshave you done this?" The slave replied, "I intended to owed to them."aggravate you." He continued t o say, "The jealous p e son becomes aThereupon the saint said, "Fine. I shall rather aggravate X toy in our hands, just like a ball is i t h e hands o f a child. Therefore do not concern ourselves with his actsthe one who instigated you t o do this (i.e. shaytaan). o f worship and spiritual exercises. Even though hisGo! You are free, and you may have the horse as well." duas could resurrect the dead, we are still n o i overly concerned with him because we are able t o destroy all his devotions and spiritual exercises by a single ANASTONISHING INCIDENT OF HO WSHAYTAAiV indication. When a person is intoxicated, we lead h i m DEVIATED PEOPLE :- METHODS. 3 by the ear like a goat and involve h i m in every type of sin with the greatest of ease." Shaytaan repeatedly tried t o deviate a saint of the Shaytaan also added t h a t t h e person who is angry Bani Israeel. Once, when the saint came o u t of his becomes like a bal! in his hands. Shaytaan treats h i m house for some necessity, shaytaan attempted to just as a child who becomes happy when he tosses a aggravate him and entice his carnal passions. However, ball around. Man should endeavour t o restrain his anger so as not t o become a toy for shaytaan.
  • 55. Admonition For Neglectful illAdmonition For Neglectful 110 Hadhrat Luqmaan (A.S) told his son, "Oh m y son! You 3 HADHRAT MOOSA (A.S) AND IBLEES :- will recognize three types of persons on three occasionsCONDITIONS IN WHICH ONE SHOULD BE WARY viz. (1) A forbearing perstjn at the time of anger. (2) A brave person a t the time of battle. (3) A friend at OF SHAYTHAAN. the time of poverty."Iblees once came t o Hadhrat Moosa (A.S) and told AN INCIDENT OF A TAABIEE (R.A) :-him, "You are the chosen messenger of Allaah andhave been blessed with the privilege of speaking directly 3 QUALITIES OF ONE WORTHY OF PRAISEto Allaah. L wish to repent, so please intercede on my 3 QUALITIES 0F JAMA TIESbehalf before Allaah so t h a t He may accept m yrepentance." 3 ADVICES FROM ALLAAH. When someone praised a certain Taabiee i n hisHadhrat Moosa (A.S) was happy and thought t h a t presence, he said, "Did you ever test me? Did you findIbleess repentance would put an end t o sins. He me t o be forbearing at the time of anger, displayingtherefore made wudhu, performed salaah and prayed good character during a journey and tructworthy atto Allaah. Allaah told Hadhrat Moosa (A.S), "Iblees is the time of being trusted?" When the person repliedlying. He merely wishes t o deceive you. I f he is really in the negative, he said, "Then why have you praisedsincere, test him by telling him t o prostrate before the me without first testing me? You should never praisegrave of Hadhrat Aadam (A.S). I f he does this, his anyone until you have tested them on these three accounts."repentance will be accepted." He then continued to say, "Three qualities are presentHadhrat Moosa (A.S) was extremely ovejoyed, thinking in the people of Jannah, and these are exclusive t othat this was a very easy condition for Iblees to comply the noble people. (These are)with. When Hadhrat Moosa ( A S ) informed Iblees about (1) Forgiving an oppressor,the cond,ition, Iblees became a whirlwind of fire and (2) giving one who deprives you, andsaid, "I did not prostrate t o him while he was alive, (3) behaving well to someonc who behaves ill towardshow can I prostrate t o h i m when h e is dead? you. "Nevertheless, you have done me a good t u r n by Allaah says, "Adopt the habit of forgiveness, enjoininterceding on my behalf. Ishall therefore inform you good and ignore the ignorant." When this verseof three conditions wherein you should be war{ of me. was revealed t o Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- (1) When man is angry, Irun in his veins like his blood. wasallam), he asked Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) for an (2) I incline the heart of the person fighting in jihaad explanation thereto. Hadhrat Jibreel (A.S) enquired towards his wife, children and wealth, thereby causing from Allaah, whereafter he informed Rasulullaah him t o desert the battlefield Shaytaan also attempts (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) saying, "Oh Muhammad (saIiAilaahu-alaihi-wasallam)! Allaah commands that to dissuade the student of Deen in this manner. you join relationships with the relative who severs Strengthening ones resolve may combat him.. them, that you give t o those who deprive you, and (3) When a strange man and woman are in isolation, t h a t f o r g i v e t h e o n e w h o o p p r e s s e s you." Ibecome the emissary between the two and incline each one towards the other. Iremain engaged in this task until the two are tainted in sin." THE ADVICE OF HADHRAT LUQMAAN (A.S):- RECOGNXSE 3 ON 3 OCCASION.
  • 56. Admonition For Neglectful 113Admonition For Neglectful 112 9. "Even worse than him is the person who detests THE ASSISTANCE OF THE ANGELS UPON THE people and is detested by people."PATIENCE OF THE OPPRESSED: - 3 ACTS RESULT 10. "Worse still is the person who does not catch one IN 3 OTHERS. who is falling, who does not accept excuses anciA person once swore Hadhrat Abu Bakr (R.A) i n t h e who does not forgive the shortcomings of others."presence of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam).They both remained silent throughout. However, whenthe person stopped, Hadhrat Abu Bakr (R.A) replied 11. "Even worse is him from whom no good is expectedto his abuse. Thereupon Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi- a n d f r o m whose e v i l o t h e r s a r e n o t safe."wasallam) immediately got u p and left.When Hadhrat Abu Bakr (R.A) later asked him why he THE FOUR TYPES OF ASCE TICISM.had done so, Rasulullaah (sallAllaat~u-alaihi-wasallamjreplied, "As long as you remained silent, an angel wasreplying t o t h e abuse. However, when you began t oreply, t h e angel left and shaytaan took his place. I 1. Totally relying on Allaah in matters concerning thetherefore left. Three things are certain (viz.)(1) When an oppressed person forgives the oppressor, world and the Hereafter.Allaah grants honour t o the oppressed. 2. Praise and scorn are akin to h i m (i.e. he is not( 2 ) The person who opens the door t o begging due t o pleased with praise for him, nor affected b y theg r e e d f o r w e a l t h w i l l always r e m a i n a pauper. scorn of others).( 3 ) Allaah will increase the wealth of the person whocontinuously gives people gifts for Allaahs pleasure." 3. Having perfect sincerity i n all actions. 4. Ignoring an oppressor, not getting angry at servants and slaves and being forbearing and p a t i e n t . CONCISE WISDOMS. Rasulullaah (sallAilaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned THE 5 ADVICE OF HADHRATABC DARDAA (L.4). "Everything has a sterling factor, and the sterling factor of a gathering is that it is faced towards the Qibla and that the matters discussed are regarded When aomeone requested Hadhrat Abu Dardaa ( R . A ) a trust." "Do n o t perform salaah behind people who are for sorne useful advice, he said, I a ~ madvising you sleeping or talking." with a few things that will guarantee a high position to "Kill a snake o r a scorpion immediately u p o n whomsoever carries them out. sighting them even though you may be performing (1) Always eat halaal food. salaah." (2) Beseech Allaah for the sustenance o f each day. "Do n o t hang curtains upon doors." "The person who reads his brothers letter without ( 3 ) Always consider yourself a m o n g s t t h e dead. permission has peeped into Jahannam." (4) Hand over your honour to Allaah. "The person who wishes t o be the greatest hero (5) Hasten to repent after every sin (even though the should trust only i n Allaah." sin may seem small). "The person who wishes to be the most independent should have more reliance in what Allaah has than in what he possesses." "The worst person is he who eats without feeding others and who beats his servant."
  • 57. Admonition For Neglectful 114 Admonition For Neglectful 115 THE TEST OF STRENGTH. Patience has three benefits, while haste has threeHadhrat Mujaahid (R.A) r e p o r t s t h a t Rasulullaah harms. The three benefits o f patience are:(sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) once passed b y s6me (1) The end result of patience leads t o pleasure andpeople who were competing with each other b y lifting happiness.a weighty rock. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) (2) People praise the patient person.said to them, "There is a heavier rock than this wherebyyou may able t o test your strength." (3) Allaah will confer a bountiful reward to the patient person.When the people asked what this was, he replied, "Fora brother t o approach his brother in reconciliation after The three harms of haste are:the two have been split over some issue and shaytaan ( 1 ) It leads t o regret and embarrassment.has assumed control of both. (He then has t o forgo the (2) People curse the hasty person.temporary honour o f this world and may even have ( 3 ) He w i l l r e c e i v e a t e r r i b l e p u n i s h m e n t .to ask forgiveness. This he does for Allaahs pleasure)." The beginning of forbearance is bitter, but its end is"Or," Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) continued, sweeter than honey."for a person t o control his anger solely for Allaahspleasure (even though he may be i n a position t o vent Hadhrat Hishaam bin Umar (R.A) has transmitted theit)." hadith wherein Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) DO NOT CURSE AN OPPRESSOR. has mentioned, "The expiation of slapping a slave is to set him free. The person who safeguards his tongueHadhrat Muhammad (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, will be saved from punishment, and Allaah will accept" t h e person who curses a n oppressor has grieved the repentance of His slave. A Mumin should entertainMuhammad (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) and pleased and honour his neighbours and guests. He should eithert h e accursed shaytaan. Whoever will forgive t h e speak good words or remain silent."oppressor has pleased Muhammad (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) a n d g r i e v e d t h e accursed s h a y t a a n . " FOUR QUALITIES OF A BELIEVER.THE DEFINITION OF HUMANE BEHAVIOUR :-4 AD VICES, Hadhrat Anas bin Maalik (R.A) reports that Rasulullaah3 BENEFITS OF PATIENCE, 3 HARMS OF HASTE (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Four qualities are o n l y f o u n d i n a Mumin. ( v i z . ) ( 1 ) Silence, (2) humility,When someone asked Hadhrat Ahnaf bin Qais (R.A) as (3) remembrance of Allaah,t o what the definition of humane behaviour was, he (4) minimal evil."replied,"1. )Being humble, despite possessing wealth andriches. A LOFTY POSITION OBT4IlVED B Y 3 QLIAL/T/I?S.2.) Forgiving, despite possessing the ability t o avengeoneself. When someone asked the wise man, Hadhrat Luqmaan ( A S ) 3.) Assisting people without reminding t h e m of your as to how he attained his lofty position, he replied, "Byfavour. 1.) truthfulness, 4.) Exercising patience a t the time of anger instead o f 2.) trustworthiness and 3 . ) abstaining form futility." being hasty.
  • 58. Admonition For Neglectful 117Admonition For Neglectful 116 However, when he was informed o f the episode he THE STATEMENT OF FOUR KINGS. looked towards the heavens and recited the following verse of the Quraan, "Oh Allaah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth! Oh the Knower of theHadhrat Abu Bakr bin Ayyaash (R.A) says t h a t four seen and the unseen. You judge between Yourkings said the same thing in their respective times viz. bondsmen with regard to the matters wherein they differ."The Chosroe of Persia: I have never r e g r e t t e dsomething t h a t I have n o t spoken, b u t have mostly He continues to narrate that he thought Hadhrat Rabeeregretted what I have spoken." (R.A) would say s o m e t h i n g excessive u p o n t h e martyrdom of Hadhrat Husain (R.A).The Emperor of China: "As long as I do not speak,Ia m that master of m y words. However, after speaking SIXSIGNS OF AN IGNORAMUS.them, you are the master." A wise man once enumerated the following six traitsThe Caesar of Rome: " a m more capable of retracting I of an ignorant person, viz.what I have not spoken, than that which I have alreadyspoken." 1. He is infuriated without j u s t cause (even animals and dead people make h i m angry).The Shah of India: "That person is astonishing who 2. He speaks without reason.speaks i n haste because his speech will cause h i m 3. He gives without reason ( w i t h o u t any benefit i nharm if it spreads and will be useless i f it does not." this world o r in the Hereafter). 4. H e d i s c l o s e s s e c r e t s t o a l l a n d s u n d r y . 5. He trusts everyone. RECKONING IS EASIER IN THIS WORLD. 6. He cannot differentiate between friend and foe (there are many evil people disguised as good menEvery Muslim should reckon his own actions i n this and a person living in this world should be able t oworld because t h e reckoning o f this world is m u c h recognize them for his own safety).easier than that of the Hereafter. Controlling the tonguein this world is also much easier than the regret o f the A STATEMENT OF HADHRAT ISA (A.S) 8 AD VICES.Hereafter. Hadhrat Isa (A.S) said, "1. Every t y p e o f speech is futile except the dhikr of Allaah, and 2. silence is uselessTHE SAINT THAT NE VER SPOKE A WRONG W O R a without meditation and deliberation. 3. All sights are FOR TWENTY YEARS. useless unless they teach a lesson. 4. Blessed is the person whose speech is the dhikr of Allaah, 5. whose silence is i n contemplation o f theA person narrates t h a t h e remained i n the service o f Hereafter, 6. and whose sightseeing is with a lesson.Hadhrat Rabee bin Khaitham (R.A) for a period o f 7. A believer talks less and does more, 8. while atwenty years. He adds t h a t during the entire period, hypocrite talks more and does less."the saint never said anything t h a t was questionable.
  • 59. Admonition For Neglectful 118 - Admonition For Neglectful 119 . .-THE ABOMINATION OF EXCESSIVE LAUGHTER THE AD VICE OF RASULULLAAH (sallAllaahu-alaihi- AND 2 HABITS OF THE IGNORANT wasallam). Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "It isHadhrat Isa (A.S) addressed his disciples saying, "Oh foolish t o sleep during the opening hours of the day,you, who are the salt of the earth! You should never a good habit to sleep in the afternoons, and an act ofbe corrupted. Every spoilt thing can be cured with salt, i g n o r a n c e t o sleep d u r i n g t h e l a s t p o r t i o n . "but there is nothing t o cure salt that has spoilt. You Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) was passingshould not accept any remuneration for your teaching, by a Masjid when he noticed some people talking ofsave that which you have given t o me. Remember, you worldly matters and laughing loudly. After greetinghave two habits of the ignorant, (1) laughing loudly them, he said, "Think of death." He then proceeded.and (2) sleeping during the early hours of the morning He later passe? by again and noticed that they were(if you had not remained awake during the night)." still at it. He told them, "By Allaah! I f you people knew what I do, you would laugh less and cry more."Explanation: Hadhrat Isa (A.S) refers to the learnedscholars as the salt of the earth because they need to I t so happened that Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-rectify the masses who have gone astray. However, if wasallam) again passed by the same group for a thirdthey have t o succumb t o the pleasures of this world time. Noticing that they had not changed their behaviour,to their carnal desires and to the lethal traits of jealousy he said, "This Deen had begun as a stranger and willand hatred, none can correct them, The masses will again be a stranger, so glad tidings be for the strangers."then be left without leadership. When he was asked who he was referring to by the "strangers, Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) said, "Those who remain steadfast upon the Deen whenThe Ambiyaa (A.S) propagated and taught solely for the ummah has become corrupt."Allaahs pleasure and never demanded remuneration.Hadhrat Isa (A.S) therefore advised his disciples to dothe same. Allaah-says in the Quraan, "Say, I ask do FOUR ADVICE OF HADHRAT KHIDR (A.S).you f o r a n y r e n i u n e r a t i o n f o r t h i s . Myr e m u n e r a t i o n is Allaahs responsibility." When Hadhrat Moosa (A.S) was leaving Hadhrat Khidr (A.S), he asked him for some parting advice. HadhratThe ulema, being the heirs of the Ambiyaa (A.S), should Khidr (A.S) said, "Oh Moosa!also act likewise. Although it is perfectly permissible 1. Do n o t beg i m p o r t u n a t e l y b e f o r e anyone,t o accept payment for imparting the knowledge of 2. do not go anywhere without reason,Deen, none can deny the superior stance of teaching 3. do n o t laugh except f o r something extremelysolely for Allaahs pleasure and, a t the same time, surprising andadopting some other means of earning a livelihood. 4. never remind any person of his folly because thenThis was the method adopted by the early ulema. The people will remind you of yours."latter scholars have permitted t h e acceptance of asalary for teaching due t o pressing circumstances. A PERSONSHOULD NEVER LAUGH LOUDLI.:Laughing loudly (guffawing) is Makrooh and the habit Hadhrat Awf bin Abdillah (R.A) narrates that Rasulullaahof ignorant people, just as it is to sleep in the beginning (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) never laughed loudly, butof t h e day (unless one did n o t sleep a t night). would simply smile. He would also never look a person straight in the eye.
  • 60. Admonition For Neglectful 120 Admonition For Neglectful 121 A SAYING OF HADHRAT HASAN BASRI (R.A). LAUGHING AND MAKING OTHERS LAUGH LEADS TO DESTRUCTION. Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasailam) has mentioned,"The person who laughs loudly is surprising, since "That person is destroyed who invents lies to makeJahannam is behind him. Surprising is the person who people laugh."is h a p p y w h e r e a s d e a t h i s a h e a d o f h i m . " Hadhrat Ibrahaam Nakhaee (R.A) has mentioned, "When a person says something to make people laugh, the hearts of the speaker and the listeners becomeOnce, upon seeing a youngster laughing, he said, "Oh hard. When a person says something t o please Allaah,son! Have you already crossed the bridge o f Siraat? then Allaahs mercy descends upon t h e gathering, causing all Po benefit."Have you already come t o know t h a t you are boundfor Jannah and will be saved from Jahannam?" When BENEFICIAL AD VICE,the boy replied in the negative, Hadhrat Hasan (R.A) 5 ADVICES OF RASULULLAAH (S.A. W).said, "Then why are you laughing?" I t is reported that Rasulullaah (saliAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) told Hadhratthe boy was never seen laughing again. Abu Huraira (R.A), "Oh Abu Hurairah! 1. Adopt piety, y o u will be recorded as those who worship Allaah abundantly. 2. Be content, and you will be deemed as a grateful FOUR FACTORS PREVENT L,4 UGHTER. person. 3. You will be a Mumin if you like for others what you like for yourself.Hadhrat Yahya bin Muaadh Raazi (R.A)mentioned that 4. You will be a Muslim if you behave well towards yourfour factors prevent m a n f r o m laughing and being neighbours. 5. Laugh less because excessive laughter kills t h ehappy. These are: heart."(1) Concern for the Hereafter,(2) involvement in earning, 8 ADVICES OF HADHRAT UMAR (R.A)(3) grief over ones sins, and Hadhrat Umar (R.A) told Hadhrat Ahnaf bin Qais (R.A), (4) being afflicted by calamities. 1. The awe shown t o a person will be reduced b y excessive laughter. 2. The person who jokes becomes humiliated, and a THREE THINGS HARDEN THE HEARX 3. person becomes renowned for that activity wherein he invests most o f his time. 4. The person who talks excessively becomes disgraced and shame faced.1. Laughing without reason. 5. T h e p e r s o n w h o loses f a c e loses r e s p e c t .2. Eating without being hungry. 6 . The person who is immmodest loses fear of Allaah,3. Talking without reason. and 7. the heart of one who loses Allaahs fear eventuallv dies. 8. Only Jahannam is befitting for t h e person whose heart has died."
  • 61. Admonition For Neglecfful 122 8 HARMS OF LAUGHING EXCESSIVELYI m a a m Abu Laith (R.A) says, "Abstain f r o m laughingexcessively and loudly. Eight harms come t o the personwho laughs excessively. These are: 1. The ulema and wise m e n scorn such a person. 2. The ignorant and foolish people become bold before him. 3. Laughing increases his ignorance (if he is ignorant) and reduces his knowledge ( i f he is learned). {Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu-alaihi-wasallam) has mentioned t h a t one portion o f knowledge is reduced when a learned person laughs) 4. L a u g h t e r c a u s e s o n e t o f o r g e t h i s s i n s . 5. Laughter makes one bold enough t o continue sinning. 6 . Excessive laughter causes a person t o forget death. 7. When others laugh because o f him, all t h e i r resultant sins accrue t o him. 8. Laughing in this world leads t o excessive weeping i n the Hereafter. May Allaah save us all from excessive laughter and from all sins. Ameen.